Version 7 section  • brief discussion  Public Financial ManagementControl and Security in the Age of          Transparency...
trust        3
Version 7 section         transparency• brief discussion
Version 7 section       strategic openness• brief discussion                            5
Version 7 section         trust but verify• brief discussion
Strengthening Public Financial Management through           Transparency in Timor-Leste
Version 7 section          Who is FreeBalance?           Version 7 sectionFreeBalance is a global provider of GovernmentRe...
Version 7 section            FORCES• brief discussion                            9
Version 7 section          globalization• brief discussion                            10
Version 7 section       transparency• brief discussion                            11
Version services         citizen 7 section• brief discussion                             12
Version 7 section   international assessment• brief discussion                              13
Version 7 section          governance• brief discussion                            14
Version 7 section• brief discussion            corruption                            15
Government Expenditures as a % of GDP     2006: Non OECD Countries
Version 7 section                          Democratic•   brief discussion      Republic of                          Timor-...
build civil society
build infrastructure
build capacity
build citizen involvement     in government
3                                                                                                                         ...
3   HIGH                                                         Benefits of Transparency                                 ...
3                                                                                                                         ...
Version 7 section           = stability• brief discussion
Version 7 section• brief discussion       = investor confidence
Version 7 section           avoid the• brief discussion   resource curse
Version 7 section            problem• brief discussion                            28
Version 7 section  transparency - corruption• brief discussion
Version 7 section      controls - corruption• brief discussion
Version 7 section• brief discussion   controlstransparency                                31
Version 7 section  1. Strategic Transparency• brief discussion
Version 7 section1.1. International Standards• brief discussion
Version 7 section • brief discussion                  IPSASInternational Public Sector Accounting              Standards
Version 7 section• brief discussion                     EITI Extractive Industries Transparency              Initiative
GFS        Version 7 sectionGovernment Financial Statistics• brief discussion
Version 7 sectionMTEF                     Medium Term                      Expenditure• brief discussion   Frameworks
Version 7 section  1.2 e-Procurement Portal• brief discussion
review        Version 7 section• brief discussion                              vendorgovernment                     alerts...
Version 7 section   1.3. Transparency Portal• brief discussion
review                Version 7 section         http://www.transparency.gov.tl       • brief discussion  10 years of   bud...
Version 7 section• brief discussion        2. Internal Controls
Version 7 section    2.1 Hierarchical Controls        Version 7 section  • brief discussion• Chart of Accounts (COA) is ke...
Version 7 section        2.2 Reporting       Version 7 section  • brief discussion• Sophisticated reporting• Pro-active mo...
Version 7 section        2.3 Multiplesection          Version 7  ControlsMultiple controls for the same activity    • brie...
Version 7 section• brief discussion                3. Audit
Version 7 section            3.1 Activity          Version 7 section• Same activity can vary within    • brief discussion ...
Version 7 section              3.2 Roles          Version 7 section• Roles and responsibilities    • brief discussion   • ...
Version 7 section              3.3 Traceability             Version 7 section• Non-     • brief discussion  repudiation  o...
Version 7 section• brief discussion        4. System Security
Version 7 section             Paper       Version 7 section• brief discussionPhysical Security- Lock and Key Authenticatio...
Version 7 section           MainframesPhysical Security- Lock and Key  • brief discussionAuthentication – User ID and Pass...
Version 7 Security       Network section• brief discussion  Identity Management  Encryption  High Availability
Version 7 section            Internet        Version 7 section• brief discussion    Internal and External Site    Firewall...
Version 7 section             Cloud       Version 7 section•Data Access Security  brief discussionIdentity ManagementRegul...
Version 7 section         Security Details• brief discussion                            56
VersionSecurity               Data 7 section• Protect vital Government Data  • brief discussion• Multiple layers of Encryp...
Version 7 sectionData Access Security• Data-based filtering system  • Configurable    • brief discussion  • Standalone  • ...
Data Access Security• Resides between the Business Logic Layer and  the Client Side.     DB            DAL             BLL...
Version 7 sectionSecurity Dimension Types• Chart of Accounts Restriction• Hierarchical Domain   • brief discussion• Domain...
Version 7 section            Secure Scripting– Support for server and client-side validation.   • brief discussion– Strong...
Version 7 section• brief discussion5. Security Advantages of Open      Source Middleware                            62
Open Source Middleware• Who are the most vocal proponents of open  source middleware software in the American  government?...
Conclusions• You can’t stop transparency• Can have transparency and security  together• Public Financial Management and  G...
Public financial-management-control-and-security-in-the-age-of-transparency
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Public financial-management-control-and-security-in-the-age-of-transparency

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This FreeBalance presentation discusses the top trends that affect security in government, including: Security Advantages of Open Source Middleware, Cloud Data Access Security, and Security Dimension Types. It also covers security trends and current implemented FreeBalance GRP solutions

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Public financial-management-control-and-security-in-the-age-of-transparency

  1. 1. Version 7 section • brief discussion Public Financial ManagementControl and Security in the Age of Transparency SEGURINFO Uruguay 2011
  2. 2. trust 3
  3. 3. Version 7 section transparency• brief discussion
  4. 4. Version 7 section strategic openness• brief discussion 5
  5. 5. Version 7 section trust but verify• brief discussion
  6. 6. Strengthening Public Financial Management through Transparency in Timor-Leste
  7. 7. Version 7 section Who is FreeBalance? Version 7 sectionFreeBalance is a global provider of GovernmentResource Planning (GRP) software for public financialmanagement (PFM) • brief discussion • Canadian software company ISO-9001/2008 certified • For Profit Social Enterprise • 100% focus on government • Global presence, implemented in 19 countries in North America, Latin America, Caribbean, Africa, Middle East, and Asia/Pacific • From post-conflict through G8
  8. 8. Version 7 section FORCES• brief discussion 9
  9. 9. Version 7 section globalization• brief discussion 10
  10. 10. Version 7 section transparency• brief discussion 11
  11. 11. Version services citizen 7 section• brief discussion 12
  12. 12. Version 7 section international assessment• brief discussion 13
  13. 13. Version 7 section governance• brief discussion 14
  14. 14. Version 7 section• brief discussion corruption 15
  15. 15. Government Expenditures as a % of GDP 2006: Non OECD Countries
  16. 16. Version 7 section Democratic• brief discussion Republic of Timor-Leste (RDTL) Objectives
  17. 17. build civil society
  18. 18. build infrastructure
  19. 19. build capacity
  20. 20. build citizen involvement in government
  21. 21. 3 AUSTRALIA HIGH Benefits of Transparency 2 Government Effectiveness and GDP*Normalized Government Effectiveness Index 1 PAPUA NEW GUINEA UGANDA 0 -1 Higher the government effectiveness -2 = higher the country GDP Per Capita LOW 209 Countries -3 GDP Per Capita (PPP, logs) Source: The World Bank * At purchasing power parity
  22. 22. 3 HIGH Benefits of Transparency AUSTRALIA 2 Voice and Accountability and GDP*Normalized Voice and Accountability Index PAPUA NEW GUINEA 1 UGANDA 0 -1 Higher the government -2 accountability = higher the country GDP Per Capita LOW 207 Countries . -3 Source: The World GDP Per Capita (PPP, logs) Bank * At purchasing power parity
  23. 23. 3 AUSTRALIA HIGH Benefits of Transparency 2 Control of Corruption and GDP*Normalized Control of Corruption Index 1 PAPUA NEW GUINEA 0 UGANDA -1 Higher the control of corruption = higher the country GDP Per -2 Capita LOW 204 Countries -3 Source: The World GDP Per Capita (PPP, logs) Bank * At purchasing power parity
  24. 24. Version 7 section = stability• brief discussion
  25. 25. Version 7 section• brief discussion = investor confidence
  26. 26. Version 7 section avoid the• brief discussion resource curse
  27. 27. Version 7 section problem• brief discussion 28
  28. 28. Version 7 section transparency - corruption• brief discussion
  29. 29. Version 7 section controls - corruption• brief discussion
  30. 30. Version 7 section• brief discussion controlstransparency 31
  31. 31. Version 7 section 1. Strategic Transparency• brief discussion
  32. 32. Version 7 section1.1. International Standards• brief discussion
  33. 33. Version 7 section • brief discussion IPSASInternational Public Sector Accounting Standards
  34. 34. Version 7 section• brief discussion EITI Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
  35. 35. GFS Version 7 sectionGovernment Financial Statistics• brief discussion
  36. 36. Version 7 sectionMTEF Medium Term Expenditure• brief discussion Frameworks
  37. 37. Version 7 section 1.2 e-Procurement Portal• brief discussion
  38. 38. review Version 7 section• brief discussion vendorgovernment alerts tenders published tender results published 39
  39. 39. Version 7 section 1.3. Transparency Portal• brief discussion
  40. 40. review Version 7 section http://www.transparency.gov.tl • brief discussion 10 years of budget &financial data drill down through the chart of output in accounts RTF, Word, Excel, PDF, Text, XML, HTML 41
  41. 41. Version 7 section• brief discussion 2. Internal Controls
  42. 42. Version 7 section 2.1 Hierarchical Controls Version 7 section • brief discussion• Chart of Accounts (COA) is key within governments. Key control needs include: • Hierarchical – organizational, functional, project, budgetary • Multi-dimensional data access 43
  43. 43. Version 7 section 2.2 Reporting Version 7 section • brief discussion• Sophisticated reporting• Pro-active monitoring• Administrative and compliance needs 44
  44. 44. Version 7 section 2.3 Multiplesection Version 7 ControlsMultiple controls for the same activity • brief discussionor function
  45. 45. Version 7 section• brief discussion 3. Audit
  46. 46. Version 7 section 3.1 Activity Version 7 section• Same activity can vary within • brief discussion government ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) • Audit workflow based rules and procedures for conformity
  47. 47. Version 7 section 3.2 Roles Version 7 section• Roles and responsibilities • brief discussion • Separation of duties
  48. 48. Version 7 section 3.3 Traceability Version 7 section• Non- • brief discussion repudiation of data
  49. 49. Version 7 section• brief discussion 4. System Security
  50. 50. Version 7 section Paper Version 7 section• brief discussionPhysical Security- Lock and Key Authentication – Wax Seals andStamp
  51. 51. Version 7 section MainframesPhysical Security- Lock and Key • brief discussionAuthentication – User ID and Password
  52. 52. Version 7 Security Network section• brief discussion Identity Management Encryption High Availability
  53. 53. Version 7 section Internet Version 7 section• brief discussion Internal and External Site Firewalls Virtual Private Network (VPN) Secure Socket Layer
  54. 54. Version 7 section Cloud Version 7 section•Data Access Security brief discussionIdentity ManagementRegulatory ComplianceData Segregation
  55. 55. Version 7 section Security Details• brief discussion 56
  56. 56. VersionSecurity Data 7 section• Protect vital Government Data • brief discussion• Multiple layers of Encryption – Data – Traffic – Access
  57. 57. Version 7 sectionData Access Security• Data-based filtering system • Configurable • brief discussion • Standalone • Non-intrusive• Works jointly with Functional Classes
  58. 58. Data Access Security• Resides between the Business Logic Layer and the Client Side. DB DAL BLL User DAS
  59. 59. Version 7 sectionSecurity Dimension Types• Chart of Accounts Restriction• Hierarchical Domain • brief discussion• Domain Restriction• Literal Restriction
  60. 60. Version 7 section Secure Scripting– Support for server and client-side validation. • brief discussion– Strong access control.– Obfuscation of JavaScript enhances client-side security– Stripping of comments and whitespace– Industry standard SSL technology
  61. 61. Version 7 section• brief discussion5. Security Advantages of Open Source Middleware 62
  62. 62. Open Source Middleware• Who are the most vocal proponents of open source middleware software in the American government?• Answer: Department of Defense and Central Intelligence Agency• Why?• Answer: Because they can examine the source code of the middleware.• FreeBalance software is not open source so no one can examine your source code.
  63. 63. Conclusions• You can’t stop transparency• Can have transparency and security together• Public Financial Management and Governance focus• Electronic funds transfers reduces corruption opportunity

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