#The Fall of the Western Roman Empire Textbook pages 172-177
Problems in the Empire… Inflation = a rise in prices caused by a decrease in the value of money. Farmers went to the city to look for work. Some people went back to bartering. Attacks on the borders by Germanic Tribes. Empire too large and resources stretched to thin.
The Empire Splits… Diocletian – Roman Emperor. He split the empire into two. Each had an emperor. Diocletian was the East. Very strict government. Controlled all peoples’ lives. For a period the Barbarians were being successfully driven out of the Empire. 305AD Diocletian retires. Constantine took over in 306AD. But the other Emperor didn’t recognize him. Civil War broke out. Constantine won and became the Emperor. Constantine creates the new capital Constantinople. (Old name = Byzantium)
The Western Empire grows weaker…the Eastern Empire becomes the center of power and wealth. Goths, Vandals, and the Huns (led by the fierce Attila) launched attacks on the Roman Empire. Germanic tribes were still a threat.They began to invade heavily inthe late 300s+AD. When the tribes came into the Empire they each set up separate kingdoms. Learning declined, and libraries were burned. Farms and crops were destroyed by war.
Causes of the Decline in the West Military Economic Social PoliticalGermanic High Taxes Growing Division ofInvasions High inflation division empire W/EHighcost of GrowingDefense Loss of war between loot power ofGermanic rich andTroops in army Decline of EasternLoss poor Empire of manufacturingsoldiers loyalty Loss of Corruption and agricultureto Rome Farmers values and and unstableMilitary move to city patriotism leadershipindifference ingov’t Oppressive public service
Roman Legacy and Contributions Architecture: Pantheon, Coliseum, Forum Technology: Roads, Aqueducts, arches Science: Ptolemy Medicine: public health Language: Latin Romance Languages Literature: Virgil’s Aeneid (Justifies Expansion) Religion: Mythology and Christianity Law: The principle of “innocent until proven guilty” (from the Twelve Tables) Roman letters and numbers Julius Caesar’s calendar