Trade R outes Notes

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Trade R outes Notes

  1. 1. #Eastern Hemisphere Trade Routes Textbook Pages: 430-435
  2. 2. • During the Medieval Period, several major trading routes developed in the Eastern Hemisphere. These trading routes developed among Europe, Africa, and Asia.• Major trade routes from 1000-1500AD1. Silk road across Asia to the Mediterranean basin2. Maritime routes across the Indian Ocean3. Trans-Saharan routes across North Africa4. Northern European links with the Black Sea5. Western European sea and river trade6. South China Sea and the lands of Southeast Asia
  3. 3. • Regional trade networks and long- distance trade routes in the Eastern Hemisphere aided the diffusion and exchange of technology and culture between Europe, Africa, and Asia.• Goods – Gold from West Africa – Spices from lands around the Indian Ocean – Textiles from India, China, the Middle East, and later Europe – Porcelain from China and Persia – Amber from the Baltic Region
  4. 4. • Technology – Paper from China spread throughout the Muslim world to Byzantium and Western Europe – New crops from India (e.g., for making sugar) – Waterwheels and windmills from the Middle East – Navigation: Compass from China, lateen sail from Indian Ocean region• Ideas – Spread of religions across the hemisphere – Buddhism from China to Korea and Japan – Hinduism and Buddhism from India to Southeast Asia – Islam into West Africa, Central and Southeast Asia• Printing and paper money from China
  5. 5. • Japanese cultural development was influenced by its proximity to China.• States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including Ghana, Mali, and Songhai in West Africa, Axum in east Africa, and Zimbabwe in southern Africa.• Trade brought important economic, cultural, and religious influences to African civilizations from other parts of the Eastern Hemisphere.
  6. 6. • Japanese cultural development was influenced by its proximity to China.• States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including Ghana, Mali, and Songhai in West Africa, Axum in east Africa, and Zimbabwe in southern Africa.• Trade brought important economic, cultural, and religious influences to African civilizations from other parts of the Eastern Hemisphere.

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