What is a “red”? Why were they
feared in the 1920’s?
someone with communist
sympathies, connection with
Russian Revolution
Why were recent immigrants
often portrayed as political
agitators in the 1920s?
Usually members of working
class, many had...
Identify two examples of
immigration restriction during the
1920s.
The quota system (set limits on
# of imms from each cou...
Why was there a wave of strikes
in 1919? How did employers
respond?
Workers wanted to gain what they
had missed out on dur...
What were the primary issues
that workers were striking for?
Shorter hours, five day work
week, living wage
What group wanted to form “one
big union” to fight against the
“employment class”?
Industrial Workers of the World
or the ...
Whose trial was a clear example
of anti-immigrant sentiment?
Who took up the cause of their
innocence?
Sacco & Vanzetti, m...
Identify two examples of anti-
immigrant sentiment from the
twenties.
Sacco & Vanzetti, Al Smith,
KKK, quotas & restrictio...
What group worked to oppress
everybody who was not a White
Protestant? Why did this group
grow in the 1920’s?
KKK, tension...
What Attorney General started
the “Red Scare”? Why?
Mitchell Palmer, thought fighting
Communism would help
advance his pol...
What legal organization was
formed in response to the
Palmer Raids? Name a leading
member of this organization.
ACLU, Clar...
List three characteristics of life in
rural America in the 1920s.
cultural homogeneity, religious
fundamentalism, farming,...
Identify three characteristics of
urban America in the 1920’s.
cultural diversity, new
immigrants, religious diversity,
sp...
What the basis of the Christian
Fundamentalist movement? Name
a well known fundamentalist
preacher of the 1920s.
a literal...
What was the charge in the
Scopes’ Monkey Trial? What did
the trial represent?
teaching evolution, clash
between rural (es...
What encouraged consumption
of all kinds of new goods in the
twenties?
new marketing techniques
(advertising, installment ...
Why were so many Americans in
a hurry to get rich quick in the
1920’s? What two areas did
they invest in to accomplish thi...
What is “buying on the margin”?
taking a loan on profits existing
stock to buy more stock
Why is buying on the margin a
problem?
market crashes, stocks lose
their value, and nobody can
pay back their loans
Why were so many farmers
struggling to make ends meet
during the 1920s?
Overproduction (still producing at
WWI levels) led...
What happened to all the new
manufacturing capacity that had
been built up producing war
materials during WWI?
It transiti...
List two new electronic
conveniences of the 1920s.
vacuum cleaner, washing
machine, radio, refrigerator,
toaster
What were the two big auto
manufacturers in the 1920s?
Ford & General Motors
How did the automobile change
American life?
demand for roads, faster
transportation, closed
distances, greater contact
Why were Republican
Presidents like Harding and
Coolidge so popular in the
1920’s?
isolationist and pro-business
Identify 2 ways Harding’s tenure
was scandalous.
womanizer, seized alcohol at
poker parties, embezzlement
by cabinet membe...
Who took over after Harding died
& cleaned up after the scandals?
Coolidge
Describe Coolidge’s business
philosophy.
hands off, pro-ownership
What kept Al Smith from winning
the 1928 Presidential election?
urban, new immigrant, Roman
Catholic
How many farmers lost their
farms in the ‘20s? What
institutions lost a lot of money as
a result?
1/2 million, the banks
What amendment made alcohol
illegal? How successful was it in
reducing consumption of
alcohol?
18th, not very
Who took over distribution of
alcohol during prohibition?
organized crime (bootleggers)
Identify two things that helped
“liberate” America in the ‘20s.
Jazz, Radio, Movies, Literature
of the Lost Generation,
Au...
Name two ways women
established new independent
attitudes in the 20s.
Bobbing Hair, wearing shorter
skirts, moving out on ...
What amendment gave women
the right to vote? Did the votes
of women significantly change
the American political scene?
19t...
Name two types of jobs
commonly held by middle class
women.
nursing, teaching, higher level
clerical
Name 2 big athletes of the
Twenties.
Babe Ruth, Red Grange, Bill
Tilden, Jack Dempsey,
Gertrude Elderle, Bobby Jones
Name two famous entertainers
of the ‘20s.
Charlie Chaplin, Gillespie, Clara
Bo, Valentino, Al Jolson, Paul
Robeson, Mills
Name two types of jobs
commonly held by lower class
women.
factory, lower clerical, janitorial
What was the Harlem
Renaissance?
the flourishing growth of the arts
in Harlem in the 1920’s
Name 2 authors that were part of
the Harlem Renaissance.
Langston Hughes, Countee
Cullen, Claude McKay
Why was the Harlem
Renaissance most significant?
Was the first time Blacks were
able to exert major influence
over America...
Name two writers that were part
of the “Lost Generation”. Why
were they lost?
F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest
Hemingway, Sincl...
Name one of the most influential
architects of the 1920’s.
Louis Sullivan & Frank Lloyd
Wright
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review of the 1920s

  1. 1. What is a “red”? Why were they feared in the 1920’s? someone with communist sympathies, connection with Russian Revolution
  2. 2. Why were recent immigrants often portrayed as political agitators in the 1920s? Usually members of working class, many had radical beliefs (anarchists, socialists, etc.)
  3. 3. Identify two examples of immigration restriction during the 1920s. The quota system (set limits on # of imms from each country), 1923 Japanese Exclusion Act
  4. 4. Why was there a wave of strikes in 1919? How did employers respond? Workers wanted to gain what they had missed out on during WWI, employers called them revolutionaries and Communists
  5. 5. What were the primary issues that workers were striking for? Shorter hours, five day work week, living wage
  6. 6. What group wanted to form “one big union” to fight against the “employment class”? Industrial Workers of the World or the “Wobblies”
  7. 7. Whose trial was a clear example of anti-immigrant sentiment? Who took up the cause of their innocence? Sacco & Vanzetti, many celebrities and intellectuals
  8. 8. Identify two examples of anti- immigrant sentiment from the twenties. Sacco & Vanzetti, Al Smith, KKK, quotas & restrictions
  9. 9. What group worked to oppress everybody who was not a White Protestant? Why did this group grow in the 1920’s? KKK, tension in cities between poor whites and blacks and immigrants
  10. 10. What Attorney General started the “Red Scare”? Why? Mitchell Palmer, thought fighting Communism would help advance his political career
  11. 11. What legal organization was formed in response to the Palmer Raids? Name a leading member of this organization. ACLU, Clarence Darrow
  12. 12. List three characteristics of life in rural America in the 1920s. cultural homogeneity, religious fundamentalism, farming, traditional values, country music & ice cream socials, tough economic times
  13. 13. Identify three characteristics of urban America in the 1920’s. cultural diversity, new immigrants, religious diversity, speakeasies & jazz, manufacturing, booming economic times
  14. 14. What the basis of the Christian Fundamentalist movement? Name a well known fundamentalist preacher of the 1920s. a literal interpretation of the Bible, Billy Sunday or Aimee Semple McPherson
  15. 15. What was the charge in the Scopes’ Monkey Trial? What did the trial represent? teaching evolution, clash between rural (esp. fundamentalist) and urban values
  16. 16. What encouraged consumption of all kinds of new goods in the twenties? new marketing techniques (advertising, installment plans, mail order catalogs, etc.)
  17. 17. Why were so many Americans in a hurry to get rich quick in the 1920’s? What two areas did they invest in to accomplish this? new American dream defined by possessions, stock market and real estate
  18. 18. What is “buying on the margin”? taking a loan on profits existing stock to buy more stock
  19. 19. Why is buying on the margin a problem? market crashes, stocks lose their value, and nobody can pay back their loans
  20. 20. Why were so many farmers struggling to make ends meet during the 1920s? Overproduction (still producing at WWI levels) led to low crop prices, and many were carrying debt from new equipment purchases
  21. 21. What happened to all the new manufacturing capacity that had been built up producing war materials during WWI? It transitioned to producing new consumer goods (appliances, clothing, cosmetics, etc.)
  22. 22. List two new electronic conveniences of the 1920s. vacuum cleaner, washing machine, radio, refrigerator, toaster
  23. 23. What were the two big auto manufacturers in the 1920s? Ford & General Motors
  24. 24. How did the automobile change American life? demand for roads, faster transportation, closed distances, greater contact
  25. 25. Why were Republican Presidents like Harding and Coolidge so popular in the 1920’s? isolationist and pro-business
  26. 26. Identify 2 ways Harding’s tenure was scandalous. womanizer, seized alcohol at poker parties, embezzlement by cabinet members, Tea Pot Dome
  27. 27. Who took over after Harding died & cleaned up after the scandals? Coolidge
  28. 28. Describe Coolidge’s business philosophy. hands off, pro-ownership
  29. 29. What kept Al Smith from winning the 1928 Presidential election? urban, new immigrant, Roman Catholic
  30. 30. How many farmers lost their farms in the ‘20s? What institutions lost a lot of money as a result? 1/2 million, the banks
  31. 31. What amendment made alcohol illegal? How successful was it in reducing consumption of alcohol? 18th, not very
  32. 32. Who took over distribution of alcohol during prohibition? organized crime (bootleggers)
  33. 33. Identify two things that helped “liberate” America in the ‘20s. Jazz, Radio, Movies, Literature of the Lost Generation, Automobiles
  34. 34. Name two ways women established new independent attitudes in the 20s. Bobbing Hair, wearing shorter skirts, moving out on their own, voting, rejecting the sexual double standard
  35. 35. What amendment gave women the right to vote? Did the votes of women significantly change the American political scene? 19th, no
  36. 36. Name two types of jobs commonly held by middle class women. nursing, teaching, higher level clerical
  37. 37. Name 2 big athletes of the Twenties. Babe Ruth, Red Grange, Bill Tilden, Jack Dempsey, Gertrude Elderle, Bobby Jones
  38. 38. Name two famous entertainers of the ‘20s. Charlie Chaplin, Gillespie, Clara Bo, Valentino, Al Jolson, Paul Robeson, Mills
  39. 39. Name two types of jobs commonly held by lower class women. factory, lower clerical, janitorial
  40. 40. What was the Harlem Renaissance? the flourishing growth of the arts in Harlem in the 1920’s
  41. 41. Name 2 authors that were part of the Harlem Renaissance. Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Claude McKay
  42. 42. Why was the Harlem Renaissance most significant? Was the first time Blacks were able to exert major influence over American culture, gave a voice to the Black experience
  43. 43. Name two writers that were part of the “Lost Generation”. Why were they lost? F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis, H.L. Mencken; disillusioned by destruction of WWI
  44. 44. Name one of the most influential architects of the 1920’s. Louis Sullivan & Frank Lloyd Wright

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