Lung specialist script
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    Lung specialist script Lung specialist script Document Transcript

    • Lung specialist scriptLung specialist: Respiratory disease is common disease in the world. Smokingcan damage our respiratory system. Respiratory Disease is the term for diseases ofthe respiratory system. These include diseases of the lung, pleural cavity, bronchialtubes, trachea, and upper respiratory tract and of the nerves and muscles ofbreathing. Respiratory diseases range from mild and self-limiting such as thecommon cold to life-threatening such as bacterial pneumonia or pulmonaryembolism.Lung specialist: The study of respiratory disease is known as pulmonology. Adoctor who specializes in respiratory disease is known as a pulmonologist, a chestmedicine specialist, a respiratory medicine specialist, a respirologist or a thoracicmedicine specialist.Lung specialist: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of themost common lung diseases. It makes it difficult to breathe. There are two mainforms of COPD: Chronic bronchitis, defined by a long-term cough with mucus Emphysema, defined by destruction of the lungs over timeMost people with COPD have a combination of both conditionsLung specialist: The causes is form exposure to certain gases or fumes in theworkplace, exposure to heavy amounts of second-hand smoke and frequent use ofcooking gas without proper ventilation.Lung specialist: Cough with mucus, shortness of breath (dyspneadyspnea) thatgets worse with mild activity, fatigue, and frequent respiratory infections andwheezing. Since the symptoms of COPD develop slowly, some people may beunaware that they are sick.Lung specialist: The best test for COPD is a simple lung function test calledspirometer. This involves blowing out as hard as one can into a small machine thattests lung capacity. The test can be interpreted immediately and does not involveexercising, drawing blood, or exposure to radiation.Using a stethoscope to listen tothe lungs can also be helpful, although sometimes the lungs sound normal even
    • when COPD is present. Pictures of the lungs (such as X-rays and CT scans) can behelpful but sometimes look normal even when a person has COPD. Sometimes it isnecessary to do a blood test (call a “blood gas”) to measure the amounts of oxygenand carbon dioxide in the blood.Lung specialist: There is no cure for COPD. However, there are many things youcan do to relieve symptoms and keep the disease from getting worse. Persons withCOPD must stop smoking. This is the best way to slow down the lung damage.Medications used to treat COPD include: Inhalers (bronchodilators) to open the airways, such as ipratropium (Atrovent), tiotropium (Spiriva), salmeterol (Serevent), or formoterol (Foradil) Inhaled steroids to reduce lung inflammation