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Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
Greece Vocab Slideshow
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Greece Vocab Slideshow

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  • 1. Greece Vocabulary #1 Minoans- 1st Greeks, lived on Crete, trade economy & wrote in Linear B King Minos-King of Minoans Had a palace at Knossos
  • 2. • Colonies-Greece creates colonies because of a lack of fertile land • Frescoes-paintings on wet plaster • Knossos Palace-built on a hill, had running water, on island of Crete • Bull Jumping-Athletic/Religious ritual of Minoan Men
  • 3. • Mycenaeans-main land Greece, warlike people, tribe-chief : clan-warrior • Balkan Peninsula-Greece resides on Balkan Peninsula – includes Peloponnesus • Peloponnesus Peninsula-hand like, lower part of Greece – a Spartan Polis • Polis-city-state, fort+city+lands+small farms surrounding it • Agora – market &meeting place • Acropolis-hill on Greek polis. Fort+Temples at top
  • 4. • Terracing-cutting layers into hills to create farmland • Monarchy-ruled by one leader like a king or queen • Aristocracy-ruled by “the best” or nobles • Oligarchy-ruled by the few • Tyranny-ruled by a leader who illegally takes power • Democracy-ruled by the people Athens stages = MAOTD
  • 5. • Draco-harsh laws “Draconian Laws” Solon-no slavery for debt, -jury of peers • Cleisthenes-reforms Athens to gain more power -made Athens more democratic • Helots-peasants/slaves in Sparta-forced to Stay on land and work • Hoplites-standing armies that could afford their own weapons, foot soldier
  • 6. • Myths-stories w/gods to help explain nature, human condition, unexplained • Oracles-ways in which gods converse with humans • Zeus- King of the gods-father • Hera-Queen of the gods-mother
  • 7. • Athena-goddess of war – Athens • Artemis-goddess of hunting, moon • Apollo-god of music, poetry and light • Aphrodite-goddess of love
  • 8. Homer-blind poet, 700s bce, 2 epics Iliad & Odyssey Iliad-Trojan war horse – Myceneans vs. Trojans Odyssey-Adventure of Odysseus to get home to wife Persian Wars – Persians vs. (Athens & Sparta)-Greeks win • Phalanx-Soldiers standing side by side w/ spear & shield – most powerful fighting formation in Ancient wars • Battle of Marathon-Greeks vs. Persians, Greeks win battle, Pheidippides runs 26 mi. from Marathon to Athens to tell news, Greece victorious – defend Athens: this battle gives Greeks hope of beating Persians • • • •
  • 9. • Battle of Thermopylae-300 Spartans vs. Persians • Battle of Salamis-Persian ships had difficulty in the straits – Greeks defend the strait w/ships with battering rams-Greeks attacked and sank 1/3 Persian ships • Peloponnesian War-Sparta vs. Athens – Sparta wins • Delian League-Created by Athens - small city-states • Peloponnesian League-Sparta leads w/ small city states • Pericles-great leader of Athens during Golden Agedied of the plague in Athens during the Peloponnesian War • Golden Age – Great time of achievement & prosperity-Arts & Science
  • 10. Greece Vocab #2 Columns • Doric Ionic Corinthian
  • 11. • Parthenon-temple built on acropolis to honor Athena-built by Pericles w/Delian league $ • Phidias-sculptor - built statue of Athena, Zeus @temple of Olympia
  • 12. Philosophy • Socrates-Socratic methodquestion everything-do what is right and consequences shouldn’t matter, put to death for corrupting youth & going against gods, drinking Hemlock • Plato-(student of Socrates) wrote down his teachings The Republic-describes a perfect society, founds the Acadamy • Aristotle-taught Alexander the Great, wrote Ethics & Poetics, starts his own school in Athens, categorizes things in science
  • 13. Math • Pathagoras - Pathagorean Theroum A2+B2=C2 • Euclid-Father of Geometry, Elements-earliest known discussion of geometry Science • Archimedes-Calculate Pi, Water Screw (pump) used in irrigation, compound pulley • Hippocrates-Father of Medical Science – Hippocratic Oath-rules and practices doctors should follow
  • 14. History • Herodotus – Father of History, traveled and wrote first hand accounts Primary vs. Secondary • Thucydides – writes “History of Peloponnesian War”-believes in circular history
  • 15. Drama • Aeschyclus-Tragedies (80+ plays) Oresteiaabout Agamemnon’s family during Trojan war • Sophocles – Oedipus Rex (the King) – tragedy Considered the most influential writers in Greece. • Euripides tragedy – writes Trojan Women about heroes in a realistic way; shows ugly side of war. Medea about revenge
  • 16. • Phillip II of Macedon-held captive in Thebes, goes back home. Takes over Greece except Sparta. • Alexander the Great – Phillip’s son – takes over & increases empire to Indus River – spreads Hellenism • Hellenism- Greek + Asian culture – spread throughout Alexander’s Empire

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