True Rhyme● fan & ran● The succeeding consonant sunds ("an") are the same but the preceding consonant sounds are different.
End Rhyme● Rhyme that occurs at the end of a line.● Most common type of rhyme.
Internal/Leonine Rhyme● Also called Leonine Rhyme, occurs at some place after the beginning and before the end of the line● "Here I am, an old man in a dry month"● "Theres a whisper down the fieldwhere the year has shot her yield.
Beginning Rhyme● Occurs in the first syllable or syllables of lines. It is very rare.● "Why should I have returned? / My knowledge would not fit into theirs. / I found untouched the desert of the unknown." -W.S. Merwins "Noahs Raven
Masculine Rhyme● Rhyme that falls on the stressed, concluding syllables of the rhyme words. "Mount and fount" are masculine.● "Mountian and fountain" are feminine.
Feminine Rhyme● A rhyme in which the rhyming stressed syllables are followed by undifferentiated idential unstresed syllable, as in waken & forsaken.● Common with Chaucer because of the frequency of the final -e in Middle English.● The tendancy is for the feminine rhymes to follow the masculine.● i.e. The Star Spangled Banner--"light" "gleaming" "fight" "streaming"
Compound Rhyme● Rhyme between primary and secondary stressed syllables, as in such pairs as childhood/wildwood● airborne/careworn● wear rags/bear bags● gainsay me/play thee● tell me/befell thee● bobtailed/hobnailed● bootlace/suitcase
Triple Rhyme● Rhyme in whch the rhyming stressed syllable is followed by two unstressed, undiffertiated syllables, as in meticulous & ridiculous● also as in glorious & victorious● Used in serious work, such as Thomas Hood and Thomas Hardy, but more commonly reserved for humerous, satirical verse, such as Bryon and Ogden Nash.
Identical Rhyme● Also called redundant rhyme, or rime riche, in which a syllable both begins and ends in the same way as a rhyming syllable, without being the same word.● If 2 lines end with rain, that is simple repetition. If, however rain occurs in a rhyming position with rein or reign, that is identical rhyme.
Eye Rhyme● Rhyme that appears correct from the spelling but is not so from the pronunciation, as watch and match.● love and move● Both these examples are cases of consonance.● imply/simply● Venus/menus● laughter/daughter
Slant/Near Rhyme● Usually the subsitution of assonance or consonance for true rhyme. Also called Oblique Rhyme, off rhyme, and pararhyme.
Assonance● Generally, patterning of vowel sounds without regard to consonants.● Successive: "knee-deep in the salt-marsh"● Alternating: "left my necktie" or "that young sinner with the handcuffs on his wrists"● Chiastic: "Rain has fallen all the day"● Lake/fake are true rhymes, lake/fate are assonant.● bows/down, blackened/last● Also used as an end rhyme, common in ballads & nursery rhymes
Consonance● The relation between words in which teh final consonants in the stressed syllables agree but the vowels that precede them differ, as "add-read" "mill-ball" and "torn- burn."● Most eye rhymes are instances of consonance.● river/ever, heaven/given, up/step, peer/pare, while/hill, Star/door