Key data by 2015220 million older persons aged 60+15 million need daily care6 million beds available in institutions
Changing living arrangementsShrinking family sizeIncreasing migration from rural areasMore older persons living aloneLacking of institutional careChanging care tradition and lacking ofrelevant skills.
Changing government roleTo provide basic public serviceSocial care service system: aging-in-place,community based care services, andinstitutional careTo purchase service instead of providingservices directly by the governmentFamily-centered development strategy
Lacking of professional care giversMore than 10 million older persons needdaily care.Less than 300,000 professional care givers.Less than 100,000 are certified care givers.In some provinces, such as Guangdong,among 7,700 professional care givers, only5% are certified.
II. Capacity building and trainingPolicy makersService providersResearchers
Policy makersNational plan on establish the social servicesystem to the older persons(2011-2015)To double the institutional beds.To accommodate 3% older persons.Priorities on social security, medical care,productive ageing, lifelong learning andquality of life.
Service providersTo bridge the gap in communityTo develop institutions with specializedservices.Capacity building on services management.
Provincial planBeijing: 9064 plan and actionShanghai:9073 plan and actionDifferent models on service providing:Beijing: coupon for older persons 80+Shanghai: care needs test
ResearchersGerontology education developmentEducation and training networkCurriculum and textbooksInternational collaborations