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The Hope FOundation Annual Report 08/09
 

The Hope FOundation Annual Report 08/09

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The Hope Foundation Annual Report

The Hope Foundation Annual Report

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    The Hope FOundation Annual Report 08/09 The Hope FOundation Annual Report 08/09 Document Transcript

    • The Hope Foundation Overview 2008/2009
    • 43% of India’s population An estimated 400,000 live in slums Indian children (1999 CU) under five years of age die each year due to diarrhoea (UNICEF) Contents Design Anja Bondø Text Ida bondø, Paulami De Sarkar and the HOPE team Photo: William Lee-Wright and the Hope Foundation Chapter 1 - About The Organisation .................................................7 Chapter 2 - India’s children ............................................................10 Chapter 3 - Health Care .................................................................13 Chapter 4 - Education ....................................................................20 47 % of India’s children 267 million people in drop out of school India lives below the Chapter 5 - Protection ...................................................................27 before grade 5 national poverty line (2004 DISE) (2005 WB) Chapter 6 - Gender, Skill Development & Income Generation ..........35 Chapter 7 - Volunteers & Visitors ....................................................39 Chapter 8 - Events .........................................................................40 Chapter 9 - Funding Details ............................................................43 Chapter 10 - Details of The Hope Foundation .................................45 It is estimated that More than 122 million only 30% of the rural households in India are Indian population has without toilets (UNICEF) access to improved water sources (2009 Thirst Relief International)Cover photo:The Nonadanga slum settlement was badly hit by cyclone Aila in May09. 300 huts were damaged, all electricity was cut off and the school wasdestroyed. HOPE provided emergency relief to the slum-dwellers.
    • The Director, Hope Foundation Ireland Welcome to the 2009/2010 Annual HOPE Foundation overview “It should never hurt to be a child” Despite the downturn in the world economy, The Hope Foundation was again in a fortunate position to meet all maureen forrest our commitments as a donor, which has enabled us to sustain our work, supporting our beneficiaries in our many projects. This was only made possible by the generosity of the general public, our various private and corporate donors, Irish Aid and the huge commitment of our staff and many volunteers. The Hope Foundation launched its UK Branch last October. This new office has already held a number of fund- raising initiatives in the UK to expand the charity’s reach and bring its message to a wider audience. Visits to the projects have been made by ambassadors Ambassador Andrea Catherwood and Patron Christopher Biggins and also by many members of the Board. As the global financial crisis deepens, many governments are now unable to keep their promises on aid and will not reach their Millennium Goals of 0.7% of Gross National Income to Official Development Assistance (ODA) by 2012. We are in fact likely to see cuts in ODA with analysts predicting anything from a few percentage points to cuts of as much as one third of current aid levels. Cutting the aid budget is wrong, as it hits the most vulnerable in our society, the poorest of the poor and will of course affect our work. Until recently, the general consensus was that the economy would pick up again this year or next, but this now seems unlikely. The global financial crisis is having a huge negative impact on all our personal lives but unfortu- nately those suffering most are again the most marginalised in our society. There are many injustices in the world but few are as harsh as a child’s future stolen; a child denied their basicThe Basanti colony is home to rights to a birth certificate, food, shelter, education and love and instead forced to endure a life of child-labour or2,400 children. At the moment trafficked into a life of child prostitution, the simple truth is: “It should never hurt to be a child”.Hope & partner SPAN is supporting120 children in their coaching cen- For people to have to live in abject poverty in the slums and on the streets in grinding hopeless poverty is an assaulttre and 60 children in the crèche. on all our senses and is a gross injustice. We in the west can escape it by boarding a plane for a ten hour flight to our cocooned world of comfort. I never get over the huge yawning gulf I encounter on my visits, between the rich of this world and the poor. The work must go on. No words can express my gratitude to each and every one of you for your support. Your continued help is needed now more than ever. Please help us to continue our work for the children. Every Blessing and Good Wish to all. Kindest Regards Maureen Forrest Director 4 5
    • Chapter 1 about the hope foundation The Hope Foundation, a leading organization founded in Kolkata in 1999, has been working to achieve sustainable development among poor communities Objectives: living in the city of Kolkata and surrounding areas. Through its field • Provide shelter, nutrition, education and health care programmes, training and research, the focus has always been on the services to vulnerable children in order to ensure the education of children, the health of women and children, child nutrition and survival, development, participation and protection development, adolescent issues and mainstreaming street children through of these children. education. • Achieve positive health and nutrition status for these women and children. The Hope Foundation focuses on training the staff of local NGOs in • Promote change in the community by developing administrative and management skills necessary to successfully run an NGO. positive health actions and educational actions The foundation is also engaged in emergency relief operations. achieving sustainable growth • Ensure quality of life for the most vulnerable section of the society. Mission: • Sensitise the local government about the health, The Hope Foundation is committed to education and protection needs of the community and develop effective relationships at different levels. the development of underprivileged and vulnerable children and persons Areas of Work: living in difficult circumstances. It acts • Child Protection • Child Education as a facilitator through procurement • Reproductive and Child Health Care of funds, staff capacity enhancement, • Primary Health Care • Mental Health Care technical support and social, economic • Emergency Health Care • Anti Trafficking Measures and spiritual development where • HIV/AIDS Awareness and Protection necessary. • Care and Support for PLWHA • Income Generation and Vocational Training • Capacity Building Training and Workshop • Monitoring and Evaluation • Advocacy and NetworkingAmongst the poor in India it iscommon that children take careof each other whilst the parentsare out working as day labourers.These children need so all the helpHOPE can provide. 6 7
    • about the hope foundationThe Hope Foundation Implementing PartnerOrganogram and Chart organisations:Hope Kolkata Foundation is the implementing 1) Hope Kolkata Foundation- HKF 9) Mohammadbazar Backwardclass agency of The Hope Foundation. It is committed 2) Society for People’s Awareness Development Society- MBBCDSto ensuring an acceptable quality of life for the and Action- SPAN 10) Bhoruka Public Welfarevarious vulnerable sections of the society. The 3) Society for Educational and Trust- BPWTHope Kolkata Foundation (HKF) was established in Envi ronmental Development- SEED 11) Society for Indian ChildrenFebruary 1999 for the protection and development 4) Mayurbhanj Joint Citizen Welfare- SICWof children on the street and in difficult Centre- MJCC 12) Rehabilitation Centre Forcircumstances. 5) HIVE India- HIVE Children- RCFC 6) All Bengal Women’s 13) Jayaprakash Institute of Union- ABWU Social Change- JPISC 7) Paschim Banga Krira O 14) Mukti Rehabilitation Centre/ Janakalyan Porishad- PBKOJP Iswar Sankalpa - MRC 8) Halderchawk Chetana Welfare 15) Arunima Hospice – AH Society- HCWS 16) Human Rights Law Network – HRLN HOPE FOUNDATION Ireland Office Project Management, HOPE FOUNDATION HOPE LIAISON OFFICE HOPE FOUNDATION Monitoring & Germany Office INDIA UK Office Evaluation Unit of Hope Foundation in India. The Hastings bridge give shelter to families who have nowhere else to go. Project 15 Implementing Voulanters & Hope Kolkata Implementation Unit Local partner NGOs Interns Foundation of Hope Foundation in India 8 9
    • Chapter 2 INDIA’S CHILDRENIndia’s EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT Child labour Children with disabilitieschildren - It is estimated that between 40-60% of children India has the largest number of working children According to government estimates, one in every in the 6-14 age group are out of school. in the world. Estimates on the magnitude of child 10 children is born with, or acquires, a physical, - About 40% of children drop out of school before labour vary from approximately 11.28 million mental or sensory disability. So India could have they reach Class V. (Census of India. 1991) to 23.2 million estimated 12 million disabled children. It is estimated that - 54% of children drop out of school before they by the International Labour Organisation. The 75% of the disabilities are preventable. Official complete their elementary education. Of them, government admits that about 2 million children agencies estimate that only 1% of children with 51% are boys and 59% girls. are employed in hazardous industries, occupations disabilities have access to education. It is unfor-India has 375 million children, more than any WHO IS A CHILD? RESOURCE ALLOCATION FOR CHILDREN - Enrolment rate at the primary level is 88%: 98% and processes. Other unofficial sources estimate tunate that society continues to treat disabilityother country in the world. Their condition has im- The Convention on the Rights of the Child, which Legal and programmatic commitments have to be for boys and 81% for girls. The enrolment rate at 100 million working children in the country. with apathy or at best pity, on the one hand, andproved in the last five decades, with child survival India has ratified, defines children as persons matched by financial commitments, as reflected in the middle level drops to There are about 74.4 million children, according revulsion on the other. In spite of recognition ofrates up, school dropout rates down, and several below the age of 18. However, in India there the national and provincial budgets. The alloca- 59% - 67% for girls and 50% for boys. to the National Labour Institute, who are neither the need to make special efforts for the physicallypolicy commitments made by the government at are several different definitions of the child. The tion and spending of adequate financial resources - As far back as 1962, the Kothari Commission had enrolled in schools nor accountable for in the and mentally challenged, the efforts have beenthe national and international levels. Resource Census of India defines children as those below on children, although not the only indicator, is an recommended a minimum of 6% of the GNP as labour force. These are all potential child labourers. inadequate.allocations by the State, however, remain quite the age of 14. But social scientists include females important reflection of the government’s commit- allocation for education. Four decades later, our The 45% of children who are out of school areinadequate to take care of the survival and health- in the age group of 15-19 years in the girl-child ment. allocation for education is a mere 3.5%. also prospective child labourers. Text:care needs of infants and children, their education, demographic data. A HAQ-Centre for Child study indicates an increase - 12% of primary schools have only one teacher, Paulami De Sarkardevelopment and protection. India has made some According to the Constitution of India (Article 23), in allocation and spending on children over the 58% had only two rooms, 60% had leaking Street children Programme Managersignificant commitments towards ensuring the no child below the age of 14 must be employed in last decade. However, this rise is from 0.6% at the roofs, and only 25% of teachers were found India has the dubious distinction of having the Hope Foundationbasic rights of children. There has been progress, a factory or mine or engaged in any other hazard- beginning of the last decade to 1.2% of the Union teaching. largest population of street children. Streetbut the issue of Child Rights in India is still caught ous employment. Article 45 says that the State Budget in 1998-99. Thus, for every Rs 100 spent children suffer from destitution, neglect, abuse andbetween legal and policy commitments to children will provide free and compulsory education to all by the Union Government of India, only Rs 1.20 PROTECTION AND RIGHTS exploitation. It is estimated that in urban areason the one hand, and the fallout of the process of children up to the age of 14. was, on an average, spent on children in the last There are children who are particularly disadvan- alone there are 11 million children on the streets.globalization on the other. The legal conception of a child varies, however. The decade! The highest percentage spent by the Gov- taged because of their social, economic, physical Of them 420,000 street children live in the sixWith State support to the social sector being age of majority is 18 years for girls and 21 years ernment in a single year was Rs 1.80 in 1997-98. or mental condition. These children are placed metropolitan cities of the country. The problemsystematically reduced, more than 360 million for boys under the Indian Majority Act. On the This declined to Rs 1.60 in 1998-99. under the category of children under special or of destitution persists in the country in spite ofpeople, about 36% of the population (1999-2000 other hand, under the Indian Penal Code, the age difficult circumstances. The following groups of a network of institutional and non-institutionalstatistics) are living below the poverty line, though of sexual consent for girls is 16 years. These dif- SURVIVAL AND HEALTH CARE children have been included in this category by the programmes, and services being provided by thethe government estimates this figure at 26%. It is ferent age-specifics under different laws confound - Of every 1,000 children born in a year, 48 die Government of India: government and voluntary organisations.estimated that women and children account for the very definition of a child. within 28 days of birth. The incidence is much • Children in labour73% of those below the poverty line. The cuts in The Committee on the Rights of the Child says in higher in the rural areas: 52 child deaths at birth. • Slum and migrant childrenthe social sector are therefore bound to have a di- its Concluding Observations of January 2000: “In - There are not enough beds to accommodate the • Street children Child prostitutesrect impact on the lives of children. More than 75 light of Article 1, the Committee is concerned that 25 million annual births. • Children who are neglected or treated as Over the years there has been an increase in themillion children continue to suffer from malnutri- the various age limits set by the law are not in - One in 13 infants dies before reaching the age juvenile offenders number of child prostitutes. Government of Indiation, in spite of buffer food stocks, because of the accordance with the general principles and other of one year. • Children who are physically or mentally estimates put the number at 400,000. Accordingabeyance of an equitable distribution system and provisions of the Convention. Of particular concern - One in nine children dies before reaching the age challenged to UNICEF, almost 15% of prostitutes enter thethe withdrawal of the public distribution system. to the Committee is the very low age of criminal of five. (This figure corresponds to official figures • Destitute children in need of adoption profession before the age of 15, and 25% enterSocio-economic factors must also be taken into ac- responsibility under the Penal Code, which is set for 1961.) • Drug addicts between 15-18. A number of children in prostitu-count. The girl-child has a lower status in India and at seven years; and the possibility of trying boys - Approximately 70% of infant deaths occur in the • Children in prostitution tion are children of prostitutes.enjoys fewer rights, opportunities and benefits of between 16 and 18 years as adults. The Commit- first week of life. • Children of prostitutes Furthermore, three out of four rape victims arechildhood as compared to the boy-child. The boy- tee is concerned that there is no minimum age for - Acute Lower Respiratory Infection (ALRI) • Children of prisoners minors. In the last 10 years, rape of minors belowchild has first right on family and community re- sexual consent for boys. The Committee is further continues to claim15-20% of infant deaths, • Refugee children 16 has accounted for more than 25% of the totalsources. The girl-child is also neglected in matters concerned that minimum-age standards are poorly especially in the first three or four months of life. rape cases and rape of children below the age ofof feeding and health care. The dietary consump- enforced (e.g. the 1929 Child Marriages Restraint - 380,000 deaths occur each year due to Vitamin In spite of the achievements in health, nutrition 10 years increased by 10%. Incestuous rape is thetion data of the National Nutrition Monitoring Act).” A, iron and iodine deficiencies. 210,000 children and education, the government admits that the commonest form of sexual abuse.Bureau (NNMB) suggests that the girl in the age are born cretins, or turn blind at pre-school age. special needs and rights of children in difficultgroup 13-15 years consumes less than two-thirds - Every year 700,000-800,000 children die from a circumstances have remained “subdued” in theof the recommended calorie intake. She remains preventable disease, like diarrhoea. larger framework of meeting other basic needs ofintellectually underdeveloped, being denied the - In a country that has buffer stocks of food grains, children. The National Plan of Action emphasisesopportunity to attend school. Most tragically, the nearly 75 million children below the age of 5 the need for tackling the root causes of such situ-girl-child in India is unwanted and considered a years are malnourished. ations. The major constraint in providing services isliability by her own family. Marriage is considered - 45% of children below three are severely and the paucity of reliable data on children in difficulta priority as soon as she attains puberty. chronically malnourished. circumstances. Some of the data that is available isChildren are also the main targets of the labour - Only 44% of children have completed the as follows, but it must be remembered that thesemarket. They can be hired at much lower wages immunisation schedule. A massive 14% have not data are guess-estimates and projections:than adults. Many of India’s children are forced received a single vaccine.into the labour market when they are only threeyears old! 10 11
    • 46% of India’s children under Chapter 3 the age of three years old are Health care malnourished (2009 UNICEF) Project Name of the Partnering NGOS Primary Health Care HKF, HIVE, SEED, SPAN, MJCC, PBKOJP Emergency Response Project HIVE, HKF Community Based Intervention for Homeless Mentally Ill Mukti Rehabilitation Centre Counselling for Mental Health ABWU Dance Therapy ABWU Observation & Screening Centre ABWU Hospital for Underprivileged Children HKF Rehabilitation of Orthopaedically Handicapped Children RCFC Hospice for HIV infected and affected children Arunima Hospice It is estimated that about one third of the popula- The health project was originally conceived 30 000 tion of Kolkatas 14 million people live in slums, through the observations of Hope Foundation 25 000 three-quarters of the Kolkata slum population are partners on the health status of street and slum 20 000 below the poverty line (2003, UN Global Report). dwellers. The six partners of The Hope Foundation The goal of The Hope Foundation’s health care began conducting research through focus group 15 000 programme is to improve the health status of the discussions and baseline surveys to discover the 10 000 street and slum dwelling population within their real needs of the communities they served. 5 000 operational areas in Kolkata and its surroundings. Hope Foundation is working with different Govern- The research found that there are a number of 0 ment and Non-Government Organisations in order factors contributing to the low health status of Adult patiens Child patients to contribute to the health indicators set in MDGs. the street and slum communities: Male 8 011 12 707 Female 29 924 15 572 • Overwhelming poverty; These factors not only slow down progress made • Limited access to clean drinking water to improve living conditions of those people but in • Lack of proper sanitation The Primary Healthcare Project is now running some cases also inhibit it. • Lack of basic hygiene in its second year. Implemented by Hope and the • Close living conditions spread six local partner organisations (funded by Irish With regards to the primary health care objectives, communicable diseases Aid), this programme spans across 24 wards the Hope Foundation works towards increasing • Migrant nature of this population and 2 Gram Panchayats affecting 34 street, slum access to healthcare facilities, improving water and • Extreme climatic conditions and other resistant but vulnerable communities. sanitation facilities and improving health aware- • High illiteracy rates Major components of this project include: ness. Reduction of child and maternal mortalities, • Poor knowledge on what healthcare • Curative and emergency Health support prevention of HIV, malaria and other diseases can services are available and; Limited access through static and mobile clinics. only be achieved by creating a base of improved to healthcare services available • Preventive health support through primary health care facilities and increasing the awareness generation and Community awareness levels of our underprivileged popula- All the factors listed above render even pre-exist- Health Group formation.At the Howrah clinic 1772 patients tion. ing government services inaccessible to these com- • Construction and maintenance ofwere seen to over the past year. munities, and as a consequence the basic health drinking water and sanitation facilities. needs of these people have not been met. • Networking and advocacy building PRIMARY HEALTH resulting in improved accessibility for One of the major factors contributing to the low people to existing government health CARE health status of street and slum dwellers is directly services. PROGRAMME related to the low level of health awareness pres- ent. Poor hygienic standards and malnourishment The aim of this project is to provide addi- Encompassing the World Health Organisation’s are affecting people’s ability to fight off sickness, tional services to strengthen the existing health (WHO) Declaration of Alma Ata (WHO 1978) and and poor drug compliances and low levels of services being provided by the government of recent Primary Health Care: A Framework for immunization are ensuring that the communicable West Bengal with three main objectives outlined Future Strategic Directions (WHO 2003), we define diseases remain prevalent. The lack of knowl- below: primary health care as: edge on reproductive and sexual health, and the • The provision of accessible and equitable Socially appropriate, universally accessible, and misinformation often found in these communities, healthcare clinics with scientifically sound first level care provided by is leading to a rise in STDs. It also has a negative • Improved health awareness a suitably trained workforce. Primary health care impact on health status of mother and child with • Improved access to water and should be supported by integrated referral systems a high numbers of home births and low levels of sanitation facilities. and in a way that gives priority to those in most ante-natal (ANC) and post-natal care (PNC). need, it should maximise community and indi- vidual self-reliance and participation and include collaboration with other sectors. 12 13
    • Health care: PRIMARY HEALTH CARE PROGRAMME count. Overall, 5,728 people attended the training • A blood donation camp was organized with a • In the Nareldanga area, one of the partnersHealthcare Clinics: Case studies: sessions, this is a significant rise in numbers Partner organization of Hope who specializes in has identified and motivated 20 youths to takeThrough these clinics Hope aims to bring basic Mashumita Panga, a nine-year-old girl was Health Awareness and from the previous year and show that as people such events and is funded by the government, so part in an initiative by the Kolkata Police Author-healthcare and healthcare awareness to the slum found near the CTC bus stand at Howrah station Community Health Groups: are becoming more aware of health issues and if any crisis occurs blood will be available in the ity: Green Police. The aim of this programme isand street dwelling populations. They will thus by a social worker of a partner organization The Hope Foundation is continuously strengthen- their primary health rights, they gradually start communities. to involve local youths in maintaining law andbecome more aware of other NGO facilities and working in the area. Mashumita was found in the ing the voice of our partner organizations through taking a bigger interest in being able to support order in their communities. The youths haveGovernment run healthcare institutions. roadside with her father, a migrant worker. She regular funding as well as facilitating advocacy • Networking with the Calcutta Lions Bimal received training from Kolkata Police and may their communities. Over the past year14,609Hope and its partners are now running 35 clinics had been injured when she was six-years-old and meetings and workshops. Poddar Eye Hospital resulted in free eye check also have the opportunity in the future to join people attended the 256 Awareness Camps and ups for people in Banderpatti and Bedford the police force. This initiative gives the youthsin these communities. The clinics have provided had lost her eyesight at that stage. As the family is in addition 14,363 people attended the 143 CHGquality health care through diagnosis, treatment very poor they never had the opportunity to take Lane. 219 were diagnosed with eye problems, status within their communities and a voice At local level, this programme empowers its campaigns held in the communities. most of which were given special discounts on within a civic body.and medication to 66,214 patients including Madhumita to a doctor. The social worker who Community Health Groups (CHGs) to progress the spectacles and those with cataract were oper-37,935 adult and 28,279 child patients. Among had spotted her asked her to come to the Howrah development of health seeking behaviour in its Healthcare is a basic human right and we help ated on. • One of the partner organizations hasthe adult patient population, 8,011 are male and clinic where she was given some initial basic medi- community through conducting health awareness societies to realise this by supporting the CHGs conducted advocacy meetings with the local29,924 are female. Among the total child patient cine and referred to a govt. hospital. After talks events and camps at least once a quarter and in educating their communities. This is done • Networking with Manipal Health Systems panchayat working in the area who appreciatedpopulation, 12,707 boys and 15,572 girls have with the father to inform him of the situation, the through its efforts to improve the health of 300 through events and campaigns organized by resulted in cardiac camp for children in Panditya. this effort and asked the organization to attendbeen treated through these clinics. girl was sent to Howrah hospital. At Howrah she households in its community each year. CHGs, involving the community and helping an administrative meeting with them. This led was again referred, this time to Calcutta Medical At national level, the CHG’s participate in develop- slum dwellers access health services. •In Mothertala, an unregistered slum, inhabit- to the Integrated Child Development SupervisorThis trend follows that of the initial year of project College and Hospital, which renders specialized ment through organising their events to coincide ants do not have a recognized address and as (ICDS), Shyamoli Ahmed, to express her wish toinitiation and shows these developments: hospital services to all individuals. She was seen by with the Government National Health Days, e.g. One of the major issues the CHGs works on is such cannot seek government identity cards. In cooperate in future activities- like immunization• ommunities are still more aware and C a specialist consultant which advised Madhumita National Aids Day. This has a two-tier effect in light of this, it is almost impossible for pregnant of children, mid-day meals etc. Now the orga- based around reproduction, and as such social conscious of the girl’s health. As a result should not only be admitted to the hospital, but women to avail of the JSY scheme. Advocacy nization identifies the malnourished children that the CHG’s and communities become aware of workers visit households to ensure complete the number of girls attending the clinic also treated free of cost. After a successful opera- conducted with the Borough office has resulted within the community and sends them to the what the government sees as its health priori- antenatal check ups and postnatal check ups. in them providing a special form for inhabitants local ICDS where they are provided with the and receiving treatment, is still higher tion Madhumita obtained her eyesight back, after ties, and it also helps the government to reach These visits are designed to educate expectant which ensures that even though they do not regular mid-day meal.than the boys. three years of nothingness she was yet again able people that in the past it couldn’t due to the mothers about care needed during pregnancy have the relevant documentation, they can still• These statistics also reveal that women are to see the world around her. A BLP certificate was lack of resources. In effect this component of the and possible danger signs. The Janani Suraksha benefit from the scheme. The CHVs are respon- • The organization has also developed an ef- steadily becoming more aware of their applied for on her behalf, this entitles her to medi- project bridges the gap between slum dwellers Yojona ( JSY) scheme provides women with post sible for helping people fill out these forms and fective partnership with ICDS centers. There are own health rights. They have started cines free of cost from the hospital. Madhumita is and government and ensures both are working and ante-natal care and support. The incorpora- will be able to do so long after the completion many poor patients identified with tuberculosis taking care of their own health; this is currently in good form and is being followed up by side by side to improve the health status of the tion of the JSY into the health awareness com- of this programme. within the community. The organization helps reflected in the number of women the social worker. population. ponent of this programme has greatly improved the patients to get regular Direct Observation attending the clinics. women’s realization that healthcare is a human • The organization intervening in the Mothertala Treatment (DOT) from Govt. hospitals, the orga-• omen and children are primarily the W Tumpa Mondol, a 22-years-old female resident 51 CHGs have been formed in different parts of right and as such is available to them. JSY camps area has worked to identify partially immunized nization works with ICDS centers and provides major focus of the programme and the of Chetla lockgate area came to the clinic, of a the field areas. Each CHG consists of four adult children and contacted with M. R Bangur Govt. nutrition to patients who are suffering from TB have been organized to motivate pregnant above figures confirm that the women partner organization of Hope, seeking treatment males, four adult females, two girls and two boys; Hospital are now providing vaccination of these and are under DOT treatment. women to deliver their babies in hospitals, and children. have access to the clinics and are using for her baby. The social worker noticed she had a Community Health Volunteers (CHV). to minimize mother and infant mortality through them on a regular basis. shaved and bandaged head. After initial talks with • The Primary Health Care team of one of the The CHG are trained on the same topics as are regular check ups in govt. institutions. • KMUHO are a government sponsored health- partners of Hope was invited to an Eye Donation Tumpa it was discovered she had suffered from targeted through he awareness camps and Efforts are being made to form motherhood care provider with a specific remit in the area of Seminar at the premises of the Sambhunath a brain tumour some four years ago. The tumour campaigns. They have been provided with intense groups that can encourage the young pregnant immunization. KMUHO (a government spon- Pandith Hospital, with the objective of network-The clinic has monitored the illness profile had been operated at that time, medical advice and effective training on basic hygiene, nutrition, mothers to access these facilities. sored healthcare provider) has been motivated ing with the local civil society to demolishof the patients. The following reveals table had been given that she should stay in a govt. drug compliance, immunisation, first aid, seasonal to hold a general health clinic in Basanti colony blindness and was honored with a Memento forreveals some of the issues dealt with: run institution. The problems arose as her family illnesses, sexual health and reproductive health. In terms of supporting communities to gain after highlighting the need in this locality. combined intervention in coming future. does not have enough financial assets to pay for Social workers have done regular awareness access to resources for local development, Through follow up visits it had been learnt that medication let alone the cost of a nursing home camps and campaigns in collaboration with the Hope collaborates with the Kolkata Municipal the people of this community are now actively and had brought Tumpa back to Chetla with them. CHG in order to increase awareness and sensitivity Corporation (KMC) to involve the communi- availing of the healthcare facility. From closer check-ups it was found that Tumpa to these issues in the community. ties in identifying existing needs for water and was suffering from worm manifestation around sanitation facilities. Water and Sanitation (W&S) the area where her brain had been operated. After committees have been created and are working repeated requests from clinic staff that she should with local councils for the maintenance of new again be admitted to hospital, her husband finally and existing facilities. This not only ensures com- agreed and she was admitted to Chittaranjan munities have access to resources, but is a good Hopsital. The social workers have been following Attendance of Community Health Volunteers in training: tool for local development and generating basic up with the hospital and medication was paid for health awareness. So far 33 new latrine systems 07/08 08/09 by the foundation. and 8 new tube wells where constructed in dif- ferent slum areas in 08/09. Adult Males 933 1,014 ISSUE ADULTS CHILDREN TOTAL Adult Females 1,954 2,297 Networking with the Health Depart- ments of West Bengal: A good work- Adolescent Boys 1,047 1,030 Respiratory infections 7,580 9,763 17,343 Adolescent Girls 1,239 1,381 ing relationship with govt. run institu- Tuberculosis 58 41 99 tions is vital to Hope’s work in Kolkata. Cardiovascular infections 2,932 55 2,987 Here are dome of the outcomes this Malnutrition 766 711 1,477 years outcomes: Attendance at awareness camp and events: Gastrointestinal infections 7,311 5,195 12,506 07/08 08/09 •In Chetla area, it was found that the clinics of Skin diseases 5,714 6,346 12,060 Hope coincided with those of Calcutta Rescue Gynae/obstetrical 3,398 95 3,493 (CR). As such the clinics at Chetla was put to a Adult Males 2,932 1,522 Referrals to govt run institutions 6,787 1,751 8,538 halt as the government of West Bengal funds Adult Females 8,388 8,549 CR, and it is a more sustainable option to keep CR for their clinics. Adolescent Boys 1,840 1,337 Adolescent Girls 2,787 2,578Within the year 8,538 patients have been referred to government run health care institutions by the doctors and nurses. Social workers have developed agood and effective rapport with these health institutions. The health staff also follows up on all the cases referred. These tables clearly show that a greater number of females attend awareness camps and training sessions when compared to their male counterparts. 14 15
    • Health care: HOSPITAL AND POLYCLINIC FOR POOR,EMERGENCY HEALTH MENTAL HEALTH UNDERPRIVILEGEDCARE PROGRAMME CARE PROGRAMME CHILDRENThe Emergency Response Unit (ERU) works 400,000 mentally ill homeless people in India. Counselling Project: There is a specialtowards networking between the local police sta- They are often seen, in various states of mental counselling training unit and observation and psy- The Hope Hospital, funded by Weight Watchers sugar, haemoglobin, blood group, lipid profile, cho-tions and hospitals and rehabilitation centres. The distress and physical abuse, around railway sta- chometric testing for the children. The Counselling Ireland, is now running in its second year. It aims lesterol, triglycerides, billirubin, AST and ALT haveERU responds to people in crisis and in need of tions, bus stands, pilgrim centres and on street Programme aims at providing special support to to make basic health care services available to been performed for patients. In addition to theany kind of physical and psychological emergency corners. They are some of the invisible people, destitute traumatized children in difficult circum- poor underprivileged children in Kolkata. above mentioned, the hospital also contains is alsosupport. It runs 24 hrs a day, 365 days a year. This often separated from or neglected by their families. stances, who are residents of the protection home a x-ray department equipped with modern instru-project includes the rescue of abandoned children, Nine out of 10 mentally ill people have diagnos- – Children’s Welfare Home. The overall objective of The hospital’s In-Patient services include 30 beds, ments, a qualified radiologist and technicians.trafficked children and women, injured individuals able and treatable mental disorders. As a result of the project is to ensure proper rehabilitation and an operating theatre, recovery room, sister’s roomson the street in need of emergency treatment and treatments and services being difficult to access, mainstreaming of the children and young girls of and nursing stations. Specialised doctors and nurs- Achievements:mentally ill people on the street. Psychological MRC started Project Naya Daur as a community the Children’s Welfare Home. es are on hand to provide constant supervision of • 152 patients have been admitted to the support, hospitalisation and treatment for the poor based care and support programme for the home- patients. Both In-Patients and Out-Patients can all hospital In-Patient department.and homeless is provided to these individuals if less mentally ill in Kolkata. The specific focus of Dance Therapy - Dance for Healing, access different specialist consultant doctors: Child • 46 patients have gone through specialisedrequired. The project also includes repatriation of the project for the period was to initiate the care Self-expression & Rehabilitation: Specialist, General Physician, General Medicine, surgeries and treatment in the hospitalthe rescued victims and follow-ups to ensure there and treatment of the beneficiaries of the project, Many of the children coming to the Children’sis no fallback. mobilize community resources and simultaneously Welfare Home have experienced severe trauma, Cardiologist, ENT Specialist, Gynaecologist, Ortho- • 4,041 patients have been provided with continue with the baseline survey and community a substantial number are mentally challenged paedics Specialist, Surgeons and Dermatologist. treatment through the Out-PatientAnother component entails developing an effective resource mapping for the care and treatment of while several require psychiatric treatment. These Poor patients avails the services from the hospital’s Departmentnetworking and referral system. The project re- the patients. children do not avail from traditional counsel- Out-Patients Department as it gives them access to • 2,441 patients, have received pathological sponds to the emergency calls from the Police, Fire ling. In most cases they do not have the ability to basic healthcare which they would otherwise not testsBrigade and clubs and other key stakeholders. They Challenges faced on this project: understand or benefit from talking to a counsellor be able to access. • 205 patients have received ECGare networking with 31 other local NGO’s, GO’s, • obile nature of the patients M as they lack the ability of normal reasoning. It was • 781 patients have used the X-ray facilities.Clubs, and Institutions, Police Stations and Fire • ack of a mobile mental health unit L therefore decided by experts that non-traditional The hospital also consists of a fully equipped Pa- • The hospital has organised 19Brigade stations for referral services. In fact, the • ack of community motivation and L forms of counselling must be provided for these thology Department; a qualified team is available Immunization Camps for children,projects is successfully running under all 48 Police responsibility children. Dance therapy is one of the methods including an experienced pathologist, biochemist including children suffering fromStations of Kolkata Police and District (North and • he absence of family members willing to T used to counsel the special children who are un- and laboratory technician. To date, tests for blood HIV and AIDS.South 24 parganas) Police stations of West Bengal provide support able to follow regular methods of therapy.Police adjacent to Kolkata Metropolitan city. • oor physical conditions of mentally ill P patients forcing the project to take care of Observation & Screening for ImprovingOver the past year the ERU responded to 426 patients general health needs first, the Mental Health Status of Children:emergency calls, out of which 388 cases were fol- • complicated legal process is required A The Children’s Welfare Home of ABWU provideslowed up for further intervention. 17 were sent to to ensure the admittance of a patient to a housing to children who mainly come there fromrehabilitation homes for psychiatric treatments, as government mental hospital. government shelters and homes with court direc-they were mentally ill people living on street. Out tives and also through the Juvenile Justice Board.of 222 cases hospitalised, 133 were restored back Activities: Many of these children are suffering from mentalwith their families, 40 were placed with rehabilita- • dentify homeless mentally ill people. I traumas when they come to the home due to fam-tion centres/halfway homes, and finally 16 people • rovide emergency hospitalisations of 50 P ily conflicts, or because they have been abandonedare still undergoing treatments at hospitals. There patients. or lost. These are the main factors responsible foris a separate Crisis Intervention Unit for girls and • rovide essentials like food and clothing. P the children’s personality and behavioural prob-boys. Here they provide support to the rescued • un two Drop In Centres for providing R lems. These are therefore the major areas observedchildren and provides them with emergency necessary care and treatment to mentally when formulating rehabilitation strategies. Thetreatment. After which a councillor is brought in ill people. Observation and Screening Centre sets out to useto work with the child so any child in need can be • reat 300 homeless mentally ill people. T a panel of psychiatrists, counsellors and psycholo-rehabilitated. • epatriation of homeless mentally ill R gists, to whom the cases may be referred. The people Advisory Body will consist of three psychiatrists,The challenges faced with this • Follow up on patients three counsellors and three psychologists. Theseproject are ongoing and include: reports will help to create a rehabilitation plan for• ejection from hospitals R these children.• ndifferent attitude of police to lodge the I General Diary (GD)• ifficulty placing mentally ill people D persons due to scarcity of proper rehabilitation centres• ospital authorities take a long time at the H time of hospitalisation.• efusals from government restoration R centres whilst trying to place senior citizens into their care In the Hope Children’s Hospital poor underprivileged children receive the treatment they so desperately need. 16 17
    • Health care:REHABILITATION OF HOSPICE FOR HIVORTHOPAEDICALLY INFECTED AND CHICKEN POXHANDICAPPED AFFECTED CHILDREN AND LIFE ON THECHILDREN (RCFC) IN WEST BENGAL STREETThe rehabilitation centre for children has been up There is a community care centre, which cares One hot April day, HIVE ambulance rescue workersand running since 1973. for 20 patients infected and affected by HIV and where contacted about a small family who whereThe main mission is the comprehensive rehabilita- AIDS where 10 beds are reserved for children in bad physical condition and in need of medicaltion of orthopaedically handicapped children aged and mothers. The hospice offers treatment for all help. The mother, Alo Roy and her two young girls,0-14 years from underprivileged families. opportunistic infections of AIDS, actively plans Debeka (8) and Sangita (7); were suffering from a the management schedule for every patient and severe case of chicken pox. In any western country,The following areas are intervened: Metropolitan takes part in execution of this schedule. There is the pox is an easily treated disease, for one ofCity of Kolkata, North & South 24 Pgs, Howrah, a unique teamwork comprising of expert doctors, Kolkata’s street dwellers however, the story is aBirbhum, Burdwan, Malda, Murshidabad, Bankura, nurses, counsellors, peer outreach workers and a completely different one.Midnapur Districts and Districts of Jharkhand and strong contingent of volunteers. HIVE had been informed about the family’s situ-Bihar adjacent to West Bengal. ation by Lake Police who run a police-community Target groups: project. The family members had been ill for someThis project faces major challenges; based on a • HIV infected children time when ambulance rescue workers locatedtotal of 300 million children aged 0-14 in India • Affected children below 18months of them in the emergency ward of a govt. hospitalapproximately 30 million are orthopaedically hand- indeterminate sero status (post natal care) where they were denied treatment. As the caseicapped. (2002, JICA Country Profile on Disability) • Affected children even if negative, who of unfortunately often is with street dwellers,With such a high number at hand, the hospital have lost either both parents or the the family had experienced immense difficultiesreaches out to as many children as possible in its earning member among the parents due getting a doctor to see them, not to mentionarea through awareness camps and campaigns to to HIV infection 0mnths-12yrs the troubles they would have to have gone to inidentify and assess the children. Those found likely • Pregnant infected mothers order to cover medical costs. The mother worksto benefit from the services are referred to the as a domestic worker earning Rs. 1,100 a month.centre, whilst others are referred to state hospitals. The hospice offers the following Her husband died several years ago and she wasThe hospital can provide surgery, physiotherapy, services: already struggling to take care of her daughters.mobility aids, education and pre-vocational • A 10 bedded in-patient care for children After a brief initial examination, it became cleartraining as well as psychosocial rehabilitation. with primary level emergency that the two girls needed immediate treatment. AsA cerebral palsy clinic where trained specialists management and procedures their illness had taken hold, both girls tried to easeimprove the functional skills of patients through • Bi-weekly Out-Patient clinics their suffering by scratching and small wounds hadphysiotherapy is run twice a week. • Structured counselling services inevitably taken hold. In the hot climate that is Kol- • Elaborate nutritional care kata in mid-summer, wounds take a long time toIn 08/09 14 campaigns and 19 Early Identification • Weekly in-house psychiatric consultation heal for anyone. Without treatment, and with thecamps were conducted in order to reach out to the • Socio-legal support as and when girls being exposed to the elements and the streetfar-flung areas where there is no access of health necessary through networking with filth, the wounds never healed, and were quicklyservices to identify the orthopaedically challenged competent organisations infected by bacteria. The bones in their skulls werechildren. The camps and awareness programmes • Home based care (at a rudimentary stage) eaten away by the bacteria, one could clearly seeprovide these communities with access to ap- Rehabilitation support holes in their skulls. Before long, fly-larva’s alsopropriate rehabilitation services at RCFC, and started hatching in the wounds.generate a better health awareness. Such camps As both girls’ heads were covered in several biginvolve the family, community and the service pro- and deep wounds, severely infected and withviders. Through such interactive discussions they maggots feasting on their flesh, HIVE subsequentlyare able to generate awareness highlighting the took the family to other state hospitals. The ambu-importance of health. RCFC has worked in coop- lance rescue workers where following normal pro-eration with the local bodies to make the scheme cedure, hoping a govt. hospitals would admit thesuccessful. In fact, the campaigns and camps have family. Everywhere they went, they were denied Debeka Roy, 8, was admitted tobeen a great success, and are fully backed up by treatment. After visiting all the govt. run hospitals the Hope Children’s Hospital withthe local bodies who have demanded more camps in Kolkata, they contacted The Hope Children’s a severe case ofChicken Pox alongand campaigning take place in their areas. Over Hospital who happily admitted the entire family. with her mother and youngerthe past year RCFC had 735 beneficiaries (old and After only a few days in the hospital, receiving sister.new patients), they preformed corrective surgery proper treatment the girls condition improved im-on 219 children and worked with 257 sufferers of mensely. The hospital was able to kill the maggotsCerebral Palsy. and start proper treatment of the wounds. After a few weeks of treatment the family could be dis- charged from the hospital. As we speak the family is back on the streets, the place they call home. A neighbour is looking after them, supporting them and helping in every way he can. HIVE is in regular contact with the family and their neighbour, and is working hard to place the family in a home. 18 19
    • Chapter 4education In the Hope Tollygunge Coaching centre 41 children in the age group 5 - 15, benefit from Hope’s educational support project Project Name of the Partnering NGOS Holistic Education Project HKF, HIVE, SEED, SPAN, MJCC, PBKOJP, SICW, MBBCDS, ABWU, BPWT Education Sponsorship for Poor Children SEED, SICW, ABWU, HKF, PBKOJP Strengthening Institutional JPISC Care through Education The Hope Foundation is involved in the HOLISTIC EDUCATION PROJECT Within the last year alone, Hope has sup-sustainable development of the debili- Pre-Primary Education and Coaching Sup- ported 2,279 children in gaining admit-tated community of Kolkata city and its port for Underprivileged Children: In this tance to, and toencircling environs. The Foundation has Holistic Education Project Hope, with its continue school education, with the helpan emphasis on providing education and local partner NGOs, aims to improve the of coaching support. Mothers of thesenutrition for the indigent children of vul- educational level of the poor slum dwelling children also have an opportunity to benerable families, securing health of those children to ensure basic educational rights involved in economic activity. With thechildren and their families, mainstream- for them. support of Hope, local NGOs have suc-ing street children through education and ceeded in reducing the incidents of schooladdressing adolescent issues. Intervention We run Crèches for the children under the dropouts.strategies have been developed to reach age of six years old where they receive:these disfavoured children of the city and - Nutritious food For psychological development, all theits surrounds, through associate organisa- - Health checkups children are provided with counsellingtions as well as the foundation itself. - Mainstreaming support and all the children have access - Educational support to recreational activities. They celebratedThe aims of Hope’s education different festivals together throughout theprogramme are: We also run educational guidance cen- year. The project has involved community• To create awareness among the tres for first generation learners who are key representatives in those celebrations in disadvantaged sections of the already mainstreamed into formal schools. order to motivate them. society regarding the need and In these centres qualified teachers guide benefit of children’s education the children, ensuring an improvement• To facilitate processes of in school performance and increases the education for poor children by probability that the children will stay in supporting them school. In the educational centres the• To encourage the parent children receive: community, the community - Nutritious food leaders, the child employers, the - Health checkups political system and the - Mainstreaming bureaucracy into taking children out of work and enrolling them in school. - Educational support - School uniforms - Education materials 39% of India’s adult population are illiterate (2007 UNDP Human Development Report) 20 21
    • education: Achievements at a Glance HKF HIVE SEED SPAN PBKOJP MJCC BPWT MBBCDS ABWU Children catered for through coaching centres 442 255 325 556 161 380 35 70 55 Children catered for through crèches 100 100 50 120 40 - - 30 100 Children in receipt of educational 189 320 372 490 52 302 24 39 - materials and uniform Dropouts 50 33 24 31 20 30 - - 15 Ensuring basic Educational Rights: The contents covered in the training The issues addressed in the meetings are as Over the last year there have been 9,687 children courses provided are as follows: follows: attending the coaching centre and 16,183 children - A child friendly school ensures - The problems associated with attending the crèche. These children have been physical safety, emotional security these children provided with supplementary nutrition on a regular and psychological well being for - The roles and responsibilities of basis to help them cope with malnutrition. Hence, every child. the stakeholders necessary to most of the children under the project enjoy good - Teachers are the single most protect children’s rights health. In the short-term, regular food has encour- important factor in creating an - The problems and challenges aged children to enrol and motivates them to effective classroom. faced by these families in order come to centres and attend regularly. In addition, - A child friendly school aims to to ensure the educational rights of regular interactions with school authorities have develop a learning environment their children. improved the attendance of children in schools, in which children are motivated - Participatory discussions; most of 126 children have attended formal school regularly and able to learn. Staff members the stakeholders participated very are friendly and welcoming to the actively and assured their Awareness Generation: This project aims to children. necessary cooperation in future. generate an enabling child friendly environment - Teachers will be motivated towards within the community, so that the children can cognitive, social & ethical continue their education in schools. Throughout development etc. last year the project has organised 100 aware- - Discussion was participatory in ness and sensitisation camps or campaigns in nature, teachers were actively different pockets of Kolkata and Howrah. Hope involved in the process and with the help of grass root level organisations has positive feedback was given. been able to generate awareness among 6,774 people living in the slums and streets of Kolkata Advocacy Building and and Howrah, this is over 2,000 people more than Stakeholder Meeting: in 07/08. The project has increased community The organisations raised awareness about the awareness on many issues including: project through networking and advocacy building among the stakeholders both at governmental and - Basic Rights of Children non-governmental levels. Throughout the year, 47 - Concept of Child Protection stakeholder meetings were held across the partner - Need and Benefit of Education organisations and a total of 497 networking visits - Basic Health Needs of Children to key community members were made in order to - Basic Psychological Needs of advocate children’s rights. As a result of the group Children meetings, awareness camps and numerous visits - Procedure for School Admission. conducted, greater society is becoming aware of the dehumanised condition of these vulnerable Capacity Building of Formal School Teachers: communities. Research has shown that formal schoolteachers often lack awareness and knowledge of child protection issues and children’s rights. It has been found that this lack of knowledge is a contribut-Basanti Colony, Ultadanga Slums, ing factor to dropout issues in formal schools.home to approximately 550 families. Thus Hope designed a training module for these teachers to help improve their ability to deal with these children in regards to teaching, motivating and disciplining. Last year 209 teachers attended formal training sessions, and 13 teachers have suc- cessfully completed their training. 22 23
    • education: education:Educational Support for Educational Support Education Sponsorship Strengthening Objectives of the skillthe Development of Special for Tribal Children: Project Institutional care through development training:Need Children: education projectThere is a residential unit for children with special The poor marginalized tribal children of Birbhum Education is a critical invasive instrument for The challenge of children in conflict with the law • To sensitize and orient participants • To equip them with the modernneeds. This centre is dedicated to the special district are provided with educational support for bringing about social, economic and political and children in need of care and protection has on the rights based approach to methods and techniques ofneeds of 10 children between 2 to 7 years of age their holistic development as they are excluded inclusion and a holistic integration of people been the subject of constant and widespread pub- child development and the basic correction based on social workwho have special needs due to cerebral palsy. The from the mainstream society. The area is predomi- especially those excluded from mainstream lic discussion in recent years. Whenever the prob- tenets of Juvenile Justice (Care and methods.centre aims to make the children as self reliant nately inhabited by the Santhal Tribe. In the initial society. Education is considered to be a tool for lem assumed alarming proportions, the govern- Protection of Children) Act 2000. • To provide the participants withas possible and offer them a quality standard of year, there were interventions among the children social progress and transformation. Equity and ment exercised its power to contain the problem • To create clarity and an opportunity for professionalliving. for education, health and some little activities. This social justice enshrined in the constitution can be through institutionalising the offenders. Unfortu- understanding of the roles and re interaction and exchange ofAs these children are dependant on caregivers for year the community has become integrated in the translated into reality through quality education nately, few systematic coordinated and planned sponsibilities of different technical knowledge andall their needs, they are taught daily living skills, project for comprehensive development. The San- for all children. Education being the fundamental efforts to understand their problem behaviour and personnel involved in managing experience pertaining to theirincluding toilet training, feeding themselves if thal are living in some of the worst socio-economic right of every child who is born in the democratic its varied consequences, or to evolve appropriate the homes. specific areas of work and rolepossible, bathing, changing, indicating needs, fol- conditions, they have been neglected, oppressed republic of India, the onus is to provide educa- strategies and institutional arrangements to meet • To enhance their scientific performance.lowing instructions, how to become more aware of and exploited. The tribe as a whole suffers from tion customized to the micro needs of the society these challenges have been implemented. knowledge with regard to the • To encourage a bettertheir surroundings, and connecting with peers and illiteracy, poverty, exploitation, lack of access and especially the marginalized class who has been left theories and practices in the field appreciation and realization of theadults around them. Initially, the project aimed to other injustices caused by poverty. The project is in the dark alleys during the past decade of rapid Hope with its local partner has implemented of managing behavioural need to adopt an integratedcater for 10 children. The project has been able planned with the direct involvement of the locals growth. Hope firmly believes the effort of an NGO programmes of a multi dimensional nature both problems of the children and approach towards the socialto serve 12 special needs children. In the last fi- and provides pre primary education to 30 children engaged in delivering educational services should in urban and rural settings to initiate and pursue treatment in the context of the reintegration of the children.nancial year around 313 number of self help skills below the age of 5 years and coaching support to complement the existing effort of the Government action-oriented changes in the micro societies. newly emerging problems andsessions where held, 2434 children participated in 70 children who are in formal school in order to and seek ways to further augment them rather It seeks to remedy the problems, which are a patterns of social deviance.these sessions. prevent dropouts. than float them as a parallel body with the same consequent of poverty through capacity build-As these children require help with activities of aim. The project will try to evolve a process of ing initiatives of those who are the victims. Thedaily living, all opportunities throughout the day education and attainments that will ensure capa- homes provide care and support to child victimsare seen as a learning process. Children are taught bility of acquiring knowledge, communication, and of various forms of social oppression and facilitatewith picture books and posters. It has been found participation in community life. It would alter an social reintegration. The counselling componentthat the intense educational and speech stimula- individual and community’s collective perceptions, of the project aims to reduce a child’s distress andtion process for these children is influencing the aspirations, goals as well as the ability and means discomfort and help her/him recuperate physicallychildren in a positive way. Physiotherapy forms an to attain them. and emotionally. About 200 children have beenintegral part of their rehabilitation to improve their Hope recognised the importance of supporting provided with coaching and remedial support inmotor skills. Last year 102 Physiotherapy sessions destitute marginalized children who are meritori- developing and sustaining an interest in studies.where organized, and a total of 642 children ous but do not have the financial capacity to From the experience of running the educationbenefited from these. Children attending the Tollygunge continue their education. The partners of Hope project in three govt. run homes, it was noted that coatching centre are provided with Hope uniforms through this project, supports these underprivi- the personnel of these homes were lacking knowl- as well as education materials leged children; especially girls; to continue their edge on counselling, guidance and the methods of secondary and higher secondary level education treatment for children who have been subjected to primarily and if needed higher education levels. various forms of trauma. Being an important area Improving the educational status of this marginal- for intervention of professional social work meth- ized poor section of society will bring about social ods, the treatment aspects could not make much change in society. From our past experience, Hope headway because of inadequate appreciation and believes that education cannot be viewed as an application of social work techniques in planning isolated support; rather a student’s educational the treatment and rehabilitation strategies. performance is very much linked with her/his health condition, nutritional status and psycho- In order to achieve its goal, about 120 home logical status. These children are mostly malnour- functionaries are being provided with skill ished; which is also an important reason for the development training. The targeted participants underperformance of these students. Hope also are superintendents, social workers, teachers, and helps the children to improve their physical and councillors, as well as all other staff involved in psychological health in order to maximise their giving care and support to the children. All three performances in formal education. govt. run homes are being targeted. All the children in the Tollygunge Boys Home and Kasba Girls Home attend formal education. Hope provides all chidren in their homes with uniforms and school books. 24 25
    • There are 23 million child Chapter 5 labourers in India protection (1999/2000 National Sample Survey) Project Name of the Partnering NGOS Child Watch Project HKF, HIVE, ABWU, SPAN, MJCC, PBKOJP, BPWT Protection Homes for Boys and Girls HKF, SEED, PBKOJP, BPWT, HRLN, ABWU Anti-trafficking Project HCWS Child Watch Project India is home to millions of children who grow up Hope has developed an Integrated Programme for Many have lived a life of violence and have been without having any of their basic human rights At Risk Children in order to promote and ensure victims of physical, sexual and mental abuse and met. They live in hopeless poverty without access child rights in vulnerable pockets of Kolkata & exploitation. All these children are deprived of to education, medical support and treatment, Howrah. their basic human rights. shelter or even regulars access to food. Due to the The Child Watch Project aims to eliminate child rampant growth of India, into a mass of metropoli- labour, protect children from all kinds of abuse, Working with its partners, the police, hospitals tan cities, the number of vulnerable street children rehabilitate addicted children and ensure all chil- and the community, Hope identifies the children is increasing in a regular pace. These are children dren’s rights of basic education and health rights at “high risk” and protects them by providing for whom the streets have become their real and are met. We do this through advocacy, networking medical assistance, counselling, education and only home and they rely on the streets for survival, with government or non-government organisa- recreational facilities. The project hopes to address nourishment and protection. In Kolkata, it is tions and awareness generation in the greater the fact that there are many un-reached children estimated that a staggering 250,000 children are community. living in vulnerable situations. Through a combined forced to exist on the streets. This number refers to effort by all the above participants, this project the term street child in its fullest sense - children One of the issues faced in India with regards to aims to improve the lives of children on the street. whose only shelter, if any, may be plastic sheeting children’s rights, is that of child labour. This prob- or tiny shacks. Some of these children migrated to lem is one of immense scale, though child labour Educational Intervention: Education is the city, alone or with their families, whilst others is abolished by Indian law, streets, houses, shops provided to street children, child labourers, and of were born on the streets and grew up in the and rubbish piles are still filled with children forced slum children on a daily basis. For this purpose, city’s open public places. Hope believes that pro- into labour. India is in fact home to the largest 30 drop-in centres have been established in areas tecting street children from violence, exploitation child labour force, though it is difficult to provide where street children congregate. Each such centreIn the port area of Kolkata children and abuse is an integral component of protecting an exact number of children affected as many chil- caters for approximately 50 children. These centreswork in family businesses their rights to survival, growth and development. dren are never registered in official files, not even are meant to be a safe environment for childrenmaking sticks for kites. Hope projects spread across Kolkata and Howrah at birth. On paper, they never even existed. Official while they make the transition to become regularThe children use sharp knives is working with the problems faced by these Indian statistics claim that 12.59 million children school goers. As these children often have hadfor this mundane work and one children such as child trafficking and labour, sexual are affected by child labour, UNICEF on the other no form of education or regulations in their lives,seconds loss of attention can lead abuse including prostitution, solvent abuse and hand, claims the number is more than twice that the teaching methodology followes an informalto a lost finger. forced marriages, to mention but a few. at a staggering 35 million structure in these centres. The Nabadisha Education Programme for street Through our Child Protection projects we aim Through our Child Watch Programme we aim to children is quite unique in that it is an example of to protect children from physical, emotional and serve children who are at high risk as a result of what total synergy can achieve. . It works with the sexual abuse as well as neglect. We help children being exposed to and affected by criminal and vio- Kolkata Police in Nabadisha programme for street grow up into confident, healthy and happy adults. lent acts such as assaults, physical abuse, sexual children in Gariahat, Topsia, Tollygunge and New The project originated from Hopes staff concern abuse and domestic violence. It aims to ensure a Market police stations. Hope Foundation Child for the hungry, sick and exploited street and improved quality with all that entails for vulner- Watch Project has four centres located in four po- working children of Kolkata. In co-operation with able children through the provision of holistic lice stations all over the city and its suburbs where its partners, Hope Foundation runs nine Protection care, 24hrs support and other necessary activities. classes are held for approximately 345 children Homes for children who are orphaned, abandoned, Our target group is around 20,000 street children who have been denied access to formal schooling. HIV infected or affected, victims of trafficking or deprived of basic rights – some lost or abandoned, have special needs. In these homes, the children others have run away from a life of poverty or receive protection, nutrition, education, healthcare, violent violence. These children are fending for rehabilitation, counselling, recreation, support and themselves alone or in groups in extremely harsh love. environments. Others live with their families, but in equally harsh conditions, many children are suffer- ing from various diseases including HIV/Aids, they are vulnerable to drug abuse due to the extremity of their lives. 26 27
    • protection: protection:Economic Intervention: PROTECTION HOMES FOR BOYS AND GIRLS HKF also runs a rehabilitation home for solvent Protection Home for theThe high levels of tenacity of the hardcore and Counselling: By using techniques such as problem The issue of street and slum dwellers is a addicted boys. Drug abuse is often an underesti- Girl Child of the Sex Workers Protection Home for Vulnerablesheltered street children has been used to their solving, relaxation training, story telling, self- prominent one in Kolkata; approximately 20,000 mated problem for young people in India Howrah of Kalighat Red Light Area: Girls in Howrah:advantage when designing rehabilitation program- monitoring and demonstration, children have been children have made the streets of the city their Station, one of the biggest railway stations in Asia, This project aims to improve the quality of life for Urban and rural poverty, disrupted and disintegrat-mers for them in the Child Watch Project. Rehabili- educated on subjects such as reproduction and home. They live in over 200 different pockets of sees approximately one million commuters a day children of commercial sex workers in red light ed families, accumulated family debts passed fromtation programmes for such children has therefore sexual abuse, which may otherwise be difficult to the city where they eat, sleep, work and grow up. and has become the home to many rough sleep- areas of Kalighat. The purpose of this project is to one generation to the next, lacking educationalincorporated skills, which will enable them to be cope with. In order to guard themselves against For these children every day is a battle, for food, ers. In Howrah people can make a living by taking provide a safe and secure environment for girls facilities, school dropouts, ineffective govern-admitted for training in similar professions in the dangers of the streets, children develop protection for shelter for the right to live. on various small jobs; looking for recyclables, who are at risk of being forced into their mother’s ment policies and many others make youngstersfuture. Rehabilitation through these vocational skills. It is therefore necessary to ensure that the carrying luggage, setting up and working at food profession. The overall objective of the project is become children of the streets. They are dispersedtraining programmes is aimed at assisting the child is allowed enough time to talk, and counsel- The Hope Foundation works with local NGOs and stalls and inevitably some thieving. Solvent abuse to mainstream high-risk girls of Kalighat red light throughout urban centres and the inhuman realitychildren in finding meaning and purpose with life. ling sessions focus on giving them this opportunity. runs protection homes for street children and is a widespread problem amongst the children area for a better future. The Home currently has of their lives remains mostly hidden and ignored. There is a massive need for counselling for many vulnerable at-risk children. Many of the children who lives at Howrah, through drug abuse they can 18 girls from 7-13-years-old staying in their short Girls are the worst victims of this situation. SEEDHealth Intervention: Child Watch Project of these children, when it comes to the area of have been physically and physiologically abused, deal with the realities of their life and survive yet stay home. runs a protection home for such girl children.has been successful in its attempt to identify ap- child labourers alone, Hope and its partners has victims of sexual abuse and trafficking, and all are another day. Thirty-six girls are supported by this Home. At pres-proaches for preventative measures for example provided individual interaction to 916 children, in desperate need of guidance and support. In 2005 a Rehabilitation and Intervention Pro- ent, 20 girls are living in the home and 14 girls arethrough its health education programme. The and 247 children through group interactions. gramme, and a Drop-In Centre was initiated at the attending boarding school. Each of these childrenbenefits of this training can now be seen, as There is a home for at-risk boys called Protection station. The children of Howrah can come to the will be provided with shelter, nutrition, clothing,children in attendance at the programme are well Development based Intervention: With the Child Home for Vulnerable Boys Below 14 years centre, get food, attend some classes and as they education and healthcare, in a caring and securedisciplined and well educated in basic behaviour, Watch Project, whenever possible artistic and and two homes for young at-risk girls called can he environment.hygiene and grooming for everyday living. entertainment aspects have been linked to Protection Home for Vulnerable Adolescent These children often make their living from jump- educational contents (culture of peace, human and Girls Above 14 years. In the Homes these ing on the trains to collect recyclables and as theyWith provision for medicines for day-to-day cultural rights through participatory games and children receive: are often high throughout the day many childrenailments the activity is a step forward towards sports). Children have been able to understand have accidents as they are caught under theimprovement of socio-economic and hygienic other members’ realities, express their feelings, • 24 hours round the clock service railways. Many loose limbs or have massive scarscondition of street children and this programme construct their identities, and develop dreams • Shelter to tell of their life stories.has received much praise from the community. and aspirations. Such activities have provided an • ClothingThe organisation is well known and respected at organised space for the children to act in a demo- • Education, In order to follow up these children once they havea number of nursing homes and private hospitals cratic manner i.e. to cooperate, respect others, and • Health care cum insurance, gone through the Rehabilitation and Interventionin and around Howrah. Agreements have been voice opinions and concerns in the form of group • Counselling Programme, Punorjibon rehabilitation home formade with these institutions so reduced rates are dialogue. Street plays have played a very important • Various recreation choices (yoga, boys was set-up in August 2005.charged for children admitted from the health role in generating awareness on Child Rights swimming, dance, drawing, excursions etc) The project aims to:clinic drops off. These costs are paid by the health and the importance of child education. Drawing, • Life skills training • Rehabilitate children after detoxificationclinic. 175 children from the partner organization painting and craftwork has also given children an to lead a drug free lifehas been referred to various hospitals. avenue to improve interpersonal and communica- In addition there are staff capacity building pro- • Place the children in formal tion skills. The children have gained self-confidence grammes in place are all available to support these schools/ hostelsProtective Intervention: The Emergency and they have learned to trust others. young children. There are currently 30 boys staying • Provide vocational trainingResponse Unit was initiated to provide a dignified in the Boys Home and 11 boys at boarding school. • Provide jobs through referralslife to these street people by providing palliative The homes provide a healing touch to trauma- • Support the individuals towardscare and treatment at times of need so that they tised children who have faced acute loneliness independent livingcan live an independent life. The service reaches and helplessness on the streets, especially thoseout to people who face emergencies on the streets without families. In 08/09 Hope and its partners have identified andof the city, mainly the underprivileged children of sent 27 vulnerable children to detox programmes.society. 17 children have so far this year successfully fin- ished the detox phase. The next step entails takingThrough the night round programme, starving Hope Protection Homes for children: the children through a rehab programme and is astreet children have been given food, clothing much more complex situation as it includes takingand temporary shelter at night. Sick and injured HKF 90 Girls the children away from their surroundings andchildren have been hospitalised. High-risk girls 40 Boys placing them in homeshave been placed in homes/night shelter 34 Rehabilitated Addicted BoysThe program is responsible for carefully assessing PBKOJP 21 girlsthe capability of the respective family to take care BPWT 25 HIV Infected and Affected Childrenof the child, to receive and protect the child, andthe child’s wish to be reunited. If the assess- SEED 36 girlsment results in a positive outcome, counselling HRLN 15 Girlsis provided to both the child and family and bothare then reunited. The Night round programmehas had a great impact on the number of childrenrescued and rehabilitated. A man supervises as children work in the family run kite factories. 28 29
    • protection:ENSURING CARE, TREATMENT & SUPPORTTO HIV INFECTED & AFFECTED CHILDREN Midway Home for Girls: The overall aim of the Midway Home Project is to Anti-TraffickingTHROUGH SHELTER HOME:This Home is especially for children who are overcome the problems arising out of admission of disturbed and traumatised children to the Project Child trafficking is the recruitment, transporta-infected and affected by HIV/Aids; it has a capac- Children’s Welfare Home by providing intensive tion, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a child fority of 25 beds. At Snehaneer Home, the children counselling support, which enables them to adjust the purpose of exploitation, within or outside aare provided with holistic care and support, they to the home with greater ease. The children remain country, including (but not limited to sexual exploi-receive nutritious meals and all health care facili- at the Midway Home for varying lengths of time tation) child labour, and services, slavery, servitude,ties. The aim of this project is to create an enabling depending on individual needs. Two dormitories at removal and sale of organs, use in illicit/ illegalenvironment in the society by ensuring basic rights the home accommodate 10 girls each. Two coun- activities and participation in armed conflict.of the children infected and affected by HIV/Aids. sellors provide counselling support and qualified It also includes the recruitment, transporta- psychometrists conduct psychometric tests. These tion, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a child byProtection Home for Women/Girls, children are entitled to join the dance and work means of adoption or marriage for the purpose ofVictims of Trafficking and Other therapies as well as extra-curricular activities and exploitation.Forms of Violence In Kolkata: participate in all excursions and competitions. Trafficking of women and children is one of theThis is a Protection Home for victims of traffick- distressing realities of India. 10% of human traf-ing and other forms of violence in Kolkata. The ficking in India is international, while almost 90%project provides temporary shelter to women and is inter-state. As West Bengal shares internationalyoung girls who have been victims of this type of borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal, itabuse, or who are in the danger zone of becom- occupies a place on the international traffickinging victims. In the protection home they are also route. A range of socio-economic factors in theprepared for restoration to families where this region, along with weak regulatory measures,is possible, and in other cases help them stand have lead to burgeoning human trafficking acrosson their own feet. The project deals with needy these borders, particularly in women and children.women in general as well as trafficked women and Kolkata is both a destination and a source forgirls in transit in the course of its regular jail and trafficking in humans, many of whom face sexualcourt work. exploitation. Women and children are kidnapped,Such women and girls are always in need of sold or duped by traffickers with promises of mar-shelter as they face tremendous personal stress riage or employment. They frequently end up inand trauma and social pressures and stigmatism red-light districts across India.when they are rescued from the traffickers andother perpetrators of violence. These women are In spite of the existence of rampant trafficking ofprovided shelter in the interim period. With this women and children in West Bengal, there is veryhelp, these women and girls are saved from being limited focused intervention on combating therepetitive victims of trafficking and other forms of issue. Joining the fight against trafficking, Hopeviolence, Some of these women also require legal Foundation has formed partnerships with organi-aid in their ongoing battles against perpetrators, sations committed to the rescue and rehabilitationand through the legal aid expertises these cases of victims, aiding their reintegration into society.are supported along with the support provided to Through community awareness campaigns theythese women with temporary accommodation. The endeavour to mobilise society to stamp out thisproject provides: illegal business.• Shelter The issues of rescue, rehabilitation, reintegration• Food and repatriation of trafficked persons through• Medical care community interaction and awareness raising and• Psychological counselling policy level intervention are addressed through the• Vocational training to the women Partner organizations. On the issue of trafficking according to their aptitudes there were 368 awareness meetings over the past• Legal aid/legal counselling year to and the attendance was high, with 6,935• Education as required In the Ram Nagar area in Kolkata total attendants. In 08/09 12 victims were rescued 500 families live in small shanty from trafficking and four were provided with the shacks. These children often work legal support. as kite makers to supplement the family’s income. 30 31
    • protection: A Life in the Day: Mariam Laskar, sex worker I wake up around 5am so I can use the latrine early, while it’s still quiet. I share it with nine other households. Each has Kalighat is the cheapest red-light district, but I She didn’t go to school and I couldn’t really look one room about 8ft square. Although Kalighat is have to work here because I’m old now. I need after her, but I didn’t bring men back to the room a red-light district, families live here too, street to make 250 rupees a day [about £3.50]; my rent with her there. Then the Hope Foundation found vendors and stall workers, but most prostitutes live is 45 rupees a day and I am paying off a loan to her on the street. I wanted them to take her. If my alone like me. my landlord for hospital treatment. My clients daughter was to take up this trade, I would want don’t have much money — maybe I get 50 rupees to die. No mother can imagine such a thing as this. My room doesn’t smell so good because it’s next a time. I try to make them wear a condom but But she would have had no choice if she’d stayed to rotting rubbish and the latrine, but it is away mostly they don’t. I have been very lucky: I don’t here. from the street. think I have any sexual diseases. There is a clinic in Kalighat run by the Hope Foundation for us. I go a At night I think of my parents and my daughter. I go back to sleep until 8. My bed is a thin mat- few times each year. I think of what would happen to her if I died tress on a board lifted off the ground by red bricks suddenly. I worry about how I got myself into this at each corner. Under the bed are the pots I use When I was young I worked on a jetty on the Gan- situation and what will happen to me in the future for cooking and washing. ges — they call it Babughat. I would go with men when I cannot make money any more. Around on boats they rent. Then I would have 10 or 12 2am I fall asleep, and then I don’t dream. My saris and underclothes are strung on a wire clients a day easily, shopkeepers or truck drivers, across the small window. I have electricity, a light and each would pay me 250 rupees. Published by: bulb, a fan, a black-and-white television and a My own family in Bangladesh has no idea if I am The Sunday Times, May 17 2009 suitcase. alive or dead. I grew up in a small village with Interview: If I’m on my own, as I mostly am, I make tea, three older brothers and a baby sister. Andrea Catherwood, heating the water on a kerosene stove in my UK ambassador for doorway. If my babu — he’s like a special client, I was trafficked here when I was 14 by a man who The Hope Foundation a temporary husband, you could say — is with married me. His real wife and children were here in Photograph: Olivia Rose me, I give him naan bread and sweets. Calcutta is Calcutta, and he brought me here. He sold me to famous for its sweets: all colours and varieties you a brothel. I was terrified, but he was my husband can buy here. and I thought I had to do what he said. I did not have the guts to tell my family what had happened Then I go to the vegetable stalls outside and buy to me, so I never contacted them again. ladies’ fingers, brinjal, potatoes, tomatoes and garlic to cook later. If I‘m lucky I finish around 9.30. There is a lot of waiting around now, so we drink Bangla liquor, a I put on eyeliner, a bindi on my forehead, my strong illegal drink they sell on the streets. I drinkMariam Laskar, 42, a sex worker jewelled earrings and gold bangles, and I am it quite a lot — it helps. If I have made enoughin Kalighat, the poorest red-light working the street by 10am. There are three of us money I go home with Arati, and maybe we go todistrict in Calcutta who mostly go together — Arati, my best friend, my room or her room and share some food. But if and I watch for each other. I work a little strip business is slow I stay out all night. just outside the slum beside the Mohambagam football club. Even if I finish early, I can’t sleep until 2 in the morning. I worry about so many things. I have had There is a disused pitch and that’s where I go with six pregnancies, but I only have one child, Sheila my clients. Mostly they are strangers, rickshaw Khatoon. She’s 14 now and she lives in a girls’ drivers or hawkers. home run by the Hope Foundation. I visit her on the last Saturday of every month. I tell her I sweep in a hospital, and I wish I did, but no one would employ me now. She lived with me until she was seven. 32 33
    • Chapter 6 Gender, Skill Development & Income Generation Project Name of the Partnering NGOS Empowering Marginalized Underprivileged Women through Self Help Group, Micro Credit, Vocational Training and Income Generation HKF, PBKOJP, MJCC Skill Development Project PBKOJP, ABWU Poverty and unemployment are the major prob- The difficulties which often occurs at this stage in It has been found that the women’ s income has lems of any under developed countries, including life is more prominent with the female popula- increased after joining the SHGs resulting in the India. The country’s unemployment rate is approxi- tion, many of whom are either married of at an monthly household expenditure also increasing at mately 7.20%. (2008 CIA World Factbook) India’s early age or lured into the sex trade. Girls earning a considerable rate. They are being taught differ- labour force is growing and unfortunately employ- money as non-brothel based mobile commercial ent types of skill to ensure that these vulnerable ment opportunities are growing at a slower pace, sex workers, is a big problem in poor communi- women will be able to come out from their bad thus the country is faced with the challenge of not ties as the girls can make a substantial amount economic condition. only absorbing new entrants to the job market of money, ranging from Rs. 1,000 to 3,000 per These groups are given professional assistance in (7 millions a year), but also clearing the backlog. month. Most of these girls practice unsafe sex acquiring skills, finance, raw material procurement, More than 90% of the labour force is employed with multiple partners and have little knowledge production and marketing of the products. The in the “unorganised sector”, sectors which do about STD/HIV/AIDS. Therefore the need for life women are taught under trained instructors. The not provide the social security and other benefits skill and vocational training is necessary and has a products are sold via exhibitions were the women of employment in the “organised sector”. Over huge impact on basic education and empowering have the opportunity to participate in the exhibi- half of the workforce is self-employed and many people to be self-supportive. tion as well as in the show room. Every effort is of these remain very poor. Nearly 30% are casual One of the most attractive and successful schemes made to market these products on an ongoingIn the HKF Vocational Training workers (i.e. they work on a day-today basis). to reduce poverty and improve rural develop- basis so that these women can continue to earn aCentre women have the When it comes to the female population, the ment is Self Help Groups (SHGs). (Sabyasachi Das. living from these groups.opportunity to learn a skill with unemployment rate is estimated at 8.5%, and the 2003).the aim that they will become rate of unemployment growth for rural areas isfinancially independent. 9.8%. This is due to the low growth rate of new A SHG is a small economically homogeneous and productive employment. affinity group of the rural poor, voluntarily com- Education for deprived urban children is a major ing together to save small amounts of money focus for The Hope Foundation, but many children regularly. Such savings are deposited in a common are unable to continue education after they hit fund to meet members’ emergency needs and the age of 14 due to financial difficulties, or a to provide collateral free loans decided by the general lack of interest in studies. Boys often group. (Abhaskumar Jha 2000). The SHG system engage themselves in informal occupations like has proven to be very relevant and effective in pulling cycle vans, selling vegetables, running petty offering women the possibility to break gradually grocery shops, tea and snacks stalls, and some away from exploitation and isolation. For various get involved in criminal activities. Income for this historic and socio cultural reasons, women are a group of boys varies some but is usually around vulnerable section of our society and several macro the Rs. 500 mark a month (though many earn indicators related to education, health, employ- even less than this). ment, economic participation etc point towards an adverse status women vis-à-vis men. Hope, along with two of its partners has formed SHGs in different slum pockets of Kolkata: where women and children are worst victims of poverty and unemployment is the main problem for their families. 34 35
    • Gender, Skill Development Gender, Skill Development& Income Generation: & Income Generation:Empowering Marginalized Under-privileged Women through Self HelpGroup, Micro Credit, VocationalTraining & Income Generation Skill DevelopmentEmpowering Marginalized Women through Self • A massive order of Christmas Cards were sent to This project provides a cricket coaching camp forHelp Group (SHG), Savings and Micro Credit: The the UK and Irish offices, 9,000 in total, and every distressed children. The past experience and inter- Capacity building as a means Capacity building as a process Capacity building as an endareas where this SHG is operating is Khidderpore, mother working on this project made approxi relations with other NGO’s have revealed thatSouth West area of Kolkata, in Wards 75, 76 and mately one thousand rupees. although most NGO’s work with children, none78, Panditya, Chetla and Rashbihari areas. SHGs • A four-month tailoring course has been have explored the zone of a “child’s comfort” In an NGO …to strengthen the …of reflection, leadership, inspira- …to strengthen an NGO to survivewere formed to allow the women to save on a completed by the members of the SHG under the which can best be highlighted through regular em- organisation to perform tion, adaptation and search for greater and fulfil its mission, as defined by theregular basis. The aim of this savings project is to Swarna Jatyanti Sahiri Rojkar Yojana programme phasis on games and sports. This initiative involves specified activities coherence between NGO mission, organisation itself.ensure that a fund is available for each woman to of Kolkata Municipal Corporation. 24 women 40 children attending regular cricket sessions, withallow her to explore an alternative means of earn- completed the tailoring course and received serious effort irrespective of age and class. It also structure and activities.ing a once successfully trained in a trade. As these certificates. The women now will receive sewing includes rigorous health check-ups, proper nutri-projects progress we are already seeing how this machines from the Kolkata Municipal tion and networking at a professional level with In civil …to strengthen the …of fostering communication: pro- …to strengthen the capacity ofis empowering the society as women invest money Corporation and will get loans duly to set up the hope of placing children in those associations. society capacity of primary cesses of debate, relationship building, primary stakeholders to participate inin their own professions and, equally important, their own businesses. There is always the possibility of children engaged stakeholders to imple- conflict resolution and improved ability political, social and economic arenain their children’s education. The groups are self- in sports and games loosing their interest afterfunding; and the process is being facilitated so The training activities have been training on a regular basis. To sustain their interest ment defined activities. of society to deal with its differences. according to the objectives defined bythat these groups can be self-sustainable. segregated in three different parts: in this field, the partaking in different tournaments themselves.Presently in the Khidderpore, South West areas • Tailoring, which includes; drawing, cutting, is pursued.of Kolkata 20 SHGs have been formed with 208 stiching of Jangia for one month, drawing,members. They have agreements in place with cutting and stiching petticoats for the second Workshop & Training on Counselling for Care In response to this need, Hope • Strengthen participants’ understanding of the have made the partner NGOs more effective inthree local banks. Members of the SHGs are month, and finally creating Kameez, Churidar. Givers of Institutional Homes:While working Foundation regularly organises characteristics of NGOs implementing development programs. The trainingbecoming more conscious on a daily basis to • Archie Work; where they are trained in the use with disadvantaged women and children, it was capacity building programmes to • Strengthen the accountability and credibility of programmes have enabled NGOs staff and socialstrengthen their economic conditions. of needle, different types of knots and of noted that rehabilitation was not always possible provide services that empower local NGOs in the eyes of donors and the com- workers to understand the process that has helpedIn the wards of 82, 85 & 90 there is 134 SHG stitches. without psychological therapy. Hence a one-year institutions and individuals to: munity them to understand their strengths better andwith a total of 297 members. In addition to this • Craft Work: In this section they are training course in psychological counselling for the • Assess their own information needs • Improve the financial skills of local NGO identify areas were they should concentrate mostan adult literacy class with 112 students has been receiving training about drawing creating caregivers of shelter homes was started. • Set their own priorities • Increase conceptual and practical understanding establishing priority. This approach will lead tocreated in Chetla. At present eighteen mothers are jewellery, patchwork, photo albums and wall • Build own information systems of the basic principles of result based management efficiency, transparency, and accountability.enrolled in the adult literacy class, and are attend- hangings. The trainees will have to pass the Capacity Building Programme for work, communication skills and the process ofing regular classes. initial section before they can move onto Grass root level local NGOs The main aims of the training programme are social audit. Development work used to be largely a mat- detailed below: • Enhance and develop confidence, leadership andEmpowering Marginalized Women through Voca- Some of their successes include: ter of making decisions based on the technical • The training programmes have been organised skills to drive forward improvement, developingtional Training and Income Generation: This project • 30 trainees enrolled in craftwork appraisal of projects. But over the past few years, with the focus of assisting individual staff their capacity to learn, innovate and share knowl-is an integrated vocational training and income • 30 trainees have completed the drawing & Hope Foundation have come to the conclusion members in understanding the importance of edge and expertise about what works and how”.generation programme for underprivileged poor jewellery course. that focusing purely on technical programmes performing and completing their tasks within the • Information access, use and disseminationwomen living in selected slums and colony wards. • In the tailoring units the 25 trainees have while ignoring the organisations that manage given timeframe. The programme also encourages • Team building to form an effective NGO.This project aims to enhance their skills, knowl- completed the trainng, a 100% success rate. them is short sighted and superficial. The result staff members to learn to take initiative when • Development of negotiation skills for working ef-edge, potential, self-belief and sufficiency. • In addition the craftwork unit had various is a consensus that building the capacities of responding to the emerging needs of the commu- fectively with governments and building alliances,Hundreds of women have been trained in knitting, external orders and these trainees gained individuals, organisations and institutions is vital nities they serve. In addition, the staff also needs coalitions, networks, and intersectorial partner-tailoring, fabric, tie and dye, embroidery, hand experience from an exhibition at for the strengthening of civil society and grassroots to understand their responsibilities better vis-à-vis ships with other NGOs.made paper craftwork and bakery. After the voca- Tollygunge Club. development. By increasing the capacity of organi- their beneficiaries. Establishing these simple but core work principlestional training, the trainees joined the production sations involved in development, interventions canunit where they are introduced to an outside local CASE STYDY be made more effective, and their results longermarket, where they learn how to secure orders, Name: Ganga Das, Project: Hope Cafe lasting.produce materials and products to match those Ganga lives in a slum in Chetla. She is marriedorders and deliver final goods to market. Any profit with two children and in 2005 her husband wasmade is distributed amongst the women. involved in an accident that damaged both of his legs, leaving him unable to work. Ganga has had FINANCIAL RESOURCES to support the entire family since the accident and STAFF SKILLSSome successes regarding the SHG over the found employment as a maidservant. The family SYSTEMSpast year includes: did not have sufficient income to provide for theirover the past year includes: basic needs and the childrens education was VISION, MISSION• 82 trainees in the production unit in Panditya stopped. In 2007 Ganga joined a self-help group Vocational Centre to learn about saving money and currently holds a• 42 production unit trainees in Chetla. bank account. Having started to save money she IDENTITY, VALUES, CULTURE, ATTITUDE• 538 individuals attending the tailoring was able to organize the readmission of her chil- training in Pandtiya dren to school and has since secured a permanent• 134 individuals attending the tailoring job in The Hope Café. She is now able to provide PURPOSE, STRATEGY training in Chetla. for her family, care for her husband and support• In the production units a total of 25,902 her children in their education. STRUCTURE pieces were completed, enabling the SHGs to COMPENCIES make a profit of Rs 68,495. PHYSICAL RESOURCES The annual football match between two of our projects is a big event and the children train for months to prepare themselves. 36 37
    • Chapter 7Volunteers& VisitorsKolkata Visitors Kolkata VolunteersOver 200 people including walkers, students, teachers, UK board members, Volunteers play a strong supportive role to the projects run by the Hopecelebrities, well-wishers and friends visited The Hope Foundation’s projects in Foundation in Kolkata. Most volunteers have an educational, medical or socialKolkata this year. They visited many of the shelter homes, education projects background. However, Hope welcomes anyone who has the skills and theand rehabilitation centers funded by Hope. They also visited Hope’s Children’s motivation to work in the project areas. Generally volunteers come for three toHospital funded by Weight Watchers Ireland and saw first hand the huge need six month terms and are placed in projects, which maximises their skills whilethat exists here in Kolkata for such projects. also taking into consideration the immediate project needs of the Foundation.The students were well prepared and arrived laden down with toys, clothes, The first week a volunteer arrives is spent visitingeducation and health supplies. They threw themselves into interacting withthe children with great gusto and enthusiasm and overcame any barriers of Hope projects in order to can gain an understanding of the overall aims oflanguage or culture. Hope’s work in Kolkata. In the second week they begin their placement. TheAll of the groups held Indian themed nights and dressed accordingly in Saris, role of the volunteer is very much a partnership with the Indian staff workingSalwars and Punjabis. The students from Alexandra College had the oppor- on the ground supporting their needs. There is also a volunteer coordinator totunity to attend the Hope Charity Ball along with hope staff and some of our help in the induction, placement and continued support of volunteers.patrons.From clockwise top left:Dramatization of the Wizard of Oz at Tollygunge Boys Home,the volunteer in charge whispering lines from behind the set.A volunteer with the children she teaches atArunima HIV and Aids Hospice.Visitors from Carraignavar School Immersion ProgrammeUK Hope Ambassador Andrea Catherwood and the twoHope children she sponsors.The 2009 Goa walkers.The 2008 Himalayan walkers.The Ambassador for Ireland in India, Kenneth Thompsonvisited Hope on his first official trip to Kolkata.In the hospital time can pass very slowly, volunteers bring a smileto the children’s faces even as they give them math’s homework. 39
    • Chapter 8 events From clockwise top right: Hope’s Child Protection Campaign took place on International Day Against Child Abuse in November 2008. In October 2008 we launched our Hope UK branch. Attendees at the launch included: Director Maureen Forrest, Tim Vincent, Board Member Lotte Ducan, and Patrons Christopher Biggins and Robert Duncan, Board Member Mairead Sorensen amongst many others.Hope Charity Ball 2009 Kolkata:Performance by the Kalakhetram groupInauguration of an Hope Charity Ball 2009 Kolkataemergency response Students from Alexandra Collegeambulance at theHope Charity Ball. 40 41
    • Chapter 9 Funding The Hope Foundation 2008/2009 Amount Transfer to Partners Name of the Partners % Issue Based Funding Hope Kolkata Foundation 45,65 Health 35 P B K O J P 8,92 Education 26 SPAN 7,67 Child Protection 33 Hive India 6,67 IGP/Skill Development 6 M J C C 6,57 S E E D 5,44 All Bengal Women’s Union 3,57 Bhorukha Public Welfare Trust 3,40 R C F C 2,65 S I C W 2,29 JPISC 1,78 Mukti Rehab Centre 1,30 Mohammad Baazar Backward Class Dev.Society 1,13 Halderchawk Chetana Welfare Society 1,09 Socio Legal Information Centre ( Hrln) 1,02 C.N.I. Calcutta Diocesan ( Arunima Hospice) 0,52 Iswar Sankalpa 0,29 Funding for one Baseline Survey: Concer’n 0,02 Total: 100,00The Howrah Bridge is one of threeon the Hooghly River and is afamous symbol of Kolkata andWest Bengal. It bears the weight ofapproximately 80,000 vehicles andapproximately one millionpedestrians every day. 42 43
    • Chapter 10 details of the hope foundation The Core Group Hope Kolkata Foundation Registered Society Number: S 96057 Hope Foundation Ireland Indian Foreign Registration: 420161082 Company Number: 3030111 Registered Charity No: CHY 13237 Board Sadre Alam – Hon President Board of Directors Sr. Tina – Vice President Dermot O’Mahoney – Chairman Swaran Chaudhury– Hon. Secretary Maureen Forrest – Hon. Secretary/ Director Dipak Biswas – Hon Treasurer Celena Daly – Director Geeta Venkadakrishnan – Director Shea O’Dwyer – Treasurer Anand Agarwal – Member Madeleine Cummins – Member Joy Kar – Member Dr Catherine Molloy – Director Sheila Banaerjee – Member Rosaleen Thomas – Member Pushpa Basu – Member Anne Copplestone – Member Drr Rakesh Awrall - Member Mairead Sorensen – Director Noel Harrington – Member Advisory Board Margaret Browne – Member Sr Tina – Educationist Jenny Browne – Overseas Director N. P. Agarwalla – Solicitor Michael Murphy – Member Arunabhla Banaerjee – Auditor Gerry Coleman – Member Mr. Vijay Bahandari Frank O’Connell – Member Auditor Audit and Advisory Board Mr. A. R Banerjee & Co, Kevin O’Donovan – Accountant Chartered Accountants Donal Daly - Solicitor 79/2A, Raja Naba Kissen, Kolkata- 700005 Paul Derham – Solicitor Donal Daly – Solicitor Banker Auditor Standard Chartered Bank, 1 Old Court Street, kolkata1 Kevin O’Donovan & Partners, Bridge Street, Cork Staff India Liaison Office Jenny Browne Banker Sachidananda Das Allied Irish Bank, Paulami De Sarkar 66 South Mall, Cork Sharmistha Nandi Arunava Das Staff Strength Swarup Bhattacharya Ireland Office Sutithi Bose Maureen Forrest Annemarie Murray Madeleine Cummins Margaret Doyle Auditor Sinead Harrington Mr. A. R Banerjee & Co, Fiona Heraghty Chartered Accountants Eunice Tait 79/2A, Raja Naba Kissen, Kolkata- 700005 Serdar Suer Rosaleen Thomas Banker Linda Lee Wright- UK Standard Chartered Bank, 1 Old Court Street, kolkata1 Anke Frank- Germany 44 45
    • The Hope Foundation would like to thank all our benefactors and supporters for your generosity, hard work and support. It is thanks to your efforts that The Hope Foundation can continue to reach out to increasing numbers of children and families in need.46 47
    • Head Office: The Hope Foundation Ireland 3 Clover Lawn, Skehard Road, Cork, Ireland T: 00 353 21 4292688 / 4292990 F: 00 353 21 429342 E: office@hopefoundation.ie Website: www.hopefoundation.ie India Liaison Office: 53 Uday Shankar Sarani, Kolkata, 700 033 West Bengal, India T: 00 91 33 2422 7320 / 91 33 2429 2560 F: 00 91 33 2542007 E: hopepartner@yahoo.com Web: www.hopefoundation.ie Hope Kolkata Office: 39 Panditya Place Kolkata, 700029 West Bengal, India T: 00 91 33 24742904 F: 00 91 33 24542007 E: info@hopechild.org Web: www.hopechild.org The Hope Foundation UK The Hope Foundation for Street Children, Charity Reg No: SC 038809 The Meadows, Greenlands, Lacey Green, Bucks HP27 0QJ T: 00 44 (0) 1844 275 131 M: 00 44 (0) 7595 673 526 E: lindaleewright@gmail.com www.thehopefoundation.org.uk The Hope Foundation Germany Charity Reg No: VR 6048 Germany, Hope Foundation, Deutschland E: franka@gofree.indigo.ie Web: www.hopefoundation.de