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    Planet earth rainforests Planet earth rainforests Document Transcript

    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTSEUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPE Planet Earth: Rainforests Practical English : 1st of Bachiller Teacher: Conchi Ivorra Pellín
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPEACTIVITIESVOCABULARY: WORD SEARCH PUZZLE:A B D J F H I L V O Z G J A N H B R P FO I L S P I L L R E M M L O E F A S I LG R E B N E T P A O U D I H G L V R O AR D D A Y F R S T M S T K J A O N D C CE E S G S J I E R E U S I N G O I R E IN C R L O Z O N E L A Y E R G D U O S DH I U O S U N U L W F E N F H S T U T RO F Y B R A U O N I D A V S I D R G U AU E M A B I P J A N C R I A D R E H D IS B H L N O M H J T Z B R H A I S T E NE R T W F Y A C R E B L O Z K P C R Y PE U C A Y M A O L U G I N A L E Z A G SF U L R U A S F R T E F M U A L C D F AF L U M I G O L O E C D E C O M P O S EE Y L I C A I N O R G A N I C W A S T EC E I N P N C S U I T A T B L E V I Z UT R L G A E S D E F O R E S T A T I O NR E C Y C L I N G A C F O W R T A S T HD C A S D F G H I K M B N M L M V R E IV N E R A I N F O R E S T L I A V U I JU T E A S D N L E U F E N I G N E C B L1.-Find the following words in this word search puzzle and check the meaning inyour language:1.-rubbish 9.-acid rain2.-global warming 10.-deforestation3.-recycling 11.-decompose4.-in/organic waste 12.-reusing5.-pollution 13.-greenhouse effect6.-ozone layer 14.-rainforest7.-environment 15.-oil spill8.-floods 16.-drought 2
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPE2.-Complete these sentences with a suitable word from the previous exercise:1.-____________________ do not decompose and remain in the environment forhundreds or thousands of years.2.-____________________ is one of the most worrying dangers threatening ourenvironment today.3.-Our society produces tons of ________________every year.4.-Man is continually destroying the forests for wood and farm land.This_______________ is affecting the world’s climate.5.-Smoke and chemicals from cars and factories pollute rain.________________damages our natural resources, such as lakes, fish and plants life.6.-Everybody is familiar today with the three R’s: reducing, _____________, and___________________.7.- ______________________includes food, eggshells, cotton, paper and cardboard.8.-Polar ice-caps and glaciers are melting and this will cause serious _______________in coastal areas in the years to come.9.-Tropical ______________ produce 40% of the world oxygen.10.-If we want to protect the ______________ we should stop pouring chemicals intothe sea and rivers.11.-The ________________ is twenty to fifty km above the earth’s surface.3.- Match the words with the definitions:1.-Recycle a.-making things dirty and /or dangerous2.-drought b.-the trapping of heat in the atmosphere3.-pollution c.-material which has been used and is not longer wanted4.-waste d.-a long period with no rain5.-green house effect e.-thick forest of tall trees found in tropical areas6.-global warming f.-change chemically, beginning to rot.7.-rainforest g.-large amount of water covers an area usually dry8.- environment h.-the heating up of the planet9.-decompose i.-the world around us, with people, animals and plants10.- flood j.-making things people have thrown away into something else. 3
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPE4.- SCRAMBLED LETTERSGnoyxeSapc-eicPllislioLetmTrlanau sucerosrevesperremcascheilssesmoisinmudpHseuogeren tecefftsweacylirnecgRUNNING DICTATIONTROPICAL RAINFORESTSThe largest tropical rainforests are situated near the equator in SouthAmerica, Africa and Asia. Hundreds of years ago, rainforests covered 14%of the Earth’s surface, but today they cover only 6%.The tropical rainforests are in regions with few changes in climate: it iswarm all year round. Plants and trees grow very quickly in theseconditions and they produce 40% of the world’s oxygen.Man in continually destroying the forests for wood and farmland. Thisdeforestation is affecting the world’s climate: about 30% of the carbondioxide released into the air comes from burning down rainforests and isone of the main causes of global warming. If we continue to destroy theworld’s rainforests at the present rate, they will disappear within the next40 years. 4
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPENAME OF THE FILM:DIRECTOR:RELEASE DATE:MAIN CHARACTERS:FILMING LOCATIONS:1-Which words does Pandora makeyou think of?2. PLOT. Complete the story with the following words.Offers Na’vi invaders pilot Grace Scientists allowed remains concern soldierGrace aim meets save Pandora Avatars lifestyle human come backaccepts Earth research nature return twin-brother customs died mineraldestroy chosen planet replace deposit mind scientist HomeTree planethelp preserve war mineralJAKE Sully is a paraplegic (1) ___________________who has just (2) ____________ from(3)_______. His (4) ________________was a (5) _____________but he had (6) ________ a weekbefore, so Jake is (7) ____________ to (8) _____________him in a special scientific program ina new (9) ___________ called (10) _______________ .A group of scientists with (11) __________ as the leader of the group are working in a (12)_____________ study to learn about the native tribes of the place. This researchers teamhave made new creatures which are named (13) ________________. Jake is one of them.They must learn about the (14) ______________of the inhabitants of Pandora and becomeone of them.However, this is not the (15) ______________of the colonel and the mining company workingthere. They want to get a (16) _______________which can be found in Pandora. In fact, themain (17) ____________ (18) _______________ is located under (19) _________________.This group of people (soldiers and members of the company) are decided to (20)_______________everything to achieve it.The colonel (21) ______________Jake an operation for his injured legs if he tells himeverything about the indigenous tribe and he(22) ______________. Nevertheless, when Jake(23) _______________ the people who live in Pandora, their (24) ________________ and their 5
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPE(25) ______________ about (26) _______________and its wildlife, he changes his (27)_____________ and decides to (28) _______________these people to (29)_______________their planet. Jake’s friends,(30) _____________,Trudy (the helicopter (31)______________) and two other (32) ________________ help him to defeat the (33)_______________and (34) ______________ Pandora.Jake finally (35) ________________ in Pandora. He is no longer a (36) ____________ beingbut a (37) ______________. People from the (38) ____________ are forced to (39)_______________to their (40) _______________. Only some human beings are (41)_____________ to stay in Pandora.3- After watching the film decide if these sentences are TRUE or FALSE a- Jake Sully rejects the offer of the Colonel. b- Grace and the rest of the scientists don’t know about the agreement between Jake and the Colonel. c- The Scientific group want to help the Na’vi. d- Jake learns to love the Na’vi after living with them for three months. e- The main mineral deposit is just under the HomeTree where the Na’vi live. f- People from Pandora think that there is a special link between the earth and all the living creatures. g- Jake doesn’t manage to become one of the Na’vi. h- Everybody is forced to leave Pandora except Jake. i- Eywa is finally destroyed by humans. j- Jake finally decides to come back to the Earth to have an operation on his legs.4- Write a short description of Pandora5- Write a short description of the indigenous tribe which Jake meets6- What is Eywa?7-Which aptitude test must any hunter pass in the native tribe?8- Could you think of a “motto” which describes the lifestyle of this tribe? 6
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPE RESEARCHING: INDIVIDUAL OR PAIR WORK Introducction Rainforests are the Earths oldest living ecosystems. These incredible places cover only 6 %of the Earths surface but yet they contain MORE THAN 1/2 of the worlds plant and animal species! A Rainforest can be described as a tall, dense jungle. The reason it is called a "rain" forest is because of the high amount of rainfall it gets per year. The climate of a rain forest is very hot and humid so the animals and plants that exist there must learn to adapt to this climate As many as 30 million species of plants and animals live in tropical rainforests. At least two-thirds of the worlds plant species, including many exotic and beautiful flowers grow in the rainforests. Rainforests are the source of many items that we all use in our own homes! We eat several foods from the rainforest and many medicines are made from ingredients found only in these areas.Some of the common products we know of include:  Chocolate  sugar  cinnamon  rubber  medicine  pineapplesThe map shows the location of theworlds tropical rainforests.Rainforests cover only a small part ofthe earths surface - about 6%. Wecan find them in different parts ofthe world. 7
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPE CENTRAL AMERICAThis region was once entirely covered with rainforest, but large areas have been cleared forcattle ranching and for sugar cane plantations.Like other major rainforests, the jungles and mangrove swamps ofCentral America contain many plants and animals found nowhereelse. Central America is famous for its large number of tropicalbirds, including many kinds of parrots. THE AMAZONThe Amazon jungle is the worlds largest tropical rainforest. Theforest covers the basin of the Amazon, the worlds second longestriver.The Amazon is home to the greatest variety of plants and animalson Earth. A 1/5 of all the worlds plants and birds and about 1/10 of all mammal species arefound there AFRICACentral Africa holds the worlds second largest rainforest. To the south east, the large island ofMadagascar was once intensively forested, but now much of it isgone. Africa contains areas of high cloud forest, mangroveswamps and flooded forests. The island of Madagascar is hometo many unique plants and animals not found anywhere else. SOUTHERN ASIAThe rainforests of Asia stretch from India and Burma in the westto Malaysia and the islands of Java and Borneo in theeast. Bangladesh has the largest area of mangrove forests in theworld.In Southeast Asia the climate is hot and humid all year round. In the mainland ( Asia) it has asubtropical climate with torrential monsoon rains followed by a drier period. AUSTRALASIAMillions of years ago, Australia, New Zealand and the island of New Guinea formed part of agreat forested southern continent, isolated from the rest of the world. Today these countriescontain many different species of animal that live nowhere else. 8
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPEUndergrowth in Australias tropical forests is dense and lush. The forests lie in the path of wetwinds blowing in from the Pacific. RAINFORESTS IN DANGERThe worlds rainforests are currently disappearing at a rate of 6000 acres every hour (this isabout 4000 football fields per hour).  When these forests are cut down, the plants and animals that live in the forests are destroyed, and some species are at risk of being made extinct.  Further, as the large-scale harvesting of lumber from the rain forests continues, the balance of the earths eco-system is disrupted.  We need the rain forests to produce oxygen and clean the atmosphere to help us breathe  We also know that the earths climate can be affected, as well as the water cycle.  Rainforests also provide us with many valuable medicinal plants, and may be a source of a cure from some deadly diseases. PRESERVING THE EARTH RAINFORESTSForests can be managed effectively without endangering rare species of plants and animalsand without risking global environmental damage.  Companies that harvest timber should not be allowed to "clear cut" large areas of forest and should be required to plant new trees after they cut old trees down.  Governments should create large parks and reserves where hunting and logging are not allowed.  As a world community, we must be careful not to destroy the resources that people will need in the future.  Many animals from the rainforests are brought to our country illegally. Parrots and iguanas, for example, are often imported illegally. We should not buy these animals, since that encourages other people to bring in more animals.  Most of the products that we use in our country come from rainforests, such as rubber, coffee and rain forest lumber. Rainforests are cut down to harvest the timber and also to make room for farms to grow coffee and spices. Each of us needs to be 9
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPE thoughtful about the way we consume these products, and support companies and programs that make a commitment to safe environmental practices.  Recycle and re-use whenever possible, and help keep the earth green and healthy.Belize is located on the north eastern coast of CentralAmerica, between Mexico and Guatemala. 80% of thiscountry, Belize, is covered by rainforest, which isprotected by the government.CLIMATEThe local climate is tropical and generally hot and humid.The rainy season is from May to November. During this season there are usuallynatural disasters like hurricanes and floods. Average temperatures on the coast varyfrom 24 degrees Celsius in January and 27 degrees Celsius in JulyWILDLIFEFauna:- Jaguar- Puma- Ocelot- Armadillo- Tapir- Crocodile 10
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPEMore than 500 species of birds:- Jabiru stork- Hummingbirds- Parrots neon greens- Macaws- Herons- EgretsFlora:The country is also home to 4,000 species of tropical flowers, including 250 types oforchids.- Orchids.- Red Ginger- Theobroma de cacao- Epiphyllum pumilumPEOPLEThere are some people who live in the jungle without the comforts of the city or newtechnologies. They feed themselves by hunting, fishing and agriculture. It is hard to seethem and there are some tribes not known because they have no contact withcivilization. Sonia Antón córdoba & Ángela Antón Copé 11
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPELOCATION The Hawaiian tropical rainforest is a tropical moist broadleaved forest region in theHawaiian Islands. They cover an area of 6,700 km2 in the windward lowlands andmountain regions of the islands. 1. WILDLIFE The Hawaiian Islands are some of the most remote areas of land in the world.More than 70 million years of isolation have helped create a unique plant life in thetropical rainforests of Hawaii. There are four layers in a tropical rainforest. On the top or the emergent layer there are the tallest trees, or the emergent trees. Next, the canopy shades the forest floor by blocking out the suns light. The understory is made up of shrubs and young trees and the forest floor is where the fallen branches and leaves decompose to create nutrients for new plant life to grow. The tropical rainforests ofHawaii are home to native Ohialehua and Koa trees, the latter much prized for itsmulti-hued wood patterns.There are also three varieties oforchids as well as a number ofmosses and ferns. Red Ginger isalso a common find. The Ohiatree has its own red blossoms. Some of the Hawaiiantropical rainforests animals are:bufo marinus, dragonfly,earthworm, hawks, iiwi, happyface spider, hummingbirds,millipedes, mosquito, prayingmantis, tree frogs, walking stick 12
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPEand woodpeckers. 2. PEOPLEHawaiis current population of over 1.3 million is due to military presence and tourism,with about 72% of its residents living in metropolitan areas such as Honolulu.Oahu: 596 people per km2Big Island of Hawaii: 16 inhabitantsper km2Maui: 83 people per km2Kauai: 53 people per km2Molokai: 12 people per km2Lanai: 12 people per km2Niihau: 1 people per km2 3. DANGER The rainforest is a biodiversity rich region. Its richer than any other biologicalregion of our planet. Many species are critically endangered, and all they require ourhelp to survive. About one species disappears everyday in a rainforest, although it hasn’t beendiscovered yet! In some rainforest each tree may have its species of wildlife. A tree cutting mayresult in the extinction of that specie. 4. MEASURES TO PRESERVE THE RAINFOREST:- Stop tree cutting for farms, highways or timber companies. .- Concerned and respectful attitude about the environment. Almudena Tenza, Andrea Richarte 13
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPEThe rainforests are located onthe equator. They share thesame climate. Weather intropical forests can bedescribed in two words: warmand wet. Average annualrainfall is no less than 168 cmand can exceed 1.000 cm,although it typically liesbetween 175 cm and 200 cm.Monthly temperaturesexceed 18º during all monthsof the year. One of the most The rainforest of Atsinanana (Madagascar) is in the listimportant tropical of endangered heritagerainforests is located inMadagascar.Madagascar is the world’s fourth largest island and it’s located in Africa. This island isroughly the size of France. Madagascar is home to more than 250,000 species ofwildlife, of which 70% are found nowhere else in the world. Madagascar has some of the highest biodiversity on the planet. About 200.000 known species are found in Madagascar, 150.000 of which are endemic. The Malagasy ethnic group forms over 90% of Madagascars population and is divided into eighteen ethnic sub-groups. The most famous representative of the fauna is the lemur. On the island there are ten different species of lemur. 14
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPERecent DNA research revealed that the genetic makeup of the average Malagasyperson constitutes an equal blend of Austronesian and East African genes, althoughthe genetics of some communities show a predominance of Austronesian or Africanorigins or some Arab, Indian or European ancestry.Some of the Malagasy Ethnic Groups are Sakalava, Vezo, Merina and Bara.Before the arrival of humans 2,000 ago, years there were many great andunusual animals living there. Manyanimals that are endangered or could beendangered in a short time are:majungasaurus, elephant birds, pygmy hippos and Archaeoindris Malagasy, amongother. Those Trees are the most famous trees in Madagascar as you can see in the photo it’s about 25 metres. Miguel Martínez Mira 15
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPE South America is home to the worlds largest contiguous tropical rainforest, thevast Amazon rainforest. This lush and biologically rich forest covers the basin of theAmazon (also known as Amazonia), the worlds second longest river, and spreads intonine countries: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, Surinamand French Guiana. The Amazon basin includes 7,000,000 square kilometers (1.2 billion acres), while the forest itself, is home to the greatest variety of plants and animals on Earth. It occupies some 5,500,000 square kilometers. Wildlife: One fifth of all the worlds plants and birds and almost one tenth of all mammalspecies are found there, we can find mammals like thejaguar, birds, reptiles, amphibians (frogs), fish andinsects. This vast forest home, which represents overhalf of the worlds remaining rainforests, is under attackfrom many fronts and the world is in danger of losingthis precious resource. Deforestation, serving theinterests of both primitive cut down and burn andmodern agriculture, logging and exotic timber harvestand cattle raising, is the major threat. The construction of the Trans-Amazonianhighway not only destroyed millions of acres but hasalso opened the region up to constant and relentlesspressure from the outside world. At the current rate offorest loss, it is entirely possible that the Amazon rainforest will cease to exist withinthe next 50 years. 16
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPEPeople The Amazon shelters different live cultures. The Amazon has a long history ofhuman settlement. Contrary to popular belief, sizable and sedentary societies of greatcomplexity existed in the Amazon rainforest before Columbus arrived there. Thesesocieties produced pottery, cleared sections ofrainforest for agriculture, and managed forests tooptimize the distribution of useful species. Thenotion of a virgin Amazon is largely the result ofthe population crash following the arrival of theEuropeans in the sixteenth century. Studiessuggest that 11.8 percent of the Amazons “terrafirme” forests are anthropogenic in natureresulting from the careful management of biodiversity by indigenous people. However,unlike those using current cultivation techniques, these Amazonians were attuned tothe ecological realities of their environment, and they understood how to sustainablymanage the rainforest to suit their needs. They saw the importance of maintainingbiodiversity through a mosaic of natural forests, open fields, and sections of forestmanaged so as to be dominated by species of special interest to humans. Juan Carlos Boyer, Antonio Martínez 17
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPETropical rainforests are warm, 24-27º C year round, because they are located near theequator. Rainforests live up to their name—they receive at least 2,000 mm (80 inches)of rain every year. While they cover less than seven percent of the Earth’s surface,rainforests contain about half of the plants and animals species on the planet. Therainforests of Panama, in particular, are some of the world’s most biologically diverseareas. Chagres National Park was created in 1985 with the objective of preserving the natural forest up to produce enough water to ensure the normal operation of the Panama Canal, to supply drinking water for Panama City, Colon and La Chorrera, and generate electricity for the cities of Panama and Colon. Chagres National Park situated to the east of Gatun Lake and close to the northern half of Panama Canal.It has 1,185 species of plants, 130 of which are unique to that area. Panama’srainforests are home to many mammals that migrated from both North and SouthAmerica. Among these species are jaguars, tapirs, deer, sloths, anteaters, andarmadillos. There are also 650 species of birds and 93 amphibian species in thePanama Canal watershed.Some of the endangered animals can be found inPanama. This is the case of the American Alligator,the Great Green Macaw, Jaguar, the West Indianmanatee, the brown-headed spider monkey, thespectacled bear, the white shark, or the loggerheadturtle.There are also some endangered plants such asorchids. Iris Campoy García Cynthia Flores Amorós 18
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPEIt is the second largest rainforest after the Amazon and it´s the richest place inbiodiversity in Africa. It extendsover Cameroon, Central AfricanRepublic, Congo Bazzaville,Democratic Republic of Congo,Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.In the Democratic Republic ofCongo, the forest is home to over1,000 species of birds, over 400species of mammals, 10,000 plantspecies, many of which are foundnowhere else on Earth.The forest of the Congo River basin accumulate 8% ofall carbon stored in forests on the planet, making itthe largest carbon store in Africa and the fourthlargest in the world. However, about 85% of theprimary forest has been destroyed and the timberindustry threatens the rest.According to the latest estimates, deforestation in central Africa for 2050, only in Democratic Republic of Congo, will release 34,400 tones of CO2. Tens of millions of people depend on forests for their survival and in the Democratic Republic of Congo there are 40 million people, farmers and fishermen, who depend on forests. In this part of the world, entire cultures live and depend on the forest for shelter, health, food and cultural and spiritual survival. Puri Navarro, Alba Quiles 19
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPEIndonesia houses the most extensive rainforest in all Asia, though it is rapidly beingdestroyed to accommodate its increasing population and growing economy.WILDLIFEIn Indonesian rainforests there are thought to be as many as 40,000 different speciesof plants. Of these, there are around 5,000 different species of orchid alone.Rainforests are also rich sources of timber. In Indonesia, timbers such as ebony, teakand sandalwood are cut for use in construction and woodworking.Indonesia is home to one of the strangest plants ever seen. The Rafflesia arnoldii is theworlds biggest flower. The flower can grow up to a metre wide and can weigh as muchas nine kilograms. It is also known as the corpse flower because it gives off a smell likerotten meat. The kelapa tree (or coconut palm) is also very common in Indonesia.Inside the Indonesian rainforest there are animals such as elephants, rhinoceros,tigers, monkeys, apes, lizards, flying foxes, wallabies, bandicoots and birds. There arealso many sea and water creatures such as giant sea turtles, crocodiles, sea horses,dolphins and many different kinds of fish.There are around 1500 different kinds of birds alone in Indonesia. In the Indonesianpart of the island of Borneo, there are 21 different kinds of apes and monkeys. Someof the most famous endangered Indonesian animals are the Sumatran rhinoceros, theJavan tiger, orang-utans and komodo dragons. Komodo dragon. The Rafflesia arnoldii. 20
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPECLIMATEThe islands of Indonesia sit close tothe equator. This means that thewhole country is located in a tropicalarea. While there is variety in theweather on different Indonesianislands, in general the climatethroughout Indonesia is hot andhumid.As a result of its tropical location,Indonesia does not have fourseasons. Being close to the equator means that the temperature stays very stable,close to the same all year round. Instead of summer, autumn, winter and spring,Indonesia has wet and dry seasons.LOGGINGToday just under half of Indonesia is forested, representing a significant decline in itsoriginal forest cover. Between 1990 and 2005 the country lost more than 28 millionhectares of forest, including 21.7 hectares of virgin forest, and since the 1990s,deforestation rates of primary forest cover have climbed 26 percent. Today Indonesiasforests are some of the most threatened on the planet. Nerea Martínez, Paula Penalva 21
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPE* A rainforest is a dense tropical forest that grows in the hot tropical regions of theworld where there is always heavy rainfall.* More than half of the worlds plants and animals live in rainforest habitats. Costa Rica is in Central America * Tropical rainforests are found near the equator.The Rainforest is located in the North of the country.Some Animals of Costa Rica rainforest are:Sloths, blue morpho butterfly, red poison frog, howlermonkey, coati, toucans... 22
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPEThere are lots of different plants but the most important is the BROMELIATherain forest is in danger because:*deforestation*mining industry*Contamination*hunting of animals Conservation rules: *not to throw rubbish *not feed the animalsProtect the *not remove animals and plantsRainforest! Ángela Martínez Abellán Minerva Cantó Martínez 23
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPEIt’s a region of the central and northern of America that includes the rainforest of theAmazon River.Fauna-Mammals include monkeys, jaguars, pumas and tapirs. Its water is home to twospecies of dolphins: pinks dolphins.-There are many species of aquatic and terrestrial reptiles: turtles, alligators, crocodilesand many snakes, including the anaconda.Flora20% of the world’s species of plants can be found in the Amazon forest. In the lagoonsalong the Amazon River there are flower plants, whose circular leaves reach over ameter in diameter. 24
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPETribesThe Amazonic rainforest is home to different tribes:-LANGUAGES TUPI: is the most widespread native currently in the region.-LANGUAGES YE O GÊ: after the language Tupi, this is the most widespread in theAmazon region.-LANGUAGES CARIBBEAN: is a family that a probably spread from the northern part ofthe Amazon, although there are also members of this tribe in central Amazonia.-LANGUAGES ARAWAK: family located primarily in the region which surrounds theAmazonia-LANGUAGES PANO-TACANAS: southwestern AmazoniaThe Amazonic Rainforest is in danger because of:Commercial cut:The clearing of tropical trees used in the manufacture of furniture and the use of woodas raw material.We must also add the paper industry, which requires a massive amount of trees formaking pulp. 25
    • PLANET EARTH: RAINFORESTS EUROPEAN STUDENTS BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE EUROPECattle Breeding:More ranches are required to graze their cattle pastures.Cultivation:It is estimated that at least 10% of land is needed for traditional crop in the Amazon.Consequently ranches increasingly move inside the Amazon in search of virgin land.Road Construction:Since the early 70s more than 9,000 miles of roads have been built in the Amazonrainforest, endangering not only the natural habitat of plants and animals but also thevery life and survival of native tribes.Hydroelectric Dams:The dams have a negative impact on local wildlife, affecting migratory fish as well asthe survival of pink Amazon dolphin, for example.Its construction threatens the environment and the reproductive cycle of plants andanimalsMining:The mining industry practices require releasing tons of mercury on the environment,causing irreparable damage to waterways, vegetation and animals. ESTHER DÍEZ SANTO 1 BACHILLER C 26