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Spanish American War



Published in Education , News & Politics
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  • 2. Should the United States intervene in the affairs of another country?
  • 3. I can describe the causes and effects of the Spanish American War. Learning Target
  • 4. Cubans Rebel Against Spain Beginning in 1868, Cubans launched a series of unsuccessful revolts against Spain. Spain responded by exiling the revolutionary leaders, including Jose Marti who continued to agitate for independence fromNew York.
  • 5. The 2nd War for Independence In February 1895, Jose Marti returned to Cuba to lead a second struggle for independence.  Deliberately destroyed property, especially American-owned mills & plantations.  Hoped to provoke American intervention.  Died in the struggle, becoming an instant hero.
  • 6. The Spanish Response Spanish general Valeriano Weylertried to crush the rebellion by moving the Cuban population into concentration camps.  300,000 Cubans were moved & thousands died fromhunger& disease.  Convinced many Americans to support the rebel cause.
  • 7. War Fever Escalates Weyler’s actions fueled a headline warbetween William Randolph Hearst & Joseph Pulitzer.  They printed exaggerated accounts of events that came to be known as yellow journalism.  Hearst is quoted as saying, “You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war!”
  • 8. War Fever Escalates A letterwritten by Spanish ministerEnrique Dupoy de Lome that ridiculed President McKinley was published in the New YorkTimes. Days later, the battleship USSMaineblew up in Havana Harbor, killing 260 American soldiers.  Although there was no proof, the explosion was blamed the Spanish & Hearst offered a $50,000 reward forthe capture of the man responsible. The US formally declared warin April 1898.
  • 9. Remember the Maine!
  • 10. Bill of Fare
  • 11. The War in the Philippines The first battle of the Spanish American War tookplace in the Philippines.  Within hours, Commodore George Dewey had destroyed every Spanish ship.  Two months later, Spain surrendered the islands.
  • 12. The War in Cuba The US WarDepartment was unprepared forwarin Cuba. The American strategy was to control the port city of Santiago. Theodore Roosevelt’s Rough Riders helped gain control of the city at the Battle of San Juan Hill. The US Navy sankthe entire Spanish fleet off the coast of Cuba.
  • 13. The Battle of San Juan Hill
  • 14. Results of the War Spain gave up all claims to Cuba. The United States gained territory in Puerto Rico & Guam. Spain turned overthe Philippines for$20 million. Territorial gains strengthened the military & economic position of the United States.
  • 15. A Quiet Little Game