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Ad Stijnman (ICN), Databases for art technological source research: some do's and don'ts
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Ad Stijnman (ICN), Databases for art technological source research: some do's and don'ts


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  • 1. Databases for art technological source research Some do’s and don’ts Ad Stijnman
  • 2. What is art technology? Knowledge concerning the production methods of works of art or craft, i.e. knowledge concerning materials, tools, machines, techniques and sites used in making objects with a certain cultural value / from cultural heritage. Art Technological Source Research
  • 3. What is a source? Any kind of information carrier that supplies data the researcher can ‘read’. Art Technological Source Research
  • 4. What is source research? Research of sources fitting within the concept of a particular project. Art Technological Source Research
  • 5. What kinds of sources are there? Textual sources Audio-visual sources Material sources Art Technological Source Research
  • 6. Textual sources Can you read? Art Technological Source Research
  • 7. Bibliography Art Technological Source Research
  • 8. Terminology & Language Green in heraldry: • sinople (Spanish) • sinople (French) • vert (English) • sinopel (Dutch) • grün (German) Art Technological Source Research
  • 9. Audio-visual sources What do you hear & see? Art Technological Source Research
  • 10. Divide between ‘descriptive’ and ‘prescriptive’ sources Art Technological Source Research
  • 11. Material sources What black is this? Art Technological Source Research
  • 12. Any place, period, art or craft Art Technological Source Research
  • 13. Concept & material “I think mediums can turn you on, they can excite you: they always let you do something in a different way, even if you take the same subject, if you draw it in a different way, or if you are forced to simplify it, to make it bold because it is too finicky” David Hockney Art Technological Source Research
  • 14. Working group Art Technological Source Research Art Technological Source Research
  • 15. What is the purpose of your data system? • To study source material • To gather, select and order data on the subject • To disseminate and exchange information on the subject All this in order to develop and extend your knowledge about the subject Art Technological Source Research
  • 16. What data system to choose? The technical factor • Consider your needs and possibilities • Choose a system that goes with the content and amount of information • Choose hardware you can control • Choose software you can control A paper card file is as good as any digital system, a Word text does well, too Art Technological Source Research
  • 17. What data system to choose? The human factor • Managers • ICT staff • Administration • Colleagues • Politicians • Journalists • Museum staff • Private collectors • Art dealers Everyone has his own schedule Do not let yourself be overruled Art Technological Source Research
  • 18. What data system to choose? The time factor • You know your subject best • Time is not an issue in research • A process takes the time it needs • You just want to get started Projects must be planned and executed with disregard of local interests Art Technological Source Research
  • 19. Who will build the data system? Pro’s and con’s • You yourself always available, knows content ↔ need know- how, costs a lot of your time • Colleague in project short communication lines, knows content ↔ her/his know-how and time • ICT department internal communication, knows institute ↔ needs to know particular software, needs to make agreements on time, does not know content of project • External company work by contract, specific agreements ↔ does not know content of project, expensive • Extra partner in the project available for the project, can learn within the project about the project ↔ should know about particular software, extra costs Art Technological Source Research
  • 20. How many levels are needed? • Level 1: descriptions of sources with related literature • Level 2: information units selected from and related to sources Art Technological Source Research
  • 21. What data fields are needed? • Make a wishing list • See what others did • Use standards • Use existing thesauri • Use authorized terms • Enter and supply data uniformly Keep it simple Art Technological Source Research
  • 22. How to process source materials? • Orientation • Define the subject of your research • Set limitations • Gather, select, study, enter and disseminate the information • Feedback Continue gathering details, there will come a moment they start outlining themselves and you will see structure Art Technological Source Research
  • 23. Application in practice Art Technological Source Research