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MDGs: A Race Against Time
 

MDGs: A Race Against Time

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Presentation from David Bull, Executive Director UNICEF UK, Sussex Development Lecture, 1 December 2011

Presentation from David Bull, Executive Director UNICEF UK, Sussex Development Lecture, 1 December 2011

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  • Reference - UNICEF UK (2011) Climate Proof Children: Putting the Chile First in Climate Finance

MDGs: A Race Against Time MDGs: A Race Against Time Presentation Transcript

  • Millennium Development Goals: A Race Against Time? David Bull Executive Director UNICEF UK
  •  
  • VIDEO: CHILDREN EVERYWHERE ARE UNDER PRESSURE http://www.youtube.com/user/UNICEFUK?blend=21&ob=5#p/search/0/gxmKB4B1Bvw (4 mins)
  • Malekena’s Story “ I’ve just walked five hours for my first antenatal visit. I hope that by visiting the clinic my new baby will be born without HIV”
  • The Millennium Development Goals
    • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
    Achieve universal primary education Promote gender equality and empower women
  • Reduce child mortality Improve maternal health Combat HIV and AIDS, malaria, and other diseases Ensure environmental sustainability Develop a global partnership for development
  • MDG 4: Reduce under 5 child mortality Figures taken from, Levels and Trends in Child Mortality Report 2011 UN Interagency Group for Child Mortality Estimation
  • MDG 6: Halt and reverse the HIV epidemic UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2010 Number of people newly infected with HIV
  • Presentation outline
    • - Adapting to climate change
    • - Securing adequate financing
    • - Reaching the most marginalised
  • ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE
  • Climate change in Mongolia “ In the blizzard I can’t see my way and I’m afraid of getting lost. I’m also afraid of wolves. My cheeks and ears freeze and the skin becomes cracked from frostbite”
  • Children’s vulnerability to climate change in different countries Ranking Country Total Population Under 18 population Under 18 pop’n as % of total pop’n 1 Bangladesh 150,494,000 61,091,000 41% 2 India 1,241,194,000 447,401,000 36% 3 Madagascar 21,315,000 9,759,000 46% 4 Nepal 30,486,000 12,712,000 42% 5 Mozambique 23,930,000 11,561,000 48% 6 Philippines 94,852,000 37,033,000 39% 7 Haiti 10,124,000 4,316,000 43% 8 Afghanistan 32,358,000 14,897,000 46% 9 Zimbabwe 12,754,000 6,0001,000 47% 138 UK 62,417,000 13,100,000 20%
  • Children and climate change
    • If climate change goes unchecked it could cause up to 250,000 extra child deaths in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa alone
    • By 2015, the number of people affected each year by climate related disasters is likely to rise by an estimated 50%, from 250 million per year to 375 million
  • Adapting the way we work
    • Cyclone proof school
  • Adapting the way we work Water pump raised above flood levels
  • Selected donor commitments and disbursements to fast start climate finance Figures compiled by the World Resources Institute - http://pdf.wri.org/climate_finance_pledges_2011-05-09.pdf Country Pledged (Thousand USD $) Committed in 2010 (Thousand USD $) EC 215 72 Denmark 231 53 France 1,804 601 Germany 1,804 501 UK 2,454 929 Japan 15,000 7,200 USA 1,704 1,704
  • Scaling up flows to meet climate finance commitments
  • FINDING THE RESOURCES
  • Global aid flows 2003-2009 Figures adapted from OECD DAC database
  • Projected global aid flows 2003-2012
  • Total Government Expenditures for selected countries 2005-2012 Austerity Measures Threaten Children and Poor Households: Recent Evidence in Public Expenditures from 128 Developing Countries, Isabel Ortiz, Jingqing Chai, Matthew Cummins. UNICEF (2011)
  • Projected Change in Total Government Spending, 2011-12 avg. over 2008-09 avg (% of GDP) Austerity Measures Threaten Children and Poor Households: Recent Evidence in Public Expenditures from 128 Developing Countries, Isabel Ortiz, Jingqing Chai, Matthew Cummins. UNICEF (2011)
  • Chandika’s story
    • “ A tiny pack of salt used to be three rupees. Now it’s five. Mustard oil is now very expensive at 80 rupees a packet. My children rarely eat anything other than salt and bread”
  • Options for increased financing
    • Increased trade revenue
    • Improved domestic tax collection
    • South-South Co-operation
    • Financial Transaction Tax
    • Tobacco Tax
    • Air line Levy
    • Advance Market Commitments
  • DEVELOPMENT FOR EVERYONE: ADDRESSING EQUITY
  • Mary’s Story
      • “ I’m scared of the
      • dark and the future”
  • Inequities in access to improved sanitation in Sub Saharan Africa
    • UNICEF (2010) Progress for Children: Achieving the MDGs with Equity
  • Under 5 Mortality rate in Brazil: National Level (deaths per 1,000 births)
  • Under 5 Mortality rate in Brazil: State Level (deaths per 1,000 births)
  • Under 5 Mortality rate in Brazil: Municipal Level (deaths per 1,000 births)
  • Millennium Declaration
    • We have a collective responsibility to
    • uphold the principles of human dignity, equality and equity at the global level .
    • ... we have a duty to all the world’s people, especially the most vulnerable and, in particular, the children of the world, to whom the future belongs.
    United Nations Millennium Declaration - http://www.un.org/millennium/declaration/ares552e.htm
  • Contribution of an equity approach to MDG 4 UNICEF 2010, Narrowing the Gaps to Meet the Goals
  • An Equity Focused Approach
    • Identifying the most deprived children and communities
    • Investing in proven, cost-effective interventions
    • Overcome bottlenecks and barriers
    • Partnering with communities
    • Maximising the impact of available resources
  • Reaching all children with immunisation in Mozambique
  • Winning the race to meet the MDGs
    • - Scale up adaptation to climate change
    • - Secure adequate financing
    • - Reach the most marginalised
  •