Vocational training and employment presentation at ngo meeting may 10


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Vocational training and employment presentation at ngo meeting may 10

  1. 1. Vocational Training and Employment for PWDs in a Vocational Rehabilitation System Presented by Robert Horvath, Hai Nguyen VNAH
  2. 2. What is Vocational Rehabilitation? <ul><li>A continuous and coordinated process which involves the provision of vocational related services designed to enable a person with a disability to obtain employment. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Purpose of Vocational Rehabilitation <ul><li>To enable a person with a disability to prepare for and obtain/retain suitable employment. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why the need for Vocational rehabilitation <ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><li>600 million PWDs worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>370 million PWDs in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>238 million PWDs of working age in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Most live in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment rate of PWD: doubled compared with that of general population, and nearly 80% in developing countries. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why the need for Vocational rehabilitation (Cont) <ul><li>PWDs are among the poorest in the population </li></ul><ul><li>Socio economic costs to the country are high </li></ul><ul><li>Untapped resource of workers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why the need for Vocational rehabilitation (Cont) <ul><li>Barriers to Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Negative attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Practices of discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Unequal access to education, training, building, transportation, employment </li></ul><ul><li>Low self-esteem, lack of confidence </li></ul>
  8. 8. Trends affecting the Vocational rehabilitation model <ul><li>From charity based to rights based </li></ul><ul><li>From medical to social model </li></ul><ul><li>From centralized to community based services </li></ul><ul><li>Increased cost of welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of business benefits of hiring workers with disabilities </li></ul>
  9. 9. Benefits of hiring people with disabilities <ul><li>PWDs benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Employer benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Society benefits </li></ul>
  10. 10. Vocational Rehabilitation Service Delivery model-Implementation in Da Nang
  11. 11. Conceptual Model Vocational evaluation/Needs Assessment Identified strengths, employment barriers, special obstacles related to vocational rehab Individualized Plan for Employment SERVICES, SUPPORT provided Strengths increased Problems, obstacles resolved Employment obtained & sustained (three months) VOCATIONAL TRAINING + Needs assessement + Networks Placement services Skills training services Vocational counseling and guidance Physical, mental restoration services Specialized services for the blind, deaf… Post-employment services
  12. 12. Goal of the model <ul><li>To develop vocational rehabilitation service system to enable PWDs to prepare for, obtain and/or maintain suitable employment . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Major act 1: Establish and build capacity for a Vocational rehab team <ul><li>Role & Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Fuction under the guidance of an advisory team </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate the formation of the team </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct training for VR team in Vocational rehab </li></ul>
  14. 14. Major act 1: Establish and build capacity for a Vocational rehab team (cont) Vocational Rehab Advisory A representative from DOLISA Da Nang A doctor from Binh Dan Hospital A doctor from Da Nang Psychiatric Hospital A representative from Da Nang VCCI Vocational Rehab Team A staff from Da Nang Employment Service Center A social worker A representative from Da Nang DPO A reprentative from another NGO A representative from employer A staff from Da Nang VCCI
  15. 15. Major act 2: Empower Da Nang Employment Service Center <ul><li>Conduct capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Support the center to revise services, processes, procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a telephone line and training staff </li></ul>Welcome to the Da Nang Employment Service Center
  16. 16. Major act 3: Build a network of skilled VR service providers <ul><li>Establish working relationship between Da Nang employment service center with other related service providers and employers </li></ul><ul><li>Implement training for involved service providers </li></ul><ul><li>Support to organize network meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a website with linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Establish an employment network of business </li></ul>
  17. 17. Major act 4: Enable eligible PWDs to prepare for, obtain, and maintain employment <ul><li>Vocational rehab process </li></ul>If no, refer to other rehab sources: such as health rehab, drug rehab… <ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>CBRs </li></ul><ul><li>Health centers/hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>DPOs </li></ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Employers </li></ul><ul><li>Employment service centers </li></ul>Referral If yes, moved to next steps Individualized Plan for Employment (IPE) Developed Employment Obtained Eligibility Determined Assessment Vocational Rehab & Employment Services Provided Intake Application Follow-up Service Record Closed
  18. 18. Major act 4: (cont) <ul><li>A Work center for PWDs with more severe disability </li></ul><ul><li>PWDs learn basic work behaviors, to build their work tolerance, make an adjustment to working </li></ul><ul><li>PWDs will be enabled and prepared in job behaviors, and job seeking skills </li></ul><ul><li>The Center will be located at a DPO enterprise </li></ul>
  19. 19. Major act 5: Develop and implement a M&E process <ul><li>Design the process: indicators, data collection, data analysis and sharing, data utilization </li></ul><ul><li>Revise VR processes, procedures (quarterly) </li></ul><ul><li>Collect data from PWDs, DPOs, service providers </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze and report on program effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Share with involved stakeholders about evaluation results </li></ul>
  20. 20. Recent activities <ul><li>US consultant: training in Vocational rehab for ESC, VR team, and related service providers </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a telephone line and website </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a network of employers </li></ul>