Plains Indians

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Plains Indians

  1. 1. The Plains Indians
  2. 2. Who were the Plains Indians? <ul><li>Skilled artists </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul><ul><li>agriculture the main source of food </li></ul><ul><li>Warrior society </li></ul><ul><li>Well-organized religion </li></ul><ul><li>Each tribe had a unique language </li></ul>
  3. 6. Spanish bring the horse <ul><li>Used for hunting and transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Able to follow the buffalo </li></ul><ul><li>Buffalo </li></ul><ul><li>grocery store for the Plains Indians </li></ul><ul><li>able to migrate with the herds </li></ul>
  4. 8. Ceremonies <ul><li>The Sun Dance was the most spectacular and important religious ceremony of the Plains Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Each tribe has its own distinct rituals and methods of performing the dance, but many of the ceremonies have features in common, including dancing , singing , praying , drumming, the experience of visions , fasting , and in some cases piercing of the chest or back. </li></ul><ul><li>The dance involves fixed gazing at the sun while dancing, blowing of eagle bone whistles, fasting, and sometimes, self-torture. </li></ul><ul><li>It shows that there is no true end to life, but a cycle of symbolic and true deaths and rebirths. All of nature is intertwined and dependent on one another. This gives an equal ground to everything on the Earth. </li></ul>
  5. 9. Roles of Women <ul><li>Supervised life in the home </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gathered food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepared meals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made tepees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cared for children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taught the traditions on their people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oral tradition </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 10. Roles of Men <ul><li>Protected family and village </li></ul><ul><li>Hunted for family </li></ul><ul><li>Taught hunting skills to boys </li></ul><ul><li>Supervised spiritual life of family </li></ul><ul><li>Military leadership </li></ul>
  7. 11. Waged war to <ul><li>Defend territory </li></ul><ul><li>Protect people </li></ul><ul><li>Extend territory </li></ul><ul><li>Gain horses </li></ul><ul><li>Prove bravery </li></ul>

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