Fall of Rome Notes #5

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Fall of Rome Notes #5

  1. 1. #The Fall of the Western Roman Empire Textbook pages 172-177
  2. 2. Problems in the Empire… Inflation = a rise in prices caused by a decrease in the value of money. Farmers went to the city to look for work. Some people went back to bartering. Attacks on the borders by Germanic Tribes. Empire too large and resources stretched to thin.
  3. 3. The Empire Splits… Diocletian – Roman Emperor. He split the empire into two. Each had an emperor. Diocletian was the East. Very strict government. Controlled all peoples’ lives. For a period the Barbarians were being successfully driven out of the Empire. 305AD Diocletian retires. Constantine took over in 306AD. But the other Emperor didn’t recognize him. Civil War broke out. Constantine won and became the Emperor. Constantine creates the new capital Constantinople. (Old name = Byzantium)
  4. 4.  The Western Empire grows weaker…the Eastern Empire becomes the center of power and wealth. Goths, Vandals, and the Huns (led by the fierce Attila) launched attacks on the Roman Empire. Germanic tribes were still a threat.They began to invade heavily inthe late 300s+AD. When the tribes came into the Empire they each set up separate kingdoms. Learning declined, and libraries were burned. Farms and crops were destroyed by war.
  5. 5. Causes of the Decline in the West Military Economic Social PoliticalGermanic High Taxes Growing Division ofInvasions High inflation division empire W/EHighcost of GrowingDefense Loss of war between loot power ofGermanic rich andTroops in army Decline of EasternLoss poor Empire of manufacturingsoldiers loyalty Loss of Corruption and agricultureto Rome Farmers values and and unstableMilitary move to city patriotism leadershipindifference ingov’t Oppressive public service
  6. 6. Roman Legacy and Contributions Architecture: Pantheon, Coliseum, Forum Technology: Roads, Aqueducts, arches Science: Ptolemy Medicine: public health Language: Latin  Romance Languages Literature: Virgil’s Aeneid (Justifies Expansion) Religion: Mythology and Christianity Law: The principle of “innocent until proven guilty” (from the Twelve Tables) Roman letters and numbers Julius Caesar’s calendar
  7. 7. Mt. Vesuvius Colisseum
  8. 8. PantheonFORUM
  9. 9. Trevi FountainTrajan’s Column St. Peter’s Cathedral Vatican

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