IEA - Palestra "Interação Universidade-empresa"

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Evento realizado pelo Instituto de Estudos Avançados da USP Polo Ribeirão Preto.

Prof. Dr. Luiz Eugênio Mello

26/03/2012

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • Ver se consegue ilustar
  • Factors governing security of supply are multidimensional (geological, technical, environmental, social, political, economic) and these factors frame the size of the ‘reserve’ base (RHS) ‘Scare stories’ relating to security of supply are linked to reserves, if we are going to meet the demands of the green economy we need a twin-track approach that looks to:Extend the resource base by advancing source-transport-sink knowledge (observation, analytical, modelling) for green economy minerals (Challenge 1) because demand cannot be met from e.g. recycling/substitution/low grade ores in medium term knowledge base is more uncertain as move left to right (bottom)Coupled with long-term goal to advance science to extend resource base using lower grade ores (Challenge 2) i.e. low-carbon metal extractioncurrently high energy and environmental cost (water, pollution)hypothesized mineralogical barrier that may apply to rare metals (≠U ≠Fe) suggests new ways are needed to extract geochemically scarce elements from the resource base at low energy cost Opportunities to advance knowledge on biological extraction? Biospheric feedbacks?Opportunities for a new look at the ‘critical zone’ where some of the ‘work’ has already been done in presenting mineral resources in forms that might be used if their high ‘dilution’ can be overcome without damage to the environmentOutcomes: a programme that, couples cutting-edge research with sustainability criteriafocused on science not access to mineralsdelivers to impact agenda and to NERC goalsbrings together and ‘energises’ the earth science communitygenerates opportunities for leverage and international partnershipsLWEC BAB supportaligned to TSB resource efficiency platform
  • IEA - Palestra "Interação Universidade-empresa"

    1. 1. 0 Vale Technology Institute
    2. 2. Vale Technological Institute: DEPARTAMENTO DO INSTITUTOATECNOLÓGICO VALE - DITV Mining Company Strategyfor the 21st Century Luiz Mello luiz.mello@vale.com
    3. 3. Technology and Innovation at ValeVales technology centersVale Base Metals Technology Development (VBMTD, Canada)When Vale acquired Canadian mining company Inco in 2006, it also gained an important technology center, now called theVale Bse Metals Technology Development center, in Mississauga in the Toronto region. Having operated for more than 100years, the facility is a global center of reference in nickel technology and is staffed by 130 employees.The main aim of this technology center is to increase Vale’s competitive advantages in the nickel business, supporting thecompany’s growth strategies through the responsible, safe and environmentally friendly use of technology, particularly inthe fields of nickel and copper processing, hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy.2
    4. 4. Technology and Innovation at ValeVales technology centersFerrous Metals Technology Center (CTF)Opened in September 2008, following a R$15 million investment.It has first-class facilities for simulating the entire iron production process, including the processing stage and the behaviorof ore in steelworks. The center’s main objective is to evaluate iron ore’s characteristics and its suitability for use insteelworks.Located in Nova Lima in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais), the center’s laboratories are equippedwith modern scientific and technological resources and staffed by 30 researchers and 50 technical and administrativeprofessionals.3
    5. 5. Technology and Innovation at ValeVales technology centers • Bayovar Project in Peru: phosphatesSince the 1960s, when the Mineral Development Center • Moatize Project in Mozambique: coalwas established in Minas Gerais, Vale has been • Tres Valles Project in Chile: copperinvesting in technological development. Since Vale • Evate Project in Mozambique: phosphatesentered the global mining market in 2002, this center hasbeen developing the technologies used in its greenfield • Neuquem Project in Argentina: potashprojects. • Las Cuevas Project in Colombia: coal • Antofalla Project in Argentina: potash4
    6. 6. Technology and Innovation at ValeLeveraging value Reduction in water Reduction in CO2 Reduction in dust consumption: emissions: emissions: At Carajás Mine in Pará, where Vale In the “truckless” system developed To prevent particulates in ore currently produces around one third by Vale, mining is carried out using heaps from being dispersed by of its iron ore, a new technology mobile crushing units and conveyor the wind, Vale used “wind fence” has enabled water savings belts to replace off-highway trucks. technology for the first time in equivalent to the amount This new approach cuts CO2 Latin America, at Tubarão Port in consumed by a city of 430,000 Vitória. The first wind fence emissions by around 77%, reduces inhabitants (19.7 million m3 per installed cut dust emissions by diesel consumption by 76% and year) and has also cut power approximately 77%. lessens workers’ risk exposure. consumption by over 18,000 megawatts per year, by eliminating the use of water to process ore.5
    7. 7. Technology and Innovation at ValeEver-more complex mineral deposits – containing contaminants and at greatdepths – require new technologies Using lower-grade iron ore: At the oldest mines of Minas Gerais, modern processing technologies will allow ore of 40% iron content or less to be enriched to around 62% to 65%, in line with market specifications. This process represents the third technological wave in making use of mineral resources in the Iron Quadrangle region, starting in the 1940s with rich hematite ore, evolving through technological advances to use friable low-grade itabirite, and now using compact, even lower-grade itabirite. Using lower-grade potash ore: In Sergipe, Vale operates a pilot plant and uses the solution mining technique rather than convention underground methods. The project entails extracting carnallite rock, with much lower concentrations of KCl (12%) than the sylvinite rock currently mined at Vale’s industrial unit in Sergipe (26%).6
    8. 8. Technology and Innovation at ValeInvestment in technological innovationLimitations to conventional processes are primarily economic (low intrinsic value, highprocessing cost, etc) or technical (such as the presence of contaminants). Technologicalinnovation is essential to the sustainability of mining.Innovative technologies for copper:Vale is studying alternative ways of developing copperresources in the Carajás region. A demonstrationplant is currently operating in the copper mine’sindustrial area to test a cutting-edge technologyfor treating copper concentrates. This plant, whichis capable of producing 10,000 tons of copper cathodeper year, is testing the technical and economicfeasibility of the hydrometallurgical process.7
    9. 9. Technology and Innovation at ValeInvestment in technological innovation Innovative technologies for coal: In association with Portuguese company SGC Energia, Vale is developing a technology to produce liquid fuels as an alternative to petroleum. The technology enables coal deposits to be harnessed to a greater extent by using their smaller fractions. It will be tested on a pilot scale at the industrial area of Vale’s coal mine in Mozambique. Innovative technologies for nickel: Lateritic nickel ores account for around 70% of global reserves of this metal. Various technological challenges involved in processing these ores must be overcome in order for new projects to become economically attractive in current market conditions. Vale is studying, evaluating and developing a range of innovative hydrometallurgical processing technologies to make using lateritic nickel ores economically feasible.8
    10. 10. Operating ModelDITV’s operations are centered in H3 researchWhat is an “H3” problem? New Exploration of new New business market markets categoriesSituation 1:Application of new technologies to currenttechnological challenges Existing market in Growth into which the adjacent Market knowledge company marketsSituation 2: does not operateApplication of new technologies to newmarketsSituation 3: ExistingUse of technologies mastered by Vale in market in which the Explorationnew applications company New generation of new Improvements and cost operates reduction variations of products categories Existing technology Existing technology New mastered by the not mastered by technology company company Knowledge of technology Source: Christian Terwieschand Karl Urich (2009) Innovation Tournaments: Creating and Selecting Exceptional Opportunities9
    11. 11. Vale Technology Committee – VTCStrategic Technology ManagementVale Technology Committee is the first initiative towards strategic coordination of Vale’stechnology and R&D activities and investments. VSE Vale VEL Technology Technological Services R&D Institute BioEnergy Technology Committee Process Technology - Canada Strategy Fertilizers Ferrous Planning and Develop. Energy Integrated Environ. & Plan. & Tech. Sustainable Innovation and Develop. Develop. Development Biopalma Tecnored
    12. 12. Science goals
    13. 13. Technological ResearchDITV has taken an important step forward in shifting Vale’s technology andinnovation management towards an “open-innovation” approach History of R&D at Vale 1965 1997 2003 2006 2009 1 2 3 4 R&D structure 5 Technology DITV SUTEC Business units and ITV’s Committee institutionally created decentralized vision created formalized evaluated Revenues New markets New Spin-offs revenues Licensing New markets Revenue in the Revenue in the market itself market itself Present Internal Internal market development development center center Expenses Closed Model Open Innovation Model Closed Innovation Model Open Innovation Model13
    14. 14. Vale Technology InstituteAspiration Architectural model ITV Sustainable Development – Belém, Pará14
    15. 15. Vale Technology InstituteArchitectural DesignITV Mining – Ouro Preto Architect: Fernando Peixoto15
    16. 16. Operating ModelA collaborative network connecting not only ITV centers, but also domestic andinternational institutions Canadá USA Europe China Brazil ITV DS Pará África Network ITV Min Minas Australia Gerais ITV16
    17. 17. Vale Technology InstituteLegal FrameworkBy-laws approved on April 29, 2010Purpose of institutionTo promote the development and disseminationof research and technologies of technical andscientific nature, and other related activities. GeneralForm of organization AssemblyThe Vale Technology Institute Association (ITV)is a non-profit private institution of indefinite Management Auditduration. Council CouncilITV will be created as a single legal entity,headquartered in Rio de Janeiro and with Executive Boardoperations in Belém and Ouro Preto. Scientific CouncilDistribution of surplusesIt will not distribute any operational and financialsurpluses that may arise, dividends, bonuses,stakes or parts of its assets. ITV ITV Sustainable MiningRemuneration DevelopmentIt will not remunerate the positions of itsManagement Council, Executive Board and AuditCouncil, nor the activities of its members.17
    18. 18. Value propositionsDITV offers to its stakeholders: Vale Business Units (BU)  Facilitate access to partnerships, financial resources, and specialized knowledge (researchers)  Use of synergies among the BU  Human resources training Internal  Access to technological solutions generated outside the company Corporate  Strategic options for future business  Strengthen Vales image with regard to technology and innovation S&T Community  Strengthen the S&T system  Specialized human resources (MSc, PhD, etc) External Government and Regions  Regional development associated with research, innovation, and technology  Regional increase of the S&T community
    19. 19. Operational model- ITV Units • MSc and PhD programs • Extension and training courses • Visiting professors and pos-docs • Scientific endeavor and technological development • Sustainable Development, Mining and Energy.19
    20. 20. Operational model: Research teams: - Strong collaboration logic nationally and internationally - Potential transfer of technologies to operation and spin-offs Core researchers Full-time researchers from ITV staffPostgraduate students Visiting researchers Postgraduate Fixed-term contract students ITV research team researchers Intensive international linkages Entrepreneurial researchers Researchers with management- oriented training20
    21. 21. • Bloqueado Cetem
    22. 22. Desenvolvimento da comunidade de CT&I conhecimento de CT&I Formação de recursos instituições de CT&IVale Oman Infraestrutura de especializados Produção de humanos Ações de cooperação e fomentoCooperation involving SQU (Oman) and UFV (Brazil)Theme induced Geographic spontaneous Mode spontaneous• Mango wilt disease caused by • Research scholarships Ceratocystis fimbriata in Oman DITV searched a Brazilian institution • Insumes• Etiology, tolerance and management suitable to cooperate with the Sultan • Permanent materials (computers, of diseases in lime crops Qaboos University. software, books, and etc.) • Field research (travel and accommodation) • Participation in conferences
    23. 23. Desenvolvimento da comunidade de CT&I conhecimento de CT&I Formação de recursos instituições de CT&I Logistics (railways) Infraestrutura de especializados Produção de humanos Ações de cooperação e fomento Cooperation project involving EPFL (Switzerland) and USP (Brazil)Theme induced Geographic induced Mode spontaneousDITV search for demand within Vale EPFL - École Polytechnique de There were no restrictions.for research to be conducted by the LausanneEPFL. USP – University of São Paulo• Structural assessment of bridges: Structural assessment of bridges of Vitoria a Minas railway (EFVM)• Assessment of railway infrastructure elements: railroad assessment, including analysis of the actual infrastructure and the elements using different materials
    24. 24. DEPARTAMENTO DO INSTITUTOTECNOLÓGICO VALE -Innovation Technological DITV Luiz Mello luiz.mello@vale.com

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