Contents1.   Introduction                        12.   Innaguration                       23.   About IDPMS               ...
BACKGROUND:                               The people of “Tenkal mole” and “Badagala                               mole” Ne...
INNAGURATION :                                Mr. S.C.Devaramani, A.D. MNSEC, Mysore,                                Mr. S...
About IDPMS:                         IDPMS started functioning in 1988, and it as                         jointly establis...
Presently more than 200 artisans in the sisal                    fiber craft , in and around Kuderumole in                ...
SISAL FIBRE:                      Agriculture is the main source of livelihood in                      and around Kuderu.S...
India exports sisal floor covering products from                          Kerala and all fibre is Imported from Tanzania  ...
APPROACH FOR DESIGN INTERVENTION:                           Since the number of artisans is more and the                  ...
NEW TECHNIQUES INTRODUCED IN THE WORKSHOP:                        Fibre knotting :                        This is the tech...
Crochet:                       Crochet using the dyed sisal fibre to form laces                       and motifs for makin...
Knitting:                      Using the fine 4 ply yarn, knitting was tried                      out and the outcome was ...
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT:         The workshop stated with dyeing of fibre in                            pre planned colurs and ...
The task of achieving fine yarn was taken up                              and induvidual fibres were knotted, and then    ...
The fibre strands seperated manually and then                                 fed in to Medilary Charkha, also was tried o...
The table top loom Sisal yarn was woven in                               warp and weft and the next set had Polycot       ...
NEW PRODUCTS:                      01                 02         Cashew bag        Checker bag                            ...
NEW PRODUCTS:                       03              04       Coil coasters        Foot mat                                ...
NEW PRODUCTS:                         05              06            Gift Pouch        Gold bag                            ...
NEW PRODUCTS:                         07               08            Fruit Bowl        Gypsy bag                          ...
NEW PRODUCTS:                        09               10      Lace fruit Bowl        Oval tray                            ...
NEW PRODUCTS:                       11              12         Punitha bag        Rope bag                                ...
NEW PRODUCTS:                       13                 14       Coil Coasters        Money Purse                          ...
NEW PRODUCTS:                     15                16         Plate Mat        Fruit Bowl                                ...
NEW PRODUCTS:                       17                 18         Sunrise bag        ‘U’ pin bag                          ...
NEW PRODUCTS:                        19              20        Window Screen        Lace bag                              ...
PARTICIPANTS OF THE WORKSHOP:  Mahadevamma,Sampathamma, Puttabasamma, Rajamma, Javanamma,            Maramma, Prema, Jamun...
s.no. Name of the artisan             Village         Caste1     Mahadevamma w/o Rachashetty     Tenkanamole     obc2     ...
Conclusion:                            All the 30 participants in the workshop, felt                            that the w...
Recommendations:                   1. The artisans are from the background of rope                      making, and theref...
ABOUT THE DESIGNER:                      RAJSHEKHAR NARAYAN                      87/133, Govindappa road, Basavanagudi .  ...
PROJECTS:   •   Survey of Natural Fibers in Kerala and                Tamilnadu; a study in the Philippines and a         ...
Acknowledgement and credits:Designer :               Rajshekhar NarayanDesign Assistants :     Mr. Srinivasulu.Y          ...
Idpms - design development workshop 2005 - group 1
Idpms - design development workshop 2005 - group 1
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Idpms - design development workshop 2005 - group 1

  1. 1. Contents1. Introduction 12. Innaguration 23. About IDPMS 34. Sisal Fibre 55. Approach and Design intrevention 75. Design Workshop 86. Learning in the workshop 117. Products Developed 158. Participants 259. Conclusion 2710. Recomendations 2811. About Designer 2912. Acknowledgements. 31
  2. 2. BACKGROUND: The people of “Tenkal mole” and “Badagala mole” Near Kuderu, Chamarajanagar Dist, are mainly in to agricultural labor and in rope making craft. Sisal is abundantly available in the area and the people are involved in makig ropes to sell in the local weekly markets. These ropes are sold in bundles and are used for tieing cattle , bullock cart etc. The demand for sisal rope is limited and therefore the Badagala mole Village people have started making ropes from the plastic Cement bags. The Bags are ripped apart in strands and then the strands are spun into ropes that are approximately 8mm in diameter. Four of these ropes are twisted together to form a thick rope. In the villages, children and ladies are involved Ropemaking in Badagala mole in the stripping of strands and the spinning of rope is done by the men folk. This way it is a good team work and at the end of the day the women are able to earn Rs.15 to 25, and that is how the life goes on. The market now recognises the plastic rope and sisal is less and less to be seen in the markets. Ready plastic ropes 1
  3. 3. INNAGURATION : Mr. S.C.Devaramani, A.D. MNSEC, Mysore, Mr. S.Sadananda, Director IDPMS, Mr. Seshaprasad, Cluster manager IDPMS, Mr. Chandrasekhar, ADS, Kuderu, Mr. Honappa, ADS, Kuderu, Mr. M.N.Mangalore SI & Designer Mr. Rajshekhar Narayan along with his team were present at the inaugural function at Kuderu, Chamarajnagar Dist, on 14 March 2005, at 11:30 am. Mr. Devarmani spoke about the new products and the opportunity to learn new things. He suggested that the participants should learn new skills and come up with new products. He pointed out the support provided by AHVY; Innaguration of the workshop a scheme for the SHG’s to generate income and contribute to the economic growth. Mr. S.Sadananda spoke to the participants about the purpose of the design development workshop and the results that are expected from it. He stressed on the need for a self reliance motto with in every women artisan. He spoke about the various programmes taken up by IDPMS , and the continual support of the artisans in the entire development programme . Mr. Sadananda thanked the DC (H) for providing such an effective Programme for the rural artisans. 2
  4. 4. About IDPMS: IDPMS started functioning in 1988, and it as jointly established by the Govt. Of Karnataka and the Govt. of Netherlands. At the time it was known as Indo Dutch Project Management Society. IDPMS work ed with various development projects situated in Karnataka, and working through these projects, the organization gained experience and considerable knowledge and helped into its transformation into a resource organization. The array of knowledge includes issues for sustainable livelihood, Women empowerment, Information systems, Environment and conservation. IDPMS which truly means Initiatives for Development through Participation of Marginalized Sections, is committed to the economic growth of the rural poor. IDPMS has been instrumental in formation of Self help groups for the past 15 years. Mysore, Chamarajnagar, Bellary and Bidar, Havery and Gadag districts have been covered under the operations. 5300 women involved in over 335 Self Help Groups has been formed in the guidance of IDPMS. Existing products 3
  5. 5. Presently more than 200 artisans in the sisal fiber craft , in and around Kuderumole in Chamarajanagar Dist, have been covered under this umbrella. • The current activities of IDPMS are: • Skill trainings and Design development activities in the field of Handicrafts • Training programme on Micro enterprise development, PRA, Personality Development etc, • Guidance to Micro Enterprise, • Formation of SHG’s and their successful operations, • Strengthening of the local support agencies ;Gram panchayat, ngo’s etc. • Networking of SHG’s, • Establishing access to formal credit organizations, • Training and orientation of banking Personnel. • Market related services; linkages, up scaling of enterprises operations, • Gender sensitization programme, • Technology Development and Data Bank Services, • Income generation activities in craft areas, and other activities. • Monitoring,Evaluation and Documentation.Existing products • Councilling for enterprise activities. 4
  6. 6. SISAL FIBRE: Agriculture is the main source of livelihood in and around Kuderu.Sisal fibre is a large genius of short stemmed, woody plants bearing a rosette of long, erect, pointed, fleshy leaves. About 275 pieces are distributed in tropical regions. The Portuguese introduced agave in India in the 15 th century. They are completely naturalized throughout the country. Sisal is grown in widely in India. It is small greenish gray hedge plant. The leaves have a thorn at the tip and grows up to a height of4-5 feet. These leaves yield valuable fibre. Sisal is locally called as katthale & Bhoothale its Botanical name is Agave sisalana and it is locally available in Chamarajnagar dist. The propagation happens by removing and re- rooting the suckers. Sisal fibre is a very strong, Lustrous natural fibre and can take wear and tear very well. Sisal plant Sisal is commonly used for marine ropes. Sisal is the favorite world wide for floor coverings it is the most preferred natural fibre due to its clean smooth& shiny surface texture. The most known application of sisal is ropes for local use. 5
  7. 7. India exports sisal floor covering products from Kerala and all fibre is Imported from Tanzania and china. Indian sisal is yet to gain its entry Into the export market. Sisal is being extracted in Ananthpur (AP), Utharanchal, seoni (MP), Gokak (Karnataka) & Kanyakumari (TN). Sisal is used for making rops, cordage and twines.It’s also used for making hub cleaning fancy brushes used in bicycle.Local use of Sisal rope Sisal fibre ready for use Sisal fibre is available locally for Rs 10-15 per kg. 6
  8. 8. APPROACH FOR DESIGN INTERVENTION: Since the number of artisans is more and the skill levels are average, the initial efforts were to introduce the concept of fineness, use of spinning skills to produce finer yarns with sisal fiber. . The products should mainly be for the local markets and exhibitions countrywide. Using new techniques for the products, using techniques that requires low skills and using the colour combinations that appeal to the masses, would be the most appropriate approach for this workshop. The blend of Sisal with other materials like Banana bark , which is abundant in the neighborhood, bamboo, Plastic rope which is common packing material, and cotton yarns, would give interesting results. The use of the available technology for spinning of sisal, and different method of producing yarns would add more value to the end products. Various techniques like weaving, coiling , Shades dyed in sisal braiding and stitching can be put together in order to get a novelty. 7
  9. 9. NEW TECHNIQUES INTRODUCED IN THE WORKSHOP: Fibre knotting : This is the technique of getting a thin continuous long length by knotting the fibres together using a weavers knot. The continuous long length then can be used for producing a fine yarn that can later be used for weaving, knitting or any such applications Fibre knotting Fine Yarn making: Using the knotted fibre in multiple ply a fine yarn can be made by using a rope spinner . This yarn has the strength and finish for use in high value products like woven material, floor and other interior woven fabrics. The traditional way of hand spinning brought back, to make the fine Sisal twines, suitable for weaving and fine coiling. Tie and Dye : Sisal fibre is usually dyed with plain shades, this is made more interesting with the traditional Tie and Dye technique using rubber tubes to tie the fibre bunch and dyeing to achieve amazing tie – dyed effects. Fine yarn making 8
  10. 10. Crochet: Crochet using the dyed sisal fibre to form laces and motifs for making bags and mats, belts. Loom Weaving: Using the simple handloom, and a sisal warp, a simple structure was woven which is suitable for bags and other accessories. In the process a poly cotton warp was also tried out and a screen was developed. This was to initiate the weaving process and demonstrateCrochet with fibres the possibilities with weaving to the group. The artisans were glad to see the new possibility and wanted to adopt the weaving technique to develop new products. Crochet using 4 ply Simple weaving on table loom 9
  11. 11. Knitting: Using the fine 4 ply yarn, knitting was tried out and the outcome was highly interesting. The fine delicate fabric that is produced is good for the expensive gift bags and also other natural fashion accessories. Using the direct dyes six shades were produced for the products and these shades were engineered according to the colour trends. The natural palette has been the basis of the4 ply sisal knitted shades and there are deep earth colours along with some mineral accents. Yarn developed Tye dye using rubber tubes 10
  12. 12. DESIGN DEVELOPMENT: The workshop stated with dyeing of fibre in pre planned colurs and some techniques of tie dye, using rubber cycle tubes was done. Next the raw material was sorted out and the artisans were asked to make fine hand twisted twines and ropes. Raw material preparation Dyeing of fibre Hand spinning of Sisal twine Dyeing of Sisal fibre 11
  13. 13. The task of achieving fine yarn was taken up and induvidual fibres were knotted, and then the knotted string of fibre was made into a ball. four of such balls taken together, using the normal rope making machine, a twine was prepared. This twine is found to be most suitable for Crochet and Knitting. Yarn developedHand spinning of fine twine Knotting of Fibres making a continuous strand The fine 4 ply yarn makes the product look very crisp and delicate. It also optimises the use of fibre, almost all the fibre is used up in this method. Small products were tried out with the fine yarn and it was seen that knitting and crochetCrochet using the fine yarn products look good and fresh. 12
  14. 14. The fibre strands seperated manually and then fed in to Medilary Charkha, also was tried out and it was seen that provided that the thickness is controlled, it is workable process for fibre conversion by Crochet. Six of the artisans are from Hampapura where Medileri Charkhas are in use and it has been adapted to sisal fibre spinning in this workshop.Crochet using multiple strands Crochet using strands of Sisal seperated by hand The product making happened slowly and in the way, many experiments were done. Weaving was also tried out and using a Sisal 4 ply and hand twisted thick twined warp ,Plain weaving was done. The outcome of this is an interesting fabric which in turn is good for making bags and table top items. Bags were made using the skills of the Weaving on polycot warp artisans and medilery charkha for the yarn. 13
  15. 15. The table top loom Sisal yarn was woven in warp and weft and the next set had Polycot yarn in warp and sisal single strand twisted , Rope and braid in the weft.This made an interesting fabric for Window screens. New technique of using a U- Pin and Plaid and crochet bag interlacining the twines for making bags and footmats was tried out and it gave good results. One design for bag and one design for foot mat was made. Using the ropes that are made on the rope making machine, and coiling technique, some ideas were tried out. An interesting bag was made in this technique. Using crochet needle and the machine made rope, coil coasters were made. This however opened up a whole lot of new possibilities. A combination of the plaids and crochet was also done and a very nice bag was made .Making of twines for weaving Weaving with twines 14
  16. 16. NEW PRODUCTS: 01 02 Cashew bag Checker bag 15
  17. 17. NEW PRODUCTS: 03 04 Coil coasters Foot mat 16
  18. 18. NEW PRODUCTS: 05 06 Gift Pouch Gold bag 17
  19. 19. NEW PRODUCTS: 07 08 Fruit Bowl Gypsy bag 18
  20. 20. NEW PRODUCTS: 09 10 Lace fruit Bowl Oval tray 19
  21. 21. NEW PRODUCTS: 11 12 Punitha bag Rope bag 20
  22. 22. NEW PRODUCTS: 13 14 Coil Coasters Money Purse 21
  23. 23. NEW PRODUCTS: 15 16 Plate Mat Fruit Bowl 22
  24. 24. NEW PRODUCTS: 17 18 Sunrise bag ‘U’ pin bag 23
  25. 25. NEW PRODUCTS: 19 20 Window Screen Lace bag 24
  26. 26. PARTICIPANTS OF THE WORKSHOP: Mahadevamma,Sampathamma, Puttabasamma, Rajamma, Javanamma, Maramma, Prema, Jamuna, Saroja & Manjula. 1 Shobha, Ambika, Geetha, Asha, Raajmma, Puttataiamma, Bhagya, Prema, Madhamma & Jayamma ChikkaHennamma, Chikkatayiamma,Mallajamma,Bhagya,Mahadevvamnma, Ratnamma,Gowramma,Basavarajamma,Mahadevamma,Bangaramma 25
  27. 27. s.no. Name of the artisan Village Caste1 Mahadevamma w/o Rachashetty Tenkanamole obc2 Sampathammaw/o chikarangshetty Tenkanamole obc3 Puttabasammaw/o marisiddashetty Badagalamole obc4 Rajamma w/o siddaraju Badgamole obc5 Javanamma w/o mahadevashetty Badqagalamole obc6 Maramma w/o basavashetty Badagalamole obc7 Prema w/o shivanna Kuderu SC8 Jamuna w/o prabhuswamy Kuderu SC9 Saroja w/o revanna kuderu SC10 Manjula d/o javaraiah kuderu SC11 Shobha D/o shivmalla Kuderu SC12 Ambika D/o mallikarjuna Kuderu SC13 Geetha d/o nagasundaramurthy Kuderu SC14 Asha d/o chickkabasaiah Kuderu SC15 Rajamma , w/o Mariswamy , Kuderu SC16 Puttataiamma , W/o Naganna Nerale OBC17 Bhagya, D/o Madha Shetty Nerale OBC18 Prema D/O Madhappa Nrale OBC19 Madhamma W/O Doddashetty Hampapura OBC20 Jayamma w/o shivegowda Hampapura OBC21 ChikkaHennamma W/O SiddhegoudaHampapura OBC22 Chikkatayiamma W/O Nagegowda Hampapura OBC23 Mallajamma W/O Manohar Honnur SC24 Bhagya w/o Linngaraju Honnur SC25 Mahadevvamnmaw/oGovindegouda Hampapura OBC26 Ratnamma, W/O siddharaja shetty Hampapura OBC27. Gowramma w/o mohadev settee Thenkulmole OBC28. Basavarajamma w/o siddarajsety Thenkulmole OBC29 Mahadevamma w/o Siddesetty Thenkulmole OBC30 Bangaramma w/o Doolosety Thenkulmole OBC 26
  28. 28. Conclusion: All the 30 participants in the workshop, felt that the workshop was very useful and they would look forward to such development interventions more often. There were so many new products and techniques were evolved. The learning of the new techniques gave a new hope to the artisans. The real potential was felt and the crafts women felt that they can do much more than they have been doing all these years. Mass production at a lower cost; seems possible with the use of new methods of hand spinning, braiding, knotting and the like. Concluding Day function The workshop concluded on a very happy note Mr.K.S.Raghupathi,AGM, NABARD Chamarajanagar ,was happy to see such good work done by the participants. Mr. S.C. Devaramani , Mr. Rajshekhar Narayan (Consultant Designer), and Mr. K.S. Raghupathi, Mr. Seshaprasad, cluster manager, IDPMS, MS. Padma Murthy, (knit and Crochet expert), addressed the participants and encouraged them on their efforts. On the whole , the workshop was an eye opener for the artisans and the feedback and new requirements are continuously updated to the Office of DC (Handicrafts). 27
  29. 29. Recommendations: 1. The artisans are from the background of rope making, and therefore it would be more appropriate to develop and refine the skills of spinning, fine twine making for these artisans. 2. The demand for hand spun twines is good in the domestic and the export market; therefore it would be good if twines and yarns could be the end products. 3. The medilary charkha is quite useful in twine and fine cord making, and all the artisans should be trained on it. 4. Sisal fibre lends itself very well to weaving and basic floor covering structures should be developed along with the fabrics for accessories on simple looms. 5. The design workshop should be conducted at least once in six months and it should be a continuity of the last workshop, this would ensure visible results. 6. Some products from the design workshop should be selected for bulk production and artisans should be advised to produce a stock of the designs at least 24 pieces each design. This would ensure that the products are tested in the market and the groups have sufficient stock of products whenever any fair is there. 7. There needs to be continual market support programme that helps the artisans to produce what market needs and have a continuous flow of work. 28
  30. 30. ABOUT THE DESIGNER: RAJSHEKHAR NARAYAN 87/133, Govindappa road, Basavanagudi . Bangalore 560 004, Karnataka India E-Mail : studioadc@vsnl.net rsnarayan@vsnl.com Telephone : 080 6601024, 51203950EDUCATION: NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DESIGN, Ahmedabad Post Graduate Diploma in Textile Design 1991 Indian Institute of Handloom Technology Varanasi Diploma in Handloom Technology 1988 Syed Burhanuddin S JQ College, Burhanpur, M.P. Bachelor of Science 1985 (two years)SKILLS Weaving, jacquard design, Jacquard weaving, print designs, furnishing design, made-ups design, silk fabrics design, visual Merchandising, sample photography, hand and machine embroidery, interior space design, handicraft design, curriculum for skill and design workshops, Documentation and training. 29
  31. 31. PROJECTS: • Survey of Natural Fibers in Kerala and Tamilnadu; a study in the Philippines and a exhaustive documentation of the outcome fol- lowed by a craft interface workshop to dis- seminate the findings of the survey and a foreign expert to teach new techniques to the craft groups. 1999 • Design and development of Sisal Fiber products; this project was for IDPMS working with the craft groups in Mysore and Chamarajanagar Districts of Karnataka. Skill up gradation training was an integral part of the project.1997 • Design Development for Natural fibre crafts at ICF, Bangalore 2001 • Development of designs for Palm leaf crafts at SHARE Vellore, 2001 • Development of designs for Jute Products at RDS Khanagaon, 2005 • Design Development for Screwpine crafts at KIDS, Kodangallur 2005 • Development of designs for Palm leaf crafts at CJWS, Nellore 2005 • Development of designs for Hand painting crafts at Naidupeta, 2005 30
  32. 32. Acknowledgement and credits:Designer : Rajshekhar NarayanDesign Assistants : Mr. Srinivasulu.Y Mr. Devaraj Ms. Padma MurthyMNSEC, Mysore: Mr. S.C Devarmani, A.D.NABARD,Chamarajnagar: Mr. K.S. Raghupathi, AGMIDPMS : Mr. S. Sadanand Ms. Geetha Mr. Sesha prasad Ms. Parvati Mr. Ramesh Mr. Nagaraj Mr. Siddhappa And all the others at IDPMS 31

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