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Broadband Policy(19 Mar 10)

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How to accelerate broadband/ICT use in Thailand ? by Takahiro KONO, Advisor on ICT Policy (JICA Expert), Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (MICT), Thailand

How to accelerate broadband/ICT use in Thailand ? by Takahiro KONO, Advisor on ICT Policy (JICA Expert), Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (MICT), Thailand

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  • 1. 実はここにも How to accelerate broadband/ICT use in Thailand ? 19 March, 2010 Takahiro KONO Advisor on ICT Policy (JICA Expert) Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (MICT)
  • 2. National target : Steps taken in Japan on ICT Strategies e-Japan e-Japan Strategy New IT Reform New IT Reform Strategy e-Japan Strategy II Acceleration IT Policy package (January 2001) Strategy Ⅱ Package (February 2005) Strategy Policy package (July 2003) (February 2004) (January 2006) (April 2007) ◆IT Basic Law ◆Establishment of IT Strategy Headquarters (Director General: Prime Minister) Realization of a self-sustaining ICT Society Priority Policy Program - 2007 Network Society (July 2007) Priority Policy Ubiquitous Realizing a Program - 2006 (July 2006) e-Japan Priority Policy Program - 2004 e-Japan (June 2004) e-Japan Priority Policy Priority Policy Program - 2002 Program - 2003 (June 2002) (August 2003) u-Japan Promotion Program 2006 e-Japan Priority (September 2006) Policy Program (March 2001) e-Japan Strategy u-Japan policy of MIC 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2010 ©2008 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. All Rights Reserved. 1
  • 3. Target of broadband infrastructure in Japan Next Generation Broadband Strategy 2010 (Aug. 2006, MIC) Target By 2010FY, ①To enable all households in Japan to access to (or use) broadband (To eliminate broadband zero area) ②To enable more than 90% households in Japan to access to (or use) Ultra Broadband Ultra Broadband : more than 30Mbps “New IT Reform Strategy” (Jan. 2006) (IT Strategy Headquarters (Head of Prime Minister)) 2
  • 4. What is broadband in Japan 1 Broadband : no clear definition FTTH, DSL, CATV, FWA, BWA(WiMAX*) more than 1Mbps speed *WiMAX in Japan : 10Mbps(uplink), 40Mbps(downlink) more than 1Mbps(downlink) FTTH, DSL,CATV, FWA,BWA + 3.5G* speed *3.5G (HSDPA(High Speed Downlink Packet Access) in Japan : 384kbps(uplink), 3.6Mbps(downlink) 2 Ultra Broadband FTTH more than 30Mbps speed 3
  • 5. Necessity of Broadband Network Broadband : Basic infrastructure (same as water, gas, electricity) No broadband environment No young generations or no industry in rural area !!! 4
  • 6. Ratio of Households on Broadband Service Coverage (Estimation) FY2010 Targets (by March 2011) 93.9% 98.3% 98.6% Elimination of Broadband (47.33 m (50.83 m (51.59 m All Broadband Zero Areas households) households) households) New IT Reform Strategy (IT Strategic March 2006 March 2008 September Headquarters, 2006) 2008 Next Generation Broadband Strategy (MIC, 2006) Ultra-High- 79.7% 86.5% 89.5% Speed (40.15 m (44.71 m (46.82 m 90% households) households) households) * Ultra-High-Speed: FTTH, Ultra-High-Speed CATV, etc. Next Generation Broadband Strategy Total number of households: 52.88 million (as of March 2009) (MIC, 2006) 5
  • 7. Broadband Availability Map In order to illustrate Broadband availability, Broadband Availability Map is regularly updated by MIC based on the inputs from 11 Local Broadband Promotion Committees, each of which is comprised of MIC’s Local Branch Office, Prefectures, Local Govt., and Telecom Operators. < Important > How to verify the coverage area of the broadband service ? Hokkaido Prefecture Tokyo Metropolis Ultra-High-Speed DSL Cable Internet/Wireless 6
  • 8. Number of Broadband Subscribers in Japan 35,000,000 Population: 127.08 million 4. Exceeded 30 mil. Dec. 2008 Total Households: 52.88 million 31,322,000 30,000,000 VoIP subscribers: 20.22 million (As of March 2009) 25,000,000 5. FTTH Exceeded 50% 20,000,000 2. DSL Downturn June 2009 FTTH June 2006 16,519,000 15,000,000 DSL 10,505,000 10,000,000 1. FTTH increase > DSL increase 3. FTTH > DSL March 2005 June 2008 CATV 4,262,000 5,000,000 FWA 13,000 0 BWA 23,000 (Unit: household) FWA: Fixed Wireless Access BWA: Broadband Wireless Access 7
  • 9. How to expand broadband/ICT infrastructure in Thailand ? < Japan > Fixed Line (Copper Cable) Fixed line has been covered. ADSL easy to expand ADSL service Mobile(Wireless) Optical Fiber 3G, WiMAX etc. FTTH < Thailand > # Fixed line has not been covered yet. difficult to expand ADSL service Fixed Line (Copper Cable) ADSL # Mobile (Wireless) : key technology to expand broadband infrastructure in Thailand Mobile(Wireless) Initial cost low 3G, WiMAX etc. Capacity not enough Optical Fiber FTTH # FTTH : also required in the future 8
  • 10. Conclusion (Proposal) 1 How to accelerate broadband/ICT use in Thailand ? (1) To build infrastructure (2) To promote broadband use *LTE : Long Term Evolution 100Mbps(downlink) / 50Mbps(uplink) 2 To build infrastructure (1) To set clear mid/long-term vision/policy targets (also easy to verify) by the Government (2) Wireless technology (3G, 3.9G(LTE*), WiMAX etc.) Key technology to expand broadband infrastructure in Thailand 3 To promote broadband use - To inform people of the usefulness and attractiveness of broadband or ICT use To show a successful example of ICT use < Activities > -ICT Pilot projects (Telemedicine, Tele-education etc.) -Seminar/Workshop -Broadband use in public sector -Exhibitions etc. 9
  • 11. Reference 10
  • 12. Example of ICT pilot projects (e-medicine for pediatrics) <Nanto City, Toyama Prefecture> In order to assist hospitals without a specialist for children ‘s diseases, by using ICT, the specialist supports diagnosis for children in the rural areas hospitals Nanto Regional Medical Nurse Station Center Home for the Remote Consultation elderly hospital Nanto Citizen Hospital Home for the elderly Nanto City Medical Association hospital Nanto City Central Hospital clinic Network for medical use Toyama University Taira Medical Office Toga Medical Office Kamidaira Medical Office Remote Consultation Remote Consultation 11
  • 13. Key Drivers for Japan’s Broadband Expansion 1. Clear mid/long-term Vision/Policy targets set Chronology by the Government Phase 2 (2004-present) 2. Introduction of Competition Measures by MIC - Sep. 2004 K-Opti.com, a subsidiary of an electric - Unbundling Rule (line-sharing) and Co-Location Rule power company, started low-priced combo service of FTTH & VoIP for 3. Demand-pull market expansion due to wide 5,200/month, cheaper than total price of spread of broadband contents ADSL & ordinary phone of 5,547/month - Large photo files, e-mail with attached files, YouTube, websites with Flash function, Peer-to-peer Phase 1 (1999-2004) file sharing etc. - Sep. 2001 Yahoo! BB started low-priced ADSL service (8Mbps, 2,280/month) 4. A Monthly Flat Rate - Apr. 2001 Unbundling Rules for Optical Fiber - Sep. 2000 Unbundling Rules (line-sharing) for Copper 5. Introduction of attractive new price packages Cable (97/month) by competitors - Sep. 2000 Co-Location Rules - Yahoo! BB (2,280/month, Sep. 2001) - Dec. 1999 Tokyo Metallic Com. started ADSL - K-Opti.com (FTTH/VoIP Combo 5,200/month, Sep. commercial test (5,500, later transferred 2004) to commercial) 6. NTT’s steady investment in optical fiber network Phase 0 (1994-1999) that accommodates wide FTTH expansion - Government-led strategic target of optical fiber - Access Network Opticalization Ratio: 43%(FY2000), deployment and NTT’s steady investment. 89%(FY2007) 12
  • 14. Promotion Schemes for Nationwide Broadband Deployment Measures for Local Governments Measures for Telecommunications Operators Grants/Subsidies Interest Aid National Institute of Information and Communications 1. Local Information and Communications Infrastructure Technology (NICT) will grant a subsidy of interest aid with Development Grants (ICT Grant) a maximum interest of 2% for a loan made by a • Grants equivalent to one third of total project cost will be telecommunications operator from a fund for building provided to local governments that will build broadband broadband facilities, such as optical fiber and DSL, for facilities to address the digital divides. providing telecommunications service. • Budget: 7.9 billion yen (FY2009―April 2009 to March Debt Guarantee 2010) 2. Local Intranet Infrastructure Facility Development NICT will guarantee 80% of a loan made by a private telecommunications operator from a fund for building Promotion Grants broadband facilities, such as optical fiber and ADSL, for • Grants equivalent to one third of total project cost will be providing telecommunications service. provided to local governments that will build broadband or ultra-high-speed local public networks connecting Tax Breaks public facilities such as schools, libraries, and municipal 1. Accelerated Tax Depreciation (National Tax) offices. Accelerated tax depreciation is allowed for • Budget: 2.2 billion yen (FY2009―April 2009 to March telecommunications operators building broadband Local Government Financial Measures 2010) facilities, such as optical fiber and ADSL, for providing telecommunications service. Local Governments are allowed to use Special Local Allocation Tax and to issue local government Bonds, 2. Reduction of Tax Bases for Fixed Asset Taxes (Local Tax) such as Depopulated Area Development Bonds, for a Partial reduction of the tax base for fixed asset taxes is variety of their policy needs, and they may utilize allowed for telecommunications operators building these schemes for building broadband facilities, such broadband facilities, such as optical fiber and ADSL, for as optical fiber and ADSL. providing telecommunications service. Note: Conditions apply for each scheme. 13