Introduction• Swimming is moving through the water by using body extremities and usually without using any artificial device. Swimming is an activity that can be useful. Its main uses are bathing, cooling, diving, spear fishing, exercise...
HISTORY• Swimming has been known since prehistoric times. In 1538, Nikolaus Wynmann, a German professor of languages, wrote the first book of swimming, “Swimmer” or “A dialogue about the art of swimming”.• Competitive swimming in Europe started around 1800, mostly with the technique of the breaststroke. In 1873, John Arthur Trudgen introduced “trudgen” style to Western swimming competitions. Swimming was part of the first modern Olympic Games in 1896 in Athens. In 1902 Richard Cavill introduced the front crawl to the Western world. In 1908, he created the International Swimming Federation (FINA). The butterfly stroke was developed in the 1930s.
PLAYERS• Swimming is practiced individually and can also be developed by teams. Some of the officers that direct the competitions are: referee, starter, timekeepers, Control Board… Some of the most famous swimmers are:• Michael Fred Phelps• Erika Villaécija García
Michael Fred Phelps• He is considered the greatest swimmer in history. He won eight gold medals at the Pekín Olympics Games in 2008.
Erika Villaécija García• Her specializes is the 800 meters. She was very successful in the Olympic Games in Athens in 2004. She is among the top 16 swimmers in the world.
Equipment.• To develop swimming is recommended to use an appropriate dress to maximize speed on the skills and comfort to move in the water. The usual dress is characterized by the use of slip swimming swimwear for men and for women. It is also used regularly goggles, caps and nose clips.
Places• The most usual practice is a swimming pool, as it is a controlled environment, both from the point of view of hygiene and safety. Normally, you can choose from pools of 25 or 50 meters. An Olympic facility is 50 meters, but for those starting out in the sport will be more advisable to start at 25 meters, allowing rest more often.• You can also choose to swim in natural waters, either in the sea, a river or a lake.
These are models of acompetitive swimming pool:
Competitions• There are four ways or styles that are the common swimming competitions. The breaststroke, crawl, butterfly and back.
CRAWL• One arm swimmer moves in the air with the palm down ready to enter the water, and elbow relaxed, while the other arm moves underwater.
Breaststroke• Open arms back to be in line with the shoulders, always above or below the water surface. They shrink the legs to bring them closer to the body.
Butterfly• Both arms are brought together at the head above water and then backwards simultaneously.
Back• Its like the crawl, only the swimmer floats back into the water.