The Spanish population has passed the 46 million barrier and adds up to 46.152.925 at 1 January 2011, which means the birth or arrival of more than 163,909 residents last year. By gender, living in our country are 22,724,866 women and 23,428,060 men according to data estimating the current population of Spain, developed by the National Statistics Institute (INE). This increase of the population comes accompany by a decrease in the number of births in 2010 were a total of508 691, while in 2011 did not exceed half a million barrier: 496.699. In contrast, the centenarians living in SPAIN are 8039 people, while the past year were 7152 people By gender, there are 5864 women over a hundred year together with 2175 men, reveal the INE data. By age, the largest group of the residents is 34 years old that add 819,737, followed by the 35 that are a total of 816,977.
The map represents the number of inhabitants in each area isper square km.
This way, the dark green color represents the most populated areas (in this case Madrid with more than 640 inhabitants / km sq.) And, if we are shrinking in terms of number of inhabitants / km sq, we find that he is Barcelona between 570-640 inhabitants / sq km .
Following the map, then go the provinces and the Basque Country, Alicante, south-west of Andalucia, Islas Canarias…
Otherwise, we can also see the less populated areas of Spain, such as Soria and Teruel, which have fewer than 10 inhabitants / km sq .
The other provinces not mentioned have average population densities.
Immigration in Spain has always existed, but since the1990s, a phenomenon of great demographic and economic importance. According to INE, 2011, at the beginning of January 2011residing in the country nearly 6.7 million people born outsideits borders (of which nearly a million have acquired Spanish nationality).
Emigration is to leave the region of origin to settle in another region. In the twentieth century,
Spanish foreign populations in the country from parts of Europe, were stopped as a result of the 1973 crisis given the economic boom that followed the entryinto the European Community (1986). As from 1997, also in 2005 Spain was the leading hostcountry for migrants. In 2005, the balance of migration from Spain amounted to652,300 people, which represents approximately 36% of total immigration to the 25 States of the European Union.
Spain is integrated within the countries forming the EuropeanUnion, being the fastest growing country has achieved in recent years, considered the pillars of this growth in the tourism, agriculture and industry.
The industry, like most countries, is concentrated in thenorth, the south being the area where the tourism focus from abroad, as well as agriculture.
In the north (País Vasco) are concentrated most of theheavy industries (derived from the iron and steel), occupyingthe northeast (Catalonia), mainly the chemical and its derivatives (plastics etc.).. The downtown area (Madrid) and east (Valencia) developed together with a wide range ofCatalonia processing industries.
In the long perimeter of the expense of our country are distributed the various factories that build naval heavy industrybased in Bilbao (north), El Ferrol (NW), Cadiz(south-Andalucía) and the resulting oil industry located in Tarragona (Catalonia), Cadiz and Huelva (south of Andalucía).
Finally, it is necessary to mention the auto industry wheremany factories have implemented such multinational companies with GM, Ford, VW, Renault, PSA, and Nissanand Suzuki, the latter being located within Andalucía.
Some automotive factories themselves have installed many suppliers of auxiliary industries, some of American origin (eg,Delphi and Ford) which have factories in the province ofCadiz, in southern Andalusia, near the Strait of Gibraltarseparates Spain from Africa.