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Design history & lineage ii
 

Design history & lineage ii

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    Design history & lineage ii Design history & lineage ii Presentation Transcript

    • Design - History & Lineage II Design History & Lineage II Jayne Hall - October 2009
    • Design - History & Lineage II 1865 Edouard de Laboulaye has the idea for the statue. 1886 - The Statue of Liberty is erected in New York Quic kTime™ and a Harbour, TIFF (Unc ompressed) decom pressor are needed to see this picture. designed and created by Artist and Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi.
    • Design - History & Lineage II London Underground Roundel and Font In 1913 the Underground's publicity manager, Frank Pick, commissioned the typographer Edward Johnston to design a company typeface. The typeface came into use in 1917. Gill Sans is a sans-serif typeface created by Eric Gill, and published by the Monotype Corporation between 1928 and 1930.
    • Design - History & Lineage II History - Reform Movements  Housing reform  Child Labour  Education  Health  Trade unions  Arts and Crafts  Commercial design
    • Design - History & Lineage II Reform - Garden Cities Ebenezer Howard's Garden City concept, 1898
    • Design - History & Lineage II Reform - Garden Cities  as little like the overcrowded London of his day as possible  public parks and private lawns  The roads are incredibly wide, 420 feet for the Grand Avenue  radial rather than linear  Commercial, industrial, residential, and public uses are clearly differentiated from each other spatially
    • Design - History & Lineage II Reform - Garden Cities  Letchworth is the World's first Garden City  designed by Ebenezer Howard in 1903  1920 saw the second garden city that he designed, Welwyn Garden City  situated between Hatfield and Stevenage, just east of the A1(M) motorway
    • Design - History & Lineage II Reform - Garden Cities Shopping in Letchworth
    • Design - History & Lineage II History - Garden Cities Howard‟s plans became the model for similar reforms on the continent The first German garden city was built in 1909 in Dresden- Hellerau
    • Design - History & Lineage II History - Reform Movements Commercial Design & Social Reform Industrial Form Manufacturing Use Function
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Arts and Crafts Movement  Industrial Revolution separated humans from their own creativity and individualism  Environmental pollution  Alienating work environments  Poor quality mass production
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Arts and Crafts Movement William Morris QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. MORRIS, WILLIAM (1834- 1896), poet, artist, manufacturer, and socialist
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Arts and Crafts Movement William Morris Morris saw industrialisation as “a devlish capitalistic botch and an enemy of mankind”
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Arts and Crafts Movement William Morris  Morris demanded „craftsmanlike‟ consumer goods on a high aesthetic level.  He used natural materials and clearly structured forms  He has been called one of the first serious environmental protectionists
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Arts and Crafts Movement William Morris QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. The Red House, 1859. Phillip Webb
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Arts and Crafts Movement William Morris  Interior designed by Morris, Edward Burne-Jones, and others  Morris & Co. came into existence  Solid furniture  Tasteful and natural textiles  Handpainted tiles  Stained Glass windows
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Arts and Crafts Movement  Art Nouveau  German Werkbund  Bauhaus  British Utility furniture of World War II
    • Design - History & Lineage II Art Nouveau QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    • Design - History & Lineage II Design - Art Nouveau  England - Decorative Style  Belgium and France - Art Nouveau  Germany - Jugendstil (youth style)  Italy - Stile Liberty  Spain - Modernista
    • Design - History & Lineage II Design - Art Nouveau Art Nouveau strove for “a comprehensive artistic reformation of all areas of life”
    • Design - History & Lineage II Design - Art Nouveau According to Hauffe, 1998 “Internationally, Art Nouveau was a reform Movement that must today be accounted a failure.”
    • Design - History & Lineage II Design - Towards Modernism  Glasgow School of Art  „Form Follows Function‟  Deutsche Werkbund  Frank Lloyd Wright  AEG
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism Glasgow School of Art  Group of Architects and Artists  Influenced by Japanese aesthetics  Used Primarily Black and White  Used ornament sparingly  Geometric Forms  Graceful Lines
    • Design - History & Lineage II Glasgow School of Art Charles Rennie Mackintosh QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Chairs. c1897
    • Design - History & Lineage II Glasgow School of Art Charles Rennie Mackintosh QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Library interior, Glasgow School of Art
 Architect: Charles Rennie Mackintosh 
 Photograph: H. Snoek (1970)
 Source: RIBA British Architectural Library Photographs Collection
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism Glasgow School of QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Art ITC Rennie Mackintosh, Phill Grimshaw
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism Form Follows Function Louis Henry Sullivan 1856-1924. U.S. architect „the father of modern U.S. architecture‟ Qu ick Tim e™ an d a “Form ever follows Function..” TIFF (U n co m pre ss e d) d ec o mp res s or a re n ee d ed to se e th is p ic ture .
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism Form Follows Function Hauffe, (1998) in relation to design and manufacture sums it up as “the simplification of form with improved usability, higher quality and a fair price.”
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism German Werkbund  Explicitly designed for modern industrial production  Sought reform of industry  Sought to enable co-operation between art, industry and handcrafts  Strongly influenced modernism
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism - German Werkbund QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Deutsche Werk bund Exhibition Poster, 1914.
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism - German Werkbund QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Reduziert, praktisch, schlicht: die Werkbund Wohnwelten. (Foto: 1930, Bauhaus Archiv, Berlin)
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism - German Werkbund QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Gropius & Meyer the Werkbund Pavilion Cologne 1914.
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism Frank Lloyd Wright  American Architect  Worked with Louis Sullivan  Considered the house an artistic whole  First to employ reinforced steel construction  Open plan living  Notion of machine/factory produced housing
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism Frank Lloyd Wright QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Taliesin West, built in the mid-1930‟s, Arizona Desert
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism - Quic kTime™ and a TIFF (Unc ompressed) decom pressor are needed to see this picture.  German electronic Company  Manufactured products for industry and the home  Forward thinking  Latest machinery  Rationalised methods of production and organisation
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism - Quic kTime™ and a TIFF (Unc ompressed) decom pressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. AEG Factory, Germany
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism - Quic kTime™ and a TIFF (Unc ompressed) decom pressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture. AEG S75408G8 Fridge AEG C41022GM Cooker Freezer Stainless Steel, Stainless Steel, £1,855.68 - £899 2,499.99
    • Design - History & Lineage II Towards Modernism - Quic kTime™ and a TIFF (Unc ompressed) decom pressor are needed to see this picture.  Peter Behrens hired to develop advertising material  By 1907 assumed responsibility for all of the company‟s design  Revolutionised the company‟s image QuickTime™ and a TIF F (Uncompressed) decompressor  Total Corporate Identity are needed to see this picture.
    • Design - History & Lineage II Design - History  1900 - Sigmund freud publishes „The Interpretation of Dreams’  1909 - Marinetti first futurist manifesto  1913 - Henry Ford, 1st automobile assembly line in Detroit  1914 - Beginning of World War I  1916 - Einsteins Theory of Relativity
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde  Russian Revolution  De Stijl  The Bauhaus  International Modernism
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde Russian Revolution -1917 Avant-guarde artists saw a chance for social reform  Wassily Kandinski  Vladimir Tatlin  Alexander Rodchenko  El Lissitzsky
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde Russian Revolution  Newspapers  Book covers  Posters  Street decoration  Theatre design
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde Russian Revolution QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Soviet propaganda poster „Shout‟ c 1920, Alexander
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde - De Stijl  Radical New movement in the Netherlands  Painters, Architects and sculptors  Journal established entitled „De Stijl‟  Platform for theories and manifestos  Piet Mondrian original member  Joined later by dadaists Hans Arp and Kurt Scwhitters
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde - De Stijl QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Piet Mondrian, 1920, No. VI / Composition No.II Oil on canvas
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde De Stijl QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Gerrit Rietveld, The Red - Bleu chair c 1918
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde De Stijl Dunk Low Premium SB, QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Mondrian edition, 2008 Quic kTim TIFF (Unc om e™ and a pressed) decom pressor are needed to s ee this picture. QuickTime™ and a Yves TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Saint Laurent 
 c1965
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde The Bauhaus QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    • Design - History & Lineage II TASK - for Thursday  Read the text entitled Bauhaus  Make notes and highlight any interesting points for discussion in the seminar session  Conduct any wider research you may feel necessary to familiarise yourself with the style of the movement
    • Design - History & Lineage II TASK - for Thursday  Find a contemporary image/object that you feel has been influenced by any of the movements mentioned so far  Bring image/object and all notes to seminar group for discussion
    • Design - History & Lineage II Design - History  1918 - End of world War I  1919 - Bauhaus Manifesto  1920 - Women granted the vote in USA  1921 - Coco Chanel introduces the perfume Chanel No 5 Qui c kTi me™ and a Qui ckTi me™ and a Qui c kTi me™ and a Qui ckTi me™ and a T IFF (Unc om pres sed) decompress or T IFF (Uncompressed) decom pressor T IFF (Unc ompres s ed) dec om pres sor T IFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see t his pi ct ure. are needed to see this pi cture. are needed to see this pi c ture. are needed to see this pi cture.
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde International Modernism  Initially concerned with architecture  Concerned with volume of space  Clarity of design free of all decoration  rectilinear forms; light, taut plane surfaces  Moved on to furniture and other products  Exude clarity, transparency and elegance
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde International Modernism QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. The Kaufmann house by Richard Neutra, 1946. Photograph, Poolside at dusk by Julius Shulman, 1947.
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde International Modernism QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Interior of Farnsworth House in Illinois, by Mies van der Rohe, 1945-51
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde International Modernism QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Marcel Breuer, Wassily Chair, 1927-28
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde International Modernism QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. The Le Corbusier Chaise, designed in 1928
    • Design - History & Lineage II The Avant-Guarde International Modernism QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Alvar Aalto Chair, 406 1935-39
    • Design - History & Lineage II Design - History  1929 - The Wall Street Crash marks the beginning of the Great Depression  1933 - Hitler becomes chancellor in Germany, and Nazi takeover begins  1937 - Pablo Picasso Paints Guernica QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Picasso, Guernica, 1937
    • Design - History & Lineage II To Be Continued…….
    • Design - History & Lineage II TASK - for Thursday  Read the text entitled Bauhaus  Make notes and highlight any interesting points for discussion in the seminar session  Conduct any wider research you may feel necessary to familiarise yourself with the style of the movement
    • Design - History & Lineage II Task for Thursday  Find a contemporary image/object that you feel has been influenced by any of the movements mentioned so far  Bring image/object and all notes to seminar group for discussion