New England Colonies

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  • 1. New England Colonies
  • 2. Themes
      • Motivations for traveling, including religion
      • Early histories & life in the Plymouth & Massachusetts Bay colonies
      • New England society
      • Interactions between Native Americans & colonists in New England
  • 3. Religion in England
    • Religion was a key motivating factor in the founding of the New England colonies
    • In the 1530s, King Henry VIII established the Anglican Church
  • 4. Religion in England
    • The Puritans
      • Wanted to purify the Church of England to eliminate corrupting Catholic influences
      • Limited membership to those who had undergone a conversion experience
  • 5. Religion in England
    • The Pilgrims
      • Separatists who wanted to leave the Anglican Church
      • Stressed godliness, social order, community, & cooperation
      • Believed that their most important relationship was their relationship to God
      • Left England for Holland to escape religious persecution but became concerned with losing their cultural identity
  • 6. Plymouth Colony
    • The Mayflower
      • Passengers included 102 men, women, & children
            • Made up of both “saints” & “strangers”
      • Arrived in New England in November 1620
            • First landed in Cape Cod, then Provincetown, & finally Plymouth near the site of an abandoned Indian village
      • While on board, 41 Pilgrim leaders signed the Mayflower Compact
  • 7. Plymouth Colony
    • Mayflower Compact
      • Declared their support for King James I
      • Created a government to establish rules for the colony
      • Was an important step in colonial self-government
  • 8. Plymouth Colony
  • 9. Plymouth Colony
  • 10. Religion in England
      • Great Puritan Migration
      • Religious persecution in England increased under King Charles I
  • 11. Religion in England
  • 12. Massachusetts Bay Colony
      • Founded in 1630
      • Made up of Congregationalists who wanted to form self-governing churches with members limited to “visible saints” – those who could demonstrate their receipt of God’s grace
  • 13. Massachusetts Bay Colony
    • John Winthrop
      • Governor
      • Advocated that the Puritans establish a “city upon a hill” as an example to all people of what a godly community could be
  • 14. “ A Model of Christian Charity”
      • Document Study
  • 15. Church & State in New England
  • 16. Dissenters – Roger Williams
      • Minister who called for the separation of church & state
      • Declared that the colonists had no legal right to own land
  • 17. Dissenters – Roger Williams
  • 18. Dissenters – Anne Hutchinson
      • Articulate, strong-willed, & intelligent wife of a prominent merchant
      • Held prayer meetings in her home to discuss sermons & provide her own commentary on religious matters
  • 19. Dissenters – Anne Hutchinson
  • 20. Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  • 21. Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  • 22. Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  • 23. Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  • 24. Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  • 25. Connecticut
  • 26. Pequot War (1636-37)
  • 27. A Changing Landscape
  • 28. King Phillip’s War (1675-76)
  • 29. King Phillip’s War (1675-76)
  • 30. Review