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  • 1. PLOT NO.33, Gate D, STREET NO.10, I-9/2, ISLAMABAD, P.O.Box. 788 ISLAMABAD0300-5080094, 0322-5064818, 051-4101145, Fax:051-4101146info@idealsolutionspk.com, idspk@live.com. www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 2. ABOUT THE COMPANYIDEAL SOLUTIONS, was established in 2007 by a group of Construction & Chemicalsprofessionals. The objective of the company is to provide its customers best possibleservices based on the latest construction techniques for saving time, money andmisery. The well qualified teams behind the company posses rich experience ofcarrying out numerous application projects. The marketing & sales division isinvolved in sales of construction chemicals with technical back up to end users.We believe that a small business serves its customer better than larger competitorsbecause we all meet directly with our customers and aren’t hidden away in a multi-layered corporate structure. We hear about your problems, what’s working andwhat’s not, and we get to know our customers better. OUR PHILOSOPHYAt IDEAL SOLUTIONS, we strive to deliver results, perform to highest standards,develop our people, provide quality customer service and actively pursue consistentdurability improvements. The corporate philosophy of the company is based onquality services for quality jobs with a clear understanding of the variations in theclients’ requirements;IDEAL SOLUTIONS tends to approach every project with an utmost flexibility. Theclient is assisted at every stage with tailor made solutions using wherever possible,readily available products. The underlying principle has always been to develop alasting business relationship that is mutually beneficial. This approach is the corestone of the company’s success in the region, resulting in a reputation of impeccablequality backed by unmatched services. OUR VISIONIDEAL SOLUTIONS, is organized for excellence, with a clear mission and vision, thedetermination and motivation to succeed. The company has always striven forgreater heights and greater achievements, offering services that continuously exceedcustomers’ expectations, through excellent services and competitive prices in atimely manner.The company has seen dynamic growth and developed an outstanding reputation inPakistan for all the products and services we provide. Our approach has earned us animage for quality service, integrity dependability and value for money approach.Our determination to continue this dynamic growth, banking on solid infrastructure,available financial and human resources and stable position holding in the marketmakes us confident of our strengths to enhance organic growth. www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 3. MANAGING DIRECTOR Rana Imran Ahmad Khan Rana Imran has a vast experience in the field of construction chemicals. He has represented different international companies in PakistanWORDS OF CONFIDENCE“The success story of IDEAL SOLUTIONS has been the blend ofskilled and efficient work force that has always worked extramiles to meet the clients’ requirements in the most efficient andcost effective manner. I am confident that my professionals arethe best in the industry.” ORGANIZATIONAL CHART www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 4. OUR SERVICESWe have upgraded our company as a “Total Solutions Company” for our customersbusy in building construction and its maintenance. We have created some newdivisions in our company to fulfill the requirements of our customers.  WATERPROOFING BY CHEMICAL COATINGS  WATERPROOFING BY BITUMEN EMULSION COATINGS  WATERPROOFING BY BITUMEN MEMBRANES  PU FOAM INJECTIONS FOR WATER LEAKAGE  EPOXY INDUSTRIAL FLOORING SYSTEMS  PU INDUSTRIAL FLOORING SYSTEMS  PU / CR / ACRYLIC INDUSTRIAL PROTECTIVE COATINGS  PU / PS EXPANSION JOINT SEALING  SPALLED CONCRETE REPAIRS / HONEY COMBING REPAIRS  CHEMICAL ANCHORING / DOWEL FIXING  CORE / HAMMER CUTTING  CONCRETE RE-STRENGTHENING BY CARBON FIBERS  REINFORCED CONCRETE JACKETING  CONCRETE PROTECTION COATINGS  EPOXY INJECTIONS FOR CONCRETE CRACKS  BUILDING PAINTS / COLOR SCHEMES  BUILDING EXTERIOR COATINGS  CONCRETE WORKS / BUILDING RENOVATIONS  ANTI TERMITE TREATMENTS  BOARDS/ SHEETS/ PU FOAM HEAT INSULATIONS  CR / THERMOPLASTIC ROAD LANE MARKING  PARKING LANE MARKING  RUNWAY MARKING  SIGN BOARDS & ROAD SAFETY MATERIALS www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 5. “WATERPROOFING”All structures require waterproofing – weather to keep water out (Basements), or to keep water in (reservoirs).Waterproofing a structure is a critical element of its design and construction. Water infiltration and leakage damagea building’s structure and its contents. Because of the damaging effect of water, one must pay particular attentionin selecting a quality waterproofing system and applicators to provide proper in place performance.The best way to avoid the problem is through the proper design and careful selection of the waterproofingsystem. “JOINT SEALING”Joints are essential features of modern buildings and structures. They allow for shrinkage, contraction, expansion andother movements which cause tensile or compressive stress. Shear movements, design tolerances and breaksbetween phases of construction are also accommodated by joints. Joints can not be left open. Any kind of joint thatmight be penetrated by wind, dirt, water or other undesirable material needs to be sealed.After a building has been completed, joints are a small, usually unnoticed part of the whole. But if joints are notproperly designed and sealed against wind and weather, the result can lead to total failure of the structure- larger theproject, the greater the disaster.If the sealing of exterior joints is concerned with keeping the elements out, interior joint sealing fulfils ratherdifferent functions. In addition to ensuring a joint impenetrable to moisture, there are many other importantconsiderations: hygiene, acoustics, interior décor and finishes-there are even aspects of safety. www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 6. “REPAIR AND PROTECTION OF REINFORCED CONCRETE” CONCRETE DECAYVisible Symptoms…..The decay of reinforced concrete is now a common sight around the world , Symptoms can include: Cracking, Sapling,Rusting of exposed steel reinforcement, Staining of concrete surfaces etc.Affecting Concrete Itself…..Attacks on concrete can be physical or chemical:•Physical Attack includes-Water erosion, Wind-borne sand erosion, abrasion by wheels, or machinery, impact damage, Overload, Fire,Freezing and thawing cycles in colder climates etc.•Chemical Attack includes:-industrial spillage of aggressive chemicals, action of sulphates in ground water, internal crystal growth (in hotclimates), alkali-silica reaction (ASR),Typical CausesThe many and varied causes of concrete ‘distress’ may be divided into twodistinct categories:-attack on the concrete it self And…….. -those causing corrosion ofembedded reinforcing steelBoth can exacerbated by the shortcomings in the original constructionprocess.Causing Corrosion Of Reinforcing SteelCorrosion of reinforcing steel is the most common reason for concrete distress. While many factors accelerate theprocess, there are two fundamental mechanisms which cause the problem:•Carbonation – the effect of carbon dioxide (and/ or other acidic gases) present in the atmosphere•Chloride attack – the contaminating effect of chloride ions which may be present from one or more of thefollowing sources:-marine or costal locations, -use of road de-icing salts, -within the concrete matrix as a result of the use ofcontaminated raw materials during constructionDue To Poor Workmanship…..The original construction process can be the source ofmany problems. The most common reasons include•Poor Concrete Mix Design•Poor Placement of steel reinforcement and shuttering•Inadequate Site Supervision during concreteplacement Decay Aggravated By Ambient Conditions•Inadequate Concrete Vibration – failure to ensure Each of the following will accelerate the mechanismsproper compaction of deterioration described above: •Elevated temperatures, High humidity/rain,•Poor Curing Techniques – failure to ensure full strength Wet/dry cyclinggain www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 7. “REPAIR AND PROTECTION OF REINFORCED CONCRETE” REPAIR METHODSStep 1: Remove the spalled concrete – Remove the concrete at the spalled areas to expose the corroded steelbars.Step 2: Clean and paint the corroded steel bars – Scrape and clean the exposed steel bars to remove therust by using a wire brush, and apply two coats of anti-rust paint to the steel bars.Step 3: Patch – Apply a bonding agent to the affected surface before patching to ensure proper adhesion andPatch up the hacked area using polymer modified cement mortar.Step 4: Paint – Paint the area to match the rest of the ceiling.EPOXY CRACK INJECTION KITSThe epoxy crack injection formula is another repair option for internal/ external smallconcrete wall and floor cracks. With the epoxy crack injection formula, it not onlystops water from penetrating through the cracks once repaired it also has structuraladvantages. Epoxy injection provides structural strength due to the bonding of theconcrete and epoxy material combination rather then just concrete, therefore the twomaterials create a superior bonding agent makes them stronger. Just be aware if themain structural damage is not initially resolved, this repair option is basically a wasteof time and money. That’s why it’s so important; to always seek advice beforeattempting to repair concrete yourself.Surface Sealer For Crack InjectionMost standard types of epoxy crack injection repair kits contain two parts, one jar isthe epoxy content and the other is a surface sealer product. Surface sealers as partof an epoxy crack injection repair kit is an important formula which is applied afterthe cracks have been filled which provide short and long term protection.CEMENTOUS BASED CRACK INJECTIONA cementous crack injection is one of the more versatile repair methods for mediumto large concrete cracks and structural damages.The mixing content is mainly made up of high ratio of portland cement along withother small ratios of certain mixing materials and bonding agents that are poured intoinjection equipments.This method of crack injection is more often used by professionals for concrete wallsand floors that are severely cracked or have structural damage.CARBON FIBER REINFORCEMENTCarbon fiber sheets may be used to reinforce some wall and concrete failures. Carbonfiber sheets are a form of pure polymerized carbon used as reinforcement incomposite materials employed in vehicles and aircraft combining very high tensilestrength with light weight and ease of deployment. Typically a carbon fiber sheet willbe pressed against the repair area (such as a basement wall bulging in from lateralsoil pressure) and bonded to the wall with epoxy. Some systems require attachmentsto floor or ceiling, while others do not. The carbon fiber sheets are very thin and thusnon-obtrusive and may readily be painted over for an attractive finish.REINFORCED CONCRETE JACKETINGJacketing is one of the most frequently used techniques to strengthen reinforcedconcrete (RC) columns. With this method, axial strength, bending strength, andstiffness of the original column are increased. It is well known that the success of thisprocedure is dependent on the monolithic behavior of the composite element. Toachieve this purpose, the treatment of the interface must be carefully chosen. Thecommon practice consists of increasing the roughness of the interface surface andapplying a bonding agent, normally an epoxy resin. Steel connectors are alsooccasionally applied. These steps involve specialized workmanship, time, and cost.Concerning the added concrete mixture and due to the reduced thickness of the jacket,the option is usually a grout with characteristics of self-compacting concrete (SCC) andhighstrength concrete (HSC). www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 8. “INDUSTRIAL FLOORING”Floors in industry and commerce are not just parts of a structure. Industrial floors are heavily exposed tostress.Many production processes and procedures take place on these floors. They are also exposed to industrialchemicals.On top of this, industrial floors also have to meet a variety of operational requirements. Slip Resistance,Crack Bridging, Non-flammability, Conductivity, Aesthetics, Ease Of Maintenance, and, last but not least,Long Life – these are just a few examples of the expectations for functional industrial floors.CONCEPTEvery industrial floor consist of two elements;Element 1, the base course, which always consists of thestructural reinforced concrete slab. The purpose of this“load-bearing” course is to absorb or distribute static anddynamic loads.Element 2, the wearing course is the dominant part. Thewearing course protects the floor from physical and/orchemical attack. The wearing course also has to meet theindividual operational demands.Each element has its function, which is precisely defined.An industrial Floor can not be high – quality unless boththe base course and the wearing course meet all of therequirements. www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 9. “INDUSTRIAL FLOORING”Two factors are particularly important in the Selection, Analysis And Preparation Of A construction or design of a high quality yet Suitable Substrate economic industrial floor: The second and equally important factor in selection of a suitable wearing course is the type of substrate and its- The Operational Requirements condition. Any wearing course can only be as good as its- The Selection, Analysis And Preparation Of A base. If the load- bearing course or substrate is Suitable Substrate. defective even the best and most expensive wearing course cannot improve it.To select the right coating system, both must be examined in detail and coordinated. This is 1. Base Courses/ Substrates the only way to ensure that the industrial - Concrete flooring meets the requirements of the - Cement/granolithic screed/overlay project – cost effective and just right for the - anhydrite screed application. - Magnesite screed - poured asphaltOPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS - old coatingsThe application and the severity of the operational - Ceramic tiles requirements can vary widely. Below are a - Timber boards few examples of typical exposures; - Steel1. Mechanical Exposure From: - Pedestrian 2. Location Of The Substrate and/or vehicular traffic, Low and light lift - Internal areas trucks, Transport containers, such as pallets, - External exposed steel mesh boxes, containers, drums, reel - On garde /no d.p.m holders etc., Weight of - Risk of rising damp tools/products/machines, Abrasion, shock - without insulation and impact (broken glass etc) 3. Substrate Condition - Age (new or old), Moisture content,2. Chemical Attack From: - Oil, greases, - surface profile Soluble salts, Alkalis, acids, Fuels, solvent, - Density Cleaning agents etc - Porosity3. Thermal Stress From: -Heat: Short term - Brittle by steam cleaning etc, Long term in specific - Dehydrated production areas. - Cold: Short term by - Physical strength shock, open doors, etc, Long term in specific - Compressive production areas, cold storage etc. - Pull-off - surface harness4. Weathering, Mainly On External Surfaces, From: - Sunlight, UV, Frost, 4. Contamination thermal shock, Rain. - Dust, laitance - Oils, greases5. Aesthetics - Colour, design/coding, - Acids, alkalis Coloured chips, Gloss/ Matt - Paints, plastics6. Surface Texture - Smooth, Textured - Fuels, solvents 5. Damages7. Safety - Slip resistant, Electrically insulating, - Shrinkage, isolation or settlement cracks conductive, Crack-bridging, Waterproof, - Sapling, voids Non-flammable, Decontaminable, Colour - Roughness, erosion stable, Low – odour, environmentally - Joint damage, broken arises friendly, solvent free8. Care And Maintenance: - Easy to clean, Easy to repair, Overcoat able9. Comfort - Insulating effect (warm), Dampening effect, Sound deadening www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 10. “BUILDING PAINTS / COLOR SCHEMES”Just as an outfit can enhance or mar the image of a person, the qualityand visual appeal of painting can do the same for your home interiors.Picking house paint colors isnt just difficult. Its terrifying! Pick colors thatare blah, and your house will seem flat and featureless. But if the colorsyou pick are too bold, they might overwhelm the architecture... and upsetthe neighbors. The best colors will highlight the most beautiful features ofyour home. Skillful use of color can even disguise design flaws, boostingthe curb appeal and market value of your home. Additionally, the cost ofpainting being so high, it is all the more important to take wise andefficient decisions with regard to painting.PREPARING FOR THE JOBEnsure that the plaster on the walls is fully dried before thecommencement of the paint job.In case, there is any seepage on the walls, ensure that the fault is fullyrectified.Remove electric plates and cover all sockets & switches with tape.Cover the floor with plastic sheeting to avoid paint spilling on the floor.Ensure to use only high-quality POP material to provide a better base forpaint colours.CHOOSING THE RIGHT PAINTFor most paint jobs, water-based paints are a good choice as they dryfaster.Flat finishes are ideal in hiding minor imperfections on the wall surfaces,but they dont have a shine.Velvet finishes are ideal to enhance the visual appeal of your homeinteriors and are easy to clean.Glossy and semi-glossy finishes are also good options as they have adurable finish and can easily withstand scrubbing.Satin paints are excellent to give a warm and inviting look to your rooms.CHOOSING THE RIGHT COLOURThis may be the toughest choice as regards painting is concerned. Whilechoosing colours, it may be helpful to consult an interior designer, as thechoice of paint colour would set the theme for the complete interiors. Youwould have to choose the colours of the upholstery and furnitureaccordingly.For ceilings, it is best to go in for light and sober shades as they give aspacious look to the rooms. In fact, white and off-white are ideal shadesfor ceilings. In case of wall colours, choice should be made on the basis ofage-group and personality of the inhabitants. For example, light pink canbe a great shade for a young girls room. In case of boys, you can bemore experimental. All shades have specific effects on the moods of aperson:•Blue and off-white are soothing shades.•Shades of red can be stimulating for the mind.•Orange is excellent for kitchen and dining room as it stimulates theappetite.•Using purple is a great way of creating a royal ambience. www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 11. “EXTERIOR COATINGS”Stucco or render is a material made of an aggregate, a binder, and water.Stucco is applied wet and hardens to a very dense solid. It is used as acoating for walls and ceilings and for decoration. Stucco may be used tocover less visually appealing construction materials such as concrete, cinderblock, or clay brick and adobe. www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 12. “TERMITE PROOFING”Termites are a group of eusocial insects that, until recently, were classifiedat the taxonomic rank of order Isoptera but are now accepted asthe epifamily Termitoidae, of the cockroach order Blattaria. While termitesare commonly known, especially in Australia, as "white ants," they are notclosely related to true ants.Like ants, some bees, and wasps—which are all placed in the separateorder Hymenoptera—termites divide labour among castes, produceoverlapping generations and take care of young collectively. Termites mostlyfeed on dead plant material, generally in the form of wood, leaf litter, soil, oranimal dung, and about 10 percent of the estimated 4,000 species (about2,600 taxonomically known) are economically significant as pests that cancause serious structural damage to buildings, crops or plantation forests.Termites are major detritivores, particularly in thesubtropical and tropical regions, and their recycling of wood and other plantmatter is of considerable ecological importance.As eusocial insects, termites live in colonies that, at maturity, number fromseveral hundred to several million individuals. Colonies usedecentralised, self-organised systems of activity guided by swarmintelligence to exploit food sources and environments that could not beavailable to any single insect acting alone. A typical colony contains nymphs(semi-mature young), workers, soldiers, and reproductive individuals of bothgenders, sometimes containing several egg-laying queens.Termite pre-treatment to new structures is one of the things that everybodyshould do. It is so cheap, and so effective, when you compare it to postconstruction treatments, but youd be surprised as to how few buildings areactually pre-treated. Wise and savvy architects always specify pre-treatment, knowledgeable builders include it in every structure they erect,and prospective buyers should demand it for any new house they buy orbuild.Pre-treatment is far better than post treatment. Post treatment (after youget termites) is actually a "spot" treatment. You can drill a thousand holes,but there will still be places you cant reach, no matter how hard theexterminator tries. With a proper pre-treatment, the soil next to thefoundations is treated with a termiticide and is sealed in after thefoundations are in place.As shown in the following pictures, treatment is applied during construction,at certain times, depending on the type of structure. Properly treatedstructures are sometimes able to resist termites for a much longer period oftime, and termiticides applied during construction are generally applied toareas that are unavailable after construction is complete. This one factwould tend to make pre-treatments preferable to post treatments. www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 13. “HEAT INSULATIONS”Thermal insulation is the reduction of the effects of the variousprocesses of heat transfer between objects in thermal contact or inrange of radiative influence. Heat is the transfer of thermalenergy between objects of differing temperature. The means tostem heat flow may be especially engineered methods orprocesses, as well as suitable static objects and materials.Heat flow is an inevitable consequence of contact of objects ofdiffering temperature. Thermal insulation provides a means tomaintain a gradient of temperature, by providing a region ofinsulation in which heat flow is reduced or thermal radiation isreflected rather than absorbed.In building construction, insulating materials are assigned aquantitative measure of the insulating capability, called the R-value.The R-value is a measure of thermal resistance used in thebuilding and construction industry. Under uniform conditions it isthe ratio of the temperature difference across an insulator andthe heat flux (heat transfer per unit area, ) through it or .The R-value being discussed is the unit thermal resistance. This is usedfor a unit value of any particular material. It is expressed as thethickness of the material divided by the thermal conductivity.Maintaining acceptable temperatures in buildings (by heating andcooling) uses a large proportion of global energy consumption.When well insulated, a building:•is energy-efficient, thus saving the owner money.•provides more uniform temperatures throughout the space. Thereis less temperature gradient both vertically (between ankle heightand head height) and horizontally from exterior walls, ceilings andwindows to the interior walls, thus producing a more comfortableoccupant environment when outside temperatures are extremelycold or hot.•has minimal recurring expense. Unlike heating and coolingequipment, insulation is permanent and does not requiremaintenance, upkeep, or adjustment.Many forms of thermal insulation also reduce noise and vibration,both coming from the outside and from other rooms inside abuilding, thus producing a more comfortable environment. www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 14. “HEAT INSULATIONS” R VALUE COMPARISON OF MATERIALSSome common roofing materials and their corresponding values for Thermal Conductance (C)and Thermal Resistance (R) are shown in the following table. Material Thickness In C-Value R-Value Inches Metal N/A 0.000 0.00 Concrete 1.0 3.333 0.30 Gypsum 1.0 1.667 0.60 Wood 1.0 1.099 0.91 Tectum 1.0 0.500 2.00 Inside Air Film N/A 1.087 0.92 Outside Air Film - Summer N/A 4.000 0.25 Outside Air Film - Winter N/A 5.882 0.17 Vapor Retarders N/A 0.000 0.00 BUR Gravel N/A 2.941 0.34 BUR Smooth N/A 4.167 0.24 Fiberboard 1.0 0.360 2.78 Perlite 1.0 0.360 2.78 Phenolic Foam* 1.0 0.120 8.30 Fiber Glass 1.0 0.256 3.90 Polyisocyanurate 1.0 0.180 5.56 Polyisocyanurate Composite 1.5 0.240 4.17 Polystyrene Bead Board 1.0 0.280 3.57 Polystyrene Composite Board 1.5 0.301 3.32 Polystyrene - Expanded (EPS)** 1.0 0.260 3.85 Polystyrene - Extruded (XEPS)*** 1.0 0.200 5.00 Sprayed Polyurethane Foam**** 1.0 0.150 6.88 Cork 1.0 0.280 3.57 www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 15. “HEAT INSULATIONS”MERITS & DEMERITS OF MATERIALSSpray Polyurethane Foam (SPF) - Spray foam insulation is an expanding foam which is sprayed on concrete slabsor on wall cavities of unfinished walls or through holes drilled into finished walls. The foam expands to fill bypassesand resists air infiltration. Spray foam insulation can be used in small quantities to fill tight spaces while increasingstructural stability and providing sound insulation. Due to expansion, installation of SPF is not recommended inclosed cavities like stud walls with drywall, lath-and-plaster or sheetrock. Many spray foam products need to beprotected from sunlight and solvents and most can release toxic fumes when burning. R Value of many spray foaminsulation products will ultimately diminish and foam can shrink while curing if not applied at the correcttemperature.Rigid Panels - All rigid panels are strong and lightweight and provide thermal and sound insulation. The panels arewater resistant and will not rot. It will protect the foundation and add to the structural strength of walls. Rigid panelshave a high R Value and works well in cramped or tight spaces. However, all panels are flammable and release toxicfumes when burning. They are also vulnerable to damage from UV light and solvents, and can be used as termitenests.Structural Insulated Panels (SIP) - Also referred to as stressed-skin walls. They consist of plywood, strandboardor drywall that is glued around a core of expanded polyurethane, polyisocyanurate , polystyrene, compressed wheatstraw or epoxy, and can be used for ceilings, floors, walls and roofs. These panels vary in thickness and are gluedtogether and secured with lumber. SIPs provide sound insulation and strength in a home and resist moisture, but aremore expensive than other insulation types.Fiberglass Batts & Blankets - Typically made with 20 to 30 percent recycled industrial waste and similar postconsumer content. This material is not flammable, with the possible exception of its facing. Fiberglass blankets areprovided in continuous rolls while batts are precut. Blankets can cover joists and studs, as well as the space betweenthem but can be difficult to hang under floors between joists. Gaps between batts can defeat the purpose of theinsulation because they invite air infiltration or condensation.Cotton Batts - Sometimes known as Blue Jean Batts. Cotton batts have a higher R Value than the averagefiberglass batts and are made with recycled content, no toxic substances. There is no risk of airborne fibers causingcancer. Cotton batts are often difficult to cut to fit the cavity. Unlike cellulose or expanding foam, batts will nottotally seal the cavity against air transfer.Loose Fill / Blown In Insulation (Including Cellulose) - Materials can be blown in to attics, finished walls andtough to reach areas. The loose fill material can also be sprayed in with a water-based adhesive. It isenvironmentally friendly, consisting of 80 percent recycled newspapers, and is less of a health hazard to the installerthan fiberglass. Loose fill insulation does not seal bypasses as effectively as foam. If materials are heavy, there is arisk of sagging ceilings. Some of its effectiveness can diminish over time due to material settling.Aerogels - High performing, low density material used for skylights, solariums. Aerogels provide the best form ofinsulation using a combination of silica and carbon, allowing light to enter while absorbing heat from the sun.Straw Bales - Compressed straw bales are being used more often in recent years due to a high R Value and lowcost. The effectiveness can be greatly reduced by moisture or air pockets.Radiant Barriers - Effectively prevents the transfer of radiant heat, equally, in both directions. Types of radiantbarriers include foil or foil laminates. Foil backed bubble packs are thin and flexible and are often used as vaporbarriers for cold pipes, ducts and roof sheathing. Foil faced polystyrene panels are more flexible than rigid panelsand operate as a thermal break as well as a vapor barrier. These are used on roofs and should not be used to fillcavities. Other radiant barrier methods can be as simple as light colored roofs and reflective paint, or metal roofsmade of aluminum or copper. R Value cannot be determined for radiant barriers. www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 16. “LANE MARKING”ROAD SURFACE MARKING is any kind of device or material that is used ona road surface in order to convey official information. They can also be appliedin other facilities used by vehicles to mark parking spaces or designate areasfor other uses.Road surface markings are used on paved roadways to provide guidance andinformation to drivers and pedestrians. Uniformity of the markings is animportant factor in minimizing confusion and uncertainty about their meaning,and efforts exist to standardise such markings across borders. However,countries and areas categorize and specify road surface markings in differentways.Road surface markings are either mechanical, non-mechanical, or temporary.They can be used to delineate traffic lanes, inform motorists and pedestrians orserve as noise generators when run across a road, or attempt to wake asleeping driver when installed in the shoulders of a road. Road surface markingcan also indicate regulation for parking and stopping.There is continuous effort to improve the road marking system, andtechnological breakthroughs include adding reflectivity, increasing longevity,and lowering installation cost.A LANE is a part of the roadway (British: carriageway) within a road markedout for use by single line of vehicles to the control and guide drivers so reduceconflicts. Most public roads (highways) have at least two lanes, one for traffic ineach direction separated by Lane markings. Major highways often have tworoadways separated by a median, each with multiple lanes. A single-trackroad carries traffic in both directions within a single lane with passing places toallow vehicles to pass.CR PAINTPaint, sometimes with additives such as reflective glass beads, is generallyused to mark travel lanes. It is also used to mark spaces in parking lots orspecial purpose spaces for handicap parking, loading zones, or time restrictedparking areas. Colors for these applications vary by locality. Paint is a low-costmarking and has been in widespread use since approximately the early 1950s.Paint is usually applied right after the road has been paved.THERMOPLASTICOne of the most common types of road marking based on its balance betweencost and performance longevity, thermoplastic binder systems are generallybased on one of three core chemistries: hydrocarbons, rosin esters or maleicmodified rosin esters (MMRE). Thermoplastic coatings are generallyhomogeneous dry mixes of binder resins, plasticizers, glass beads (or otheroptics), pigments, and fillers. Their use has increased over paints mainly due tothe performance benefits of increased durability, retro-reflectivity, and a lack ofVOC solvents.Thermoplastic markings are applied using specially designed vehicles. Thethermoplastic mix is heated in trucks to about 200 °C (400 °F)before being fedto the application apparatus. This is often a screed box or ribbon gun.Immediately after the thermoplastic has been applied, glass beads are laid ontothe hot material so that they embed before the plastic hardens. These beadsprovide initial retro-reflection. As the marking wears during use and the initialbeads are lost, the beads mixed with the binder are uncovered, providing longterm reflectivity. Most thermoplastic is produced in white and yellow colors. www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 17. “RUNWAY MARKING”According to ICAO a runway is "A defined rectangulararea on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing andtake-off of aircraft." Runways may be a man-madesurface (often asphalt, concrete, or a mixture of both) ora natural surface (grass, dirt, gravel, ice, or salt).There are runway markings and signs on most largerunways. Larger runways have a distance remaining sign(black box with white numbers). This sign uses a singlenumber to indicate the thousands of feet remaining, so 7will indicate 7,000 ft (2,134 m) remaining. The runwaythreshold is marked by a line of green lights.Airport runways and taxiways are consistently underattack from the tires of landing airplanes, weather andthe myriad of operational vehicles. Proper pavementmarkings in and around airports are essential for pilotsand vehicles.IDEAL SOLUTIONS has highly durable paints and pluralcomponent markings that provide clear guidance to bothaircraft and ground personnel. High friction surfacetreatments assure pedestrian safety and vehicularguidance on crosswalks and approaches to the terminalareas.It is crucial that markings need to be clearly visible tothe naked eye and all Instrument Landing Systems. Thepurpose of airport runway and taxiway markings is toincrease visibility and decrease any potential runwayincursions. www.idealsolutionspk.com
  • 18. “OUR MAJOR PROJECTS”• HAIDRI BEVERAGES (ISLAMABAD)• NORTHERN BOTTLING (PVT) LTD (KPK)• UCH POWER PLANT (BALUCHISTAN)• PAKISTAN TOBACCO COMPANY AKORA KHATTAK (KPK)• WAPDA STAFF COLONY (MUZZAFFARABAD AJK)• DISTT HQS HOSPITAL (ATHMUQAM AJK)• OLD MESS BUILDING PAF RISALPUR (KPK)• RESIDENTIAL BLOCK 115 PAF RISALPUR (KPK)• FDL HATTAR (KPK)• DG OFFICE WAPDA (MUZZAFFARABAD AJK)• SECRETARY DEFENSE’S HOUSE CHAKLALA CANTONMENT RAWALPINDI• TEHSIL HEADQUARTERS HOSPITAL (HATTIAN BALA AJK)• TEHSIL HEADQUARTERS HOSPITAL (HAJIRA AJK)• OFFICE OF THE XEN BARQIAYAT (GARI DOPATA AJK)• KSB (HASSANABADAL, KPK)• MALAKAND HYDRO POWER PROJECT III (DARGAI, KPK)• CLASSIFIED PROJECTS (PUNJAB)• MUREED AIR BASE (PUNJAB)• MIANWALI AIR BASE (PUNJAB)• NISHAT POWER LTD (PUNJAB) PLOT NO.33, GATE D, STREET NO.10, I-9/2, ISLAMABAD, P.O.BOX. 788 ISLAMABAD Mobile:0300-5080094, 0322-5064818, Tele:051-4101145, Fax:051-4101146 info@idealsolutionspk.com, idspk@live.com. www.idealsolutionspk.com