Grammar and creativity
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  • 1. More than wordsGrammar and Creativity Isabelle Jones, Head of Languages @icpjones http://isabellejones.blogspot.com Powerpoint Templates Page 1
  • 2. More than words? • Teaching grammar contradiction in terms? • Creative grammar authentic resources creatively: learning a using • Creative opportunities for learning grammar through speaking and writing • Creative use of digital and mobile tools to support grammar learning Powerpoint Templates Page 2
  • 3. Teaching grammar creatively, A contradiction in terms? http://www.flickr.com/photos/14996968@N08/3195916680 http://www.flickr.com/photos/73207064@N00/404321726 http://www.flickr.com/photos/48973657@N00/3983896965 http://www.flickr.com/photos/21560098@N06/4260085353 Powerpoint Templates Page 3
  • 4. Grammar? Grammar “includes syntax, morphology and semantics and was originally associated with logic and rhetoric.” What do this mean to me?? The Grammar Papers, QCA, 1998 Powerpoint Templates Page 4
  • 5. Grammar? Morphology (word level) Analysis of stem/root words, prefixes/suffixes, number, gender, person, “word families”… Syntax (sentence level) Study of sentence structures (clauses, subjects, verbs, objects…) Semantics (text level) Study of meaning: literal (denotation) and implied (connotation) Logic &Rhetoric form/content distinction to highlight the interdependence of language & meaning (grammar as a way to make language more effective) Powerpoint Templates http://illinois.edu/blog/view/25/1129?displayType=month&displayMonth=200612 Page 5 http://media.education.gouv.fr/file/68/3/3683.pdf
  • 6. Linguistic creative tools The way words look The way words sound The way words interact with each other Text types Being playful with the links between languages Powerpoint Templates Page 6
  • 7. Visual clues • What visuals do you use to support the language you introduce? • How do you encourage all learners to visualise new language? • How do you encourage learners to present their work? Powerpoint Templates Page 7
  • 8. The sound of language • Target Language sounds different to different learners (e/ é) • Response to sounds (self-image, deliberately not following phonic patterns, self-conscious behaviour) • Encouraging differences without stereotyping • Pure listening (without reference to mother tongue?) • Rhymes (assonance/alliteration) • Reading out loud Powerpoint Templates Page 8
  • 9. The sound/look of the language • Silent letters, accents and grammar • Chant/ chante/ chantent • J’ai chanté/ je chante • La/ là • Gusto/gustó • Si/ sí Powerpoint Templates Page 9
  • 10. The sound of language Jacques Prévert, Spectacle chant song chant song Moon lune Oh flower girl CHANT SONG blue song chant song children enfant et oiseau bleu rivière rêveur oh yes je t’aime blood sang Moon lune garden river Je t’aime tant and bird oiseau chant song rêve dream t’aime tant blue song red sang rivière river mer sea t’aime tant garden rêveur time temps Oh girl fille petit house Thank you time temps oh yes je t’aime little maison moon lune time temps oh oui love you thank you time temps oh girl fille chant song mer sea et tant et tant Oh flower girl chant song et tant et tant Je t’aime tant bleu song Moon lune et tant… et oiseau bleu chant song Oh girl fille blood sang rivière river et temps. Oh oui love you and bird oiseau garden rêveur bleu song red sang Children enfant chant song mer sea Powerpoint Templates chant song Page 10 time temps
  • 11. The sound of language L’amiral Jacques Prévert, Parole L’amiral Larima Larima quoi la rime à rien l’amiral Larima l’amiral Rien. Powerpoint Templates Page 11
  • 12. Ana Tijoux: Las horas • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HnRywV8Hh-U Hace horas que te espero y hace horas no te veo hace horas que te quiero pero hace horas que te pierdo hace horas que te espero y hace horas no te veo hace horas que te quiero pero hace horas que te pierdo Hace horas que te pierdo en esta esquina sólo me acompaña esta tímida neblina el sabor de tus besos impregnados al vapor de este solitario invierno quizás me olvidaste o quizás la verdad tú solo me borraste este amor es un chiste triste triste como se siente cuando todo lo perdiste la miel la piel y el riel cual es el sentido cuando la vida luego es tan cruel dame más tiempo frecuento un momento juro que mi sombra será tan discreta como tu silencio Powerpoint Templates pero nunca me respondes … Page 12
  • 13. Words and phrases • Etymology: prefixes & suffixes • http://www.etymonline.com/index.php • Idioms (lost in translation language) • «awkward English» • Set phrases and expressions • • http://www.tv5.org/cms/chaine-francophone/lf/p-11171-Les-expressions-imagees-d-Archibald.htm http://enseigner.tv5monde.com/fle/les-expressions-francaises-le-corps • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yUHtmKLIAnY (mind mistake and slang) • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AR8V0UTuTWo Powerpoint Templates Page 13
  • 14. Words and phrases Animations? http://blabberize.com http://www.franceloisirs.com / Powerpoint Templates Page 14
  • 15. Words and phrases Fluency? 2000 everyday English expressions translated into French Another 2000 everyday English expressions translated into French Kit Brett Free Podcasts http://www.frenchbyrepetition.co.uk/ Powerpoint Templates Page 15
  • 16. Language Awareness starters Which languages have these been borrowed from? • • • • • • • • Jar, coffee, sugar Arabic Sky, leg, wife Norwegian/ Danish Pill, wagon Dutch German Damp, luck Shampoo, bungalow, cot Hindi Umbrella, piano, corridor Italian Tent, café, route Powerpoint Templates Rose, atlas, museum French Greek Page 16
  • 17. Language Awareness starters Word order »Une maison blanche »Una casa blanca »A white house Powerpoint Templates Page 17
  • 18. Text types Grammar items Connectives Information Facts and opinions Third person Ordinal numbers Explanation Telling why, how, what First/ third person Sequence, causal Comparison Description Creating a picture with words Third person Sequence (prepositions) Instruction Imperative , present tense Second person Sequence Recount Past tense First/ third person Temporal, causal Contrast Persuasion One-sided Second person Second person Causal Argument One-sided, logical steps Sequence, causal Advice Addresses reader directly Modal verbs Sequence, causal discussion Presents both side of an argument Powerpoint Templates Sequence, causal Alternatives, Page examples 18
  • 19. Playfulness with language Tongue twisters: Great for pronunciation practice & development of grammatical awareness http://trabalenguasenespanol.com/ http://michel.buze.perso.neuf.fr/lavache/virelangues.htm http://www.tv5.org/TV5Site/publication/publi-39-Les_virelangues.htm Puns and jokes: Cultural references Sounds of the language Double meaning Carambar jokes http://blague.carambar.free.fr/blagues/blague.html Lepe http://www.1000chistes.com/chistes-de-lepe Poetry: Does not have to rhyme (writing-exploring a topic/building sentences) Using rhymes (speaking-exploring the sounds of the language, reinforcing patterns) Rhyming dictionary (online or app) http://www.dicodesrimes.com/ http://dictionnaire-des-rimes.fr/ http://buscapalabras.com.ar/rimas.php Powerpoint Templates https://itunes.apple.com/es/app/pocket-rhymer/id338095684?mt=8Page 19 (fr-sp-Gr-it-En
  • 20. Playfulness with language Premier jour Jacques Prévert, Parole Des draps blancs dans une armoire Des draps rouges dans un lit Un enfant dans sa mere Sa mère dans les douleurs Le père dans le couloir Le couloir dans la maison La maison dans la ville La ville dans la nuit La mort dans un cri Et l’enfant dans la vie. Fais des phrases completes? Ecris une histoire? Powerpoint Templates Page 20
  • 21. Playfulness with language Le message Jacques Prévert, Parole La porte que quelqu’un a ouverte La porte que quelqu’un a refermée La chaise où quelqu’un s’est assis Le chat que quelqu’un a caressé Le fruit que quelqu’un a mordu La lettre que quelqu’un a lue La chaise que quelqu’un a renversée La porte que quelqu’un a ouverte La route où quelqu’un court encore Le bois que quelqu’un traverse La rivière où quelqu’un se jette L’hôpital où quelqu’un est mort. Powerpoint Templates Page Grammar: what is the rule? /Story/Art/clip scripting 21
  • 22. UN INVENTAIRE A LA PREVERT • Vous ne ferez pas de phrases complètes, mais une liste de thèmes, objets, sentiments, personnes, actions…ayant rapport à l’amour. (focus on agreements) • ·Nombre de vers : maximum 20 • Vous utiliserez des allitérations et/ou des assonances. • Utilisez au moins trois mots de chacune des listes suivantes dans votre poème : ► adjectifs : ému, heureux, ensorcelé, amusé, ébloui, séduit, amoureux, fasciné, fou ► verbes : embrasser, murmurer, serrer contre soi, manquer, cajoler, penser à, tomber sous le charme de… ► adverbes : tendrement, doucement, amoureusement, passionnément, follement, affectueusement, intensément ► substantifs : la passion, l’amour, la flamme, la rencontre, la femme de ma vie, l’homme idéal, le coup de foudre. Powerpoint Templates Page 22
  • 23. Un verbe : Aimer Dictionary skills, Gender, articles http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V5FFtxl18ck • • • 1. Un regard, une rencontre... un été, un sourire… 2. un numéro, un mail, une attente, un souvenir… 3. un appel, une voix, un début, un rencard… 4. un horaire, un endroit, une venue, un espoir… 5. une terrasse, un café, un dialogue, un moment… 6. un soleil, une lumière, un cœur, un battement… 7. une seconde, une minute, une heure, un plaisir… 8. un au-revoir, une prochaine, une promesse, un désir.. 9. un après, une durée, une patience, un silence.. 10. un doute, un pourquoi, un regret, une distance.. 11. un retour, une surprise, un déluge, une marée.. 12. une suite, une envie un projet.. une soirée.. 13. une pleine lune, une virée, un instant, une pulsion.. 14. un frôlement, un baiser, une magie ... Un frisson... 15. un accord, un avenir, une force, une destinée.. 16. une étoile, un poème Powerpoint Templates Page 23 et un verbe "aimer"
  • 24. This poem was written by pupils in year 8 last year when they had only been learning German for 4 weeks. After learning the colours they wrote colour poems for homework. (making full sentences and asking basic questions) Liz Black, University of York. Die Farben Farbengedicht (Colour poem) – Jodie Baker Was ist rot? Ein Baum ist grün! Ein Apfel istist für Frieden – die Menschheit an seinem Besten Was ist schwarz? Blau rot! Blut ist rot! ist für Glück – fürDie Nacht ist schwarz! Gelb gutes oder für schlechtes Was ist braun? Tinte ist schwarz! Braun ist für Traurigkeit – die Risse von vielen Schlamm ist braun! Was ist rosa? Rot ist braun! und Wut! Schokolade istfür Zorn – HassEine Rose ist rosa! – Panik ohne Ende Was Schwarz ist für Furcht Ein Lippenstift ist rosa! ist gelb? Die Sonne ist gelb! Reinheit – Was ist orange? Weiß ist für Freundlichkeit und Zartheit, Eine Rosa ist gelb!Ausdauer Ein Sonnenuntergang ist orange! Banane ist für – immer versuchen! Was Violett ist für Zeit – derWas ist purpurrot? ist blau? Anfang und das Ende Der Himmel ist blau! Eine Aubergine ist purpurrot! Und grün ist für LebenEine QuetschungFarben wie eine. – alle diese ist purpurrot! Wasser ist blau! Was ist grün? Was hat alle Farben? Das Gras ist grün! Ein Regenbogen hat alle Farben! Powerpoint Templates Page 24
  • 25. Word clouds & Calligrammes • Wordle http://www.wordle.net Powerpoint Templates Page 25
  • 26. Tagxedo http://www.tagxedo.com/ Powerpoint Templates Page 26
  • 27. Diamond poems noun adjective verb adjective verb adjective verb adjective noun Powerpoint Templates Page 27
  • 28. Haikus En/core/ de/ la/ pluie (5) Comme/ je/ pré/fére/ le/ so/leil… (7) Vi/ ve/ ment/ l’é/té (5) Powerpoint Templates Page 28
  • 29. Kennings A kenning is a form of metaphor, originally used in Anglo-Saxon and Norse poetry. In a kenning, an object is described in a two-word phrase, such as 'whale-road' for 'sea'. Some kennings can be more obscure than others, and are close to being a riddle. Un jardin Un ordinateur Un teléfono Un amigo Powerpoint Templates Page 29
  • 30. Text-to-speech http://text-to-speech.imtranslator.net/ Powerpoint Templates Page 30
  • 31. Supporting and Recording Creative Talk http://www.easi-speak.org.uk/ http://audacity.sourceforge.net/ http://www.voki.com Ppt recording function Powerpoint Templates Page 31
  • 32. Words and phrases Strategies to focus on structures and Topic-specific language Grand Corps Malade-Le blues de l’instituteur http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i1bL9yIdAOw L’ école L’environnement Le monde Les média Les guerres La religion L’enfance Les riches et les pauvres Le futur Les thèmes Les mots-clé? Without Lyrics With gapped lyrics Without image With image/karaoke Powerpoint Templates Page 32
  • 33. Creative Writing My Film dice game Raconte le film comme si tu étais dans le role principal! (Make sentences in the past in the first person) A. Le role principal 1=une petite fille 2=un SDF 3=un joueur de foot 4=une tortue 5=une danseuse 6=un chanteur de rock B. L’ événement principal 1=un spectacle 4=un voyage 2=des vacances horribles 3=un cambriolage 5=un mariage 6=une course B. Le lieu principal 1=une école 2=les Bahamas 4=un bateau de croisière 5=un stade Powerpoint Templates 3=un château hanté 6=une bibliothèque Page 33
  • 34. Creative Writing Decide Now! app Powerpoint Templates https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/decide-now!/id383718755?mt=8 Page 34
  • 35. Creative Writing •Develop/ extend ideas/ practise new structures •Write about it: newspaper article/ letter/presentation to penpal/ blog post/ short play/ poem/ story for young audience. http://mfl-storybirds.wikispaces.com/French+Storybirds •Talk about it: record an interview/ podcast (dialogue, News report, drama...) audio/ video •Use your imagination Nightmare holiday/day, Famous for a day: who/what/why, Life Swap (dice), School of the future, My film (dice) Summer/ Winter uniform.. Powerpoint Templates Page 35
  • 36. Creative Grammar Made-up or real songs for a specific purpose *learning specific vocabulary and structure http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=3kWwS1_Kark&feature=endscreen j’ai tu as http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sQyY8Cak5Ps Soy una pizza http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SUYiugTpu8g Tout le monde ment (Massilia Sound System) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNkydsPK6ww Ne me quitte pas (Jacques Brel) SITES FOR FRENCH/ SPANISH music & grammar resources http://formespa.rediris.es/canciones/ (grammar points clearly stated) http://www.todoele.net/canciones/Cancion_list.asp (grammar points stated) http://platea.pntic.mec.es/cvera/hotpot/chansons/index.htm (grammar references) http://www.lepointdufle.net/chansons.htm (lots of resources but no classified grammar points) Powerpoint Templates Page 36
  • 37. Le futur de l’amour… (Ne me quitte pas…) Infinitif Futur Faire (to do) Je ferai (I will do) Chercher (to look for) Je chercherai Travailler (to work) Je travaillerai Continuer (to continue) Je continuerai Aller*(to go) J’irai Être* (to be) Je serai Quelle est la règle? Infinitif + -ai Powerpoint Templates For Je (I) Page 37
  • 38. Mon poème de Saint Valentin Moi je …(1 thing you will give) Je… (1 thing you will do to prove yourself) Je… (1 thing you will make law) Ne me quitte pas Ne me quitte pas Ne me quitte pas Powerpoint Templates Page 38
  • 39. Lis et souligne les verbes au futur… Je t’ofrirai Je creuserai Je ferai (il) sera Tu seras Je t’inventerai Tu comprendras Je te parlerai Je te raconterai Je me cacherai I will offer you I will dig I will do (it) will be You will be I will invent You will understand I will speak to you (about) I will tell you I will hide (myself) Powerpoint Templates Page 39
  • 40. En résumé… Lis les poèmes et décide… 1.Le plus romantique 2.Le plus touchant 3.Le plus amusant Pourquoi? Powerpoint Templates Page 40
  • 41. Powerpoint Templates Page 41
  • 42. Powerpoint Templates Page 42
  • 43. Musical translation *Compare words in the song with transcript-correct mistakes *Compare words in the song with the translation-what has been changed? Why? *Tense discrimination/comparison Use cover versions of popular songs like … Powerpoint Templates Page 43
  • 44. Wrecking Ball" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVtL8Uv22D8 We clawed, En vano hoy mi corazón saltó, we chained our hearts in vain Pero sin preguntar, hoy te besé We jumped never asking why Un hechizo fue We kissed, I fell under your spell. Amor, no lo puedo negar A love no one could deny No me digas que sólo me alejé Don't you ever say I just walked away Yo siempre te amaré I will always want you Ya no mentiré, por ti escaparé I can't live a lie, running for my life Yo siempre te amaré I will always want you Es como una Demolición I came in like a wrecking ball Golpea fuerte el corazón I never hit so hard in love cada muro en mi derribas hoy All I wanted was to break your walls lo único que hiciste tu, fue destruir All you ever did was wreck me sólo, fue destruir Yeah, you, you wreck me Te puse en lo alto de Cielo I put you high up in the sky Y ahora no bajarás And now, you're not coming down Esto cambio el fuego It slowly turned, you let me burn Me quemó And now, we're ashes on the ground Cenizas quedarán Don't you ever say I just walked away No me digas que sólo me alejé I will always want you Yo siempre te amaré I can't live a lie, running for my life Ya no mentiré, por ti escaparé Powerpoint Templates I will always want you Yo siempre te amaré Page 44
  • 45. Tense practice: script-writing Subtitling songs or silent movies using Amara or Movie Maker http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=kPWLxhu_ETc&list=PL35B8F0E6427AC3BC (Morph) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uOHvZjiDANg&list=TLU8HGnMoQ6N8VB_TRUU6HiRpQTqHVB1Y (Simon’s cat) Oktapodi http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=badHUNl2HXU http://www.amara.org/en/ Powerpoint Templates Page 45
  • 46. Authentic websites/apps La redoute Muy interesante Tele 7 jours Tele Loisirs Se loger Segundamano.es Guía de reciclaje para móvil La poste SNCF direct Premiere Allo Cine Powerpoint Templates Page 46
  • 47. Flip your lesson! Identify and create resources for pupils to have access to key Vocabulary and structures before the lesson: How would you do this? Pros & cons? Powerpoint Templates Page 47
  • 48. Flip your lesson! (develop their independence) Traditional resources and references: Free Collins online dictionary http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionar y/english?showCookiePolicy=true Text-to-speech: http://text-to-speech.imtranslator.net/ Reading support: http://lingro.com/ Related articles: http://twitter.com/AESG_MFL Powerpoint Templates Page 48
  • 49. for grammar Group boards http://www.pinterest.com/icpjones/frenchgrammar/ http://www.pinterest.com/icpjones/spanishgrammar/ https://help.pinterest.com/forums/21710172-Group-Boards Powerpoint Templates https://help.pinterest.com/entries/22997543-Invite-people-to-a-group-board Page 49
  • 50. Bescherelle (£) ‘Appy Grammar Bled (£) Robert (£) Bordas (L’intégrale des dictionnaires Bordas: difficulties, quotes, Synonyms, rhymes, verbs) Conjugation nation (£1.99) Brainscape: Spanish verbs, French verbs, Spanish (sentence builder/ vocabulary/ verbs/business language) Duo linguo (all skills & all languages) FREE ¡Salsa! (fridge magnets) in Spanish Pocket rhymer (English, Italian, German, Spanish, French) Irime Powerpoint Templates isinónimos Page 50
  • 51. Powerpoint Templates Page 51
  • 52. More than words? • Teaching grammar contradiction in terms? • Creative grammar authentic resources creatively: learning a using • Creative opportunities for learning grammar through speaking and writing • Creative use of digital and mobile tools to support grammar learning Action! 1 2 3 Powerpoint Templates Page 52
  • 53. More than wordsGrammar and Creativity Isabelle Jones, Head of Languages @icpjones http://isabellejones.blogspot.com Powerpoint Templates Page 53