HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY MAPPING DMWG Meeting, 3 rd  July 2008
HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY MAPPING DMWG Meeting, 3 rd  July 2008 <ul><li>Natural Disasters Issues in Viet Nam </li></ul><ul>...
 
<ul><li>Flood </li></ul><ul><li>Flash flood </li></ul><ul><li>Inundation </li></ul><ul><li>Storm/typhoon </li></ul><ul><li...
Poverty Situation   (According to 2005 poverty  standard) <ul><li>No. Regions Proportion of  Rank of  </li></ul><ul><li>po...
 
Types of Natural Disasters in Vietnam <ul><li>Flood </li></ul><ul><li>Flashflood </li></ul><ul><li>Inundation    10.  Hail...
 
Storm occurrence in Vietnam Frequency and severity of storms decrease from the North to the South Source:   http:// www.cc...
Note: No data on children’s death available for the period 1996-2000
Human loss caused by ND recorded from 1995 to 2007
Total damage (M USD) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Year Value in mil...
Economic loss caused by ND recorded from 1995 to 2007 ndm-p
Rank of economic regions suffered from disasters by economic losses (2001-2005) <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.  Me...
 
Average damage caused by disaster in Red River Delta   ( 2001-2005) 9,974 203,471 100,000 650,000 0 100,000 200,000 300,00...
Average damage caused by disaster in North Central Coastal (2001-2005 ) 29,304 378,640 219,418 5,762 0 50,000 100,000 150,...
Average damage caused by disaster in South Central Coastal  (2001-2005) 7,649 402,154 330,693 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200...
Average damage caused by disaster in Central Highlands (2001-2005) 1,118 58,800 115,027 12,417 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,0...
Average damage caused by disaster in Southeast  (2001-2005) 1,765 26,352 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 Cyclon...
Average damage caused by disaster in   Mekong River Delta (2001-2005) 2005) 996,370 2,808 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,00...
 
Key Stakeholders in DM <ul><li>Central Committee for Floods and Storms Control (CCFSC) </li></ul><ul><li>National Committe...
Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM - Government Organizations <ul><li>CCFSC - Lead and coordinate during disaster events ...
Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM – Government Organizations <ul><li>Department of Irrigation  -  Advise the Government ...
Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM International Organizations <ul><li>UNDP – (i) Disaster risk management;  </li></ul><u...
Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM Non Government Organizations <ul><li>VNRC/IFRC  – (i) Training on disaster responding ...
Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM Non Government Organizations <ul><li>Oxfam  – (i) Mitigate vulnerability of poor peopl...
Gap Analysis <ul><li>Institutional issue:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of an appropriate body responsible for matters relat...
Gap Analysis <ul><li>Assessment issue:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>statistics and assessment of damages caused by floods and st...
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Presentation on Hazard and vulnerability mapping by Viet - Oxfam

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Disaster working group meeting in 2008 - Presentation on Hazard and vulnerability mapping by Viet - Oxfam at the meeting on July 03, 2008

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  • Presentation on Hazard and vulnerability mapping by Viet - Oxfam

    1. 1. HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY MAPPING DMWG Meeting, 3 rd July 2008
    2. 2. HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY MAPPING DMWG Meeting, 3 rd July 2008 <ul><li>Natural Disasters Issues in Viet Nam </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of Natural Disasters (ND) by regions </li></ul><ul><li>Key stakeholders in ND management </li></ul><ul><li>Gap analysis in ND management </li></ul>
    3. 4. <ul><li>Flood </li></ul><ul><li>Flash flood </li></ul><ul><li>Inundation </li></ul><ul><li>Storm/typhoon </li></ul><ul><li>Storm surge </li></ul><ul><li>Drought </li></ul><ul><li>Salt water intrusion </li></ul><ul><li>Landslide </li></ul><ul><li>Hail rain </li></ul><ul><li>Lightening </li></ul>Natural Hazards in Vietnam I. NATURAL DISASTERS IN VIETNAM Main Hazards: Flood, Storm and Drought
    4. 5. Poverty Situation (According to 2005 poverty standard) <ul><li>No. Regions Proportion of Rank of </li></ul><ul><li>poor households poverty </li></ul><ul><li>1 Northern uplands 43.19% 2 </li></ul><ul><li>2 Red River delta 19.80% 6 </li></ul><ul><li>3 North central coastal 39.70% 3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 South central coastal 23.20% 4 </li></ul><ul><li>5 Central Highlands 52.22% 1 </li></ul><ul><li>6 Southeast 10.19% 7 </li></ul><ul><li>7 Mekong River delta 20.77% 5 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Total 25.99% </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Vietnam, 2005. National Targeted Program on Poverty Reduction 2006-2010 Document </li></ul>
    5. 7. Types of Natural Disasters in Vietnam <ul><li>Flood </li></ul><ul><li>Flashflood </li></ul><ul><li>Inundation 10. Hail </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>11. Lightening </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tropical Depression/ </li></ul><ul><li>Storm/Typhoon 12. Earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>Storm surge </li></ul><ul><li>13. Tsunami </li></ul><ul><li>6. Drought </li></ul><ul><li>7. Salt Water Intrusion </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclone </li></ul><ul><li>Landslide </li></ul>
    6. 9. Storm occurrence in Vietnam Frequency and severity of storms decrease from the North to the South Source: http:// www.ccfsc.org.vn/DMU_En /
    7. 10. Note: No data on children’s death available for the period 1996-2000
    8. 11. Human loss caused by ND recorded from 1995 to 2007
    9. 12. Total damage (M USD) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Year Value in millions USD Total damage (M USD)
    10. 13. Economic loss caused by ND recorded from 1995 to 2007 ndm-p
    11. 14. Rank of economic regions suffered from disasters by economic losses (2001-2005) <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Mekong River Delta </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Red River Delta </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. South Central region </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4. North Central region </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5. North Uplands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6. Central Highlands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7. Southeast region </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 16. Average damage caused by disaster in Red River Delta ( 2001-2005) 9,974 203,471 100,000 650,000 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 Cyclones Storms Floods Tropical depression Main disaster types Million VND
    13. 17. Average damage caused by disaster in North Central Coastal (2001-2005 ) 29,304 378,640 219,418 5,762 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 Storms Cyclones Floods Tropical depression Main disaster types Million VND
    14. 18. Average damage caused by disaster in South Central Coastal (2001-2005) 7,649 402,154 330,693 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 450,000 Storms Cyclones Floods Main disaster types Million VND
    15. 19. Average damage caused by disaster in Central Highlands (2001-2005) 1,118 58,800 115,027 12,417 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 Storms Floods Cyclones Tropical depression Main disaster types Million VND
    16. 20. Average damage caused by disaster in Southeast (2001-2005) 1,765 26,352 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 Cyclones Floods Main disaster types Million VND
    17. 21. Average damage caused by disaster in Mekong River Delta (2001-2005) 2005) 996,370 2,808 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 Floods Cyclones Main disaster types Million VND
    18. 23. Key Stakeholders in DM <ul><li>Central Committee for Floods and Storms Control (CCFSC) </li></ul><ul><li>National Committee for Search and Rescue </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Management Center/DDMFSC/MARD </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Irrigation/MARD </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Disaster Management Partnership (NDMP) </li></ul><ul><li>National Hydro-Meteorological Center/MONRE </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations Development Program (UNDP) </li></ul><ul><li>PACCOM </li></ul><ul><li>VNRC/IFRC </li></ul><ul><li>World Vision Viet Nam </li></ul><ul><li>Save the Children </li></ul><ul><li>Oxfam Hong Kong & GB </li></ul><ul><li>Others (ActionAid, CARE Int’l., CECI, Catholic Relief Service, AusAID, EC, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Communities </li></ul>
    19. 24. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM - Government Organizations <ul><li>CCFSC - Lead and coordinate during disaster events </li></ul><ul><li>National Committee for Search and Rescue - Search and rescue victims and transportation means during disasters </li></ul><ul><li>National Hydro-Meteorological Center - Provide short, medium and long term weather forecasts and bulletins in land and on sea to the whole country </li></ul><ul><li>DMC - DM advisory role for DDMFSC/MARD on response measures in term of warning and disaster mitigation and Development of DM legal documents, incl. DM Strategy. </li></ul>
    20. 25. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM – Government Organizations <ul><li>Department of Irrigation - Advise the Government and provinces on prevention, control and mitigation of drought, water-logging, inundation and salt water intrusion, among other functions; </li></ul><ul><li>NDMP - Managing and sharing information for improved coordination in natural disaster mitigation; Providing advice for the government on legislation, policies and strategies on NDRM; </li></ul><ul><li>PACCOM – Facilitate INGO works in Vietnam, and mobilize relief assistance from INGOs </li></ul>
    21. 26. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM International Organizations <ul><li>UNDP – (i) Disaster risk management; </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) Mitigation through information; (iii) Building partnerships for disaster mitigation; and (iv) Coordination of emergency relief; </li></ul><ul><li>UNICEF – (i) Child protection in emergency; </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) Water/sanitation programs; </li></ul><ul><li>WB – (i) prevention and mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) community based disaster management </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) contingency funding for reconstruction and recovery of priority infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>(iv) institutional strengthening and capacity building to ensure better coordination in DM </li></ul>
    22. 27. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM Non Government Organizations <ul><li>VNRC/IFRC – (i) Training on disaster responding skills; (ii) Communication in community; (iii) Construction of disaster preparedness and response centers; (iv) Mangrove forestation and (v) Relief goods distributions ; </li></ul><ul><li>World Vision in Vietnam - Emergency relief; Disaster mitigation; Mainstreaming and integrating CBDRR into its regular Area Development Programs; </li></ul><ul><li>Save Children – (i) Build capacity for rapid, appropriate, rights-based and child-focused response; (ii) Identify existing needs and resources for child-focused emergency preparedness; (iii) Integration of DM into socio-economic program </li></ul>
    23. 28. Functions of Key Stakeholders in DM Non Government Organizations <ul><li>Oxfam – (i) Mitigate vulnerability of poor people in natural disasters; (ii) Disaster preparedness and awareness raising; (iii) CBDM and (iv) Emergency relief assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Others (Action Aid, AusAid, CARE, CECI, EC, Catholic Relief Service) </li></ul><ul><li>- Mitigate vulnerability of poor people in natural disasters and emergency relief assistance </li></ul>
    24. 29. Gap Analysis <ul><li>Institutional issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of an appropriate body responsible for matters related to all natural disasters in Vietnam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no organization that regularly meets with scientists or the public to solicit ideas about needs to plan for future disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legal issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No detailed sanction exist for failure to comply in any legal regulation and document concerned with disaster risk management and mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No technical investigation or enforcement authority has been organized </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>insufficient data collection and record for and inefficient management in all phases of non-water related disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>low reliability of mid-term and long-term weather and meteorological forecasts </li></ul></ul>
    25. 30. Gap Analysis <ul><li>Assessment issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>statistics and assessment of damages caused by floods and storms are limited by methods used to collect and assess measurable physical damages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the work of assessing the damage due to floods and storms is not fully and accurately reflected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>little ongoing assessment or preparation for new and future natural disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Planning and integration issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>response planning is not systematic for all disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster risk management has not been well integrated into the planning and investment process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Financial issue s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam Insurance Company has not yet actively participated in providing disaster risk insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>determination of splitting of costs for disaster damage mitigation between government and private industry does not follow any set standard </li></ul></ul>
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