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  • 1. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT NOTES
  • 2. Learning Target #1 I can define government and I can explain the ways in which it works to serve society.
  • 3. Frayer Model
  • 4. Purposes of Government
      • Provide security
      • Maintain law and order
      • Provide public services
      • Maintain other institutions
  • 5. Learning Target #2 I can identify the various forms of government in the world and I can describe the sources of power for each.
  • 6. Learning Target #3 I can evaluate how effective the various forms of government have been in serving society.
  • 7. Autocracy A system of government in which the power to rule is in the hands of a single individual
  • 8. Monarchy Autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor exercises the supreme powers of government
  • 9. Absolute Monarchy
    • A system of government in which the monarch has complete and unlimited power to rule his or her people
      • Source of Power?
        • Divine Right
  • 10. Absolute Monarchy Example: France, 1600s Louis XIV
  • 11. Constitutional Monarchy
    • A system of government in which the monarch shares power with elected legislatures or serves mainly as a ceremonial leader of government
      • Source of Power?
        • Constitution
  • 12. Constitutional Monarchy Example: Great Britain Queen Elizabeth II                                           PM Gordon Brown
  • 13. Dictatorship
    • Autocracy in which an individual seizes power by force and exercises unlimited power
      • Source of Power?
        • Military
  • 14. Dictatorship Example: North Korea Kim Jong Il
  • 15. Dictatorship
    • Other Famous Dictators
      • Adolf Hitler in Germany
      • Pol Pot in Cambodia
      • Augusto Pinochet in Chile
      • Josef Stalin in USSR
      • Mao Zedong in China
  • 16. Dictatorship
    • ADVANTAGES
      • People may be united in their loyalty to a dictator.
      • A dictator can move quickly to take action.
    • DISADVANTAGES
      • People are often given little or no freedom.
      • A dictator’s policies may suit only his own needs.
      • Decision-making has a narrow base.
  • 17. Oligarchy A system of government in which most political power rests with a small segment of society
  • 18. Democracy A system of government in which the people rule
  • 19. The Pillars of Democracy
      • Sovereignty of the people
      • Consent of the governed
      • Majority rule
      • Minority rights
      • Guarantee of basic human rights
      • Free & fair elections
      • Equality before the law
      • Due process of the law
      • Limited government
      • Diversity
      • Cooperation
      • Compromise
    Source: US Department of State
  • 20. Direct Democracy
    • A form of democracy in which people govern themselves by voting on issues
      • Source of Power?
        • The people
        • Constitution
  • 21. Direct Democracy
    • ADVANTAGES
      • Every citizen has equal say in govt.
      • Broad base of support and loyalty.
      • Individual rights are protected.
    • DISADVANTAGES
      • Only works with a small number of people.
      • Time-consuming.
  • 22. Representative Democracy
    • A form of democracy in which the people elect representatives and give them the responsibility and power to make and conduct government
      • Source of Power?
        • The people
        • Constitution
  • 23. Representative Democracy
    • ADVANTAGES
      • Citizens are involved.
      • Representatives know their job depends on keeping citizens happy.
      • Likely that all elements of the population involved.
      • Reps usually educated with time to devote to gov’t problems.
    • DISADVANTAGES
      • Decision-making is time-consuming.
      • Reps may want to please everyone.
      • Reps may not always agree with those they represent.
      • Citizens may not get involved in gov’t.

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