Strong6 ppt ch10


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  • Strong6 ppt ch10

    1. 1. Chapter TenSexual Variations and Paraphilic Behavior
    2. 2.  Sexuality can be expressed in a variety of ways Atypical sexual behavior is statistically uncommon behavior Most variation is not identified as a psychological disorderWhat Are Sexual Variations?
    3. 3.  According to the APA, a paraphilia is characterized by recurrent or intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors lasting at least 6 months involving:2. Nonhuman objects3. Suffering or humiliation of self or partner4. Children or other nonconsenting peopleWhat Is Paraphilia?
    4. 4.  For people with paraphilias, the paraphilic behavior is predominant in their life Distinction between sexual variation and paraphilia is sometimes a difference of degree, not kind Majority of diagnosis involve males Paraphilic behaviors tend to be compulsive and long-standing May lead to legal and interpersonal difficulties, it may seem irresistible Vocabulary and categories change across timeParaphilia
    5. 5.  Nymphomaniacs SatyriasisJudgments of Sexual Behavior
    6. 6.  Historical judgmental term: Nymphomaniacs Desires sexual stimulation to orgasm 6-7 times per week Self identified Sexuality an important part of their life and identityHighly Sexual Women
    7. 7.  An important aspect of paraphilias is whether they involve coercion Noncoercive paraphilias regarded as victimless and relatively benign Noncoercive paraphilias are consensualNoncoercive Paraphilias
    8. 8.  Consensual variation is not paraphilia or a disorder Paraphilia is not the same as consensual variation Consensual variation and noncoercive paraphilia may be the sameImportant Distinction
    9. 9.  Consensual sexual role-playing in which one person dominates and the other submits Also known as sadomasochism (S&M) ◦ A form of fantasy sex carefully controlled by shared and elaborate scripts ◦ Power is central element ◦ Not considered paraphilic as consensual Most widely known form is bondage and discipline (B&D)Sexual Variation: Domination andSubmission
    10. 10.  Top and Bottom  Klismophilia Dominatrix  Urophilia Illusion of harm is  Coprophilia important Humiliation can occur  Infantilism in many forms  KennelismDomination and Submission
    11. 11.  Fetishism: sexual attraction to an object which is required or preferred for sexual arousal Partialism: exclusive attraction to particular body parts To meet APA definition of fetishism as a disorder, one must not be able to have satisfactory sex without the fetishNoncoercive Paraphilias
    12. 12.  Wearing of clothing associated with other gender for sexual arousal Different from transsexualism Many value transvestitism as an important part of their life Most men who engage in this practice are heterosexual and masculine in gender roleNoncoercive Paraphilias: Transvestism
    13. 13.  Zoophilia: animals are preferred sexual outlet even when other outlets are available Voyeurism: nonconsensual observation of others for the purpose of sexual arousal ◦ Video voyeurism Exhibitionism: exposure of genitals to a nonconsenting strangerCoercive Paraphilias
    14. 14.  Telephone scatalogia: non-consensual telephoning of strangers; often involves obscene language Frotteurism: touching or rubbing against a nonconsenting person for the purpose of sexual arousal Necrophilia: sexual contact with a corpseCoercive Paraphilias
    15. 15.  Pedophilia: recurrent intense sexual urges and sexually arousing fantasies involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child ◦ Children age 13 or younger ◦ A person with pedophilia must be at least 16 years old and at least 5 years older than the child ◦ Nonpedophilic child sexual abuse and incest are discussed in Chapter 17Coercive Paraphilias
    16. 16.  Pedophilia in which the sex of victim and perpetrator are different is more common than same-sex pedophilia Most convicted perpetrators are male, most victims female For most persons with pedophilia, the fact that a child is vulnerable is more important than genderOther Sex Pedophilia
    17. 17.  Majority of pedophiles know their victim and their family About half of pedophiles are or have been married Most common activities: fondling and masturbationPedophilia and Relationships
    18. 18.  Few reported cases of females with pedophilia May be underreported ◦ Stereotypes of female nurturance may hamper recognition of pedophilic activities ◦ Male child victims may not recognize the event as abuseCoercive Paraphilia: Female Pedophilia
    19. 19.  Sadism: urges or fantasies of intentionally inflicting real physical or psychological pain or suffering on a partner Masochism: recurring sexual urge or fantasy of being humiliated or caused to suffer through real acts, not simulated ones Autoerotic asphyxia: a form of sexual masochism linking strangulation with masturbatory activitiesSexual Sadism and Sexual Masochism
    20. 20.  Paraphilias are likely the result of social/environmental, psychological, and biological factors Difficult to treat, relapses often occur ◦ Multi-faceted approaches that include enhancing social and sexual skills may assist recovery ◦ Prevention has been shown to be best approachOrigins and Treatment of Paraphilias