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Vocational training and employment presentation at ngo meeting may 10
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Vocational training and employment presentation at ngo meeting may 10


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  • 1. Vocational Training and Employment for PWDs in a Vocational Rehabilitation System Presented by Robert Horvath, Hai Nguyen VNAH
  • 2. What is Vocational Rehabilitation?
    • A continuous and coordinated process which involves the provision of vocational related services designed to enable a person with a disability to obtain employment.
  • 4. Purpose of Vocational Rehabilitation
    • To enable a person with a disability to prepare for and obtain/retain suitable employment.
  • 5. Why the need for Vocational rehabilitation
    • Facts
    • 600 million PWDs worldwide
    • 370 million PWDs in Asia
    • 238 million PWDs of working age in Asia
    • Most live in rural areas
    • Unemployment rate of PWD: doubled compared with that of general population, and nearly 80% in developing countries.
  • 6. Why the need for Vocational rehabilitation (Cont)
    • PWDs are among the poorest in the population
    • Socio economic costs to the country are high
    • Untapped resource of workers
  • 7. Why the need for Vocational rehabilitation (Cont)
    • Barriers to Employment
    • Negative attitudes
    • Practices of discrimination
    • Unequal access to education, training, building, transportation, employment
    • Low self-esteem, lack of confidence
  • 8. Trends affecting the Vocational rehabilitation model
    • From charity based to rights based
    • From medical to social model
    • From centralized to community based services
    • Increased cost of welfare
    • Recognition of business benefits of hiring workers with disabilities
  • 9. Benefits of hiring people with disabilities
    • PWDs benefits
    • Employer benefits
    • Society benefits
  • 10. Vocational Rehabilitation Service Delivery model-Implementation in Da Nang
  • 11. Conceptual Model Vocational evaluation/Needs Assessment Identified strengths, employment barriers, special obstacles related to vocational rehab Individualized Plan for Employment SERVICES, SUPPORT provided Strengths increased Problems, obstacles resolved Employment obtained & sustained (three months) VOCATIONAL TRAINING + Needs assessement + Networks Placement services Skills training services Vocational counseling and guidance Physical, mental restoration services Specialized services for the blind, deaf… Post-employment services
  • 12. Goal of the model
    • To develop vocational rehabilitation service system to enable PWDs to prepare for, obtain and/or maintain suitable employment .
  • 13. Major act 1: Establish and build capacity for a Vocational rehab team
    • Role & Responsibility
    • Fuction under the guidance of an advisory team
    • Facilitate the formation of the team
    • Conduct training for VR team in Vocational rehab
  • 14. Major act 1: Establish and build capacity for a Vocational rehab team (cont) Vocational Rehab Advisory A representative from DOLISA Da Nang A doctor from Binh Dan Hospital A doctor from Da Nang Psychiatric Hospital A representative from Da Nang VCCI Vocational Rehab Team A staff from Da Nang Employment Service Center A social worker A representative from Da Nang DPO A reprentative from another NGO A representative from employer A staff from Da Nang VCCI
  • 15. Major act 2: Empower Da Nang Employment Service Center
    • Conduct capacity building
    • Support the center to revise services, processes, procedures
    • Establish a telephone line and training staff
    Welcome to the Da Nang Employment Service Center
  • 16. Major act 3: Build a network of skilled VR service providers
    • Establish working relationship between Da Nang employment service center with other related service providers and employers
    • Implement training for involved service providers
    • Support to organize network meetings
    • Establish a website with linkages
    • Establish an employment network of business
  • 17. Major act 4: Enable eligible PWDs to prepare for, obtain, and maintain employment
    • Vocational rehab process
    If no, refer to other rehab sources: such as health rehab, drug rehab…
    • Family
    • CBRs
    • Health centers/hospitals
    • DPOs
    • Schools
    • NGOs
    • Employers
    • Employment service centers
    Referral If yes, moved to next steps Individualized Plan for Employment (IPE) Developed Employment Obtained Eligibility Determined Assessment Vocational Rehab & Employment Services Provided Intake Application Follow-up Service Record Closed
  • 18. Major act 4: (cont)
    • A Work center for PWDs with more severe disability
    • PWDs learn basic work behaviors, to build their work tolerance, make an adjustment to working
    • PWDs will be enabled and prepared in job behaviors, and job seeking skills
    • The Center will be located at a DPO enterprise
  • 19. Major act 5: Develop and implement a M&E process
    • Design the process: indicators, data collection, data analysis and sharing, data utilization
    • Revise VR processes, procedures (quarterly)
    • Collect data from PWDs, DPOs, service providers
    • Analyze and report on program effectiveness
    • Share with involved stakeholders about evaluation results
  • 20. Recent activities
    • US consultant: training in Vocational rehab for ESC, VR team, and related service providers
    • Establish a telephone line and website
    • Establish a network of employers