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    Review Review Presentation Transcript

    • What is a “red”? Why were they feared in the 1920’s?
      • someone with communist sympathies, connection with Russian Revolution
    • Why were recent immigrants often portrayed as political agitators in the 1920s?
      • Usually members of working class, many had radical beliefs (anarchists, socialists, etc.)
    • Identify two examples of immigration restriction during the 1920s.
      • The quota system (set limits on # of imms from each country), 1923 Japanese Exclusion Act
    • Why was there a wave of strikes in 1919? How did employers respond?
      • Workers wanted to gain what they had missed out on during WWI, employers called them revolutionaries and Communists
    • What were the primary issues that workers were striking for?
      • Shorter hours, five day work week, living wage
    • What group wanted to form “one big union” to fight against the “employment class”?
      • Industrial Workers of the World or the “Wobblies”
    • Whose trial was a clear example of anti-immigrant sentiment? Who took up the cause of their innocence?
      • Sacco & Vanzetti, many celebrities and intellectuals
    • Identify two examples of anti-immigrant sentiment from the twenties.
      • Sacco & Vanzetti, Al Smith, KKK, quotas & restrictions
    • What group worked to oppress everybody who was not a White Protestant? Why did this group grow in the 1920’s?
      • KKK, tension in cities between poor whites and blacks and immigrants
    • What Attorney General started the “Red Scare”? Why?
      • Mitchell Palmer, thought fighting Communism would help advance his political career
    • What legal organization was formed in response to the Palmer Raids? Name a leading member of this organization.
      • ACLU, Clarence Darrow
    • List three characteristics of life in rural America in the 1920s.
      • cultural homogeneity, religious fundamentalism, farming, traditional values, country music & ice cream socials, tough economic times
    • Identify three characteristics of urban America in the 1920’s.
      • cultural diversity, new immigrants, religious diversity, speakeasies & jazz, manufacturing, booming economic times
    • What the basis of the Christian Fundamentalist movement? Name a well known fundamentalist preacher of the 1920s.
      • a literal interpretation of the Bible, Billy Sunday or Aimee Semple McPherson
    • What was the charge in the Scopes’ Monkey Trial? What did the trial represent?
      • teaching evolution, clash between rural (esp. fundamentalist) and urban values
    • What encouraged consumption of all kinds of new goods in the twenties?
      • new marketing techniques (advertising, installment plans, mail order catalogs, etc.)
    • Why were so many Americans in a hurry to get rich quick in the 1920’s? What two areas did they invest in to accomplish this?
      • new American dream defined by possessions, stock market and real estate
    • What is “buying on the margin”?
      • taking a loan on profits existing stock to buy more stock
    • Why is buying on the margin a problem?
      • market crashes, stocks lose their value, and nobody can pay back their loans
    • Why were so many farmers struggling to make ends meet during the 1920s?
      • Overproduction (still producing at WWI levels) led to low crop prices, and many were carrying debt from new equipment purchases
    • What happened to all the new manufacturing capacity that had been built up producing war materials during WWI?
      • It transitioned to producing new consumer goods (appliances, clothing, cosmetics, etc.)
    • List two new electronic conveniences of the 1920s.
      • vacuum cleaner, washing machine, radio, refrigerator, toaster
    • What were the two big auto manufacturers in the 1920s?
      • Ford & General Motors
    • How did the automobile change American life?
      • demand for roads, faster transportation, closed distances, greater contact
    • Why were Republican Presidents like Harding and Coolidge so popular in the 1920’s?
      • isolationist and pro-business
    • Identify 2 ways Harding’s tenure was scandalous.
      • womanizer, seized alcohol at poker parties, embezzlement by cabinet members, Tea Pot Dome
    • Who took over after Harding died & cleaned up after the scandals?
      • Coolidge
    • Describe Coolidge’s business philosophy.
      • hands off, pro-ownership
    • What kept Al Smith from winning the 1928 Presidential election?
      • urban, new immigrant, Roman Catholic
    • How many farmers lost their farms in the ‘20s? What institutions lost a lot of money as a result?
      • 1/2 million, the banks
    • What amendment made alcohol illegal? How successful was it in reducing consumption of alcohol?
      • 18th, not very
    • Who took over distribution of alcohol during prohibition?
      • organized crime (bootleggers)
    • Identify two things that helped “liberate” America in the ‘20s.
      • Jazz, Radio, Movies, Literature of the Lost Generation, Automobiles
    • Name two ways women established new independent attitudes in the 20s.
      • Bobbing Hair, wearing shorter skirts, moving out on their own, voting, rejecting the sexual double standard
    • What amendment gave women the right to vote? Did the votes of women significantly change the American political scene?
      • 19th, no
    • Name two types of jobs commonly held by middle class women.
      • nursing, teaching, higher level clerical
    • Name 2 big athletes of the Twenties.
      • Babe Ruth, Red Grange, Bill Tilden, Jack Dempsey, Gertrude Elderle, Bobby Jones
    • Name two famous entertainers of the ‘20s.
      • Charlie Chaplin, Gillespie, Clara Bo, Valentino, Al Jolson, Paul Robeson, Mills
    • Name two types of jobs commonly held by lower class women.
      • factory, lower clerical, janitorial
    • What was the Harlem Renaissance?
      • the flourishing growth of the arts in Harlem in the 1920’s
    • Name 2 authors that were part of the Harlem Renaissance.
      • Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Claude McKay
    • Why was the Harlem Renaissance most significant?
      • Was the first time Blacks were able to exert major influence over American culture, gave a voice to the Black experience
    • Name two writers that were part of the “Lost Generation”. Why were they lost?
      • F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis, H.L. Mencken; disillusioned by destruction of WWI
    • Name one of the most influential architects of the 1920’s.
      • Louis Sullivan & Frank Lloyd Wright