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Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
Late19c Urbanization
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Late19c Urbanization

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Transcript

  • 1. Urbanization As Seen Through Late 19c - Early 20c Architecture
  • 2. Characteristics of Urbanization During the Gilded Age
    • Megalopolis.
    • Mass Transit.
    • Magnet for economic and social opportunities.
    • Pronounced class distinctions. - Inner & outer core
    • New frontier of opportunity for women.
    • Squalid living conditions for many.
    • Political machines.
    • Ethnic neighborhoods.
  • 3. CHICAGO: "The Windy City"
  • 4. William Le Baron Jenney
    • 1832 – 1907
    • “ Father of the Modern Skyscraper”
  • 5. W. Le Baron Jenney: Central Y.M.C.A., Chicago, 1891
  • 6. Louis Sullivan
    • 1856 – 1924
    • The Chicago School of Architecture
    • Form follows function!
  • 7. Louis Sullivan: Bayard Bldg., NYC, 1897
  • 8. Louis Sullivan: Carson, Pirie, Scott Dept. Store, Chicago, 1899
  • 9. D. H. Burnham
    • 1846 – 1912
    • Use of steel as a super structure.
  • 10. DH Burnham: Fisher [Apt.] Bldg, Chicago, 1896
  • 11. D. H. Burnham: Marshall Fields Dept. Store, 1902
  • 12. DH Burnham: Railway Exchange, Chicago, 1904
  • 13. Frank Lloyd Wright
    • 1869 – 1959
    • “ Prairie House” School of Architecture
    • “ Organic Architecture”
  • 14. Frank Lloyd Wright: Allen-Lamb House, 1915
  • 15. Frank Lloyd Wright: Hollyhock House [Los Angeles], 1917
  • 16. Frank Lloyd Wright: “Falling Waters”, 1936
  • 17. Interior of “Falling Waters”
  • 18. F. L. Wright Furniture
  • 19. F. L. Wright Glass Screens Prairie wheat patterns.
  • 20. Frank Lloyd Wright: Susan Lawrence Dana House, Springfield, IL - 1902
  • 21. Frank Lloyd Wright: Johnson Wax Bldg. – Racine, WI, 1936
  • 22. Frank Lloyd Wright: Guggenheim Museum, NYC - 1959
  • 23. NEW YORK CITY: "Gotham"
  • 24. New York City Architectural Style: 1870s-1910s
    • The style was less innovative than in Chicago.
    • NYC was the source of the capital for Chicago.
    • Most major business firms had their headquarters in NYC  their bldgs. became “logos” for their companies.
    • NYC buildings and skyscrapers were taller than in Chicago.
  • 25. Western Union Bldg,. NYC - 1875
  • 26. Manhattan Life Insurance Bldg. NYC - 1893
  • 27. Singer Building NYC - 1902
  • 28. Woolworth Bldg. NYC - 1911
  • 29. Flatiron Building NYC – 1902 D. H. Burnham
  • 30. Grand Central Station, 1913
  • 31. John A. Roebling: The Brooklyn Bridge, 1883
  • 32. John A. Roebling: The Brooklyn Bridge, 1913
  • 33. Statue of Liberty, 1876 (Frederic Auguste Bartholdi)
  • 34. “ Dumbell “ Tenement
  • 35. “ Dumbell “ Tenement, NYC
  • 36. Jacob Riis: How the Other Half Lived (1890)
  • 37. Tenement Slum Living
  • 38. Lodgers Huddled Together
  • 39. Tenement Slum Living
  • 40. Struggling Immigrant Families
  • 41. Mulberry Street – “Little Italy”
  • 42. St. Patrick’s Cathedral
  • 43. Hester Street – Jewish Section
  • 44. 1900 Rosh Hashanah Greeting Card
  • 45. Pell St. - Chinatown, NYC
  • 46. Urban Growth: 1870 - 1900

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