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"Sustainability tools for local governments: LUDA" by Marta Berni, University of Florence
 

"Sustainability tools for local governments: LUDA" by Marta Berni, University of Florence

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For more information about the Informed Cities initiative visit http://informed-cities.iclei-europe.org or join us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/InformedCities

For more information about the Informed Cities initiative visit http://informed-cities.iclei-europe.org or join us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/InformedCities

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    "Sustainability tools for local governments: LUDA" by Marta Berni, University of Florence "Sustainability tools for local governments: LUDA" by Marta Berni, University of Florence Presentation Transcript

    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas LUDA at Informed Cities Forum Making research work for local sustainability Newcastle 14-16 April 2010 Session: Sustainability tools for Local Governments Thursday, 15 April 2010 Marta Berni (University of Florence) in cooperation with Bernhard Müller (IOER)
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas LUDA Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas 5th Framework Programme of European Commission Key Action: “City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage” February 2003 – March 2006 Lead Partner: Leibniz Institute of Ecological and Regional Development (IOER) Project Director: Professor Bernhard Müller, Dresden Marta Berni University of Florence 2
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Project background The majority of cities in Europe, including central and eastern Europe, have large urban areas suffering environmental, social and economical distress that results in political pressure to make rapid improvements to the quality of life. Marta Berni University of Florence 3
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Project Goals: Two perspectives Research perspective • To Enhance the knowledge on urban distress and tools for urban rehabilitation and improvement • To better know the factors for success and failure • To test the applicability of methods Practical perspective • To elaborate and provide decision-making aids • To facilitate learning processes within cities Marta Berni University of Florence 4
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Q 1: What has been the role of local authorities in our project? Q 2: At which stage have they been involved (e.g. in preparation of the proposal, in developing and/or testing the tools)? Marta Berni University of Florence 5
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas LUDA project partners Marta Berni University of Florence 6
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas LUDA project partners• 10 research institutions• 6 partner cities• 12 reference cities Marta Berni University of Florence 7
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Partner cities’ role in LUDA projectPartners Cities were involved in all processes as equal partners;they already joined the research project during the projectpreparation phase.Partner Cities supported the project during the preparation phase:• funding and hosting 2 preparatory meetings• formulating problems• identifying objectivesand in the research /operative phase:• participating in the development of new tools• testing new tools and proceduresDresden and Florence had a leading role Marta Berni University of Florence 8
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Work flow Marta Berni University of Florence 9
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Role of reference cities Reference cities were selected in the first stage of the project as: • a reference panel for LUDA research • a source of practical experience in applying regeneration policies in LUDA • good practice examples which provided: – lessons learnt in the rehabilitation process – innovative solutions for new redevelopment strategies Marta Berni University of Florence 10
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Q3 : Based on our experience, what were the what were the biggest problems/barriers faced in cooperating with local policy- makers? Q4: Based on our experience, what were the most important advantages/opportunities resulting from the cooperation? Marta Berni University of Florence 11
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Problems and barriers No major barriers except from the ones to be expected: Some cities were more active than others Mutual understanding between practitioners and researchers needed time Mutual understanding among cities needed time (e.g. Florence as WP leader was affected) Sometimes there were differences between political decision makers and planners in cities Agenda of research did not always correspond with agenda of practice Marta Berni University of Florence 12
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Main advantages of cooperationbetween researchers and policy-makersInfluence worked in two ways:Adequate planning research output – including decisionsupport tools and methods – could help policy makersunderstand, tackle and cope with the challengescoming from socio-spatial inequalities, urbanfragmentation, environmental issues, populationdecline.At the same time the present-day problems of the civilsociety and policy makers could influence theorientation of the scientific investigation toward usefulobjectives, avoiding auto-referential studies Marta Berni University of Florence 13
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas LUDA definitionLarge urban distressed areas (LUDA) are understoodas parts of cities with complex problems regardingquality of life, e.g. economic, social, environmentalconditions, urban structure and institutional capacity.They are usually not homogeneous but comprise both,substandard areas with multiple deprivations and moreprosperous and rather intact areas at the same time,which may be functionally interlinked with each other. Marta Berni University of Florence 14
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed AreasMain features and challenges of LUDA 1. Large dimension: • Spatial • Demographical • Functional 2. High complexity due to: • Social, economical and environmental interrelated problems • Different actors with different or conflicting objectives, interests and expectations 3. Uncertainty regarding: • The present conditions • The options for future development Marta Berni University of Florence 15
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Integrated approach The LUDA approach promotes the integration between quality of life and sustainable development Marta Berni University of Florence 16
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Q 5: How the results of our project can be of use to local authorities? Marta Berni University of Florence 17
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Use of LUDA Project results According to our experience, at least two relevant outcomes produced in LUDA research have been of immediate use to local authorities: • the area “Program” promoted in Florence • the monitoring system tested in Dresden and they are still used by the two municipalities Marta Berni University of Florence 18
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Coordination: Florence experienceTo reverse the downward spiral that affects the LUDA,Florence has developed a coordination tool aimed to:• reduce the level of uncertainty• create capacities of investment, control and management2 coordination levels:• inside the municipality ⇒ to improve the public decision making process• among public and private actors ⇒ participation Marta Berni University of Florence 19
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Coordination through “Area Program”The area program is a governance tool to manageurban transformation in a participatory way.It has been developed within LUDA research andadopted by the municipality to foster the internalcoordination.It deals with:Strategic Projects Marta Berni University of Florence 20
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Strategic projectsAre projects whose direct effects and impacts inside andoutside the area change in a positive and structural way:• the financial flows• the main economic variables• the creation and diffusion of a common knowledge• the use of critical resources• citizens’ participation and decision making capacity• the levels of social inclusion• the public–private partnership Marta Berni University of Florence 21
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Monitoring: Dresden experience A system for monitoring quality of life in LUDA has to go beyond quantitative information Perspectives Objective situation Internal Perception External Perception Planners Statistical data Inhabitants Media Internal stakeholders Investors Experts Marta Berni University of Florence 22
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Dresden Monitoring System Marta Berni University of Florence 23
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas The LUDA Assessment Decision Support Systemwww.luda-project.net Marta Berni University of Florence 24
    • Improving the Quality of Life in Large Urban Distressed Areas Thanks for your attention www.luda-project.net Marta Berni University of Florence 25