DID NOT go beyond steps already taken to free slaves as the Union Army advanced.
“ ...all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free...”
“ ...such persons of suitable condition will be received into the armed service of the United States...”
Eleven days after Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, Davis told the Southern Congress that the document was " the most execrable measure in the history of guilty man." He said Union officers captured at the head of black troops would be turned over to state governments to be punished as " criminals engaged in inciting servile insurrection "; the penalty for this crime would, of course, be execution. Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard recommended the summary execution of Union officers of black units, and " let the execution be with the garrote."