Visual Storytelling, Part 1Photojournalism WorkshopInternews Ethiopia Ida C. Benedetto Addis Ababa, Ethiopia May 3-4, 2010
“It is not important if photographs are ’good.’ It’s important that they are interesting. What makes a photograph interesting? I’ll count the ways: It can be our first look at something. It can be entertaining. It can evoke deep emotions. It can be amusing or thrilling or intriguing. It can be proof of something. It can jog memories or raise questions. It can be beautiful. It can convey authority. Most often, it informs. And, it can surprise.” - John Loengard
Slowly communicate nuance as found through seeing the photograph many times or… Nuance LiseSarfati
In Santa Anita La Union, Guatemala, a community of ex-guerrillas who formed a farmer’s collective, women sort coffee beans for roasting. Vilma, right, had left the guerrilla army to find safety in Mexico when she became pregnant with Maria, leaning over her shoulder in the picture. Vilma’s lover died in combat shortly afterward. Layers of Meaning Ida C. Benedetto
Photojournalism can: Communicate Emotions and/or Facts Create an Emotional Connection with Viewer Establish a Visual Vocabulary Add Clarity, Nuance or Layers of Meaning Speak to a Cultural Context Set the Mood or Tone
Human Interest StoryClean Cut Human Interest IsiahEsipisu
Group Exercise Work in small groups Read your story Describe 3 to 5 photographs that would help report the story
Ethics Victims of Violence and Stigma Rights to Privacy Picture Manipulations Captions
Ethics: Victims of Violence & Stigma Public photographs can re-victimize people who have been through a violent event or are subjected to stigma. Consider what the journalistic merit of the photo is. Avoid sensationalism. A photograph should never harm the subject.
AIDS Stigma“If I Could See Your Face, I Would Not Need Food” AIDS Stigma "Beletu" /Eric Gottesman
Youth StigmaSharing Secrets: Children’s Portraits Exposing Stigma Mayra Hernandez, age 9, receives physical therapy at CIREC, a center that helps physically disabled children heal emotional trauma and learn to use prosthetics. YouthStigma Donna DeCesare
Colombia, 2004 "I lost my leg but also my father and my grandparents. Someone knocked on the door and my papa went to open it. But before he reached the door, a bomb exploded and the bricks fell on him. It killed him, but I didn't know because I fainted. My whole body was asleep. "People say that a guerrilla of the FARC [Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionaros de Colombia] left the bomb in the house next door to ours. If it was our neighbor, then she knew us. She left with her kids that morning, so they wouldn't get hurt. I don't know how she could do this knowing we were still there. They say it was because Vice President Francisco Santos was going to pass by. So when the soldiers who were bodyguards passed, the bomb exploded and some of them were injured. Some became deaf. But the ones killed were my papa and grandparents. "I didn't think anything at first. I didn't know my father was dead. I didn't know that my leg was mush. When they brought me to Bogot?, the doctors here told me that my leg was infected and it would kill me if they didn't amputate. "When they told me that, I didn't want to live. I told them to let me die. You feel like you are the only one. You think of all the things you can't do. "The surgeon who operated on me was very kind. She saved my life. The psychologist told me I could learn to walk again. She was right. Little by little you learn to do things again? New things, too. This weekend was the first time I was in a pool. I got in, and I learned to swim. It was fun. "It is important for children who don't have a leg or an arm to know that they are not alone. In Colombia, the sad reality is there are many children like me." YouthStigma Donna DeCesare
"Monica," age 16, stands before the door to her room in the brothel saloon where she lives and works. YouthStigma Donna DeCesare
Guatemala, 2001"I come from a very small village of peasants. Buses go there, but not many. It's a long, bumpy dirt road. There is no television in my village, only the radio."One of my uncles was in the army. But we were lucky the war didn't come to our village. My childhood was happy. I have no complaints. No bad things happened to me. Well, except that my father was a preacher and he abused all the girls in my family. He was drunk most of the time, and he beat my mom and us whenever he was drunk."The first time I was with a boy, it was a boy from the village. Luckily, I didn't get pregnant. My father would have killed me. I was 14. The boy wanted to marry me, but I don't want a man beating me like my father and telling me what to do. I don't want to be married ever. I would like to have children, but without a husband. They don't treat you well. "It was an older cousin of mine who brought me here when I was 15. I've been here a year and now my sister is here with me too. I didn't know what the work was at first. They told me I was going to be a waitress. It was hard to be with these men."But I earn 600 quetzaeles [$74.00] a month from the owner of the bar, and I live here in the back. I don't know what the men pay. They give the money to the owner and later he pays me."My sister and I speak our language when we don't want other people to know something. I never put on a mini skirt. I like my traditional dress."Dreams? I don't have any." YouthStigma Donna DeCesare
Ethics: Consent & Rights to Privacy The subject’s consent is required if a photograph is made in a private setting or discloses private facts about the subject. Informed consent means that the subject understands the full implications of their photograph being published.
“I hate you! Never come back to my house,” screamed the eight-year old at his father as police arrest the man for attacking his wife. Donna Ferrato, 1988
“They took the father to the cop car. I rode down to the station because I wanted to hear his side. As we were leaving, I said, ‘Ma’am, about that release…’ She said, ‘What magazine did you say you were from?’ ‘Life.’ She said, ‘I thought you were from Ebony. No way.’ … Back in New York, I developed that roll and knew that the boy shouting was the picture. When Peter Howe at Life saw it, he wanted it. But I didn’t have the release. A month later, I went back to Minneapolis to their home in the middle of a Saturday. The husband answered the door. I explained why I was there, and he said, ‘Come back and meet with my wife. She and I are back together.’ I couldn’t show them the picture; that’s magazine policy. But I Described the photo. ‘This is the toughest picture that anybody Will ever see about what a child really feels. People must understand what children go through when fathers beat their mothers.’ They signed the release.” Donna Ferrato, Witness in Out Time
Ethics: Captions Good captions add to a photograph without repeating it. Identify the main people in the photo. State when and where the photo was taken. The photographer or source of the images must always be credited.
Picture Manipulations Setting up shots, cropping out important elements, or digitally manipulating images beyond basic density and color correction constitutes misrepresenting reality.
Beirut after air attack, 2006 Adnan Hajj / Reuters
Photo manipulation appeared in 2004 as Senator John Kerry was running in the primaries for the Democratic presidential candidate. John Kerry preparing to give a speech at the Register for Peace Rally held in Mineola, New York, in June 1971. Ken Light Jane Fonda speaking at a political rally in Miami Beach, Florida, in August 1972. Owen Franken
Was her body moved for the photograph? Carlos Garcia Rawlins/ReutersJan Grarup /Noor Images Port au Prince Haiti - Tuesday 19.In the central part of the capital looting is getting worse. Desperate people rob all the stores and warehouses they can get close to.Police try to maintain law and order but can not control the increasing crowds. 15 year old Fabienne lies dead on the roof of a building shoot in the head by Police while looting a warehouse. she stole some frames with pictures of flowers. (caption from Noor Images)
“The contemplation of things as they are without error or confusion is in itself a nobler thing than a whole harvest of invention.” Francis Bacon
This presentation is licensed Creative Commons. Ida C. Benedetto www.idaimages.com Idaimages@gmail.com