Phrases, Clauses and Sentences

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Short description of phrases clauses and sentences.

Short description of phrases clauses and sentences.

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Phrases, Clauses and Sentences Phrases, Clauses and Sentences Presentation Transcript

  • Phrase, Clause SentenceAn Introduction 1 1
  • What Is a Phrase?Phrase: A phrase is any collection of words that does not havea subject and a functional verb. Phrases take their names fromthe word they begin with. in the park (Prepositional phrase) Driving at night (gerund phrase) To be or not to be (infinitive phrase) 2 2
  • What Is a Clause?Clause: one configuration of a noun or noun phrase (a subject) and afunctional verb. Bob drives. (main clause) Mary had a little lamb. (main clause) I know the man who lives next door. (subordinate clause) Veronica is the woman I told you about. (subordinate clause) 3 3
  • What Is a Sentence?Sentence: a main clause plus any number of subordinateclauses. Bob drives a jeep. (One clause) Mary had a little lamb whose fleece was white as snow. (Two clauses) I know the man who told me about the earthquake that destroyed the Colossus. (Three clauses). 4 4
  • Recognizing Phrases, Clauses and Sentences Main ClauseBob goes to the beach with his friends. Prepositional Phrase Prepositional Phrase
  • Recognizing Phrases, Clauses and Sentences Main ClauseIt’s a lot of fun to go hiking in the woods. Infinitive Phrase Prepositional Phrase
  • Recognizing Phrases, Clauses and Sentences Main Clause Subordinate ClauseDriving at night is dangerous when you are tired Gerund Phrase