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Islam Vocab
Islam Vocab
Islam Vocab
Islam Vocab
Islam Vocab
Islam Vocab
Islam Vocab
Islam Vocab
Islam Vocab
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Islam Vocab

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  • 1. Islam Vocab Mrs. Kirsch
  • 2. • Muhammad – born into powerful Meccan family. Orphaned and raised by uncle and grand-father. In caravan trade. At age 40, angel Gabriel came to him while meditating in a cave outside Mecca  told him to recite in the name of the Lord. He was believed to be the last prophet and recited the Koran. Taught his revelations to the Arabic people. • Allah – Islamic/Muslim word for God. They believe it is the same monotheistic god as the Jews and Christians
  • 3. • Dome of the Rock – Holy site in Jerusalem where Mohammad went up into heaven • Arabic Alphabet – used by Mulsims. Used to translate and save G+R texts. Koran is written in Arabic • Arabic Numerals – created by Muslims and still used by western civilization (zero) • Muslims – people who follow the religion of Islam
  • 4. • Bedouins – Arab nomadic herdsmen – organized into tribes • Hijrah – journey made from Mecca to Medina made by Muhammad in 622AD • Qur’an (Koran) – Holy book of Islam. Revealed to Muhammad by God during Ramadan. Recorded in Arabic • 5 Pillars of Islam – 1there is no God but Allah, Muhammad is his prophet 2-Pray 5times a day facing Mecca 3-Give to the poor 4- Fast during Ramadan 5 –pilgrimage to Mecca
  • 5. Hajj- pilgrimage to Mecca all Muslims make once in their lifetime if able Ramadan – holy month – fasting for Muslims. Sunup to sunset. One small meal is eaten Mosques – Islamic building of worship, no furnishings, just mats & rugs no beautiful pictures
  • 6. Jihad – “struggle to defend the faith” Holy War – some believe that if you die in struggle you go to heaven Abu Bakr – chosen as successor of Muhammed in 632AD. His oldest friend Caliph – “successor to the prophet” – helped to bring Arabic tribes together Sunna – Muhammad’s example of the proper living, “way of the prophet”
  • 7. • Shari’a – Qur’an and Sunna laws. Muslim Law • Sunni – accepted Mu-awiyah as caliph . Believed in the 1st four “rightly guided caliphs” – followers of Sunna ~90% • Shi’ah/Shiite – Caliph needed to be a descendant of the prophet. Do not recognize the Sunna. • Imams – religious leader of Islam. • Sufi – Muslim mystics. Tried to live simple lives centered on Allah. Live a life of poverty and devotion to spiritual path.
  • 8. • Sultan – ruled the Turks – claimed to serve the caliph • Astrolabe – allowed observers to chart the position of the stars and calculate their own position on earth  age of exploration • Minaret – towers attached to the outside of mosques. 5 times a day a crier in the minaret would call Muslims to worship. • Al-Razi – one of the greatest doctors of the Islamic world.
  • 9. • The Thousand and One Nights – collection of Muslim folktales. Some of the most widely read stories in history. “Sinbad the Sailor” “Aladdin” and “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves” • Moors –Muslims who lived in Spain. Crossed into France Battle of Tours. Also know as Berbers • Battle of Tours – 732AD. Muslim Moors are defeated by Charles Martel and his Frankish army. Invasion of Muslims into Europe stopped. • Ka’aba – in Mecca – where all Muslims face to pray. Black box, holy site of black stone, During Hajj one rite is to walk around Kaaba 7 times.

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