The English Education System <br />Isabelle Jones<br />Head of Languages<br />The Radclyffe School, Oldham<br />http://isabellejones.blogspot.com<br />Twitter: @icpjones<br />
Education in England is divided into: <br />Primary-compulsory from 5<br />Secondary-until 16 (due to change to 18)<br />Further Education post-16<br />Higher Education post-18<br />
Before the age of 5?<br />Nursery: public from age of 3 (nursery + child minder)<br />Nursery: private from 0-3 or 0-5<br />Some nurseries offer languages (often private ones)<br />Nursery Education is funded by local government (Local Authority) and free: minimum 2hours 30 X 5 per week<br />
Early Years, KS1 & KS2<br />Early Years Foundation Stage (below 5 years old:<br />Nursery + Reception)<br />KS1 = Year 1 and 2 (students aged 5-7)<br />KS2 = Years 3, 4, 5, 6 (students aged 7-11)<br />All schools and childcare providers are inspected by OFSTED (Office for Standards in Education, Children Services and Skills)<br />Not all schools have the same provision for languages from EYFS to KS2 <br />
INSPECTIONS:whole schools or subject focus e.g. languages, 3 days’ notice or no notice<br />
5 years old should<br />Use written language in their play and learning<br />Use phonic knowledge to write simple words and attempt more complex words<br />Begin to form simple sentences, sometimes using punctuation<br />Controversy: <br />1.Are they taught literacy too early? Some research shows that it can be counter-producive<br />2.Controversy: Level of assessment inflicted on young children <br />3.Children do NOT repeat classes<br />
Typical Day at Primary<br />Starts at around 9<br />Morning Play time<br />Lunch 12-1<br />Finishes between 3 and 3.30 depending on school<br />
Lunch<br />Packed Lunch<br />School dinners (about £9 per week)<br />Children from poor families need to apply for Free School Meals<br />
Uniform<br />Only very few schools do not have uniform<br />Common items at primary: sweat shirt, trousers, shorts, socks, PE kit, jackets, jumpers, skirts, dresses<br />Common colours: navy blue, grey, white, red, dark green<br />Trainers are usually only allowed for PE<br />
Languages in Primary<br />Supposed to become compulsory between 7-14 (law not voted-will it happen with new government?)<br />Very different models in place: language awareness, taster in several languages, all through the school/from the age of 7 (KS2)<br />Training issues<br />Support from secondaries/ Local Authorities<br />Upskilling programs <br />
Pedagogy (1)<br />Use of visuals<br />Lots of repetitions, games and oral work<br />Some reading exercises<br />Limited writing and assessment<br /> Ideally reinforced by class teacher<br />Class teacher to stay with class when being taught as a form of training<br />Some language trips for primary teachers to look at pedagogy<br />Comenius project/ work with foreign language assistants and Comenius Assistant <br />
Pedagogy (2)<br />KS2 MFL Framework<br />Examples of good practice<br />http://nationalstrategies.standards.dcsf.gov.uk/node/85274<br />Oracy<br />Literacy<br />Intercultural understanding.<br />Knowledge about Language (KAL)<br />Language Learning Strategies (LLS).<br />
Pedagogy (3) <br />Examples of Schemes of Work and Teaching Modules<br />http://curriculum.qcda.gov.uk/key-stages-1-and-2/subjects/mfl/index.aspx<br />http://www.standards.dfes.gov.uk/schemes3/subjects/primary_mff/?view=get<br />(the modules exist in French, Spanish and German)<br />
The Future?<br />Hoping for the new government to make a final decision about languages in Primary.<br />Since 2004, it is NOT compulsory to study a foreign language after the age of 14.<br />As a result, a lot of language teachers were made redundant. Some also moved across to Primary. A return to compulsory foreign language learning until the age of 16 is NOT expected from the new government... <br />
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