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Knowledge and attitude of health care workers regarding blood borne pathogens
 

Knowledge and attitude of health care workers regarding blood borne pathogens

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    Knowledge and attitude of health care workers regarding blood borne pathogens Knowledge and attitude of health care workers regarding blood borne pathogens Presentation Transcript

    • Knowledge and attitude of health care workers regarding blood borne pathogens: A multicentric study. Nasim Sabir*, B.J.Farooqui*, Gohar Zaman**, R. Shaheen* * Department of Microbiology, Ziauddin University, Karachi ** Microbiology section, PNS Shifa , Karachi.
    • Introduction
      • Blood Borne Pathogens: Preventable Occupational Hazards
      • Universal precautions
      • Periodic assessment of knowledge and attitude of health care workers.
      • Continuous training and monitoring
    • Objectives
      • To determine the level of awareness among HCW regarding Blood borne pathogens.
      • Assessment of awareness of risk factors and possible strategies following needle stick injuries.
    • Methods
      • Pre- tested structured questionnaire
      • Four centers in Karachi ( Ziauddin & PNS Shifa Karachi)
      • 20 questions (15 close ended and 5 open ended )
      • Variables assessed Knowledge, Etiology, Transmission mode, Prevention etc
      • Risks and follow up of needle prick
    • Results ( epidemiology)
      • A total of 200 HCWs participated
      • 40 (20%) doctors, 98 (49%) nurses, and 62 (31%) Paramedical staff
      • 42% were males
      • Mean age of respondents was 28.57 ± 6.8 yrs
      • Knowledge of Hepatitis viruses 54% (5) 17.5% (4) & 28% (3 or less)
    • Hepatitis B & C (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • Hepatitis B & C (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • Hepatitis A & E (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • Hepatitis A & E (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = p < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • HIV (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • HIV (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • Availability of Vaccines P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • Blood Borne Pathogens P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • Transmission of Blood Borne Pathogens P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • Sources of BBP infections P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • Procedures that can spread BBP P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • Prevention for BBP P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • Precautions with Needles P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001 yes Hollow bore continuous 3 or more
    • Knowledge for needle stick injuries P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
    • Conclusion
      • Overall Knowledge comparable in three groups
      • Misconceptions prevalent in HCW’s
      • Inadequate Knowledge regarding risk factors for needle stick injuries
      • Absolute lack of knowledge regarding follow up of needle stick injuries.
      • Survey a good opportunity to assess situation
    • “ Real knowledge is to know the extent of one's ignorance.”   Confucius Thank You