Early Middle Ages Vocab


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Early Middle Ages Vocab

  1. 1. Early Middle Ages Vocab
  2. 2. • Medieval – Fall of Rome – Renaissance, 5001500 • Dark Ages – another title for the Middle Ages suggesting the lack of learning and culture • Monastery – where monks live to separate from ordinary people. (live, work, eat, pray) Monk’s time and labor belonged to monastery A medieval monastery in Southern Armenia
  3. 3. • Abbot – head of the monastery and community of monks. Controlled and distributed all property. • Monk – a man who separates himself from society in order to pursue a life of total dedication to God.
  4. 4. • Christendom – all areas and kingdoms that are predominantly Christian. • Knight – armored cavalry. Had social prestige. Follows chivalry code. Heavy armor. Jousting for entertainment
  5. 5. • Count – nobleman in charge of a county Count Vasiliy Alekseevich Perovskiyk • Missi Dominici – “lord’s messengers” men who were sent out to local districts to ensure the counts were carrying out the king’s wishes
  6. 6. • Treaty of Verdun – 843 Charlemagne’s grandsons diving the Carolingian Empire into 3 parts. Frankish split inheritance. Rest of Europe followed Primogeniture. • Feudalism – feudal contract – relationship between lord and vassals. Noble granted land to a lesser noble.
  7. 7. •Lord – paid for knights equipment. Ran the manor that serfs/peasants worked on. Vassals gave an “oath of fealty” or homage to Lord. •Manor – Agricultural estate run by a lord and worked on by peasants. Self-sufficient Communities •Vassal – a man who served a lord in a military capacity. Each had a piece of land/fief. Preformed act of homage to lord/king
  8. 8. • Investiture – the practice by which secular rulers both chose nominees to church offices • Fief – grant of land given to the vassal by the lord • Serf – similar to peasants and are legally bound to the land. Had to provide labor, services, rent. Year 800 = 60% serfs • Aid – providing services or economic help
  9. 9. • Clergy - church leaders and staff A church leader and two of his staff – this painting is at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC • Age of Faith – Term used for the Middle Ages to suggest the growth of Christianity and the RCC.
  10. 10. • Longship – Dragon Ship. Viking ship that could hold 50 men. Shallow bottom could go up streams to attack and across oceans. • St. Patrick – credited with bringing Christianity to Ireland in 432 AD
  11. 11. • Clovis – Strong military leader. 500 became 1st Germanic leader to convert to Christianity. Est. Frankish kingdom. Makes connections with RCC • St. Benedict – founded community of Monks. Est. a list of Benedictine Rules – emphasis on prayer and labor
  12. 12. • St. Scholastica – 480-543 Community for women/abbey about 5 miles for Benedict’s monastery. • Gregory I – “the Great” Strengthens the papacy and RCC. Increases spiritual authority and actively converts Germanic tribes • Merovingian – Dynasty of Franks beginning with Clovis. Trace their ancestor back to Merovech.
  13. 13. • Carolingian – 768-814 Largest Empire until Napoleon. Est. by Charlemagne • Franks – Germanic tribe that invades Gaul at the Fall of Rome • Charles Martel – “the Hammer” Leader of the Franks. Defeats the Muslims at the Battle of Tours in 732.
  14. 14. • Pepin III – “the Short” overthrew his brother to become king of the Franks. Defeats the Lombards and gives land to the Pope. “Donation of Pepin” • Charlemagne – “the Great” highly intelligent, fierce warrior. Supports learning and converting people to Christianity. 800 crowned the Holy Roman Emperor
  15. 15. • Vikings – Northmen, Norsemen, from Scandinavia. Adventurous search for spoils of war. 9thc. Sacked villages and towns in N. Europe. Settle in Normandy, France. • Eric the Red – Founded 1st Nordic settlement in Greenland. Left Norway & Iceland for committing murders. • Leif Ericson – 970-1020 was a Norse explorer, thought to be the 1st European to have landed in North America, maybe Newfoundland, Canada. Son of Eric the Red.