The Digital Divides  or the third industrial revolution: concepts and figures Ismael Peña López Faculty of Law and Politic...
Questions to (try to) answer... <ul><li>Food or Technology (ICTs)? </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Divide: a matter of infrastru...
First Part: General concepts
NEW Information and Communication Technologies <ul><li>Old ones: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>radio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ph...
INFORMATION and COMMUNICATION TechnologIES <ul><li>Information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Information Society? (1/2) <ul><li>(back to the ) Production function </li></ul><ul><li>Labour (and land) </li></ul><ul><l...
Information Society? (2/2) <ul><li>Information as input, tool and output </li></ul><ul><li>Use information to get </li></u...
THIRD industrial revolution? <ul><li>Industrial revolution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>steam en...
Second Part: Development
Development: General concepts <ul><li>Humanitarian action/aid </li></ul><ul><li>Development and Capacity building </li></u...
ICT and Development <ul><li>Efficiency (efficienza) </li></ul><ul><li>Efficacy (efficacia) </li></ul><ul><li>PRODUCTIVITY ...
ICT’s contribution to development Christine Zhen-Wei Qiang, Alexander Pitt and Seth Ayers. World Bank (2003) ICT & Develop...
ICT’s contribution to development Source: Christine Zhen-Wei Qiang, Alexander Pitt and Seth Ayers. World Bank (2003) ICT &...
ICT’s contribution to development Source: Charles Kenny and Christine Zhen-Wei Qiang World Bank (2003) ICT & Development
COOPERATION for Development & ICTs <ul><li>Why ICT is key for achieving the MDGs? (Shoji Nishimoto & Radhika Lal) </li></u...
Third Part: Digital Divide s
Digital Divide: concepts <ul><li>Digital Divide: Simon Moores (1996) </li></ul><ul><li>e-Readiness </li></ul><ul><li>e-Awa...
Digital Divide or The Four types of the Digital Divide <ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Capacitation (Digital Lite...
Digital Literacy <ul><li>Technological literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Informational literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Functional lite...
State of the Digital Divide Source: ITU. ICT Development Report 2006
State of the Digital Divide Source: ITU. ICT Development Report 2006
Digital Divide and Development <ul><li>leapfrogging </li></ul>
State of the Digital Divide Source: Ismael Peña. ICTlogy.net
Fourth Part: Digital Inclusion (Digital Divides II)
Digital Divide and Digital Inclusion (1/2) <ul><li>Infrastructure:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>access (and quality) </li></ul><...
Digital Divide and Digital Inclusion (2/2) <ul><li>Infrastructure installation </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure maintenanc...
Povo di Trento, May 25th, 2006. Università Degli Studi Trento <ul><li>To cite this work : </li></ul><ul><li>Peña López, I....
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The Digital Divides or the third industrial revolution: concepts and figures

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It is usual to think about the digital divide as a very concrete aspect of the impact of ICTs, mainly concerning whether there is an existence of infrastructures (sometimes computers, sometimes computers connected to the Internet).

It is usual to think about digital literacy as the ability of someone to switch on a computer and playing some cards game, sending an e-mail and, optimistically, run some word processor and type in a love letter.

It is usual to think about ICTs as something that won’t make disappear the hunger in the world or heal the thousands of people suffering from countless diseases, specially in places where citizens live with less than one dollar a day.

It is usual to think about the digital divide as something that does not affect me, as I live on the sunny side of the world, in a developed country that will last this way for centuries.

With the aim to dismantle all these (almost) false assumptions, the seminar will try and give "correct" definitions for concepts such as Digital Divide, Digital Literacy, eReadiness or eAwareness and show examples on how ICTs can help underdeveloped and developing countries to reach higher quotas of welfare… and how so-called developed countries can exchange places with the lesser developed ones in case they do not pay attention to what is happening in a global world.

More info, citation and download, here: http://ictlogy.net/bibciter/reports/projects.php?idp=287

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  • It is usual to think about the digital divide as a very concrete aspect of the impact of ICTs, mainly concerning whether there is an existence of infrastructures (sometimes computers, sometimes computers connected to the Internet). It is usual to think about digital literacy as the ability of someone to switch on a computer and playing some cards game, sending an e-mail and, optimistically, run some word processor and type in a love letter. It is usual to think about ICTs as something that won&apos;t make disappear the hunger in the world or heal the thousands of people suffering from countless diseases, specially in places where citizens live with less than one dollar a day. It is usual to think about the digital divide as something that does not affect me, as I live on the sunny side of the world, in a developed country that will last this way for centuries. With the aim to dismantle all these (almost) false assumptions, the seminar will try and give &amp;quot;correct&amp;quot; definitions for concepts such as Digital Divide, Digital Literacy, eReadiness or eAwareness and show examples on how ICTs can help underdeveloped and developing countries to reach higher quotas of welfare... and how so-called developed countries can exchange places with the lesser developed ones in case they do not pay attention to what is happening in a global world.
  • The Digital Divides or the third industrial revolution: concepts and figures

    1. 1. The Digital Divides or the third industrial revolution: concepts and figures Ismael Peña López Faculty of Law and Political Science Universitat Oberta de Catalunya Povo di Trento, 25 / 05 / 2006
    2. 2. Questions to (try to) answer... <ul><li>Food or Technology (ICTs)? </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Divide: a matter of infrastructures? </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Literacy: plug & play? </li></ul><ul><li>Should the rich be scared of the Digital Divide(s)? </li></ul>
    3. 3. First Part: General concepts
    4. 4. NEW Information and Communication Technologies <ul><li>Old ones: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>radio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>phone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>printed press </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New ones: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet (e-mail + WWW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mobile phone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>satellite </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. INFORMATION and COMMUNICATION TechnologIES <ul><li>Information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>broadcasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>p2p </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>networking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>multiplatform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multichannel </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Information Society? (1/2) <ul><li>(back to the ) Production function </li></ul><ul><li>Labour (and land) </li></ul><ul><li>Labour and Capital </li></ul><ul><li>Labour, Capital and Knowledge/Technology/… </li></ul>
    7. 7. Information Society? (2/2) <ul><li>Information as input, tool and output </li></ul><ul><li>Use information to get </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>better (quality) information </li></ul></ul>Raw data Digitalization Transformation Enrichment Rich data Information? Knowledge?
    8. 8. THIRD industrial revolution? <ul><li>Industrial revolution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>steam engine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second industrial revolution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>steel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>internal-combustion engine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Digital revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>computers </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Second Part: Development
    10. 10. Development: General concepts <ul><li>Humanitarian action/aid </li></ul><ul><li>Development and Capacity building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation for Development </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. ICT and Development <ul><li>Efficiency (efficienza) </li></ul><ul><li>Efficacy (efficacia) </li></ul><ul><li>PRODUCTIVITY </li></ul>
    12. 12. ICT’s contribution to development Christine Zhen-Wei Qiang, Alexander Pitt and Seth Ayers. World Bank (2003) ICT & Development
    13. 13. ICT’s contribution to development Source: Christine Zhen-Wei Qiang, Alexander Pitt and Seth Ayers. World Bank (2003) ICT & Development
    14. 14. ICT’s contribution to development Source: Charles Kenny and Christine Zhen-Wei Qiang World Bank (2003) ICT & Development
    15. 15. COOPERATION for Development & ICTs <ul><li>Why ICT is key for achieving the MDGs? (Shoji Nishimoto & Radhika Lal) </li></ul><ul><li>ICT is necessary for investment, livelihood support and entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>ICT facilitates cost-effective public and </li></ul><ul><li>private services </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>ICT increase NGOs’ efficacy, efficiency… productivity </li></ul>
    16. 16. Third Part: Digital Divide s
    17. 17. Digital Divide: concepts <ul><li>Digital Divide: Simon Moores (1996) </li></ul><ul><li>e-Readiness </li></ul><ul><li>e-Awareness </li></ul>
    18. 18. Digital Divide or The Four types of the Digital Divide <ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Capacitation (Digital Literacy) </li></ul><ul><li>Content and Services </li></ul><ul><li>Legal framework </li></ul>
    19. 19. Digital Literacy <ul><li>Technological literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Informational literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Functional literacy </li></ul><ul><li>e-Awareness </li></ul>
    20. 20. State of the Digital Divide Source: ITU. ICT Development Report 2006
    21. 21. State of the Digital Divide Source: ITU. ICT Development Report 2006
    22. 22. Digital Divide and Development <ul><li>leapfrogging </li></ul>
    23. 23. State of the Digital Divide Source: Ismael Peña. ICTlogy.net
    24. 24. Fourth Part: Digital Inclusion (Digital Divides II)
    25. 25. Digital Divide and Digital Inclusion (1/2) <ul><li>Infrastructure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>access (and quality) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>affordability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capacitation: digital immigrants and literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Content and Services: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>local content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>relevant services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legal framework: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT sector regulation (market) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Censorship </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Digital Divide and Digital Inclusion (2/2) <ul><li>Infrastructure installation </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure creation </li></ul><ul><li>Technological literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Informational literacy </li></ul>Digital Literacy <ul><li>Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivity </li></ul>Technological Infrastructures <ul><li>Locally relevant content </li></ul><ul><li>Content creation, transmission & commercialization </li></ul><ul><li>e-Comunication among individuals and communities </li></ul><ul><li>Presence in the Net & virtual communities </li></ul><ul><li>e-Services </li></ul><ul><li>e-Public Sector </li></ul>Content, Community & Services <ul><li>TelCos Law </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructures Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign trade Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual property and patents </li></ul><ul><li>ICT Sector fostering </li></ul>Legal Frame- work <ul><li>Infrastructures Policies </li></ul><ul><li>R+D+I Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Educative Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual property and patents </li></ul><ul><li>Data protection </li></ul><ul><li>Identity in the Net </li></ul><ul><li>Information Society Law </li></ul><ul><li>Content Policies </li></ul><ul><li>e-Communication Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Distance learning Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign trade Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Participative Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>ICT4D </li></ul>
    27. 27. Povo di Trento, May 25th, 2006. Università Degli Studi Trento <ul><li>To cite this work : </li></ul><ul><li>Peña López, I.(2006) The Digital Divides or the third industrial revolution: concepts and figures (on-line presentation) </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.ictlogy.net/presentations/20060525a_ismael_pena_digital_divides.pdf> [downloaded mm/dd/yyyy] </li></ul><ul><li>To contact the author : </li></ul><ul><li>http ://www.ictlogy.net/aboutcontact.php </li></ul>More information please visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ All the information in this document under a Creative Commons license: Attribution – Non Commercial – No Derivs

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