MDGs: A Race Against Time

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Presentation from David Bull, Executive Director UNICEF UK, Sussex Development Lecture, 1 December 2011

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  • Reference - UNICEF UK (2011) Climate Proof Children: Putting the Chile First in Climate Finance
  • MDGs: A Race Against Time

    1. 1. Millennium Development Goals: A Race Against Time? David Bull Executive Director UNICEF UK
    2. 3. VIDEO: CHILDREN EVERYWHERE ARE UNDER PRESSURE http://www.youtube.com/user/UNICEFUK?blend=21&ob=5#p/search/0/gxmKB4B1Bvw (4 mins)
    3. 4. Malekena’s Story “ I’ve just walked five hours for my first antenatal visit. I hope that by visiting the clinic my new baby will be born without HIV”
    4. 5. The Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger </li></ul>Achieve universal primary education Promote gender equality and empower women
    5. 6. Reduce child mortality Improve maternal health Combat HIV and AIDS, malaria, and other diseases Ensure environmental sustainability Develop a global partnership for development
    6. 7. MDG 4: Reduce under 5 child mortality Figures taken from, Levels and Trends in Child Mortality Report 2011 UN Interagency Group for Child Mortality Estimation
    7. 8. MDG 6: Halt and reverse the HIV epidemic UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2010 Number of people newly infected with HIV
    8. 9. Presentation outline <ul><li>- Adapting to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>- Securing adequate financing </li></ul><ul><li>- Reaching the most marginalised </li></ul>
    9. 10. ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    10. 11. Climate change in Mongolia “ In the blizzard I can’t see my way and I’m afraid of getting lost. I’m also afraid of wolves. My cheeks and ears freeze and the skin becomes cracked from frostbite”
    11. 12. Children’s vulnerability to climate change in different countries Ranking Country Total Population Under 18 population Under 18 pop’n as % of total pop’n 1 Bangladesh 150,494,000 61,091,000 41% 2 India 1,241,194,000 447,401,000 36% 3 Madagascar 21,315,000 9,759,000 46% 4 Nepal 30,486,000 12,712,000 42% 5 Mozambique 23,930,000 11,561,000 48% 6 Philippines 94,852,000 37,033,000 39% 7 Haiti 10,124,000 4,316,000 43% 8 Afghanistan 32,358,000 14,897,000 46% 9 Zimbabwe 12,754,000 6,0001,000 47% 138 UK 62,417,000 13,100,000 20%
    12. 13. Children and climate change <ul><li>If climate change goes unchecked it could cause up to 250,000 extra child deaths in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa alone </li></ul><ul><li>By 2015, the number of people affected each year by climate related disasters is likely to rise by an estimated 50%, from 250 million per year to 375 million </li></ul>
    13. 14. Adapting the way we work <ul><li>Cyclone proof school </li></ul>
    14. 15. Adapting the way we work Water pump raised above flood levels
    15. 16. Selected donor commitments and disbursements to fast start climate finance Figures compiled by the World Resources Institute - http://pdf.wri.org/climate_finance_pledges_2011-05-09.pdf Country Pledged (Thousand USD $) Committed in 2010 (Thousand USD $) EC 215 72 Denmark 231 53 France 1,804 601 Germany 1,804 501 UK 2,454 929 Japan 15,000 7,200 USA 1,704 1,704
    16. 17. Scaling up flows to meet climate finance commitments
    17. 18. FINDING THE RESOURCES
    18. 19. Global aid flows 2003-2009 Figures adapted from OECD DAC database
    19. 20. Projected global aid flows 2003-2012
    20. 21. Total Government Expenditures for selected countries 2005-2012 Austerity Measures Threaten Children and Poor Households: Recent Evidence in Public Expenditures from 128 Developing Countries, Isabel Ortiz, Jingqing Chai, Matthew Cummins. UNICEF (2011)
    21. 22. Projected Change in Total Government Spending, 2011-12 avg. over 2008-09 avg (% of GDP) Austerity Measures Threaten Children and Poor Households: Recent Evidence in Public Expenditures from 128 Developing Countries, Isabel Ortiz, Jingqing Chai, Matthew Cummins. UNICEF (2011)
    22. 23. Chandika’s story <ul><li>“ A tiny pack of salt used to be three rupees. Now it’s five. Mustard oil is now very expensive at 80 rupees a packet. My children rarely eat anything other than salt and bread” </li></ul>
    23. 24. Options for increased financing <ul><li>Increased trade revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Improved domestic tax collection </li></ul><ul><li>South-South Co-operation </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Transaction Tax </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco Tax </li></ul><ul><li>Air line Levy </li></ul><ul><li>Advance Market Commitments </li></ul>
    24. 25. DEVELOPMENT FOR EVERYONE: ADDRESSING EQUITY
    25. 26. Mary’s Story <ul><ul><li>“ I’m scared of the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dark and the future” </li></ul></ul>
    26. 27. Inequities in access to improved sanitation in Sub Saharan Africa <ul><li>UNICEF (2010) Progress for Children: Achieving the MDGs with Equity </li></ul>
    27. 28. Under 5 Mortality rate in Brazil: National Level (deaths per 1,000 births)
    28. 29. Under 5 Mortality rate in Brazil: State Level (deaths per 1,000 births)
    29. 30. Under 5 Mortality rate in Brazil: Municipal Level (deaths per 1,000 births)
    30. 31. Millennium Declaration <ul><li>We have a collective responsibility to </li></ul><ul><li>uphold the principles of human dignity, equality and equity at the global level . </li></ul><ul><li>... we have a duty to all the world’s people, especially the most vulnerable and, in particular, the children of the world, to whom the future belongs. </li></ul>United Nations Millennium Declaration - http://www.un.org/millennium/declaration/ares552e.htm
    31. 32. Contribution of an equity approach to MDG 4 UNICEF 2010, Narrowing the Gaps to Meet the Goals
    32. 33. An Equity Focused Approach <ul><li>Identifying the most deprived children and communities </li></ul><ul><li>Investing in proven, cost-effective interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Overcome bottlenecks and barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Partnering with communities </li></ul><ul><li>Maximising the impact of available resources </li></ul>
    33. 34. Reaching all children with immunisation in Mozambique
    34. 35. Winning the race to meet the MDGs <ul><li>- Scale up adaptation to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>- Secure adequate financing </li></ul><ul><li>- Reach the most marginalised </li></ul>

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