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An adaptive filter is a filter that selfadjusts its transfer function according to an
optimization algorithm driven by an error signal. Adaptive filter finds its essence in
applications such as echo cancellation, noise cancellation, system identification and many
others. This paper briefly discusses LMS, NLMS and RLS adaptive filter algorithms for
echo cancellation. For the analysis, an acoustic echo canceller is built using LMS, NLMS
and RLS algorithms and the echo cancelled samples are studied using Spectrogram. The
analysis is further extended with its crosscorrelation and ERLE (Echo Return Loss
Enhancement) results. Finally, this paper concludes with a better adaptive filter algorithm
for Echo cancellation. The implementation and analysis is done using MATLAB®,
SIMULINK® and SPECTROGRAM V5.0®.
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