Parish Priest – lowest rank. Served the people in the parish directly. Responsible for the moral and spiritual life of the community. They could perform 5 sacraments: baptism, Holy Communion, penance, matrimony, and the anointing of sick and dying.
Bishops - could perform the last two sacraments: confirmation and the taking of holy orders. Bishops managed a group of parishes called a diocese . The king or powerful nobles controlled bishops. Many bishops were also feudal lords or vassals.
Archbishops – controlled several diocese called an archdiocese. Had all the powers of a bishop and had power over them.
Pope – the pope had supreme authority in the church. Cardinals chose and advised the Pope.
Monasticism spreads: St. Patrick brings Christianity to Ireland and St. Augustine led a group of monks to England.
Problems in the Church :
Lay investiture – officials choosing friends for clergy positions.
Simony – buying clergy positions in the church
The Church attempts to fix things by searching out heretics . This is called the inquisition . People who asked for forgiveness could be forgiven; those who didn’t would be turned over for punishment, execution, sometimes being burned at the stake.