AMERICA BECOMES A
GLOBAL POWER
(1867-1919)
Should the United States
intervene in the affairs of another
country?
I can describe the causes and effects of
the Spanish American War.
Learning Target
Cubans Rebel Against Spain
Beginning in 1868, Cubans
launched a series of
unsuccessful revolts
against Spain.
Spain resp...
The 2nd
War for Independence
In February 1895, Jose Marti
returned to Cuba to lead a
second struggle for
independence.
 ...
The Spanish Response
Spanish general Valeriano
Weylertried to crush the
rebellion by moving the
Cuban population into
con...
War Fever Escalates
Weyler’s actions fueled a
headline warbetween
William Randolph Hearst &
Joseph Pulitzer.
 They print...
War Fever Escalates
A letterwritten by Spanish ministerEnrique Dupoy
de Lome that ridiculed President McKinley was
publis...
Remember the Maine!
Bill of Fare
The War in the Philippines
The first battle of the
Spanish American War
tookplace in the
Philippines.
 Within hours, Com...
The War in Cuba
The US WarDepartment was unprepared forwarin
Cuba.
The American strategy was to control the port city
of...
The Battle of San Juan Hill
Results of the War
Spain gave up all claims to
Cuba.
The United States gained
territory in Puerto Rico &
Guam.
Spain tu...
A Quiet Little Game
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Spanish American War

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Spanish American War

  1. 1. AMERICA BECOMES A GLOBAL POWER (1867-1919)
  2. 2. Should the United States intervene in the affairs of another country?
  3. 3. I can describe the causes and effects of the Spanish American War. Learning Target
  4. 4. Cubans Rebel Against Spain Beginning in 1868, Cubans launched a series of unsuccessful revolts against Spain. Spain responded by exiling the revolutionary leaders, including Jose Marti who continued to agitate for independence fromNew York.
  5. 5. The 2nd War for Independence In February 1895, Jose Marti returned to Cuba to lead a second struggle for independence.  Deliberately destroyed property, especially American-owned mills & plantations.  Hoped to provoke American intervention.  Died in the struggle, becoming an instant hero.
  6. 6. The Spanish Response Spanish general Valeriano Weylertried to crush the rebellion by moving the Cuban population into concentration camps.  300,000 Cubans were moved & thousands died fromhunger& disease.  Convinced many Americans to support the rebel cause.
  7. 7. War Fever Escalates Weyler’s actions fueled a headline warbetween William Randolph Hearst & Joseph Pulitzer.  They printed exaggerated accounts of events that came to be known as yellow journalism.  Hearst is quoted as saying, “You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war!”
  8. 8. War Fever Escalates A letterwritten by Spanish ministerEnrique Dupoy de Lome that ridiculed President McKinley was published in the New YorkTimes. Days later, the battleship USSMaineblew up in Havana Harbor, killing 260 American soldiers.  Although there was no proof, the explosion was blamed the Spanish & Hearst offered a $50,000 reward forthe capture of the man responsible. The US formally declared warin April 1898.
  9. 9. Remember the Maine!
  10. 10. Bill of Fare
  11. 11. The War in the Philippines The first battle of the Spanish American War tookplace in the Philippines.  Within hours, Commodore George Dewey had destroyed every Spanish ship.  Two months later, Spain surrendered the islands.
  12. 12. The War in Cuba The US WarDepartment was unprepared forwarin Cuba. The American strategy was to control the port city of Santiago. Theodore Roosevelt’s Rough Riders helped gain control of the city at the Battle of San Juan Hill. The US Navy sankthe entire Spanish fleet off the coast of Cuba.
  13. 13. The Battle of San Juan Hill
  14. 14. Results of the War Spain gave up all claims to Cuba. The United States gained territory in Puerto Rico & Guam. Spain turned overthe Philippines for$20 million. Territorial gains strengthened the military & economic position of the United States.
  15. 15. A Quiet Little Game
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