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Drugs

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Some basic information about drugs.

Some basic information about drugs.

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Drugs Drugs Presentation Transcript

  • Drugs A drug is a substance which may have medicinal, intoxicating, performance enhancing or other effects when taken or put into a human body or the body of another animal and is not considered a food or exclusively a food.
  • Uses of Drugs Medication Recreational Use
  • Medication Drugs used in this way are also known as “Pharmaceutical drug.” A medication or medicine is a drug taken to cure and/or ameliorate any symptoms of an illness or medical condition, or may be used as preventive medicine that has future benefits but does not treat any existing or pre-existing diseases or symptoms.
  • Recreational Use Recreational drugs use is the use of psychoactive substances to have fun, for the experience, or to enhance an already positive experience. Drugs commonly considered capable of recreational use include alcohol, nicotine, caffeine.
  • Types of Drugs Cannabis Cocaine Ecstasy Hallucinogens Heroin Methamphetamine
  • Cannabis Also Known As: Bongo/ Ganja/ Grass/ Marijuana/ Pot/ Thai sticks
  • Cannabis What is it? Cannabis is a tobacco-like greenish or brownish material made up of the dried flowering tops and leaves of the cannabis (hemp) plant. Cannabis resin or "hash" is the dried black or brown secretion of the flowering tops of the cannabis plant, which is made into a powder or pressed into slabs or cakes. Cannabis oil or "hash oil" is cannabis resin in liquid form. Cannabis is by far the most cultivated, trafficked and abused illicit drug.
  • Cannabis How is it taken? All forms of cannabis are usually smoked. Cannabis resin and oil can also be ingested orally or brewed in tea. How does it affect users? Cannabis can make users feel relaxed and heighten their sensory awareness. Thus, users may experience a more vivid sense of sight, smell, taste and hearing.
  • Cannabis Risks/Effects: Short-term effects include increased appetite and pulse rate. While high, users intellectual and physical abilities are impaired. With large doses, users may experience severely altered sensory perceptions and slow and confused thinking. If the dose is very large, the effects of cannabis are similar to those of hallucinogens, and may cause anxiety, panic and even psychotic episodes.
  • Cocaine Also Known As: Crack/ Bazooka/ Blanche/ Cake/ Coke/ Lady/ Star dust
  • Cocaine What is it? Cocaine is a fine white or off-white powder that acts as a powerful stimulant. In its pure form, cocaine is extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. On the street, it can be diluted or "cut" with other substances to increase the quantity. Crack is cocaine that has been further processed with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and looks like small flakes or rocks.
  • Cocaine How is it taken? Cocaine is usually sniffed/snorted or injected, whereas crack is smoked. How does it affect users? Cocaine can make users feel exhilarated and euphoric. Furthermore, users often experience a temporary increase in alertness and energy levels, and a postponement of hunger and fatigue.
  • Cocaine Risks/Effects: Short-term effects include faster breathing and increases in body temperature and heart rate. Users behaviour can also become bizarre, erratic and violent. Excessive doses of cocaine may lead to convulsions, seizures, stroke, cerebral haemorrhage or heart failure. Long-term users of cocaine risk a number of health problems, some of them depending on the ingestion method. Sniffing cocaine severely damages nose tissue, smoking can cause respiratory problems, whilst injection can lead to abscesses and infectious diseases. Other risks, regardless of ingestion method, include dependency, malnutrition, weight loss, disorientation, apathy and a state similar to paranoid psychosis.
  • Ecstasy Also Known As: E/ Snackies/ New Yorkers/ Disco biscuits
  • Ecstasy What is it? Ecstasy is a psychoactive stimulant. In fact, the term "ecstasy" does not refer to a single substance, but rather to a range of substances similar in chemistry and effects. It is usually distributed as a tablet or pill but can also be a powder or capsule. The tablets can be in many different shapes and sizes.
  • Ecstasy How is it taken? It is usually taken orally but can also be snorted or injected. How does it affect users? Ecstasy can heighten users empathy levels and induce a feeling of closeness to people around them. It is often used at "rave parties" to increase participants sociability and energy levels.
  • Ecstasy Risks/Effects: In the short term, ecstasy can make the body ignore distress signals such as dehydration, dizziness and exhaustion, and it can also interfere with the bodys ability to regulate temperature. Furthermore, ecstasy can severely damage internal organs such as the liver and the kidneys, and sometimes lead to convulsions and heart failure. Large doses of ecstasy also cause restlessness, anxiety and severe visual and auditory hallucinations. Longer-term ecstasy use can damage certain brain regions, resulting in serious depression and memory loss.
  • Hallucinogens What are they? Hallucinogens, or "psychedelics", are drugs that alter users state of consciousness and produce different kinds of hallucinations. The main types of hallucinogens are d- lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), hencyclidine (PCP), hallucinogenic amphetamines, mescaline and psilocybe mushrooms.
  • Hallucinogens What is it? LSD is a semi-synthetic drug derived from lysergic acid, which is found in a fungus that grows on rye and other grains. LSD, commonly referred to as "acid", is one of the most potent hallucinogens. It is usually sold on the street as small squares of blotting paper with drops containing the drug, but also as tablets, capsules or occasionally in liquid form. It is a colourless, odourless substance with a slightly bitter taste.
  • Hallucinogens How is it taken? It is usually swallowed. How does it affect users? Taking LSD leads to strong changes in thought, mood and senses in addition to feelings of empathy and sociability. However, the exact effects of LSD vary depending on the mental state of the user and the environment when taking the drug.
  • Heroin Also Known As: Smack/ Brown/ H/ Horse/ Junk/ Harry/ White lady
  • Heroin What is it? Heroin is an addictive drug with painkilling properties processed from morphine, a naturally occurring substance from the Asian opium poppy plant. Pure heroin is a white powder. Street heroin is usually brownish white because it is diluted or "cut" with impurities, meaning each dose is different.
  • Heroin How is it taken? It is usually injected but can also be snorted, smoked or inhaled. How does it affect users? Heroin can make users feel an initial surge of euphoria, along with a feeling of warmth and relaxation. Users also often become detached from emotional or physical distress, pain or anxiety.
  • Heroin Risks/Effects: Short-term effects include constricted pupils, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, inability to concentrate and apathy. Furthermore, heroin is very addictive, and development of tolerance and physical and psychological dependence occurs rapidly. Long-term heroin use has a variety of severe health effects. Among other things, it can cause severe weight loss and malnutrition that can lead to damaged veins and liver disease. It can also lead to menstrual irregularity, sedation and chronic apathy. Abruptly quitting heroin use leads to moderate/severe withdrawal symptoms such as cramps, diarrhea, tremors, panic, running nose, chills and sweats.
  • Methamphetamine Also Known As: Crack meth/ Ice/ Crystal meth/ Tik/ Shabu/ Yaba
  • Methamphetamine What is it? Methamphetamine is part of the group of drugs called amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS). It is a synthetic drug that is usually manufactured in illegal laboratories. Methamphetamine comes as a powder, tablet or as crystals that look like shards of glass.
  • Methamphetamine How is it taken? It can be swallowed, sniffed/snorted, smoked or injected. How does it affect users? Methamphetamine stimulates a feeling of physical and mental well being, as well as a surge of euphoria and exhilaration. Users experience a temporary rise in energy, often perceived to improve their performance at manual or intellectual tasks. Users also feel postponement of hunger and fatigue.
  • Methamphetamine Risks/Effects: Short-term, users can lose their appetite and start breathing faster. Their heart rate and blood pressure may increase and the body temperature may go up and cause sweating. With large doses, users may feel restless and irritable and they may experience panic attacks. Excessive doses of methamphetamine can lead to convulsions, seizures and death from respiratory failure, stroke or heart failure. Long-term methamphetamine use can lead to malnutrition, weight loss and the development of psychological dependence. Once chronic users stop taking methamphetamine, a long period of sleep, and then depression, usually follows.
  • Why Drugs?Many people use drugs for some unexplained reasons but the most common reasons are: To feel relaxed To forget problems Some teens use drugs to cope with stress. Some end up using drugs because the whole family is drug addicted. The most common reason that makes people to use drugs is peer pressure. Some use drugs because of bieng adventurous and curious.
  • Why Drugs?In most cases drugs are used by teenagers who have problems that they cant deal with. Problems like: Some problems are natural for instance, shyness, anger etc. Problems at home Problems in relationships Problems in school or working places
  • Why Drugs?Here are some of the possible solutions than can lessen the drug addiction in the community: Education, schools, awareness, campaigns, choices, advertising Counseling, treatment, advice, confidential, helpline Communication between parents and children, meals, non-judgmental, firm, close, open communication Close family relationships: brothers, sisters, parents Employment, meaningful activity, activities in evenings Good environment, leisure, sports, friends Expectations