Impact assessment at ICRISAT


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Presentation by the Head of ICRISAT's Impact Assessment on the Impact Assessment at ICRISAT

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Impact assessment at ICRISAT

  1. 1. Impact Assessment at ICRISAT Kizito Mazvimavi Presentation to the ICRISAT’s Global Planning Meeting, 11 February, 2013, ICRISAT Patancheru, India
  2. 2. Introduction • There is need to demonstrate a culture of Impact at ICRISAT • Impact Assessment Office (IAO) guided by procedural guidelines and protocols on implementation of ex-post IA studies – Set One: with 9 studies (4 in Asia and 5 in SSA) – Set Two: with 6 studies (4 in Asia and 2 in SSA) • Completed 4 studies, 4 being implemented, and 7 to be implemented in 2013 • Coordinating: Measuring Returns to Research Investment at ICRISAT • Expectations of the planning week
  3. 3. Ex post Impact Assessment • Can only be effectively conducted many years after the completion of the research being assessed (when enough time has elapsed for adoption to take place) – Need for data management during the course of the project – to establish baseline • Impact Cycle will describe the linkages between Ex-Ante (priority setting) and Ex-Post Impact Assessment
  4. 4. The Impact Cycle Are we doing this? Baseline study Constraints, opportunities, and possible technological solutions identified Ex post Impact Assessment On-farm technology evaluation Adoption studies Ex ante Impact Assessment (Priority Setting) Feedback Feedback Feedback Technology Dissemination (Large-scale) Technology Dissemination (Pilot-level) Technology Development
  5. 5. Objectives of Ex-Post Impact Assessment • To identify and measure quantitative and qualitative impacts of ICRISAT research projects • To establish the contribution towards the six institutional outcomes of ICRISAT’s research strategy- i.e. self sufficiency, intensification, diversification, resilience, nutrition and health, capacity building and gender perspectives; • To describe the plausible impact pathway; and • To measure returns to project investments
  6. 6. Set 1 Studies under implementation 2011-12 Impact Assessment Studies CRP Focal Point Targeted Study Period IA2011 – 3: Impact of HPRC– Part B Dryland Cereals Ashok Kumar/SK Gupta Jan-Apr 2013 IA2011 –4: Impact of seed systems development in sub-Saharan Africa Markets, Institutes and Policies/ Grain Legumes/ Dryland Cereals Farid Waliyar Nov 2012- May 2013 IA2011-5: Impact of groundnut research in Malawi Grain Legumes Moses Siambi/Patrick Okori Nov 2012 – May 2013 IA2011-6: Impact of pigeonpea research in Tanzania Grain Legumes Said Silim Oct 2012 – Feb 2013 IA2011-7: Impact of improved chickpea varieties in India Grain Legumes/Markets, Institutes and Policies Cynthia Bantilan Sep 2012 – Jul 2013 IA2011-8: Impact of groundnut research in Nigeria Grain Legumes Bonny Ntare Feb 2012 – Feb 2013 IA2011-9: Impact of ICRISAT research and development for fertilizer micro-dosing in ESA and WCA Resilient Dryland Systems Justice Nyamangara/ Gandah Mahamadou Oct 2012 – May 2013
  7. 7. Set 2 Impact Assessment Studies 2013 Studies Region CRP Focal Point Budget Bilateral CRP IA2013 – 1: Impacts of chickpea improved research in Central Dry Zone of Myanmar Asia Grain Legumes Pooran Gaur IA2013 –2: Impacts of Lucheba watershed work in China Asia Resilient Dryland Systems Suhas Wani IA2013-3: Impact assessment of the Agri- Business Incubation (ABI) program at ICRISAT Global Markets, Institutions and Policy Kiran K. Sharma IA2013-4: Impacts of sorghum research and development in Mali WCA Dryland Cereals Eva Rattunde IA2013-5: Impact assessment of sorghum variety development in central Tanzania ESA Dryland Cereals Mary Mgonja
  8. 8. Impact assessment of ICRISAT’s work in watersheds 1999 to 2010 Quantifying Impacts
  9. 9. • Quantitative Impacts – Total soil conserved 658,920 mt valued at US$171,319 – Additional income per crop increase up to US$400/ha – Milk production increased from 2.5 to 4.0lt/day/animal – Total income per ha per annum is US$1,000 – Economic viability showed benefit/cost ratio of 2:1 and an internal rate of return of 27%. – Returns to Investment in Watershed Management in Andhra Pradesh – US$608 million over 10 years Impact assessment of ICRISAT’s work in watersheds 1999 to 2010
  10. 10. Part A – Institutional Level Impacts Impact assessment of Hybrid Parents Research Consortium (HPRC).
  11. 11. ICRISAT-bred parent Hybrids developed by Private Sector and NARS 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Sorghum Pearl Millet Sorghum Pearl Millet Private Sector NARS %ofRespondents ICRISAT Non-ICRISAT ICRISAT bred parents dominate hybrid development
  12. 12. Highlights of HPRC Impacts Part A • Benefits to Private Sector and NARS – Utilization of ICRISAT-bred hybrid parents – Technical data of HPRC trials are available to partners to select the best performing lines. • Benefits to ICRISAT – Feedback on the performance of the parental lines – Financial support through membership fee, and – Test locations for evaluation of the parental lines. • Benefits to farmers – Monetary incomes through cultivation of high yielding hybrids with disease resistance, – Access to dual purpose hybrids for both grain and good fodder, and – Access to quality hybrid seeds in time for planting. • Need for Improvement – Membership fee – need to reduce fees to attract more members – HPRC should develop the ‘diversified seed parents with multiple disease/insect resistance’
  13. 13. Impact assessment of Pearl Millet Hybrid HHB 67 Improved on production on North-West India Documenting Impacts along the Impact Pathway
  14. 14. ICRISAT seed parent (843A) with marker assisted downy mildew resisted CCSHAU restorer parent (H77/833-2) HHB 67 and HHB 67 Improved developed Hybridrelease,testingand notification Research partner to enhance quality and product delivery Multiple inbred lines and downy mildew resistant hybrid produced Shorter incubation period – 9 years Enhanced molecular breeding Access to financial gains through finding plant molecular research Farmers adopt downy milder resistant and high yield pearl millet hybrids Farmers can afford high quality pearl millet hybrids from the market Farmers improve crop diversity as they release part of their land to kharif Employment generated for both seed and grain farmers Improved food security and nutrition More income for farmers More resilient farming system Improved gender equity as they access employment in seed production Development of downy mildew resistant pearl millet hybrids Capacity building at ICRISAT and NARS in molecular breeding Reduced poverty Research Inputs Research Outputs Research Outcome Development Outcome Impacts ICRISAT and NARS Public and private seed companies Farmers and consumers Impact Pathway for Pearl Millet Hybrids, HHB 67 and HHB 67 Improved
  15. 15. Presentation of Impact Results • Impact assessment reports are shared with: – researchers – research management, – donors, – policy makers, and – the media. • Some targeted audiences have limited time to read a highly technical report, and the IAO coordinates the reproduction of the impact results into impact briefs (- > ICRISAT Policy Briefs) – that are easy to read and would encourage communication of impact results across different practitioners. • IAO Website
  16. 16. Estimating Returns to Research Investments at ICRISAT Need to demonstrate that resource allocation to research represents good investment in the past 40 years
  17. 17. 16+ Jewels of ICRISAT CRP Ex-Ante/Ex-Post Focal Point (s) Timeline 1. Community bases integrated watershed management RDS Ex-post Suhas Wani December 2012 and June 2013 2. Fertilizer Microdosing RDS Ex-Post J Nyamangara/Gandah M March 2013 3. Village Level Studies MIP Ex-Post Cynthia Bantilan/Uttam Deb June 2013 4. Aflatoxin Testing Kit GL Ex-Post Farid Waliyar/ E Monyo/M Siambi/H Sudini June 2013 5. Early maturing and Fusarium fungal wilt resistant chickpea GL Ex-Post HD Upadhyaya February 2013 6. Fusarium wilt resistant pigeonpea GL Ex-Post Pooran Guar March 2013 7. Early maturing and Fusarium fungal wilt resistant chickpea GL Ex-Post KB Saxena/Suresh Pande March 2013 8. Pigeonpea in ESA GL Ex-Post Said Silim/Ganga Rao/Alastair Orr February 2013 9. Pigeonpea Genome GL Ex-Ante Rajeev June 2013 10. Guinea-Race Sorghum Hybrids DC Ex-Post Eva Weltzien March 2013 11. Extra-Early/Downy Mildew Resistant Pearl Millet Hybrid DC Ex-Post Rakesh K Srivastava February 2013 12. Sweet Sorghum DC Ex-Ante Belum Reddy March 2013 13. Genetic Resources in Food Security DC/GL Ex-Ante HD Upadhyaya June 2013 14. Hybrid Parents Research Consortium DC Ex-Post Ashok Kumar/SK Gupta March 2013 15. Open Access Repository DC/GL Ex-Ante M Madhan June 2013 16. Seed Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa DC/GL/MIP Ex-Post Moses Siambi March 2013 Estimating Returns to Research Investment on 16+ ICRISAT Jewels