Presentation on Hazard and vulnerability mapping by Viet - Oxfam
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Disaster working group meeting in 2008 - Presentation on Hazard and vulnerability mapping by Viet - Oxfam at the meeting on July 03, 2008

Disaster working group meeting in 2008 - Presentation on Hazard and vulnerability mapping by Viet - Oxfam at the meeting on July 03, 2008

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Presentation on Hazard and vulnerability mapping by Viet - Oxfam Presentation Transcript

  • 1. HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY MAPPING DMWG Meeting, 3 rd July 2008
  • 2. HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY MAPPING DMWG Meeting, 3 rd July 2008
    • Natural Disasters Issues in Viet Nam
    • Overview of Natural Disasters (ND) by regions
    • Key stakeholders in ND management
    • Gap analysis in ND management
  • 3.  
  • 4.
    • Flood
    • Flash flood
    • Inundation
    • Storm/typhoon
    • Storm surge
    • Drought
    • Salt water intrusion
    • Landslide
    • Hail rain
    • Lightening
    Natural Hazards in Vietnam I. NATURAL DISASTERS IN VIETNAM Main Hazards: Flood, Storm and Drought
  • 5. Poverty Situation (According to 2005 poverty standard)
    • No. Regions Proportion of Rank of
    • poor households poverty
    • 1 Northern uplands 43.19% 2
    • 2 Red River delta 19.80% 6
    • 3 North central coastal 39.70% 3
    • 4 South central coastal 23.20% 4
    • 5 Central Highlands 52.22% 1
    • 6 Southeast 10.19% 7
    • 7 Mekong River delta 20.77% 5
    •  
    • Total 25.99%
    • Source: Vietnam, 2005. National Targeted Program on Poverty Reduction 2006-2010 Document
  • 6.  
  • 7. Types of Natural Disasters in Vietnam
    • Flood
    • Flashflood
    • Inundation 10. Hail
          • 11. Lightening
    • Tropical Depression/
    • Storm/Typhoon 12. Earthquake
    • Storm surge
    • 13. Tsunami
    • 6. Drought
    • 7. Salt Water Intrusion
    • Cyclone
    • Landslide
  • 8.  
  • 9. Storm occurrence in Vietnam Frequency and severity of storms decrease from the North to the South Source: http:// www.ccfsc.org.vn/DMU_En /
  • 10. Note: No data on children’s death available for the period 1996-2000
  • 11. Human loss caused by ND recorded from 1995 to 2007
  • 12. Total damage (M USD) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Year Value in millions USD Total damage (M USD)
  • 13. Economic loss caused by ND recorded from 1995 to 2007 ndm-p
  • 14. Rank of economic regions suffered from disasters by economic losses (2001-2005)
        • 1. Mekong River Delta
        • 2. Red River Delta
        • 3. South Central region
        • 4. North Central region
        • 5. North Uplands
        • 6. Central Highlands
        • 7. Southeast region
  • 15.  
  • 16. Average damage caused by disaster in Red River Delta ( 2001-2005) 9,974 203,471 100,000 650,000 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 Cyclones Storms Floods Tropical depression Main disaster types Million VND
  • 17. Average damage caused by disaster in North Central Coastal (2001-2005 ) 29,304 378,640 219,418 5,762 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 Storms Cyclones Floods Tropical depression Main disaster types Million VND
  • 18. Average damage caused by disaster in South Central Coastal (2001-2005) 7,649 402,154 330,693 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 450,000 Storms Cyclones Floods Main disaster types Million VND
  • 19. Average damage caused by disaster in Central Highlands (2001-2005) 1,118 58,800 115,027 12,417 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 Storms Floods Cyclones Tropical depression Main disaster types Million VND
  • 20. Average damage caused by disaster in Southeast (2001-2005) 1,765 26,352 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 Cyclones Floods Main disaster types Million VND
  • 21. Average damage caused by disaster in Mekong River Delta (2001-2005) 2005) 996,370 2,808 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 Floods Cyclones Main disaster types Million VND
  • 22.  
  • 23. Key Stakeholders in DM
    • Central Committee for Floods and Storms Control (CCFSC)
    • National Committee for Search and Rescue
    • Disaster Management Center/DDMFSC/MARD
    • Dept. of Irrigation/MARD
    • Natural Disaster Management Partnership (NDMP)
    • National Hydro-Meteorological Center/MONRE
    • United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
    • PACCOM
    • VNRC/IFRC
    • World Vision Viet Nam
    • Save the Children
    • Oxfam Hong Kong & GB
    • Others (ActionAid, CARE Int’l., CECI, Catholic Relief Service, AusAID, EC, etc.)
    • Communities
  • 24. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM - Government Organizations
    • CCFSC - Lead and coordinate during disaster events
    • National Committee for Search and Rescue - Search and rescue victims and transportation means during disasters
    • National Hydro-Meteorological Center - Provide short, medium and long term weather forecasts and bulletins in land and on sea to the whole country
    • DMC - DM advisory role for DDMFSC/MARD on response measures in term of warning and disaster mitigation and Development of DM legal documents, incl. DM Strategy.
  • 25. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM – Government Organizations
    • Department of Irrigation - Advise the Government and provinces on prevention, control and mitigation of drought, water-logging, inundation and salt water intrusion, among other functions;
    • NDMP - Managing and sharing information for improved coordination in natural disaster mitigation; Providing advice for the government on legislation, policies and strategies on NDRM;
    • PACCOM – Facilitate INGO works in Vietnam, and mobilize relief assistance from INGOs
  • 26. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM International Organizations
    • UNDP – (i) Disaster risk management;
    • (ii) Mitigation through information; (iii) Building partnerships for disaster mitigation; and (iv) Coordination of emergency relief;
    • UNICEF – (i) Child protection in emergency;
    • (ii) Water/sanitation programs;
    • WB – (i) prevention and mitigation
    • (ii) community based disaster management
    • (iii) contingency funding for reconstruction and recovery of priority infrastructure
    • (iv) institutional strengthening and capacity building to ensure better coordination in DM
  • 27. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM Non Government Organizations
    • VNRC/IFRC – (i) Training on disaster responding skills; (ii) Communication in community; (iii) Construction of disaster preparedness and response centers; (iv) Mangrove forestation and (v) Relief goods distributions ;
    • World Vision in Vietnam - Emergency relief; Disaster mitigation; Mainstreaming and integrating CBDRR into its regular Area Development Programs;
    • Save Children – (i) Build capacity for rapid, appropriate, rights-based and child-focused response; (ii) Identify existing needs and resources for child-focused emergency preparedness; (iii) Integration of DM into socio-economic program
  • 28. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM Non Government Organizations
    • Oxfam – (i) Mitigate vulnerability of poor people in natural disasters; (ii) Disaster preparedness and awareness raising; (iii) CBDM and (iv) Emergency relief assistance
    • Others (Action Aid, AusAid, CARE, CECI, EC, Catholic Relief Service)
    • - Mitigate vulnerability of poor people in natural disasters and emergency relief assistance
  • 29. Gap Analysis
    • Institutional issue:
      • Lack of an appropriate body responsible for matters related to all natural disasters in Vietnam
      • There is no organization that regularly meets with scientists or the public to solicit ideas about needs to plan for future disasters
    • Legal issue:
      • No detailed sanction exist for failure to comply in any legal regulation and document concerned with disaster risk management and mitigation
      • No technical investigation or enforcement authority has been organized
    • Information issue:
      • insufficient data collection and record for and inefficient management in all phases of non-water related disasters
      • low reliability of mid-term and long-term weather and meteorological forecasts
  • 30. Gap Analysis
    • Assessment issue:
      • statistics and assessment of damages caused by floods and storms are limited by methods used to collect and assess measurable physical damages
      • the work of assessing the damage due to floods and storms is not fully and accurately reflected
      • little ongoing assessment or preparation for new and future natural disasters
    • Planning and integration issue:
      • response planning is not systematic for all disasters
      • Disaster risk management has not been well integrated into the planning and investment process
    • Financial issue s:
      • Vietnam Insurance Company has not yet actively participated in providing disaster risk insurance
      • determination of splitting of costs for disaster damage mitigation between government and private industry does not follow any set standard