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Socio-Economic Aware Design of Future Network Technology (Y.FNsocioeconomic)
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Socio-Economic Aware Design of Future Network Technology (Y.FNsocioeconomic)


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  • 1. Joint ITU-T SG 13 and ISO/JTC1/SC 6 Workshop on “Future Networks Standardization” (Geneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012) Socio-Economic Aware Design of Future Network Technology (Y.FNsocioeconomic) Martin Waldburger, University of Zurich, Editor of Y.FNsocioeconomic in Q21/13, waldburger@ifi.uzh.chGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012
  • 2. Outline Socio-economic Awareness Design Goals and Objectives in Y.3001 Scope of Y.FNsocioeconomic Proposed Structure Tussle Evolution: Bandwidth Sharing Tussle Analysis Meta-method Conclusions and Recommendation Q&AGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 2
  • 3. Socio-economic Awareness (1) Stakeholders with End-users ISPs Regulators ASPs … varying socio- economic interests Out-of-network socio-economic interactions Technology choicesSocio-economic (including investments,layer configurations)Technology Technology outputs (connectivity, QoS,layer mobility, security, etc.) Network Middle application boxes Network s Firewall Technology protocols s components Links Routers Switches Servers 3G towers Socio-economic layer is governed by laws of socio-economics, while technology layer by laws of physics Geneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 3
  • 4. Socio-economic Awareness (2) Traditional engineering goals (technology design) Effectiveness Efficiency Modularity Security Technology will reach multiple stakeholders Different interpretations of goals Different incentives Stakeholders tussles engage in Different choices Understanding socio-economic aspects Complete view on ecosystem Assess technology adoption and long- term successGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 4
  • 5. various actors involved in theDesign Goals and Objectives in Y.3001 network ecosystem. ... to reduce life „Future Networks: Objectives and Design Goals“ Objectives Service awareness cycle costs in order Data awareness Environmental awareness for them to be Social and economic awareness deployable and Design goals Service diversity sustainable.provide a FNs are recommended to be designed to Functional flexibility Virtualization of resources ... ICT/telecommunictaion ecosystemin the tussles allow appropriate sustainable competition environment for solving among the range of participants Data access Energy consumption competition and an Rationale: Many technologies have failed to be deployed, flourish, or be sustainable because of Service universalization Economic incentives appropriate return inadequate or inappropriate decisions of the architect, ... economic for all actors Sufficient attention therefore needs to be paid to Network management and social aspects such as economic incentives in designing and implementing the Mobility requirements, architecture, and protocol of FNs in Optimization order to provide a sustainable competition environment to the various participants Identification ReliabilityGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 5
  • 6. Scope of Y.FNsocioeconomic Y.3001 lists... Candidate technologies But no methods to achieve goals and objectives „Socio-Economic Aware Design of Future Network Technology“ This Recommendation lists methods to achieve socio-economic design goals and objectives for Future Networks (FNs). When a candidate FN technology is provided, the methods listed provide a structured approach •to anticipate at technology design time the socio-economic impact of the technology taking into account the relevant set of stakeholders, tussles emerging among them, and the range of available choices, •to anticipate either a stable and incentives-compatible or an unstable outcome resulting from deploying the technology, •to identify potential spillover (unwanted) effects from the technology’s primary functionality to another functionality, •and to help design technology for Future Networks that is in-line with the respective socio-economic design goals and objectives.Geneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 6
  • 7. Proposed Structure Summary Scope References Definitions Abbreviations and acronyms Conventions Introduction Socio-economic Aware Deployment of Future Network Technology Design for Tussle Technology Deployment Cycle Tussle concept Tussle Evolution Tussle Analysis Meta-method Stakeholder Identification Methods Tussle Identification Methods Methods to implement steps Tussle Impact and Tussle Evolution Methods of tussle analysis Appendix: Methods OverviewGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 7
  • 8. Tussle Evolution: Bandwidth Sharing peer-to-peer p2p users get p2p users configure (p2p) users applications to open p2p applications disproportionatestrategies/policies multiple TCP configured to bandwidth share Stakeholders’ Tussle outcome connections for the perform traffic same session ISPs throttle obfuscation ? bandwidth of p2p fair ISP applications by using bandwidth (neutral entity) What if ISPs deploy p2p DPI technology sharing applications motivate multiple congestion exposure technologies & congestion pricing schemes? ? interactive interactive TCP connections for users get users the same session disproportionate Functionality: bandwidth sharing bandwidth sharestrategies/policies Tussle outcome Stakeholders’ ISPs Regulator announces fines due to VoIP providers‘ complaints Regulator ISPs use DPI technology no to degrade quality of discrimination rival VoIP services ASPs Functionality: VoIP service delivery Functionality Stable outcome Evolves Initial state Unstable outcome Affects Geneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 8
  • 9. Tussle Analysis Meta-method Functionality I Functionality II Step 1: Identify all primary stakeholder roles and their characteristics for the functionality under investigation new iteration spillover Step 2: Identify tussles among identified stakeholders tussle tussle tussle tussle Step 3: For each tussle assess the impact to each stakeholder and potential spilloversGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 9
  • 10. Conclusions and Recommendation Engineers need to... Be aware of socio-economic aspects of technology Consider socio-economics in technology design For the goal of... Long-term success by incentive compatibility Assessment of adoption potential Sustainable competition environment Recommendation Y.FNsocioeconomic Methods to achieve socio-economic goals, objectives Tussle analysis (meta-method) Several methods to implement tussle analysisGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 10
  • 11. Thank you for your attention! Questions? Comments? Find more information on socio-economics on http://www.seserv.orgGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 11