Hook Your Reader

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Having trouble starting your paper? You need to hook your reader. Try these tricks to help you write introductions that will hook your reader. You don't have a second chance to make a first impression.

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Hook Your Reader

  1. 1. Hook Your Reader Create Interest in the First Paragraph
  2. 2. Hook Your Reader Early <ul><li>You never get a second change at making a first impression. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What’s So Important About an Introduction? <ul><li>A good introduction should </li></ul><ul><li>Capture the reader’s attention </li></ul><ul><li>Show the initial feelings or opinions of the writer </li></ul><ul><li>Show the scope of the topic </li></ul>
  4. 4. What are some general tips? <ul><li>Don’t say too much. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't start your essay with a summary. </li></ul><ul><li>Create mystery or intrigue in your introduction. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What should you not do? <ul><li>Obvious statements such as &quot;I am going to discuss the causes of falling oil prices.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Apologies, such as &quot;I am not sure this is right, but this is my opinion.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Overworked expressions, such as &quot;Haste really does make waste, as I recently discovered&quot; or &quot;Love is grand.&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ways to Hook Your Reader <ul><li>Ask a question </li></ul><ul><li>Use a few well-chosen words </li></ul><ul><li>Present a bold, challenging statement (shocker) </li></ul><ul><li>Use a teaser lead </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate a quote </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ask a Question <ul><li>It’s a descriptive lead that draws a mental picture. </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever been so cold, so frigid that you have stopped shaking - that you are unaware of your fingers, your toes, and even your cheeks? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Use a Few Well-Chosen Word <ul><li>Using 3 sentence fragments before a summary sentence paints a scenario. </li></ul><ul><li>Some acetone and sulfuric acid. A few plastic containers. Some frozen gel-packs. It doesn’t take much to make a bomb. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Present a Bold, Challenging Statement <ul><li>Shock the reader into reading your essay with a fact or statistics. </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly two of every five Americans will be involved in an alcohol related traffic accident in their lifetime. If you came from a family of five, that means two of you. If you are sitting in a classroom of twenty, that means eight of you. Alcohol related accidents are in your backyard. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Use a Teaser Lead <ul><li>A teaser grabs the reader’s attention but keeps him wondering what is going on. </li></ul><ul><li>I've often wondered what goes into a hot dog.  Now I know and I wish I didn't. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Incorporate a Quote <ul><li>Use a quotation that helps you convey or illustrate your point. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Never trust a man a dog doesn't like,&quot; the proverbs says. This somehow implies that dogs can tell the character of a person before a human can.  In many ways this is true:  dogs have amazing talents when it comes to assessing a person's character.  But how do they do it? Pet behaviorists give the following explanations. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Some good introductions (1) <ul><li>It all began as usual, with the Greeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Murray N. Rothband - An Austrian Perspective on the History of Economic Thought </li></ul>
  13. 13. Some good introductions (2) <ul><li>I become a happier man each time I suffer. </li></ul><ul><li>Lance Armstrong – “Back in the Saddle” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Some good introductions (3) <ul><li>It was the best of times, it was the worst of times…. </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Dickens - A Tales of Two Cities </li></ul>
  15. 15. Some good introductions (4) <ul><li>Suppose archeologists of the future dug up women’s magazines and used them to judge American women. What would they think of us—and what can we do about it? </li></ul><ul><li>Gloria Steinem – “Sex, Lies & Adversting” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Man’s Best Friend <ul><li>Introduction 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Do you remember seeing dogs in movies saving lives? Some awaken and rescue their owners from their burning homes.  Some attacked bad guys who were hurting their owners. Others lead their owners to safety.  Still others ran to get help when their owners were trapped.  Dogs have many amazing talents when it comes to rescuing people. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze this one.  Can you identify & figure out how to fix it? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Man’s Best Friend <ul><li>Introduction 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs can do all kinds of tricks and they can rescue people.  It all depends on their owners and whether they train them well.  I wonder how they can do all the things they do? </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze this one.  Can you identify & figure out how to fix it? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Man’s Best Friend <ul><li>Introduction 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Once when I was traveling and was at an airport, I saw police dogs sniffing the suitcases.  I was really scared when it started to sniff my suitcase and then it barked at me.  Dogs have many extraordinary talents in law enforcement. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze this one.  Can you identify & figure out how to fix it? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Man’s Best Friend <ul><li>Introduction 4 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Dogs wag their tails, not their tongues&quot; my grandmother would say.  She had a beautiful Golden Retriever that we all loved. But it died.  Everyone in the family used to sit, pet and talk confidentially to that dog. We all miss that dog because we have no one safe to tell our secrets to.  Dogs have many extraordinary talents. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze this one.  Can you identify & figure out how to fix it? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Man’s Best Friend <ul><li>Introduction 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs are God's gift to man.  But &quot;truffle dogs&quot; are God's gift to the chef.  Finding this edible fungus that grows in the roots at the base of trees requires cooperation of man and dog.  However, without the &quot;truffle dog's&quot; extraordinary talent, man would be left to dig blindly. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze this one.  Can you identify & figure out how to fix it? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Man’s Best Friend <ul><li>Introduction 6 </li></ul><ul><li>I saw a dog in Macy's, and I wondered why they let a dog in a department store.  Then, I saw that the dog was a dog guiding a blind person.  Dogs have many talents in helping blind people. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze this one.  Can you identify & figure out how to fix it? </li></ul>
  22. 22. First impressions count. <ul><li>Try one of these introduction techniques out the next time you write. </li></ul>

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