The Website-Which-Must-Not-Be-Named: Using Wikipedia to Teach Information Literacy Ilka Datig Instruction & Electronic Services Librarian Mary Baldwin College
What was the most controversialWikipedia entry in 2010, according to number of footnotes?
Organization• Introduction o Why we should use Wikipedia• Examples of classroom activities o Background information/brainstorming a topic o Evaluating credibility o Citations/References/Bibliography o Information production• Further reading• Q&A
Ubiquity• 6th most popular website in 2011 (Alexa)• Project Information Literacy: o 84% use for information-gathering for course- related research (Head & Eisenberg, 2009)• SOPA Blackout o “Oh. My. God. As soon as I need wikipedia for homework, it suddenly is „shut down‟. I HATE YOU WIKIPEDIA” (Tsukayama, 2012)
Class activities• My experience: one-credit Information Literacy courses• One-shot sessions – I‟d love to hear your advice!
Using W to find background information• Find and examine a page• Find and examine an entry from a published reference source (we use Credo Reference)• Compare!
Using W to find background information• “This article differs from the wiki article in that 1.) there is significantly more information offered on the subject and consequently 2.) many more references which makes the information much more credible”• “In this article, there were more detailed graphs and back-up information to support the topic.”• “This article differed from the wiki document in that it had empirical data, and a longer list of references. Wikipedia was more appealing to the readers eye, e.g. there were colorful pictures of generated structures of different biomolecules.”
Using W to find background information• Concept Map• Create a list of keywords
Using W to find background information• ACRL Standard One o “The information literate student determines the nature and extent of the information needed” (ACRL, 2000)• „Summarizations and not actual research‟ (Jennings, 2008, p. 435)
Evaluating Credibility• “Wikiality”?• Make an edit and see what sticks• ACRL Standard 3: o “The information literate student evaluates information and its sources critically and incorporates selected information into his or her knowledge base and value system.”
Citations/References/ Bibliography• Identify the type of source
Citations/References/ Bibliography• Follow linked sources• Explain how to find non-linked sources• ACRL Standard 2: o “The information literate student accesses needed information effectively and efficiently.”
Citations/References/ Bibliography• Evaluate the sources o Provide a checklist OR let students generate one• ACRL Standard 3: o “The information literate student evaluates information and its sources critically and incorporates selected information into his or her knowledge base and value system.”
Information Production• Edit an article o Stubs• Create an article• Synthesize sources o ACRL Standard 4: “The information literate student, individually or as a member of a group, uses information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose.”
Information Production• Troubleshooting o Some HTML knowledge is handy o Watch out for editors!• Long-term o Contribute to the Community Portal o Harness local knowledge!
Further Reading• Baker, Sarah. “A Place for Wikipedia or Putting Wikipedia in its Place.” New Horizons for Learning. Winter (2012): n.p. Web. 21 September 2012.• Head, Alison & Eisenberg, Michael. “How Today‟s College Students Use Wikipedia for Course-Related Research.” First Monday 15.3 (2010): n.p. Web. 21 September 2012.• Jennings, Eric. 2008. “Using Wikipedia to Teach Information Literacy.” College & Undergraduate Libraries. 15(4):432-437. Print.
Further Reading• Kraft, Michelle. “College Students Use of Wikipedia for Course Related Research”. The Krafty Librarian. N.p. 24 March 2010. Web. 21 September 2012.• Lorenzen, Michael. “Teaching with Wikipedia.” The Information Literacy Land of Confusion. N.p. 15 February 2008. Web. 21 September 2012.• Ludwig, Sarah. “Letting Go of Boolean Operators: Rethinking How Research Is Taught in Schools.” TechSource. ALA. 2 July 2012. Web. 21 September 2012.
Citations• Most controversial Wikipedia entries in 2010 (by number of footnotes): http://www.deseretnews.com/top/97/0/10- controversial-Wikipedia-topics.html• An Open Letter to Wikipedia by Philip Roth: http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/books/201 2/09/an-open-letter-to- wikipedia.html#ixzz25nx4uGsB• Head & Eisenberg‟s study of how college students seek info: http://projectinfolit.org/pdfs/PIL_Fall2009_Year1Rep ort_12_2009.pdf
Citations• List of most popular websites by Alexa: http://www.alexa.com/topsites• Student reaction to SOPA blackout by Tsukuyama: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/technolo gy/no-wiki-sopa-blackout-has-students-hitting-the- panic-button/2012/01/18/gIQAlS4Z8P_story.html• ACRL‟s Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education: http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationlitera cycompetency
Wikipedia• Helpful Wikipedia Links o Manual of style: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style o Information on stubs: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Stub o Community portal: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Community_portal
Image credits• 4eleven images @ Flickr• Ben Oh @ Flickr• Auntie P @ Flickr
Questions?Slideshare: The Website-Which-Must-Not-Be-Named: UsingWikipedia to Teach Information Literacyidatig@mbc.edu