The Railroads The first transcontinental railroad The American West This Powerpoint is hosted on  www.worldofteaching.com ...
The Building of the Railroads <ul><li>Built in 1860s  </li></ul><ul><li>Two companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Pacifi...
Why did America need Railroads? <ul><li>Communication from East to West was not very good </li></ul><ul><li>Travelling tim...
Effect of the Railroads: Quick and easy travel to the West <ul><li>Previous methods  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wagon Train </l...
Effect of the Railroads: Cheap land for people wanting to go West <ul><li>Once the Railroads were built the Railroad compa...
Effect of the Railroads: Destruction of the Indians <ul><li>Hunters used the Railroad to go west to hunt the buffalo </li>...
Effect of the Railroads: Helps develop the Cattle Industry <ul><li>Cattle were transported by the railroads making it easi...
Task <ul><li>Essay Question: </li></ul><ul><li>How important were the railroad and railroad companies in opening up the we...
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The Railroads

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The Railroads

  1. 1. The Railroads The first transcontinental railroad The American West This Powerpoint is hosted on www.worldofteaching.com Please visit for 100’s more free powerpoints
  2. 2. The Building of the Railroads <ul><li>Built in 1860s </li></ul><ul><li>Two companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Pacific Railroad Company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Union Pacific Railroad Company </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Met and joined railroad in Promontory, Utah </li></ul><ul><li>Date of completion 10 May 1869 </li></ul><ul><li>By 1893 there were 6 major railroad companies </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why did America need Railroads? <ul><li>Communication from East to West was not very good </li></ul><ul><li>Travelling time from East to West took 6 months + </li></ul><ul><li>It would help fulfil ‘Manifest Destiny’ </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. needed to keep up with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Trade links with China and Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Help to bring law and order to the West </li></ul>
  4. 4. Effect of the Railroads: Quick and easy travel to the West <ul><li>Previous methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wagon Train </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By boat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pony Express </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The railroad turned a 6 month journey into a maximum of 8 days </li></ul>
  5. 5. Effect of the Railroads: Cheap land for people wanting to go West <ul><li>Once the Railroads were built the Railroad companies had no use for the excess land </li></ul><ul><li>Sold land off cheap </li></ul><ul><li>Benefitted Homesteaders and Ranchers who came west. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Effect of the Railroads: Destruction of the Indians <ul><li>Hunters used the Railroad to go west to hunt the buffalo </li></ul><ul><li>Hunters were only interested in buffalo skin </li></ul><ul><li>1875 southern buffalo herds wiped out </li></ul><ul><li>1885 northern buffalo herds wiped out </li></ul><ul><li>Indians depended on the buffalo, but now they were gone!  </li></ul>
  7. 7. Effect of the Railroads: Helps develop the Cattle Industry <ul><li>Cattle were transported by the railroads making it easier to move them from Texas to the East </li></ul><ul><li>Cow Towns grew up around these railroad stops </li></ul>
  8. 8. Task <ul><li>Essay Question: </li></ul><ul><li>How important were the railroad and railroad companies in opening up the west? </li></ul><ul><li>Step 1: Planning your answer </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Writing your answer </li></ul>
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