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Compostela: certificate given by the Pilgrim Office.
HISTORY OF THE SAINT St. James travelled fromPalestine to Andalucía(Hispania) He started preaching hismessage in the South ofHispania, but moved towardsthe North Next, he moved to the East ofthe Iberian Peninsula Eventually, he returns toPalestine, where he wasbeheaded for preachingChristianity
SAINT JAMES GRAVE The Saint’s corpse wasstolen and taken toHispania He was buried inLibredón Forest, inGalician lands Nine centuries after hisdeath, his tomb was foundand his remains werepreserved
HISTORY OF ST. JAMES’ WAY The discovery of the Saint’sremains spread through theChristian Europe King of Asturias, Alfonso II,is considered the first pilgrimof St. James’ Way Muslim troops defeated inthe North, this means moreterritory
PILGRIMAGE From the first decades of the 10thcentury, Compostela became a centreof pilgrimage in Europe The first pilgrims walked along theNorthern Way
Later, the Reconquest resulted in more territories.This permitted the construction of new paths French Way The European Parliament has recently proved theimportance of St. James’ Way, and it was declaredWorld Heritage by the UNESCO
St James´ cross It represents a sword with a fleur de lis-shaped grip. This was used by the knights in the Crusades.
St James´ arrow Found in the trees, ground, rocks,etc. It can be found several times along the Camino deSantiago.
St James´ shell Shell of a scallop. Used by the pilgrims in order to demonstrate thatthey have reached Santiago.
Pilgrim´s pumpkin Formerly used to transport liquids. Nowadays it is only used as a symbol and it is foundin pilgrims´ stick
ARTSan Martín de Frómista
• The Camino de Santiago is a route of diffusion of art andculture.• It is full of churches, monasteries, cathedrals, hospitals.• These temples were a place of shelter for pilgrims on theirway to the Cathedral of Santiago, where the saint is buried.
CATHEDRAL OF JACA
Puente la Reina Santo Domingo de la CalzadaNájera
CATHEDRAL OF SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA• Its origin is in the tomb of the Apostle. It started being a Romanesque church andwas completed with gothic and baroque styles.• Follows the classic scheme of pilgrimage churches: answers the needs of the visitors.
PÓRTICO DE LA GLORIA•Signed by Master Mateo•The population was illiterate. Thesereliefs narrate biblical passages.•This was a mean of spreading culturein Europe.
Pillar of Prophets: sculptural ensemble unfolded around the Apostle.
CURIOUS FACTS ABOUTCAMINO DE SANTIAGO
HOLY YEAR: AÑO XACOBEO Is the year in which July 25, is aSunday. This happens following thisregularseries of years 6-5-6-11 The tradition includes visitingSantiago de Compostela, praying,and going through the Puerta Santa. In catholic faith, if you do that, allyour sins will be forgiven.
Xacobeo in numbers2010 Xacobeo’s YearLogoThe next Holy Xacobeo Year will be inIn the 2010 Holy XacobeoYear, 3.700.000people visited Santiago deCompostelaThe last Holy XacobeoYear of this century, willbe
XACOBEO IN NUMBERS II Also the Holy Xacobeo Years are the ones inwhich most pilgrims walk the way.050000100000150000200000250000300000PilgrimsPilgrims
THE BOTAFUMEIRO Is a thurible which burnsincense. The name means “smokeexpeller” in Galician It reaches the height of 21meters There have been someaccidents with it, because thehook that is attached to therope sometimes becomedisconnected. The maximum weight of theincensory has been 160kilograms.
THE POPULARITY Thanks to the popularity of the movie TheWay, and the books of Kim Hyo Sun a coreanbest-selling author, the number of pilgrimsof these countries have increased. Coreans: In 2004, only 18. In 2012 3000. Americans: The number of americanpilgrims increased in 2012 in a 54%