ZooBankZooBank
ZooBank:ZooBank:ICZN’s open-access web registerICZN’s open-access web registerof animal names and descriptionsof animal na...
ZooBank:ZooBank:ICZN’s open-access web registerICZN’s open-access web registerof animal names and descriptionsof animal na...
ZooBank:ZooBank:
ZooBank:ZooBank:•Why do we need it?Why do we need it?
ZooBank:ZooBank:•Why do we need it?Why do we need it?•How will it work?How will it work?
ZooBank:ZooBank:•Why do we need it?Why do we need it?•How will it work?How will it work?•Will it be accepted?Will it be ac...
ZooBank:ZooBank:Past, present and future roles of ICZNPast, present and future roles of ICZN
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal name...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal name...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal name...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal name...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal name...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and acts
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and actsOpp...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal name...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Quality controlQuality control
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Quality controlQuality control• Current Code permits certain descriptions or o...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Quality controlQuality control• Current Code permits certain descriptions or o...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal name...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Facilitation of “true” web taxonomyFacilitation of “true” web taxonomy
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Facilitation of “true” web taxonomyFacilitation of “true” web taxonomy•Web(-on...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Facilitation of “true” web taxonomyFacilitation of “true” web taxonomy•Web(-on...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal name...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions• ...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions• ...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions• ...
ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions• ...
ZooBankDemonstrably NOT simply anotherDemonstrably NOT simply anotherdatabasing initiative (Species 2000,databasing initia...
ZooBankWe need it!We need it!
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will su...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will su...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will su...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will su...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will su...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will su...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication reg...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication reg...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication reg...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system•Role of GBIF (and TDWG)Role of GBIF (and TDWG)
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system•Role of GBIF (and TDWG)Role of GBIF (and TDWG)•(...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication reg...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• P...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• P...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication reg...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period”...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication reg...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Checking for Code-complianceChecking for Code-compliance
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication reg...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Registration freeRegistration free
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication reg...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Zoological RecordZoological Record to kick-start ZooBank with IoNto kick-start ...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication reg...
ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Initial prototype / proof of conceptInitial prototype / proof of concept
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank ...
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank ...
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperi...
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank ...
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank ...
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank ...
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Funding?Funding?
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank ...
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• PhyloCode / BioCode?PhyloCode / BioCode?
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank ...
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Web taxonomy – Registration=PublicationWeb taxonomy – Registration=Public...
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank ...
ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• 2008: 250 years of Linnaean zoological nomenclature2008: 250 years of Lin...
ZooBank:ZooBank:Past, present and future roles of ICZNPast, present and future roles of ICZN
The International Commissionon Zoological NomenclatureMission:The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature isde...
Vision:The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, acting inthe capacity of advisor and arbiter, assists the ...
Vision:The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, acting inthe capacity of advisor and arbiter, assists the ...
Vision:The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, acting inthe capacity of advisor and arbiter, assists the ...
Mandates:The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
Mandates:Convention on Biological DiversityThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
Mandates:• Decisions adopted by the 4th meeting of the Conference of theParties (Bratislava, 4-15 May 1998)The Internation...
Mandates:• Decisions adopted by the 4th meeting of the Conference of theParties (Bratislava, 4-15 May 1998)• Decision IV/1...
Mandates:• Decision IV/1/8: “Institutions, supported by Parties andinternational donors, should coordinate their efforts t...
Mandates:• Each edition of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclatureis adopted by the International Union of Biolo...
Mandates:• Each edition of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclatureis adopted by the International Union of Biolo...
The International Commissionon Zoological NomenclaturePresent Role:
• To revise and publish the International Code ofZoological NomenclaturePresent Role:The International Commissionon Zoolog...
• To revise and publish the International Code ofZoological Nomenclature• To consider and rule on specific cases of nomenc...
“adopted by theInternational Union of Biological Sciences”(IUBS - ICSU)
4th edition - 1999
• To revise and publish the International Code ofZoological Nomenclature• To consider and rule on specific cases of nomenc...
• To consider and rule on specific cases of nomenclaturaluncertainty in zoologyThe International Commissionon Zoological N...
• Where a problem is discovered concerning the naming of animals,applicants present an argument, a “Case” which is publish...
• Where a problem is discovered concerning the naming of animals,applicants present an argument, a “Case” which is publish...
• Where a problem is discovered concerning the naming of animals,applicants present an argument, a “Case” which is publish...
The INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONon ZOOLOGICAL NOMENCLATUREThe Commission’s Work:
The Commission’s Work is essential wherever:The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
The Commission’s Work is essential wherever:• IdentificationThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
The Commission’s Work is essential wherever:• Identification• AuthenticationThe International Commissionon Zoological Nome...
The Commission’s Work is essential wherever:• Identification• Authentication• VerificationThe International Commissionon Z...
The Commission’s Work is essential wherever• Identification• Authentication• Verification• Quality controlThe Internationa...
The Commission’s Work is essential wherever• Identification• Authentication• Verification• Quality controlare required to ...
The Commission’s Work directly affects:The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
The Commission’s Work directly affects:• Biodiversity studiesThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
The Commission’s Work directly affects:• Biodiversity studies• Farming, Fisheries and HorticultureThe International Commis...
The Commission’s Work directly affects:• Biodiversity studies• Farming, Fisheries and Horticulture• Medical and Veterinary...
The Commission’s Work directly affects:• Biodiversity studies• Farming, Fisheries and Horticulture• Medical and Veterinary...
The International Commissionon Zoological NomenclatureFuture Role:
• Amend, revise and simplify the CodeThe International Commissionon Zoological NomenclatureFuture Role:
• Amend, revise and simplify the Code• Provide web-based user-friendly guide to the Code – flowcharts, FAQsThe Internation...
• Amend, revise and simplify the Code• Provide web-based user-friendly guide to the Code – flowcharts, FAQs• All Cases, Co...
• Amend, revise and simplify the Code• Provide web-based user-friendly guide to the Code – flowcharts, FAQs• All Cases, Co...
• Amend, revise and simplify the Code• Provide web-based user-friendly guide to the Code – flowcharts, FAQs• All Cases, Co...
THANKS TO:Coauthors of the Nature Commentary:Donat AgostiDonat Agosti Shunsuke MawatariShunsuke MawatariMiguel Alonso-Zara...
ADDITIONAL THANKS TO:• The Wellcome Trust• Natural History Museum• Taylor & Francis Ltd• The Gatsby Charitable Foundation•...
Andrew Polaszek - ZooBank:  ICZN’s open-access web register of animal names and descriptions
Andrew Polaszek - ZooBank:  ICZN’s open-access web register of animal names and descriptions
Andrew Polaszek - ZooBank:  ICZN’s open-access web register of animal names and descriptions
Andrew Polaszek - ZooBank:  ICZN’s open-access web register of animal names and descriptions
Andrew Polaszek - ZooBank:  ICZN’s open-access web register of animal names and descriptions
Andrew Polaszek - ZooBank:  ICZN’s open-access web register of animal names and descriptions
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Andrew Polaszek - ZooBank: ICZN’s open-access web register of animal names and descriptions

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Why do we need it?
How will it work?
Will it be accepted?

Past, present and future roles of ICZN

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  • Instead of “slipping though” – these instances would be immediately flagged by the ZooBank register and authors / editors contacted
  • Instead of “slipping though” – these instances would be immediately flagged by the ZooBank register and authors / editors contacted
  • Andrew Polaszek - ZooBank: ICZN’s open-access web register of animal names and descriptions

    1. 1. ZooBankZooBank
    2. 2. ZooBank:ZooBank:ICZN’s open-access web registerICZN’s open-access web registerof animal names and descriptionsof animal names and descriptions
    3. 3. ZooBank:ZooBank:ICZN’s open-access web registerICZN’s open-access web registerof animal names and descriptionsof animal names and descriptionsICZN, The Natural History Museum, London, U.K.iczn@nhm.ac.uk www.iczn.orgAndrew Polaszek, Executive Secretary, ICZN
    4. 4. ZooBank:ZooBank:
    5. 5. ZooBank:ZooBank:•Why do we need it?Why do we need it?
    6. 6. ZooBank:ZooBank:•Why do we need it?Why do we need it?•How will it work?How will it work?
    7. 7. ZooBank:ZooBank:•Why do we need it?Why do we need it?•How will it work?How will it work?•Will it be accepted?Will it be accepted?
    8. 8. ZooBank:ZooBank:Past, present and future roles of ICZNPast, present and future roles of ICZN
    9. 9. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?
    10. 10. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts
    11. 11. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Descriptions and nomenclatural acts “hidden” in 1,100Descriptions and nomenclatural acts “hidden” in 1,100journals as well as other publications (monographs, CDs)journals as well as other publications (monographs, CDs)
    12. 12. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Descriptions and nomenclatural acts “hidden” in 1,100Descriptions and nomenclatural acts “hidden” in 1,100journals as well as other publications (monographs, CDs)journals as well as other publications (monographs, CDs)• Taxonomic data will not only be freely available,Taxonomic data will not only be freely available,an alerting service will also be provided for those taxaan alerting service will also be provided for those taxaof interest to the userof interest to the user
    13. 13. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species database
    14. 14. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species database
    15. 15. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species databaseRegistration as an ICZN requirement for availabilityRegistration as an ICZN requirement for availabilityof new names, coupled with retrospective registrationof new names, coupled with retrospective registrationof existing names, ensures completeness of theof existing names, ensures completeness of theresultant register/databaseresultant register/database
    16. 16. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species database• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and acts
    17. 17. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and acts
    18. 18. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and actsOpportunity to introduce unprecedented stabilityOpportunity to introduce unprecedented stabilityin zoological nomenclature;in zoological nomenclature;• Automatic checking for Code-complianceAutomatic checking for Code-compliance• Prevention of homonymyPrevention of homonymy• Stabilisation of spellingStabilisation of spelling• Fixing of genders and stemsFixing of genders and stems• Stability in gender agreementStability in gender agreement
    19. 19. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species database• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and acts• Quality controlQuality control
    20. 20. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Quality controlQuality control
    21. 21. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Quality controlQuality control• Current Code permits certain descriptions or otherCurrent Code permits certain descriptions or othertaxonomic acts, e.g. absence of a type specimen,taxonomic acts, e.g. absence of a type specimen,offensive names.offensive names.
    22. 22. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Quality controlQuality control• Current Code permits certain descriptions or otherCurrent Code permits certain descriptions or othertaxonomic acts, e.g. absence of a type specimen,taxonomic acts, e.g. absence of a type specimen,offensive names.offensive names.• Auctioning of names and other ethical issuesAuctioning of names and other ethical issues
    23. 23. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species database• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and acts• Quality controlQuality control• Facilitation of “true” web taxonomyFacilitation of “true” web taxonomy
    24. 24. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Facilitation of “true” web taxonomyFacilitation of “true” web taxonomy
    25. 25. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Facilitation of “true” web taxonomyFacilitation of “true” web taxonomy•Web(-only) taxonomy in the absence of a registrationWeb(-only) taxonomy in the absence of a registrationsystem is a recipe for increased chaos.system is a recipe for increased chaos.
    26. 26. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Facilitation of “true” web taxonomyFacilitation of “true” web taxonomy•Web(-only) taxonomy in the absence of a registrationWeb(-only) taxonomy in the absence of a registrationsystem is a recipe for increased chaos.system is a recipe for increased chaos.•Peer-review for web taxonomy still needs addressingPeer-review for web taxonomy still needs addressing
    27. 27. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•““Visibility” of animal names and nomenclatural actsVisibility” of animal names and nomenclatural acts• Completeness of the animal species databaseCompleteness of the animal species database• Code-compliance of all names and actsCode-compliance of all names and acts• Quality controlQuality control• Facilitation of “true” web taxonomyFacilitation of “true” web taxonomy• Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions
    28. 28. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions
    29. 29. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions• Field in register for original descriptions - i.e. pdfField in register for original descriptions - i.e. pdfor similar (no limit on numbers of illustrations).or similar (no limit on numbers of illustrations).
    30. 30. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions• Field in register for original descriptions - i.e. pdfField in register for original descriptions - i.e. pdfor similar (no limit on numbers of illustrations).or similar (no limit on numbers of illustrations).• Voluntary initially (because of publishers /Voluntary initially (because of publishers /copyright restrictions)copyright restrictions)
    31. 31. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions• Field in register for original descriptions - i.e. pdfField in register for original descriptions - i.e. pdfor similar (no limit on numbers of illustrations).or similar (no limit on numbers of illustrations).• Voluntary initially (because of publishers /Voluntary initially (because of publishers /copyright restrictions)copyright restrictions)• Several publishers already signed upSeveral publishers already signed up
    32. 32. ZooBankWhy do we need it?Why do we need it?•Universal availability of descriptionsUniversal availability of descriptions• Field in register for original descriptions - i.e. pdfField in register for original descriptions - i.e. pdfor similar (no limit on numbers of illustrations).or similar (no limit on numbers of illustrations).• Voluntary initially (because of publishers /Voluntary initially (because of publishers /copyright restrictions)copyright restrictions)• Several publishers already signed upSeveral publishers already signed up• Authors will want descriptions as widely available asAuthors will want descriptions as widely available aspossiblepossible
    33. 33. ZooBankDemonstrably NOT simply anotherDemonstrably NOT simply anotherdatabasing initiative (Species 2000,databasing initiative (Species 2000,ITIS, uBIO, Zoo. Record / IoN,ITIS, uBIO, Zoo. Record / IoN,ECAT etc)ECAT etc)
    34. 34. ZooBankWe need it!We need it!
    35. 35. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?
    36. 36. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form
    37. 37. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will submit details online; allAuthor or third party will submit details online; all““usual” fields, but additional fields for:usual” fields, but additional fields for:
    38. 38. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will submit details online; allAuthor or third party will submit details online; all““usual” fields, but additional fields for:usual” fields, but additional fields for:• Code-complianceCode-compliance
    39. 39. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will submit details online; allAuthor or third party will submit details online; all““usual” fields, but additional fields for:usual” fields, but additional fields for:• Code-complianceCode-compliance• Type depositoriesType depositories
    40. 40. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will submit details online; allAuthor or third party will submit details online; all““usual” fields, but additional fields for:usual” fields, but additional fields for:• Code-complianceCode-compliance• Type depositoriesType depositories• GenderGender
    41. 41. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will submit details online; allAuthor or third party will submit details online; all““usual” fields, but additional fields for:usual” fields, but additional fields for:• Code-complianceCode-compliance• Type depositoriesType depositories• GenderGender• StemStem
    42. 42. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Author or third party will submit details online; allAuthor or third party will submit details online; all““usual” fields, but additional fields for:usual” fields, but additional fields for:• Code-complianceCode-compliance• Type depositoriesType depositories• GenderGender• StemStem• Type locality details (optional)Type locality details (optional)• Description & figs (optional but highly desirable)!Description & figs (optional but highly desirable)!
    43. 43. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration
    44. 44. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration
    45. 45. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration
    46. 46. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration
    47. 47. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system
    48. 48. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system
    49. 49. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system•Role of GBIF (and TDWG)Role of GBIF (and TDWG)
    50. 50. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system•Role of GBIF (and TDWG)Role of GBIF (and TDWG)•(ICZN is an Associate Participant of GBIF as of 2005)(ICZN is an Associate Participant of GBIF as of 2005)
    51. 51. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system
    52. 52. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system
    53. 53. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Publishers ask authors to register new taxa / actsPublishers ask authors to register new taxa / actswith ZooBankwith ZooBank
    54. 54. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Publishers ask authors to register new taxa / actsPublishers ask authors to register new taxa / actswith ZooBankwith ZooBank• Publishers “waive copyright” on descriptive/nomenclaturalPublishers “waive copyright” on descriptive/nomenclaturalsections of published worksections of published work
    55. 55. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period” – names hidden
    56. 56. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period” – names hidden
    57. 57. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period” – names hidden• Checking for Code-complianceChecking for Code-compliance
    58. 58. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Checking for Code-complianceChecking for Code-compliance
    59. 59. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period” – names hidden• Checking for Code-complianceChecking for Code-compliance• Registration freeRegistration free
    60. 60. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Registration freeRegistration free
    61. 61. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period” – names hidden• Checking for Code-complianceChecking for Code-compliance• Registration freeRegistration free• Zoological RecordZoological Record to kick-start ZooBank with IoNto kick-start ZooBank with IoN
    62. 62. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Zoological RecordZoological Record to kick-start ZooBank with IoNto kick-start ZooBank with IoN
    63. 63. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Online registration formOnline registration form• Pre- and post-publication registrationPre- and post-publication registration• Primary and third-party registrationPrimary and third-party registration• GUID/DOI systemGUID/DOI system• Parallels with GenBank Acc. No. systemParallels with GenBank Acc. No. system• Pre-publication “holding period” – names hiddenPre-publication “holding period” – names hidden• Checking for Code-complianceChecking for Code-compliance• Registration freeRegistration free• Zoological RecordZoological Record to kick-start ZooBank with IoNto kick-start ZooBank with IoN• Initial prototype / proof of conceptInitial prototype / proof of concept
    64. 64. ZooBankHow will it work?How will it work?• Initial prototype / proof of conceptInitial prototype / proof of concept
    65. 65. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?
    66. 66. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience
    67. 67. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list
    68. 68. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list
    69. 69. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic
    70. 70. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic
    71. 71. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists
    72. 72. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists
    73. 73. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed
    74. 74. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed
    75. 75. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed• Funding?Funding?
    76. 76. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Funding?Funding?
    77. 77. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed• Funding?Funding?• PhyloCode / BioCode?PhyloCode / BioCode?
    78. 78. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• PhyloCode / BioCode?PhyloCode / BioCode?
    79. 79. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed• Funding?Funding?• PhyloCode / BioCode?PhyloCode / BioCode?• Web taxonomy – Registration=PublicationWeb taxonomy – Registration=Publication
    80. 80. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Web taxonomy – Registration=PublicationWeb taxonomy – Registration=Publication
    81. 81. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• Botanical experienceBotanical experience• ZooBank discussion listZooBank discussion list• Mandatory = authoritarian / imperialisticMandatory = authoritarian / imperialistic• Extra work for taxonomistsExtra work for taxonomists• Extra resources neededExtra resources needed• Funding?Funding?• PhyloCode / BioCode?PhyloCode / BioCode?• Web taxonomy – Registration=PublicationWeb taxonomy – Registration=Publication• 2008: 250 years of Linnaean zoological nomenclature2008: 250 years of Linnaean zoological nomenclature
    82. 82. ZooBankWill it be accepted?Will it be accepted?• 2008: 250 years of Linnaean zoological nomenclature2008: 250 years of Linnaean zoological nomenclature
    83. 83. ZooBank:ZooBank:Past, present and future roles of ICZNPast, present and future roles of ICZN
    84. 84. The International Commissionon Zoological NomenclatureMission:The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature isdedicated to achieving stability and sense in the scientific naming ofanimals
    85. 85. Vision:The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, acting inthe capacity of advisor and arbiter, assists the zoologicalcommunity through generation and dissemination of information onthe correct use of the scientific names of animals.The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    86. 86. Vision:The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, acting inthe capacity of advisor and arbiter, assists the zoologicalcommunity through generation and dissemination of information onthe correct use of the scientific names of animals.This includes the publication of the International Code of ZoologicalNomenclature and the Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature containingapplications to, and rulings by, the Commission.The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    87. 87. Vision:The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, acting inthe capacity of advisor and arbiter, assists the zoologicalcommunity through generation and dissemination of information onthe correct use of the scientific names of animals.This includes the publication of the International Code of ZoologicalNomenclature and the Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature containingapplications to, and rulings by, the Commission.ICZN will distribute this information as widely as possible, workingtowards the provision of a free service.The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    88. 88. Mandates:The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    89. 89. Mandates:Convention on Biological DiversityThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    90. 90. Mandates:• Decisions adopted by the 4th meeting of the Conference of theParties (Bratislava, 4-15 May 1998)The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    91. 91. Mandates:• Decisions adopted by the 4th meeting of the Conference of theParties (Bratislava, 4-15 May 1998)• Decision IV/1: Report and recommendations of the third meetingof the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and TechnologicalAdvice, and instructions by the Conference of the Parties to theSubsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological AdviceThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    92. 92. Mandates:• Decision IV/1/8: “Institutions, supported by Parties andinternational donors, should coordinate their efforts to establishand maintain effective mechanisms for the stable naming ofbiological taxa”The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    93. 93. Mandates:• Each edition of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclatureis adopted by the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS)The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    94. 94. Mandates:• Each edition of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclatureis adopted by the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS)• IUBS is itself a member of ICSU, the International Council forScienceThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    95. 95. The International Commissionon Zoological NomenclaturePresent Role:
    96. 96. • To revise and publish the International Code ofZoological NomenclaturePresent Role:The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    97. 97. • To revise and publish the International Code ofZoological Nomenclature• To consider and rule on specific cases of nomenclaturaluncertainty in zoologyThe International Commissionon Zoological NomenclaturePresent Role:
    98. 98. “adopted by theInternational Union of Biological Sciences”(IUBS - ICSU)
    99. 99. 4th edition - 1999
    100. 100. • To revise and publish the International Code ofZoological Nomenclature• To consider and rule on specific cases of nomenclaturaluncertainty in zoologyThe International Commissionon Zoological NomenclaturePresent Role:
    101. 101. • To consider and rule on specific cases of nomenclaturaluncertainty in zoologyThe International Commissionon Zoological NomenclaturePresent Role:
    102. 102. • Where a problem is discovered concerning the naming of animals,applicants present an argument, a “Case” which is published in BZN
    103. 103. • Where a problem is discovered concerning the naming of animals,applicants present an argument, a “Case” which is published in BZN• Counter arguments or support (“Comments”) are publishedsubsequently
    104. 104. • Where a problem is discovered concerning the naming of animals,applicants present an argument, a “Case” which is published in BZN• Counter arguments or support (“Comments”) are publishedsubsequently• The Commission votes on the application and a decision, called an“Opinion”, is then published
    105. 105. The INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONon ZOOLOGICAL NOMENCLATUREThe Commission’s Work:
    106. 106. The Commission’s Work is essential wherever:The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    107. 107. The Commission’s Work is essential wherever:• IdentificationThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    108. 108. The Commission’s Work is essential wherever:• Identification• AuthenticationThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    109. 109. The Commission’s Work is essential wherever:• Identification• Authentication• VerificationThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    110. 110. The Commission’s Work is essential wherever• Identification• Authentication• Verification• Quality controlThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    111. 111. The Commission’s Work is essential wherever• Identification• Authentication• Verification• Quality controlare required to a “legal” standardThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    112. 112. The Commission’s Work directly affects:The International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    113. 113. The Commission’s Work directly affects:• Biodiversity studiesThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    114. 114. The Commission’s Work directly affects:• Biodiversity studies• Farming, Fisheries and HorticultureThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    115. 115. The Commission’s Work directly affects:• Biodiversity studies• Farming, Fisheries and Horticulture• Medical and Veterinary ResearchThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    116. 116. The Commission’s Work directly affects:• Biodiversity studies• Farming, Fisheries and Horticulture• Medical and Veterinary Research• Palaeontology and Biostratigraphy• Entomology• ConservationThe International Commissionon Zoological Nomenclature
    117. 117. The International Commissionon Zoological NomenclatureFuture Role:
    118. 118. • Amend, revise and simplify the CodeThe International Commissionon Zoological NomenclatureFuture Role:
    119. 119. • Amend, revise and simplify the Code• Provide web-based user-friendly guide to the Code – flowcharts, FAQsThe International Commissionon Zoological NomenclatureFuture Role:
    120. 120. • Amend, revise and simplify the Code• Provide web-based user-friendly guide to the Code – flowcharts, FAQs• All Cases, Comments and Opinions to move to webThe International Commissionon Zoological NomenclatureFuture Role:
    121. 121. • Amend, revise and simplify the Code• Provide web-based user-friendly guide to the Code – flowcharts, FAQs• All Cases, Comments and Opinions to move to web• ICZN to act as custodian of ZooBank – populating it & addingdata on Code-complianceThe International Commissionon Zoological NomenclatureFuture Role:
    122. 122. • Amend, revise and simplify the Code• Provide web-based user-friendly guide to the Code – flowcharts, FAQs• All Cases, Comments and Opinions to move to web• ICZN to act as custodian of ZooBank – populating it & addingdata on Code-compliance• ICZN to act as coordinator for peer review of web (zoo-)taxonomyThe International Commissionon Zoological NomenclatureFuture Role:
    123. 123. THANKS TO:Coauthors of the Nature Commentary:Donat AgostiDonat Agosti Shunsuke MawatariShunsuke MawatariMiguel Alonso-ZarazagaMiguel Alonso-Zarazaga Scott MillerScott MillerGeorge BeccaloniGeorge Beccaloni Sandro MinelliSandro MinelliPer de Place BjørnPer de Place Bjørn Solene MorrisSolene MorrisPhilippe BouchetPhilippe Bouchet Peter NgPeter NgDenis BrothersDenis Brothers David PattersonDavid PattersonGathorne CranbrookGathorne Cranbrook Rich PyleRich PyleNeal EvenhuisNeal Evenhuis Nigel RobinsonNigel RobinsonCharles GodfrayCharles Godfray Lucie RogoLucie RogoNorm JohnsonNorm Johnson Janice TaverneJanice TaverneFrank KrellFrank Krell Chris ThompsonChris ThompsonDiana LipscombDiana Lipscomb Jan van TolJan van TolChris LyalChris Lyal Quentin WheelerQuentin WheelerGeorgina MaceGeorgina Mace Ed WilsonEd Wilson
    124. 124. ADDITIONAL THANKS TO:• The Wellcome Trust• Natural History Museum• Taylor & Francis Ltd• The Gatsby Charitable Foundation• The John Spedan Lewis Trust• The Commissioners & Trustees of ICZN / ITZN
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