• Medieval – Fall of Rome – Renaissance, 5001500
• Dark Ages – another title for the Middle Ages
suggesting the lack of learning and culture
• Monastery – where monks live to separate
from ordinary people. (live, work, eat, pray)
Monk’s time and labor belonged to monastery
A medieval monastery in
• Abbot – head of the monastery and
community of monks. Controlled and
distributed all property.
• Monk – a man who separates himself from
society in order to pursue a life of total
dedication to God.
• Christendom – all areas and kingdoms that are
• Knight – armored cavalry. Had social prestige.
Follows chivalry code. Heavy armor. Jousting
• Count – nobleman in charge
of a county
Count Vasiliy Alekseevich
• Missi Dominici – “lord’s messengers” men
who were sent out to local districts to ensure
the counts were carrying out the king’s wishes
• Treaty of Verdun – 843 Charlemagne’s
grandsons diving the Carolingian
Empire into 3 parts. Frankish split
inheritance. Rest of Europe
• Feudalism – feudal contract – relationship
between lord and
granted land to a
•Lord – paid for knights equipment. Ran the manor
that serfs/peasants worked on. Vassals gave an
“oath of fealty” or homage to Lord.
•Manor – Agricultural estate
run by a lord and worked on
by peasants. Self-sufficient
•Vassal – a man who served a lord in a military
capacity. Each had a piece of land/fief. Preformed
act of homage to lord/king
• Investiture – the practice by which secular
rulers both chose nominees to church offices
• Fief – grant of land given to the vassal by the
• Serf – similar to peasants and
are legally bound to the land.
Had to provide labor, services,
rent. Year 800 = 60% serfs
• Aid – providing services or
• Clergy - church leaders and staff
A church leader and two of
his staff – this painting is at
the National Gallery of Art in
• Age of Faith – Term used for the Middle Ages
to suggest the growth of Christianity and the
• Longship – Dragon Ship.
Viking ship that could
hold 50 men. Shallow
bottom could go up
streams to attack and
• St. Patrick – credited with bringing
Christianity to Ireland in 432 AD
• Clovis – Strong military leader.
500 became 1st Germanic leader
to convert to Christianity. Est.
Frankish kingdom. Makes
connections with RCC
• St. Benedict – founded community of Monks. Est. a
list of Benedictine Rules – emphasis on prayer and
• St. Scholastica – 480-543 Community
for women/abbey about 5 miles
for Benedict’s monastery.
• Gregory I – “the Great” Strengthens
the papacy and RCC. Increases
spiritual authority and actively converts Germanic
• Merovingian – Dynasty of Franks beginning with
Clovis. Trace their ancestor back to Merovech.
• Carolingian – 768-814 Largest Empire until
Napoleon. Est. by Charlemagne
• Franks – Germanic tribe that invades
Gaul at the Fall of Rome
• Charles Martel – “the Hammer”
Leader of the Franks. Defeats
the Muslims at the Battle
of Tours in 732.
• Pepin III – “the Short” overthrew his brother to
become king of the Franks. Defeats the Lombards
and gives land to the Pope. “Donation of Pepin”
• Charlemagne – “the Great”
highly intelligent, fierce
warrior. Supports learning
and converting people to
Christianity. 800 crowned the
Holy Roman Emperor
• Vikings – Northmen,
Norsemen, from Scandinavia.
Adventurous search for spoils
of war. 9thc. Sacked villages
and towns in N. Europe. Settle in Normandy, France.
• Eric the Red – Founded 1st Nordic settlement in
Greenland. Left Norway & Iceland for committing
• Leif Ericson – 970-1020 was a Norse explorer,
thought to be the 1st European to have landed in
North America, maybe Newfoundland, Canada. Son
of Eric the Red.