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Andrew Polaszek - ZooBank: ICZN’s open-access web-based register of all new animal names and original descriptions
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Andrew Polaszek - ZooBank: ICZN’s open-access web-based register of all new animal names and original descriptions

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  • 1. The Code, Copyright & ZooBank:The Code, Copyright & ZooBank:Briefing the Science PressBriefing the Science PressICZN, The Natural History Museum, London, U.K.iczn@nhm.ac.uk www.iczn.orgAndrew Polaszek, Executive Secretary, ICZN
  • 2. The Code
  • 3. Amendments to the Code proposed by Jerald HarrisAmendments to the Code proposed by Jerald Harris(Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 61(3) Sept 2004:(Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 61(3) Sept 2004:Recommended additions in italicsRecommended additions in italics))
  • 4. Amendments to the Code proposed by Jerald HarrisAmendments to the Code proposed by Jerald Harris(Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 61(3) Sept 2004:(Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 61(3) Sept 2004:Recommended additions in italicsRecommended additions in italics))Article 8.1.3. It must have been produced in an edition containingArticle 8.1.3. It must have been produced in an edition containingsimultaneously obtainable copies by a method that assures numeroussimultaneously obtainable copies by a method that assures numerousidentical and durable copies,identical and durable copies, including documents that containincluding documents that containDigital Object Identifier numbers and for which electronicDigital Object Identifier numbers and for which electronicdocuments are followed by hard-copy release.documents are followed by hard-copy release.
  • 5. Amendments to the Code proposed by Jerald HarrisAmendments to the Code proposed by Jerald Harris(Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 61(3) Sept 2004:(Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 61(3) Sept 2004:Recommended additions in italicsRecommended additions in italics))Article 8.1.3. It must have been produced in an edition containingArticle 8.1.3. It must have been produced in an edition containingsimultaneously obtainable copies by a method that assures numeroussimultaneously obtainable copies by a method that assures numerousidentical and durable copies,identical and durable copies, including documents that containincluding documents that containDigital Object Identifier numbers and for which electronicDigital Object Identifier numbers and for which electronicdocuments are followed by hard-copy release.documents are followed by hard-copy release.Article 9.8. Text or illustrations distributed by means of electronicArticle 9.8. Text or illustrations distributed by means of electronicsignals (e.g. by means of the World Wide Web),signals (e.g. by means of the World Wide Web),except where such material meets the provision of Article 8.1.3;except where such material meets the provision of Article 8.1.3; or…or…
  • 6. Amendments to the Code can be published as “Declarations”Amendments to the Code can be published as “Declarations”i.e. Do not require a new Codei.e. Do not require a new CodePossible to amend Code by the end of 2006Possible to amend Code by the end of 2006
  • 7. Amendments to the Code can be published as “Declarations”Amendments to the Code can be published as “Declarations”i.e. Do not require a new Codei.e. Do not require a new CodePossible to amend Code by the end of 2006Possible to amend Code by the end of 2006BUT DOES THIS GO FAR ENOUGH?BUT DOES THIS GO FAR ENOUGH?
  • 8. Interim recommendations to publishers ofInterim recommendations to publishers ofscientific descriptions of animals:scientific descriptions of animals:1. Ask reviewers to check for Code-compliance1. Ask reviewers to check for Code-compliance2. If “1.” not possible, ask ICZN2. If “1.” not possible, ask ICZN3. Ensure new taxon descriptions conform to the3. Ensure new taxon descriptions conform to thecurrent Code requirements, esp. Article 8.6current Code requirements, esp. Article 8.6
  • 9. ZooBank:ZooBank:A possible long-term solutionA possible long-term solutionfor web taxonomy & copyright?for web taxonomy & copyright?
  • 10. •Why do we need it?Why do we need it?ZooBank:ZooBank:A possible long-term solutionA possible long-term solutionfor web taxonomy & copyright?for web taxonomy & copyright?
  • 11. •Why do we need it?Why do we need it?•How will it work?How will it work?ZooBank:ZooBank:A possible long-term solutionA possible long-term solutionfor web taxonomy & copyright?for web taxonomy & copyright?
  • 12. •Why do we need it?Why do we need it?•How will it work?How will it work?•Will it be accepted?Will it be accepted?ZooBank:ZooBank:A possible long-term solutionA possible long-term solutionfor web taxonomy & copyright?for web taxonomy & copyright?
  • 13. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts
  • 14. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species database
  • 15. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species database• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and acts
  • 16. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species database• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and acts• Quality controlQuality control
  • 17. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species database• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and acts• Quality controlQuality control• Facilitation of “true” web taxonomyFacilitation of “true” web taxonomy
  • 18. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species database• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and acts• Quality controlQuality control• Facilitation of “true” web taxonomyFacilitation of “true” web taxonomy• Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions
  • 19. ZooBankDemonstrably NOT simply anotherDemonstrably NOT simply anotherdatabasing initiative (Species 2000,databasing initiative (Species 2000,ITIS, uBIO, Zoo. Record / IoN,ITIS, uBIO, Zoo. Record / IoN,ECAT etc)ECAT etc)
  • 20. ZooBankWe need it!We need it!
  • 21. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?
  • 22. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form
  • 23. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration
  • 24. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration
  • 25. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system
  • 26. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system
  • 27. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period” – names hidden
  • 28. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period” – names hidden• Checking for Code-complianceChecking for Code-compliance
  • 29. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period” – names hidden• Checking for Code-complianceChecking for Code-compliance• Registration freeRegistration free
  • 30. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period” – names hidden• Checking for Code-complianceChecking for Code-compliance• Registration freeRegistration free• Zoological RecordZoological Record to kick-start ZooBank with IoNto kick-start ZooBank with IoN
  • 31. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period” – names hidden• Checking for Code-complianceChecking for Code-compliance• Registration freeRegistration free• Zoological RecordZoological Record to kick-start ZooBank with IoNto kick-start ZooBank with IoN• Initial prototype / proof of conceptInitial prototype / proof of concept
  • 32. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?
  • 33. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience
  • 34. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list
  • 35. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic
  • 36. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists
  • 37. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed
  • 38. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed• FundingFunding
  • 39. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed• FundingFunding• PhyloCode / BioCodePhyloCode / BioCode
  • 40. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed• FundingFunding• PhyloCode / BioCodePhyloCode / BioCode• Web taxonomy – Registration=PublicationWeb taxonomy – Registration=Publication
  • 41. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed• FundingFunding• PhyloCode / BioCodePhyloCode / BioCode• Web taxonomy – Registration=PublicationWeb taxonomy – Registration=Publication• 2008: 250 years of Linnaean zoological nomenclature2008: 250 years of Linnaean zoological nomenclature
  • 42. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• 2008: 250 years of Linnaean zoological nomenclature2008: 250 years of Linnaean zoological nomenclature
  • 43. THANKS TO:Coauthors of the Nature Commentary:Donat AgostiDonat Agosti Shunsuke MawatariShunsuke MawatariMiguel Alonso-ZarazagaMiguel Alonso-Zarazaga Scott MillerScott MillerGeorge BeccaloniGeorge Beccaloni Sandro MinelliSandro MinelliPer de Place BjørnPer de Place Bjørn Solene MorrisSolene MorrisPhilippe BouchetPhilippe Bouchet Peter NgPeter NgDenis BrothersDenis Brothers David PattersonDavid PattersonGathorne CranbrookGathorne Cranbrook Rich PyleRich PyleNeal EvenhuisNeal Evenhuis Nigel RobinsonNigel RobinsonCharles GodfrayCharles Godfray Lucie RogoLucie RogoNorm JohnsonNorm Johnson Janice TaverneJanice TaverneFrank KrellFrank Krell Chris ThompsonChris ThompsonDiana LipscombDiana Lipscomb Jan van TolJan van TolChris LyalChris Lyal Quentin WheelerQuentin WheelerGeorgina MaceGeorgina Mace Ed WilsonEd Wilson
  • 44. ADDITIONAL THANKS TO:• The Wellcome Trust• Natural History Museum• Taylor & Francis Ltd• The Gatsby Charitable Foundation• The John Spedan Lewis Trust• The Commissioners & Trustees of ICZN / ITZN