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The english education system


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  • 1. The English Education System
    Isabelle Jones
    Head of Languages
    The Radclyffe School, Oldham
    Twitter: @icpjones
  • 2. Education in England is divided into:
    Primary-compulsory from 5
    Secondary-until 16 (due to change to 18)
    Further Education post-16
    Higher Education post-18
  • 3. Before the age of 5?
    Nursery: public from age of 3 (nursery + child minder)
    Nursery: private from 0-3 or 0-5
    Some nurseries offer languages (often private ones)
    Nursery Education is funded by local government (Local Authority) and free: minimum 2hours 30 X 5 per week
  • 4. Early Years, KS1 & KS2
    Early Years Foundation Stage (below 5 years old:
    Nursery + Reception)
    KS1 = Year 1 and 2 (students aged 5-7)
    KS2 = Years 3, 4, 5, 6 (students aged 7-11)
    All schools and childcare providers are inspected by OFSTED (Office for Standards in Education, Children Services and Skills)
    Not all schools have the same provision for languages from EYFS to KS2
  • 5. INSPECTIONS:whole schools or subject focus e.g. languages, 3 days’ notice or no notice
  • 6. 5 years old should
    Use written language in their play and learning
    Use phonic knowledge to write simple words and attempt more complex words
    Begin to form simple sentences, sometimes using punctuation
    1.Are they taught literacy too early? Some research shows that it can be counter-producive
    2.Controversy: Level of assessment inflicted on young children
    3.Children do NOT repeat classes
  • 7. Typical Day at Primary
    Starts at around 9
    Morning Play time
    Lunch 12-1
    Finishes between 3 and 3.30 depending on school
  • 8. Lunch
    Packed Lunch
    School dinners (about £9 per week)
    Children from poor families need to apply for Free School Meals
  • 9. Uniform
    Only very few schools do not have uniform
    Common items at primary: sweat shirt, trousers, shorts, socks, PE kit, jackets, jumpers, skirts, dresses
    Common colours: navy blue, grey, white, red, dark green
    Trainers are usually only allowed for PE
  • 10. Uniform: Girls
  • 11. Uniform: Boys
  • 12. Languages in Primary
    Supposed to become compulsory between 7-14 (law not voted-will it happen with new government?)
    Very different models in place: language awareness, taster in several languages, all through the school/from the age of 7 (KS2)
    Training issues
    Support from secondaries/ Local Authorities
    Upskilling programs
  • 13. Pedagogy (1)
    Use of visuals
    Lots of repetitions, games and oral work
    Some reading exercises
    Limited writing and assessment
    Ideally reinforced by class teacher
    Class teacher to stay with class when being taught as a form of training
    Some language trips for primary teachers to look at pedagogy
    Comenius project/ work with foreign language assistants and Comenius Assistant
  • 14. Pedagogy (2)
    KS2 MFL Framework
    Examples of good practice
    Intercultural understanding.
    Knowledge about Language (KAL)
    Language Learning Strategies (LLS).
  • 15. Pedagogy (3)
    Examples of Schemes of Work and Teaching Modules
    (the modules exist in French, Spanish and German)
  • 16. The Future?
    Hoping for the new government to make a final decision about languages in Primary.
    Since 2004, it is NOT compulsory to study a foreign language after the age of 14.
    As a result, a lot of language teachers were made redundant. Some also moved across to Primary. A return to compulsory foreign language learning until the age of 16 is NOT expected from the new government...