2013 World Development Report on Jobs

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Presentation made by Kathleen Beegle, Sr. Economist at the World Bank, on key messages from the World Bank's 2013 World Development Report on Jobs.

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2013 World Development Report on Jobs

  1. 1. World Development Report 2013 The World Bank 3/13/2012 Moving jobs to center stage 1
  2. 2. 2 Main messages World Development Report 2013 The World Bank
  3. 3. 3 The jobs challenge World Development Report 2013 The World Bank Jobs challenges are huge
  4. 4. 4 The jobs challenge World Development Report 2013 The World Bank What is a job?
  5. 5. 5 The jobs challenge World Development Report 2013 The World Bank A job does not always come with a wage
  6. 6. Source: WDR 2013 team based on ILO data Source: WDR 2013 team South Asia, Africa, and East Asia and the Pacific face significant youth bulges Alarming levels of youth idleness and unemployment 6 The jobs challenge World Development Report 2013 The World Bank
  7. 7. 7 Part I World Development Report 2013 The World Bank I. Jobs are transformational
  8. 8. 8 Jobs are transformational World Development Report 2013 The World Bank Jobs get better with development
  9. 9. 9 Jobs are transformational World Development Report 2013 The World Bank Jobs drive development
  10. 10. Source: Covarrubias and others 2012 for the WDR 2013 Jobs are the main source of household income 10 Jobs and living standards
  11. 11. Job creation and destruction happen everywhere 11 Jobs and productivity World Development Report 2013 The World Bank Source: WDR 2013 team based on Bartelsman, Haltiwanger, and Scarpetta (2009), and Shiferaw and Bedi (2010).
  12. 12. The employment share of microenterprises is greater in developing countries 12 Jobs and productivity
  13. 13. Source: Wietzke and McLeod 2012 for the WDR 2013 Jobs are correlated with civic engagement 13 Jobs and social cohesion Active membership and lack of a Job Active membership and motivating Job
  14. 14. 14 Part II World Development Report 2013 The World Bank II. What are good jobs for development?
  15. 15. 15 Valuing jobs Individual and social valuations of jobs often differ
  16. 16. 16 Valuing jobs World Development Report 2013 The World Bank Some jobs do more for development
  17. 17. A typology of jobs challenges 17 Diverse jobs agendas
  18. 18. Agendas connected by the migration of jobs  Manufacturing jobs have migrated – are services next? 18 Connected jobs agendas World Development Report 2013 The World Bank Source: WDR 2013 team based on data from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization.  Where will China’s jobs in light manufacturing go as labor costs increase?
  19. 19. 19 World Development Report 2013 The World Bank III. Policies through the jobs lens Part III
  20. 20. Policies through the jobs lens20 World Development Report 2013 The World Bank Three distinct layers of policies are needed
  21. 21. Beyond labor policies21 World Development Report 2013 The World Bank Global partnerships for jobs Rights and standards: pressure goes only so far Further liberalizing investments, but managing the tradeoffs Migration policies: toward bilateral agreements Jobs are center stage, but where are the numbers?
  22. 22. The difficult questions22 World Development Report 2013 The World Bank Key policy questions addressed through the Report 1 • What is a job? 2 • Growth strategies or jobs strategies? 3 • Can entrepreneurship be fostered? 4 • Can policies contribute to social cohesion? 5 • Skills or jobs – what comes first? 6 • A targeted investment climate? 7 • Competing for jobs? 8 • Protecting workers or protecting jobs? 9 • How can job reallocation be accelerated?
  23. 23. 23 Follow up World Development Report 2013 The World Bank To continue the dialogue on what it takes to create good jobs for development join the interactive Jobs Knowledge Platform at: www.jobsknowledge.org To download the World Development Report 2013: Jobs, its background papers, databases and explanatory videos, visit: http://www.worldbank.org/wdr2013

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