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Presentation on Hazard and vulnerability mapping by Viet - Oxfam

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Disaster working group meeting in 2008 - Presentation on Hazard and vulnerability mapping by Viet - Oxfam at the meeting on July 03, 2008

Disaster working group meeting in 2008 - Presentation on Hazard and vulnerability mapping by Viet - Oxfam at the meeting on July 03, 2008

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    • 1. HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY MAPPING DMWG Meeting, 3 rd July 2008
    • 2. HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY MAPPING DMWG Meeting, 3 rd July 2008
      • Natural Disasters Issues in Viet Nam
      • Overview of Natural Disasters (ND) by regions
      • Key stakeholders in ND management
      • Gap analysis in ND management
    • 3.  
    • 4.
      • Flood
      • Flash flood
      • Inundation
      • Storm/typhoon
      • Storm surge
      • Drought
      • Salt water intrusion
      • Landslide
      • Hail rain
      • Lightening
      Natural Hazards in Vietnam I. NATURAL DISASTERS IN VIETNAM Main Hazards: Flood, Storm and Drought
    • 5. Poverty Situation (According to 2005 poverty standard)
      • No. Regions Proportion of Rank of
      • poor households poverty
      • 1 Northern uplands 43.19% 2
      • 2 Red River delta 19.80% 6
      • 3 North central coastal 39.70% 3
      • 4 South central coastal 23.20% 4
      • 5 Central Highlands 52.22% 1
      • 6 Southeast 10.19% 7
      • 7 Mekong River delta 20.77% 5
      •  
      • Total 25.99%
      • Source: Vietnam, 2005. National Targeted Program on Poverty Reduction 2006-2010 Document
    • 6.  
    • 7. Types of Natural Disasters in Vietnam
      • Flood
      • Flashflood
      • Inundation 10. Hail
            • 11. Lightening
      • Tropical Depression/
      • Storm/Typhoon 12. Earthquake
      • Storm surge
      • 13. Tsunami
      • 6. Drought
      • 7. Salt Water Intrusion
      • Cyclone
      • Landslide
    • 8.  
    • 9. Storm occurrence in Vietnam Frequency and severity of storms decrease from the North to the South Source: http:// www.ccfsc.org.vn/DMU_En /
    • 10. Note: No data on children’s death available for the period 1996-2000
    • 11. Human loss caused by ND recorded from 1995 to 2007
    • 12. Total damage (M USD) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Year Value in millions USD Total damage (M USD)
    • 13. Economic loss caused by ND recorded from 1995 to 2007 ndm-p
    • 14. Rank of economic regions suffered from disasters by economic losses (2001-2005)
          • 1. Mekong River Delta
          • 2. Red River Delta
          • 3. South Central region
          • 4. North Central region
          • 5. North Uplands
          • 6. Central Highlands
          • 7. Southeast region
    • 15.  
    • 16. Average damage caused by disaster in Red River Delta ( 2001-2005) 9,974 203,471 100,000 650,000 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 Cyclones Storms Floods Tropical depression Main disaster types Million VND
    • 17. Average damage caused by disaster in North Central Coastal (2001-2005 ) 29,304 378,640 219,418 5,762 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 Storms Cyclones Floods Tropical depression Main disaster types Million VND
    • 18. Average damage caused by disaster in South Central Coastal (2001-2005) 7,649 402,154 330,693 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 450,000 Storms Cyclones Floods Main disaster types Million VND
    • 19. Average damage caused by disaster in Central Highlands (2001-2005) 1,118 58,800 115,027 12,417 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 Storms Floods Cyclones Tropical depression Main disaster types Million VND
    • 20. Average damage caused by disaster in Southeast (2001-2005) 1,765 26,352 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 Cyclones Floods Main disaster types Million VND
    • 21. Average damage caused by disaster in Mekong River Delta (2001-2005) 2005) 996,370 2,808 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 Floods Cyclones Main disaster types Million VND
    • 22.  
    • 23. Key Stakeholders in DM
      • Central Committee for Floods and Storms Control (CCFSC)
      • National Committee for Search and Rescue
      • Disaster Management Center/DDMFSC/MARD
      • Dept. of Irrigation/MARD
      • Natural Disaster Management Partnership (NDMP)
      • National Hydro-Meteorological Center/MONRE
      • United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
      • PACCOM
      • VNRC/IFRC
      • World Vision Viet Nam
      • Save the Children
      • Oxfam Hong Kong & GB
      • Others (ActionAid, CARE Int’l., CECI, Catholic Relief Service, AusAID, EC, etc.)
      • Communities
    • 24. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM - Government Organizations
      • CCFSC - Lead and coordinate during disaster events
      • National Committee for Search and Rescue - Search and rescue victims and transportation means during disasters
      • National Hydro-Meteorological Center - Provide short, medium and long term weather forecasts and bulletins in land and on sea to the whole country
      • DMC - DM advisory role for DDMFSC/MARD on response measures in term of warning and disaster mitigation and Development of DM legal documents, incl. DM Strategy.
    • 25. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM – Government Organizations
      • Department of Irrigation - Advise the Government and provinces on prevention, control and mitigation of drought, water-logging, inundation and salt water intrusion, among other functions;
      • NDMP - Managing and sharing information for improved coordination in natural disaster mitigation; Providing advice for the government on legislation, policies and strategies on NDRM;
      • PACCOM – Facilitate INGO works in Vietnam, and mobilize relief assistance from INGOs
    • 26. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM International Organizations
      • UNDP – (i) Disaster risk management;
      • (ii) Mitigation through information; (iii) Building partnerships for disaster mitigation; and (iv) Coordination of emergency relief;
      • UNICEF – (i) Child protection in emergency;
      • (ii) Water/sanitation programs;
      • WB – (i) prevention and mitigation
      • (ii) community based disaster management
      • (iii) contingency funding for reconstruction and recovery of priority infrastructure
      • (iv) institutional strengthening and capacity building to ensure better coordination in DM
    • 27. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM Non Government Organizations
      • VNRC/IFRC – (i) Training on disaster responding skills; (ii) Communication in community; (iii) Construction of disaster preparedness and response centers; (iv) Mangrove forestation and (v) Relief goods distributions ;
      • World Vision in Vietnam - Emergency relief; Disaster mitigation; Mainstreaming and integrating CBDRR into its regular Area Development Programs;
      • Save Children – (i) Build capacity for rapid, appropriate, rights-based and child-focused response; (ii) Identify existing needs and resources for child-focused emergency preparedness; (iii) Integration of DM into socio-economic program
    • 28. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM Non Government Organizations
      • Oxfam – (i) Mitigate vulnerability of poor people in natural disasters; (ii) Disaster preparedness and awareness raising; (iii) CBDM and (iv) Emergency relief assistance
      • Others (Action Aid, AusAid, CARE, CECI, EC, Catholic Relief Service)
      • - Mitigate vulnerability of poor people in natural disasters and emergency relief assistance
    • 29. Gap Analysis
      • Institutional issue:
        • Lack of an appropriate body responsible for matters related to all natural disasters in Vietnam
        • There is no organization that regularly meets with scientists or the public to solicit ideas about needs to plan for future disasters
      • Legal issue:
        • No detailed sanction exist for failure to comply in any legal regulation and document concerned with disaster risk management and mitigation
        • No technical investigation or enforcement authority has been organized
      • Information issue:
        • insufficient data collection and record for and inefficient management in all phases of non-water related disasters
        • low reliability of mid-term and long-term weather and meteorological forecasts
    • 30. Gap Analysis
      • Assessment issue:
        • statistics and assessment of damages caused by floods and storms are limited by methods used to collect and assess measurable physical damages
        • the work of assessing the damage due to floods and storms is not fully and accurately reflected
        • little ongoing assessment or preparation for new and future natural disasters
      • Planning and integration issue:
        • response planning is not systematic for all disasters
        • Disaster risk management has not been well integrated into the planning and investment process
      • Financial issue s:
        • Vietnam Insurance Company has not yet actively participated in providing disaster risk insurance
        • determination of splitting of costs for disaster damage mitigation between government and private industry does not follow any set standard

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